Despite the fact that in our country the Japanese hin appeared recently, it is considered to be one of the oldest dogs, and the dogs immediately found their admirers. Outwardly, Japanese chinas resemble Pekingese, but they also have significant differences. What is known about these cute little dogs and what should be prepared for future owners?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы японский хин 2. Description of the Japanese hin breed
- Характер японского хина 3. The nature of Japanese chin
- Особенности воспитания и обучения 4. Features of Education and Training
- Как ухаживать за японским хином 5. How to care for Japanese chin
- Правильное кормление японского хина 6. Proper feeding of Japanese chin
- Фото японского хина 7. Photo of the Japanese chin
- Видео о японском хине 8. Video about Japanese chin
- Сколько стоит щенок японского хина 9. How much does a Japanese chin puppy cost?
- Питомники японского хина 10. Kennels of the Japanese chin
Origin of the breed
Studying the oldest rocks is a difficult task, and it is not always possible for researchers to find out all the nuances of the origin of dogs. The same thing happened with Japanese chinas. There are suggestions that they entered the territory of Japan in the III century AD together with the monks from Tibet. Most likely, they were donated to the emperor of the country, thus, the place of their dwelling and became the imperial court. Then the puppies of this breed were given to extremely important, notable guests. In addition, they were kept in temples. It was believed that chinas can drive away evil spirits.
Even then, the dogs had an amazing appearance, and it was believed that they were the result of crossing dogs with other creatures. But geneticists managed to find out that spaniels were used to create this breed. For hundreds of centuries, no one knew about the existence of this breed of dogs. Their penetration into the countries of Europe and America occurred only in 1853.
Description of breed Japanese hin
The first thing that comes to mind when you see these funny creatures - what they are cool! It is necessary to struggle with an irresistible desire to enclose the animal in the arms and squeeze. But the owners rush to assure that the hin is not so simple and will not allow such an attitude. Yes, the doggie has long been a favorite of the emperors and their associates, however, he has protective and protective qualities in his blood. This is a decorative breed, but the dog can stand up for himself and his household.
As for appearance, it immediately attracts a long, luxurious coat of chinas. It does not have a dense undercoat and is especially elongated in the region of the tail, head and auricles. But the tip of the face of the dog is almost without wool.
The maximum growth of Japanese chinas is 25 cm, and weight depends on the category, the first includes tiny individuals weighing from 2 to 4 kg, the second - dogs larger, whose weight can reach 8 kg. According to standard data, the breed's representatives must comply with the following description:
- Head with a wide and round skull, but without excessive bulge or flatness. The forehead is slightly convex, with a sharp, pronounced transition to the muzzle. The nose bridge is shortened, which gives the muzzle a flattening. Muzzle ends with a large lobe of the nose, located on a level with the eyes. The color of the lobe is black or in the tone of the spots - in individuals with red spots.
- The jaws of the dogs are strong, broad, with a puffy cushion of the upper lip. Any bite is allowed, except for an undershot.
- The eyes are large, round in shape, widely spaced, there is some rareness, which gives the look a surprised, even amazed look.
- The ears are small, covered with long hair, hang on cartilages.
- The trunk of the Japanese chin has a few square format, although in general the physique is not devoid of beauty and grace.
- The fore and hind legs are straight, with rounded, "cat's" paws, the bent fingers of which give them the look of an artist's brush.
- If we take into account the decorativeness of the breed, it surprises the rather developed and strong muscular corset of its representatives.
- The tail of the dogs is twisted into the steering wheel and is located on the back, creating a likeness of a fountain made of long wool.
In general, Japanese chinas have an amazing appearance, the features of which are already manifested in puppyhood.
Colors of the representatives of the breed
There are two colors of dogs of this breed:
- Black and white - black spots are located on a white background;
- red-white - the main white background is covered with reddish spots.
By standard, it is necessary to have spots around the eyes, on the auricles, it is also desirable that they be on the trunk. Advantage is the white color, located in the center of the bridge of the nose and on the top of the head.
The nature of Japanese chin
Japanese chin is not without reason considered the best companion dog, because almost every individual of this breed has a set of wonderful qualities for these purposes. They have honed their skills for many centuries, living in noble families. Hina differ in their extreme attachment to their family. They can be called true sublies, while the doggies do not become attached to only one person. Such a pet is always open for new acquaintances, but at the first meeting he treats strangers with suspicion.
For small decorative dogs an important component is early socialization, otherwise the puppy will become fearful and it will be difficult to transfer new acquaintances. Hina is kind, affectionate and perfectly suited as a pet for an elderly person. But in a family with kids, difficulties are possible, since the hin does not like negligence, rudeness. Also, such a dog does not like noise, screams and can be displeased.
By purchasing such a pet, future owners should consider that he needs to communicate with people, and prolonged loneliness can cause depression. Japanese hin will be an excellent option for beginners, since it does not require rigidity and exactingness. Some habits make these doggies look like cats. For example, they are able to climb almost any furniture, like to clean themselves for a long time and carefully and rarely give a vote.
Pets are moderately playful, happy to be with their family, even if each of them will do their own thing. They like to accompany the owner everywhere. And if the majority of ornamental rocks are quite noisy, then chinas are an exception. Whatever happens, they will silently observe.
