Bred golden-haired pets are a symbol of well-being. They are usually depicted in a porch of a well-kept house, in the circle of a happy family. And indeed, the "golden" (that is, golden) retriever is truly a family dog. This animal from which blows universal kindness and unusual tranquility. In addition, the Golden Retriever has a rich history and a huge number of individual abilities.
- История происхождения породы 1. The history of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы золотистый ретривер 2. Description of the breed Golden Retriever
- Характер золотистого ретривера 3. The nature of the golden retriever
- Уход 4. Care
- Фото золотистого ретривера 5. A photo of a golden retriever
- Видео о золотистом ретривере 6. Video about golden retriever
- Сколько стоит щенок золотистого ретривера 7. How much does a golden retriever puppy cost?
The origin of the breed
The name of the breed is decoded as follows: "retriever" - "bring, rescue", and golden - means the color of elegant coat. The breed was bred as a hunting one, but today the dog is more of a companion and practically not used for hunting.
The breed received its development in Great Britain, but the origins of the dogs originate from the territory of Scotland. In the 19th century, speech was not even about an independent breed. Then there was only a group of dogs that took part in the hunt.
At that time, there was a need for dogs capable of finding and shooting game and even getting it out of the water. The goal of breeding a suitable breed was set by the Scottish Lord Tvidmos I. He selected only the best representatives of the breeds of hunting dogs and more than half a century in his own nursery engaged in breeding work. Due to the fact that the lord documented his activities, we managed to find out that the breeder used to take Labradors , setters , water spaniels and retrievers to breed "Golden".
As a result, early golden retrievers appeared, which immediately created a competition for smooth-hair retrievers. However, at that time before the final clearance of the breed was far away. Then there were more popular breeds, and even many breeders woke up to excitement in breeding their own breeds. But all the ineptly bred breeds collapsed during the competition dogs in England, but the golden ones proved their superiority. From this point on, the breeding of golden retrievers began with particular enthusiasm.
The work was carried out under the constant supervision of experienced breeders, mandatory tests were carried out to identify working qualities. All members of the breed that did not fit by any criteria were screened out. The real champions of their breed, who were able to achieve great success in various exhibitions, began to appear. There were many fans of these golden beauties, the breed gained popularity.
Since 1911, representatives of the breed began to register a separate name - "Golden Retriever", which distinguished the breed from their ancestors - "Golden". In 1930, the breed received its recognition in the United States. In Russia, the breeding of a golden retriever began in 1989.
Description of the breed Golden Retriever
Representatives of the breed are real handsome men with a noble appearance, but many breeders are sure that the “golden” name in the breed is not a shade of wool, but a description of character.
Even the first Goldens were presented with certain requirements, which are also met by representatives of the modern breed:
- Medium sized dogs should have a strong build .
- Strong limbs with thick skin on the paw pads (the latter protected from sharp reed leaves).
- A hardy, workable animal.
- The dog is able to swim, and is equipped with a waterproof undercoat.
- The dog has perfect obedience.
The body weight of representatives of the breed varies from 25-41.5 kg. The growth of dogs at the withers is usually 56-61 cm, the bough is approximately 51-56 cm. The appearance of the pet has its own specific features and characteristics:
- The head of a golden retriever is moderately broad, wedge-shaped, with clear lines of the skull. The nose is smooth, ending with a black loin of the classical form. The mouth is deep, with developed teeth and a bite in the form of scissors.
- The eyes are medium in size with a dark brown iris and dense pigmented eyelids, widely spaced. Golden looks are friendly, often interested. Auricles of small size, hanging, with rounded ends.
- The body is harmonious, rectangular shape, with well-fitting skin without sagging. Dogs have muscular and strong bones. The neck is medium, oval, with moderately pronounced withers. The back is straight, with wide loins.
- The chest is wide, the ribs are rounded.
- The limbs are proportional, the joints are strong with developed muscles. Brushes are rounded in shape, on the paw pads are thick, black pigmented skin.
- The tail is flat, lowered down, during work rises to the level of the back.
Pigmentation of wool in golden retrievers is their identification mark, it is light golden with a slight pinkish tint. Standard allowed cream shades, as well as a small amount of white hairs in the chest. Ostev hair soft, elastic, tight to the undercoat. Wool can be smooth, wavy, but not curly. The undercoat of dogs is dense, it can protect the animal from water and frost.
