Pedigree golden-haired animals are a symbol of well-being. They are usually depicted at the porch of a well-groomed house, in the circle of a happy family. And indeed, the "golden" (that is, the golden) retriever is truly a family dog. This animal, from which it breathes universal kindness and unusual calmness. In addition, the Golden Retriever has a rich history and a huge number of individual abilities.
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы золотистый ретривер 2. Description of breed golden retriever
- Характер золотистого ретривера 3. The nature of the golden retriever
- Уход 4. Care
- Фото золотистого ретривера 5. Photo of a golden retriever
- Видео о золотистом ретривере 6. Video about the Golden Retriever
- Сколько стоит щенок золотистого ретривера 7. How much does a puppy of a golden retriever
History of the origin of the breed
The name of the breed is interpreted as follows: "retriever" - "bring, save," and golden - denotes the color of a luxurious coat. The breed was bred as hunting, but today the dog is more of a companion and is practically not used for hunting.
The breed has developed in the UK, but the origins of the dogs belong to the territory of Scotland. In the 19th century, speech was not even about an independent breed. Then there was only a group of dogs that took part in the hunt.
At that time, there was a need for dogs that could find shooting game and even get it from reservoirs. The Scottish Lord Tvidmos I set the goal of breeding a suitable breed. He selected only the best representatives of the breeds of hunting dogs and for more than half a century in his own nursery engaged in breeding work. Due to the fact that the lord documented his activity, it was possible to find out that for the breeding of "golden" the breeder took labradors , setters , water spaniels and retrievers.
As a result, early golden retrievers appeared, which immediately created competition for retrievers with smooth wool. However, at that time until the final design of the breed was far away. Then there were more popular breeds, and many breeders were excited by excitement in breeding their own breeds. But all the ineptly bred breeds crashed in the process of doggie competitions in England, but the Goldenes proved their superiority. From that moment the breeding of golden retrievers began with a special enthusiasm.
The work was under the vigilant supervision of experienced breeders, mandatory tests were conducted to determine the working qualities. All the representatives of the breed that did not fit according to any criteria were screened out. To the light began to appear the real champions of his breed, who were able to achieve great success in various exhibitions. There were many admirers of these golden handsome, the breed became popular.
Since 1911, representatives of the breed began to register a separate name - "retriever with golden color", which gave the breed from their ancestors - "Golden". In 1930, the breed received its recognition in the United States. In Russia, the breeding of the golden retriever began in 1989.
Description of breed golden retriever
Representatives of the breed are real handsome with a noble appearance, but many breeders are sure that the "gold" in the name of the breed is not a shade of wool, but a description of the character.
In addition to the first golden, certain demands were made, which are also answered by representatives of the modern breed:
- Dogs of medium size should have a strong physique .
- Strong limbs with thick skin on the pads of the paws (the latter protected from sharp reed leaves).
- Hardy, workable animal.
- The dog is able to swim, and is equipped with a waterproof undercoat.
- The dog is the perfect obedience.
The body weight of the species varies from 25-41.5 kg. The growth of males at the withers is usually 56-61 cm, the female - about 51-56 cm. The appearance of the pet has its own specific features and features:
- The head of the golden retrievers is moderately wide, sphenoid, with clear lines of the skull. The nose is even, ending in a black lobe of classic shape. The mouth is deep, with developed teeth and a bite in the form of scissors.
- Eyes are of medium size with a dark brown iris and dense pigmented eyelids, widely spaced apart. A Golden look is friendly, often interested. Ear cones of small size, hanging, with rounded ends.
- Torso harmonious, rectangular, with well-fitting skin without sagging. The dogs have musculature and strong bones. The neck is medium, oval, with a moderately expressed withers. The back is straight, with a wide loin.
- Chest wide, ribs rounded.
- The limbs are proportional, the joints are strong with developed muscles. Brushes of a rounded shape, on the cushions of the paws thick, pigmented in black, skin.
- The tail is flat, lowered downwards, while working it rises to the level of the back.
Pigmentation of wool from the Golden Retrievers is their identification mark, it is light golden with a slight pinkish tint. The standard allowed cream shades, as well as a small amount of white hairs in the chest. The coat is soft, elastic, and fits snugly to the undercoat. Wool can be smooth, wavy, but not curly. Undercoat in dogs is dense, it can protect the animal from water and frost.