Chin seldom shows the quality of dominants, so they get along well with other pets. This is one of the breeds, representatives of which can be kept at once several individuals, and the floor is absolutely unimportant. But keep them together with large dogs is not recommended, yet the chinas react painfully to rudeness. As for cats, the Japanese hin, who has gone through socialization, will respond to them with benevolence. Otherwise, it can also drive, but it will not cause serious damage.
The liveliness and activity of the Khin touches, but they can not be called too energetic. Yes, they need to be taken out on a daily basis, where they gladly run, but this pet is enough. Therefore, puppies of this breed can safely acquire families that do not have a particularly active lifestyle. Among the Khin, there are often real lazy people who are able to lie day and night and lie down, reluctantly go out for walks, especially in bad weather. But in any case, you should drive them.
Features of Education and Training
It is necessary to prepare for the appearance of a small pet. First of all, it is necessary for him to determine the place and buy or build a special sunbed. Later, the dog will consider this territory his, here he will rest and hide from the bustle. You will also need to purchase two bowls - one for food, another for water, a collar, a leash, gaming devices and a tray, into which the puppy will be in need until all the vaccinations are delivered.
It is important to remove all wires from the floor, put things and shoes in the locker, otherwise the puppy, not knowing the rules of behavior, can spoil the property. Although the queen does not need hard training, the owner must determine the hierarchy - his and his pet. Only after realizing that the owner is standing a step higher, the pet will fully obey.
Raising the baby, it is important to apply both encouragement and punishment. In the latter case, it is enough to raise the voice or slap slightly, for example, by a folded newspaper, but a strong physical impact is not recommended. It is not difficult to educate a chin, it is enough to accompany your own actions with a word or phrases. For example, to say "eat", calling a pet for a meal, "wash paws" - before this procedure, "it is impossible" - if the dog does something forbidden, etc.
Japanese chin is not the most intelligent dog, in this respect they are somewhere in the middle of the list. However, their intellectual abilities are enough to fulfill the commands, the main thing is that the owner is not lazy and regularly engaged with the pet. You can do it at home, paying daily 7-10 minutes, this will be enough to make the dog obedient and well-mannered.
To facilitate the process, you should practice with the dog in a comfortable environment for it, using your favorite treat and only in the good mood of both participants. Also, when learning Japanese chin requires constant fixing of the material, otherwise the dog can quickly forget the skills. Hina are beautiful stunts and are capable to amaze with their understanding, naturally, if you approach the issue seriously and take into account their features.
How to care for Japanese chin
Representatives of this breed need special care, although this becomes clear at first glance at the doggies. And first of all, you will have to look after their woolly covering. Hinov combed regularly, using the tarmac only as much as necessary - during periods of seasonal moults. Their wool is not inclined to tangle, so it's quite easy to cope with it.
Batters of little dogs are rare, since their wool practically repels pollution. It is enough time in 3-4 months that the pet looked well. Hinov usually do not cut, except that they cut off the wool cover that has grown between the fingers.
Special attention should be paid to the ears and the eyes of the dog. Even with minor signs of the inflammatory process, the eyes should be rinsed with tea leaves, and the ears should be wiped with a cotton disc soaked in an antiseptic. Claws are cut regularly - 3-4 times a month.
Dogs of this breed are ideal pets for housing maintenance. Many owners are captivated by their cleanliness, calm disposition and a peaceful look. For emergency situations, you can train your pet to walk in the tray or on a rag. Usually the dog immediately understands that they want and do not get too upset because of temporary changes.
Correct feeding of Japanese chin
Hina, in most cases, unpretentious in food, however, proper nutrition is very important for thoroughbred representatives, especially for their bones and coat. In addition, overfeeding of the animal should be avoided. It is very important to follow a strict regime, giving food twice a day, without changing its quantity, if for this there is no special reason. What should be included in the diet of chin?
The basis of the diet are protein sources - meat, offal, sea fish. Products should be low-fat. Carbohydrates are also necessary, they come into the body from vegetables, cereals, herbs. Vegetables should not be given separately, but mixed with meat or fish. Sour-milk products to give a pet is required for two reasons - they normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract and are a source of calcium.
Do not give the dog food from his table, and the diet should not include fatty, smoked, pickled food, sweets, sausages, minced meat and broths. If the owner decides to feed the dog with ready-made diets, then it should be a balanced quality feed suitable for small, longhaired breeds. In feeding Japanese chin, you need to adhere to the basic principles: choosing from the two options, you have to stick to only the chosen path. Mixed food experts do not recommend practicing.
Photo of Japanese chin
Video about Japanese chin
How much does a Japanese chin puppy cost?
If, after studying the information and deciding for yourself that the Japanese hin is what you need, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the prices:
- The initial cost of a Japanese chin puppy is 10,000 rubles. It is for so much you can buy a pet "with hands". But in this case there is a risk to buy not a purebred puppy, but a half-breed, as the chinens are often knitted with representatives of another eastern breed - Pekingese. And this is at best.
- In nurseries the cost of puppies will be higher - on average, 25000-30000 rubles. But here you do not have to worry about the cleanliness of the breed, the kids will have all the vaccinations and documents.
Japanese hin - dog, with the same dignity living in the imperial palace and an ordinary apartment. He knows how to inspire respect and at the same time be very affectionate and accommodating. Is able to empathize and feel the mood of the owners. Such a pet needs respect and constant attention, so if there is no time for a dog, it is better to choose a puppy of another breed.