Wen in dogs, it is also called lipoma, is a fairly common phenomenon. Many owners find tumorous formations on the body of their pets and panic. After all, for most people, the tumor is associated with oncological diseases. However, in this case, there is no question of any cancer disease. What to do if a pet has a lipoma?
- Причины появления жировиков у собак 1. Causes of the appearance of adipose in dogs
- Осложнения, вызываемые липомой 2. Complications caused by lipoma
- Кто находится в группе риска 3. Who is at risk?
- Особенности жировиков 4. Features of Wen
- Как распознать липому 5. How to recognize lipoma
- Диагностирование заболевания 6. Diagnosis of the disease
- Методы лечения жировиков 7. Methods of treatment of adipocytes
The causes of the appearance of adipose in dogs
First of all, it is worth considering what is a lipoma. This is a benign formation that consists of fatty tissues. The study of this ailment did not give an exact answer, which is the exact cause of the appearance of fatty dogs in dogs. Among the set of existing hypotheses, the following are distinguished:
- predisposition at the genetic level;
- direct inheritance of the disease;
- unfavorable ecological situation;
- slagging of the animal's body;
- violation of renal and hepatic activity.
The formation of lipoma occurs due to blockage of the sebaceous glands or because of localized growth of fatty tissues, so their appearance is associated with a violation of metabolic processes in the body, which leads to a deficiency of the protein enzyme.
Complications caused by lipoma
In most cases, the greens on the trunk of the pet are quite harmless, but there are exceptions. Despite seemingly harmless linden, certain risks still exist. There have been recorded cases of degeneration of adipocytes into a malignant tumor - fibrosarcoma. This can occur in dogs at risk of cancer. But initially malignant fat cells (liposarcoma disease) are diagnosed extremely rarely.
In addition, the greens in dogs can grow very much, making it difficult for the animal to move. Often, their increase leads to the fact that large fat formations begin to put pressure on internal organs. Wenards, in certain situations, can be very painful.
Growing up and becoming more and more, the fatty widens so much that it is in a hanging position. This situation threatens the violation of blood flow in the lipoma itself and the death of its upper part. And this is already an open way for getting into the body of animal pathogens of infection.
Large, as well as dangling fatties can cause pain to the dog, as they exert pressure not only on nearby tissues, but also often squeeze the nerve roots.
Dangerous are fatty pigs with a dark pigment, this is a sure sign that the formation absorbs ultraviolet radiation. Yes, and aesthetics, such formations do not add. In any case, the appearance of a zhirovik is a good reason for visiting a veterinarian.
Who is at risk?
The most common benign formation from adipose tissue is observed in the following groups of animals:
- reaching middle age and older dogs (read to what age the dogs grow );
- more often in females (50% of cases) than in males;
- pets with obesity.
It must be said that such a form of lipoma occurs quite often. Infiltrative lipoma (liposarcoma) is a very rare phenomenon, both in dogs and in cats. Among the recorded cases, it is noted that most often this malignant formation is diagnosed in labrador dogs.
Features of Wen
Lipomas can form in virtually any area of the body that has fat tissue. The most frequent places of their formation are the subcutaneous layers of fiber on the sternum, peritoneum and upper parts of the paws. Rare are the adolescents that appeared on the surface of the internal organs - on the liver, stomach, intestines, lungs, etc. Naturally, this form of the disease requires diagnosis in the clinic, because in the usual way it can not be recognized.
Lipoma can form one or the formation of multiple congestion of tumors, a disease called lipomatosis. Sometimes, when weners appear, one can observe the symmetry of their location.
Diffuse formations that are localized in the intermuscular space of extremities are considered quite complex. Most often they are a multiple cluster of nodes, which does not allow them to be effectively treated.
How to recognize lipoma
You can do this by examining the education and feeling it. Typically, the lipoma is similar to a swelling of the skin, a smooth, oval shape. There are also solid adipes, but in most cases they feel soft and mobile. Palpation of education does not cause the pet pain or discomfort, if the education is not too large. Weners can not grow for a long time, remaining in the same state.
Diagnosis of the disease
The description of a lipoma quite often allows it to be confused with other similar formations, therefore differential diagnostics is very important at revealing of the given formation. In the process of visiting the vet clinic, you can find out that the lipoma on the pet's body is not a fatty body, but an abscess (this can be detected independently, as the skin becomes very hot at the site of infection), bruising, an inflamed lymph node, or malignant formation .
According to statistics, among all the calls to veterinarians with swelling of the skin, in 10% of dogs they are really zhirovikami.
For diagnosis, veterinarians use the following methods:
- palpation (palpation of the swollen area);
- puncture biopsy sampling (tissues from the deepest layers of the tumor are taken);
- Excision of a small part of the tumor surgically.
The latter method is often used when the dog's lipoma has already burst. In this case, the speed of data acquisition is important and urgent surgical intervention is required. Naturally, without the received results confirming that this is really a lipoma, the operation will not be conducted.
Malignant (infiltrative) formation is detected by carrying out a histological (pathomorphological) study. Such formation is more often found between the muscular tissues of the upper part of the paws, and also in the region of the retroperitoneal space.
Infiltrative lipoma requires surgical operation - excision of affected areas with subsequent radiation therapy. Doctors can not give accurate predictions, since this kind of tumors very often recur.
Methods of treatment of adipocytes
Unfortunately, traditional therapy is powerless against lipoma, only surgical intervention will help. Lipoma does not have a tendency to metastasis and after complete excision it does not form on the same site. Remove wen, or leave everything as is, only a specialist decides.
If zhirovik chose the site of localization of subcutaneous fat, then most of the fears do not cause. If it does not provoke pain and inconvenience, it is small, then you can not send a pet for surgery.
If it can not be avoided, it is necessary to prepare a pet - not to feed for a day, but not to disturb the water regime. If the lipoma in the dog has already burst, then the operation is done urgently.
How does this procedure go:
- Wen is in a capsule and has a few blood vessels. After the surgeon dissects the layers of the skin over the formation, it separates the lipoma from the surrounding tissues.
- Such formations practically do not bleed, but sometimes a binding of the main vessel that feeds the lipoma is required.
- As soon as the wen is removed, the doctor carefully sews the cavity, which was formed during the operation.
Much more difficult is the situation with intermuscular lipomas, good, there is such a variety infrequently. They grow almost imperceptibly, while they are particularly aggressive. These tumors are located in the intermuscular layers, scattered throughout the territory in separate fragments. The absence of educational boundaries makes the operation extremely difficult. The proliferation of the intermuscular lipoma is accompanied by an increase in the size of the paw, the pet begins to limp and feel pain. The removal of such education does not guarantee the absence of its re-emergence.
After the operation, the dog needs care. Postoperative suture should be regularly treated with antiseptics. See that the animal does not lick, do not scratch this place. You can use special collars, in which the pet can not reach the place of the cut.
In most cases, surgical intervention ends safely and after 1.5 weeks you can visit the doctor in order to remove the stitches.