Golden Retriever Character
Golden retriever pets have a flexible character and can adapt to the different rhythms of the owners. With them can be comfortable and homebody, and active owners.
Goldens are distinguished by unique mental abilities, they can be understood without words, so even a novice who does not understand anything in this matter can train them. If the dog is engaged, then practically all the wisdom of training and education he can master by 12 months. But still, after completing the basic course, you will need lessons with your pet so that he does not lose his physical form.
Golden retrievers need attention, so if you do not devote time to your pet, you can find spoiled things. Dogs do this to attract attention, and in no case from harm.
If the owner is quite active in life, then the dog will be happy to accompany the owner in any event. For them, running next to the bike, playing with the ball, long transitions, and relaxing by the water bodies is quite suitable.
Goldens perfectly assimilate agility and freestyle courses and show good results in competitions. But training for the protection and protection of this breed is not suitable, as dogs lack the qualities that are required for this activity. Retrievers can bite, but only if absolutely necessary. It is possible for a child to start a dog of this breed as a pet, as a teenager of 10-12 years old can cope with the training of these smartest animals.
Today, representatives of this breed are practically not used for hunting, since more suitable and less capricious dogs have been bred. But this does not detract from the hunting qualities of goldens:
- they have a very balanced temperament;
- hunting excitement, which is expressed in setters, is not present in goldens, so even during work they are well controlled;
- dogs love water very much;
- they can work without speech commands, reacting to whistles and gestures.
If the retriever is acquired for hunting, then you should take a puppy exclusively from working dogs, with breeding documents and the results of working tests.
The breed has a certain disadvantage, which sometimes does not allow getting a dog in a residential environment - a strong smell. However, this phenomenon is subject to correction, but not cosmetic procedures. Naturally, grooming is required, but nutrition plays a large role in the pet's “aroma”, since the smell appears due to disturbed metabolic processes.
In addition, purebred pets are prone to allergic manifestations, which once again confirms that it is necessary to carefully select food for a golden pet. If we are talking about ready-made rations, they should be classified as premium, super-premium or holistic. The latter is true if the pet has food allergies. Should be guided by the size of the pet, age, type of coat and activity.
With natural nutrition should be a complete diet of meat, offal, vegetables, dairy products, cereals and vegetable oil. Also in the menu you can include eggs and fruits. In this case, additional sources of vitamins and trace elements will be required. By trial and error, you must select products that are not suitable for feeding the pet, and exclude them from the dog's menu.
The coat of golden retrievers allows their street content, however, the luxurious wool will lose its magnificence and will be constantly dirty.
Dogs molt very actively, the dogs change both the guard hair and the undercoat. Therefore, it is necessary to comb golds every day, and a bitch several times a day. This is not only a tribute to beauty, but also maintaining healthy skin, as not removed hairs can cause dermatitis .
In addition to wool, you should care for the eyes, as dogs have a tendency to uveitis - inflammation of the choroid of the eyeball. They should be regularly inspected and washed or wiped with chamomile decoction or a special tool.
Ears are also recommended to inspect and clean with a cotton swab with boiled vegetable or baby oil. Claws are clipped as they grow. The oral cavity is examined and if a dental calculus is found, contact a specialist.
The dog needs regular vaccination , as well as protection and prevention of external and internal parasites. With good nutrition and care, the dog lives up to 15–16 years, although on average the life span of representatives of the breed is 10–12 years.
Photo of golden retriever
Golden Retriever Video
How much is a golden retriever puppy?
It is possible to purchase a pet-class puppy from the nursery for an average of 25,000 rubles; a toddler of a higher show class costs around 58,000-65,000 rubles. You can buy from a private breeder of a purebred puppy for 25000-35000 rubles, but a lower price tag should be alerted.
Pet that does not have a pedigree, you can buy for 12000-14000, of course, that there is no guarantee of the absence of defects and confirmation of the purity of the breed.
Buying a golden retriever, it is worth considering that the dog needs attention and special care. Only if the requirements are met, the dog will get the Golden Retriever to please its owners, and to cause admiring glances of passersby.