Character of a golden retriever
Pet-retrievers of a golden hue of wool have a flexible character and can adapt to a different rhythm of the owners. With them can be comfortable and home, and active owners.
Goldenen distinguish unique mental abilities, they can understand without words, so they can even be trained by a beginner who does not understand anything in this matter. If the dog is engaged, then practically all the wisdom of training and education, he can master by 12 months. But still after passing the basic course, it will take lessons with the pet, so that he does not lose his physical form.
Golden retrievers need attention, so if you do not give time to the pet, you can find the corrupted things. Do it to dogs to attract attention, and in no case from harm.
If the owner is quite active in life, then the dog will be happy to accompany the owner in any activities. For them it is quite suitable to run next to the bicycle, ball games, long transitions, rest by the reservoirs.
Goldeny perfectly master the agility and freestyle courses and show good results in competitions. But training in protection and protection for this breed is not suitable, because the dogs lack the qualities that are required for this activity. Biting retrievers can, but only in case of emergency. To get a dog of this breed as a pet is possible for a child, as with the training of these smartest animals can handle and a teenager 10-12 years.
Today, representatives of this breed are practically not used for hunting, as more suitable and less capricious dogs are bred. But this does not detract from the hunting qualities of Golden:
- they have a very balanced temperament;
- hunting enthusiasm, which is expressed in setters, the golden is absent, so even during work they are well controlled;
- dogs are very fond of water;
- they can work without speech commands, reacting to whistles and gestures.
If the retriever is purchased for hunting, then it is necessary to take the puppy exclusively from working dogs, with tribal documents and the results of working tests.
The breed has a certain drawback, which sometimes does not allow you to start a dog in the apartment conditions - a sharp smell. However, this phenomenon is subject to correction, but not cosmetic procedures. Naturally, caring for the hair is required, but nutrition plays a big role in the "aroma" of the pet, since the smell appears due to disturbed metabolic processes.
In addition, pedigree pets are prone to allergic manifestations, which once again confirms - to select the feed for a golden pet should be carefully. If it is a question of ready rations, then they should belong to the class of premium, super-premium or holistic. The latter is relevant if the pet has a food allergy. You should be guided by the size of the pet, age, type of hair and activity.
With a natural diet should be a complete diet of meat, offal, vegetables, dairy products, cereals and vegetable oil. You can also include eggs and fruits in the menu. In this case, additional sources of vitamins and trace elements will be needed. Through trial and error, it is necessary to identify products that are not suitable for feeding a pet, and to exclude them from the dog's menu.
The coat of golden retrievers allows their street maintenance, however, luxurious wool will lose its splendor and will be constantly dirty.
They molt the dog very actively, the dogs change both the hair coat and the undercoat. Therefore, combing golden is necessary every day, and bitches and several times a day. This is not only a tribute to beauty, but also the maintenance of skin health, since non-removed hairs can cause dermatitis .
In addition to wool, you should look after the eyes, as dogs have a tendency to uveitis - inflammation of the choroid of the eyeball. They should be inspected regularly, and washed or wiped with chamomile broth or a special remedy.
Ears are also recommended to inspect and clean with a cotton swab with boiled vegetable or baby oil. Claws are cut as they grow. The oral cavity is inspected and if a dental stone is found, you should consult a specialist.
The dog needs regular vaccination , as well as protection and prevention of external and internal parasites. With good nutrition and care the dog lives to 15-16 years, although on average the life span of the breed is 10-12 years.
Photo of a golden retriever
Video about the Golden Retriever
How much does a Golden Retriever puppy cost?
To get a puppy pet-class from the nursery can be an average of 25,000 rubles, the baby of a higher show class is in the area of 58,000-65,000 rubles. Private breeders of a thoroughbred puppy can be bought for 25,000-35,000 rubles, and a lower price tag should be alerted.
A pet without a pedigree can be bought for 12000-14000, naturally, there are no guarantees of absence of defects and confirmation of the cleanliness of the breed.
Acquiring a golden retriever, it is worth considering that the dog needs attention and special care. Only if you comply with the requirements of a dog golden retriever will please their owners, and cause admiring glances of passers-by.