Few people have heard of such a breed, which is not surprising, because even at home there are few purebreds. Representatives of this breed combine the qualities of a terrier - active, fast, fearless, and at the same time are excellent, affectionate and complaisant companions. The Japanese terrier is an excellent dog with good characteristics, and the owners of such a treasure are puzzled, why are they so rare?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы японский терьер 2. Description of breed Japanese terrier
- Особенности характера 3. Characteristics of the character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Уход 5. Care
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим и рацион кормления 7. Regimen and diet of feeding
- Содержание питомца 8. The contents of the pet
- Фото японского терьера 9. Photo of the Japanese Terrier
- Видео о японском терьере 10. Video about the Japanese terrier
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
Origin of the breed
The breeding of Japanese terriers in their homeland began in 1920. As the main breed, smooth-haired fox terriers were selected, which were brought to Nagasaki from the Netherlands in the 17th century. During their work they were crossed with representatives of local native breeds, which differed in modest sizes.
Also, the blood of miniature Manchester-terriers and levreets was added. About some dogs involved in breeding, to date, almost nothing is known, so for sure the history of the origin of Japanese terriers could not be clarified, there are many various theories.
As a result of the selection, small but strong dogs, called mikado, kobe, Japanese fox terrier, turned out. The modern name of the breed is Japanese or nihon terrier.
Registration kennel club in the homeland occurred in 1930, international recognition for the breed came later - in 1998. During a short history the number of individuals increased and decreased, but today Japanese terriers are a real rarity.
Description of breed Japanese terrier
In fact, the representatives of the breed are remarkable creatures - their dark head on a white body looks very unusual and original.
In addition, their characteristics are amazing: like all terriers, "Japanese" are suitable for hunting, can bring prey, are able to work in water bodies, that is, they have endurance, ingenuity and good health.
But at the very beginning of the work the Japanese breeders set themselves another task - to get not a working, but an exclusively decorative dog, capable of becoming an excellent companion.
Nihon - a small dog, with the appearance of a dandy, her body is clearly delineated, the body is compact and well-built. Has a very short coat. The estimation takes into account the proportionality of the addition. Japanese terrier is cheerful, active, it is easily excited.
The standard specifies the following description of the breed:
- The head of nihon with a flat, moderately narrow forehead, flattened cheekbones, a weakly pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The back of the nose is even, ending in a black, movable nose.
- Lips tightly fit, completely cover the teeth, covered with white enamel. They are strong, they create a correct bite by the type of "scissors".
- Eyes are medium in size, oval, with a dark brown iris.
- The ears are small, located high, thin, triangular in shape, dropping forward. The standard allows for a crease or a lag in the sides of the cheekbones.
- The neck is strong, medium, muscular, growing to the shoulders, tightly covered with skin, without wrinkles or wrinkles. The Japanese terriers have a high withers, turns into a short, strong back. Lumbar belt and croup are powerful, arched.
- The thorax is of decent depth, but the front is not very wide, the ribs are well developed. The line of the groin and abdomen is perfectly matched.
- Shoulders slightly oblique, forearms straight, with not too massive bone. The hips are elongated, the angles of the knee and hock are moderately expressed. The sticks are placed vertically, the paws are assembled in a strong lump, with elastic, dense pads, hard, preferably dark claws.
- In the movement of dogs of this breed are easy, fast and springy.
Elongated wool cover, expressed bite disorders, refer to vices, leading to disqualification of the individual.
Wool and possible colors
Dog-growers of the "rising sun" compare Japanese terriers with Imari porcelain from the Meiji period. It is not known for certain why this is connected, but many breeders agree that nihony are elegant and adorable.
The Japanese say that the wool of representatives of this breed is similar to natural silk, and in smooth-haired fox terriers and American toy terriers, it is similar to cotton. At home, note the beautiful nature of these dogs.
Japanese terriers have no undercoat completely, the body is covered with dense, short coarse hair. The wool is moderately hard, plentiful, has a natural sheen. The standard does not allow the presence of feathers, the length of the coat should be the same on the entire body. When assessing dogs an obligatory aspect is the presence of beautiful shiny wool.
Most often there are dogs with a tricolor color - a combination of wool black, white and red shades. The body is covered with white hair, on which a black or red wool fleece is in free order. On the head there is a wool of three colors with a predominance of black, there is a white stripe, on the brow ridges and around the cheeks markings of a reddish hue.
Characteristics of character
Japanese Terrier is not in vain considered an ideal companion - he has absolutely all the qualities for this. The dog is cheerful, positive, curious and inquisitive, but the pet has a sense of tact and will not be forced upon the master when he is out of sorts.
Nihon Terrier - a real "zhivchik", whose activity is capable of infecting everyone around. The dog is very devoted to the family and loves all its members. Pesik will not choose his own master and will be a common best friend. And the company qualities are already showing in puppyhood.
Nihonov rages blood of terriers, so they are able to show fearlessness and will protect the owner if a threatening situation arises. But this is a fairly tiny animal that can suffer from larger relatives, which means it is important for the owner to prevent such tragic events. It is important to consider that as a threat the dog can perceive excessive gesticulations or screams.
In a domestic setting, the pet will certainly show its guarding instincts, that is yapping at the door when someone comes or moves by. Such a nuance should be taken into account when acquiring such a four-legged friend.
The owners compare the Japanese terrier to a mischievous but smart and smart kid. In many respects this is due to the fact that such a dog always finds a common language with younger family members.
Despite the gassing under the door, the pet entered the stranger meets with unconcealed curiosity. He does not have so well developed the instincts of the guard and the watchman, there is no inherent aggression towards strangers, so the guests can count on a warm welcome. A dog can almost immediately involve a stranger in the game, allows himself to be ironed.
Nihony are not very noisy dogs, they can sit alone, while everyone is on tuition or work, but in the evening they expect caresses and attention from their family. Given these qualities, you can sincerely regret that the breed is not very common, and the owners of the Japanese terrier can be called real lucky ones who were lucky with a four-legged friend.
Education and training
Representatives of this breed have a high intelligence, they are easily trained, and can master both the basic program and complex tricks. Training will be very fruitful if the owner treats his pet patiently, respectfully and gives commands in a confident voice.
You can not be rude, sharp, physical. Such a dog reacts sharply to a change in intonation, so as punishment it is enough to bring a couple of strict notes and to read off the guilty "disciple". It is also important to encourage a pet that has successfully overcome difficulties, for this you can use not only affection and delicacy, but also joint games.
Terriers are hardy, but the dog can get bored with the monotonous repetition of the same teams, so it's recommended to take breaks, play with it and play. If the owner made a mistake - shouted or showed rudeness to the address of a four-legged friend, you should interrupt the class and distract it.
Nihony very unpretentious animals, so even beginners will not have difficulties during the care of the pet. Yes, the dog needs attention, but it's hard to call the joint pastime for games and caresses, fun walks, the language does not turn.
The coat in dogs is recommended to be periodically cleaned with a brush with soft bristles or a napkin. Bathe pet rarely, it immediately needs to get soaked with a towel and keep away from drafts - a dog often catches a cold.
A healthy Japanese terrier does not have a characteristic smell of dog, since the undercoat is absent. Lies the dog standard - in spring and autumn, at this time, you should treat the dog's coat with a rubber or silicone mitten to rid the house of wool. But the process is not intensive, ending in 2-3 weeks.
Special attention should be paid to the teeth of the animal during their replacement. 5-6 month old pups often have tartar, so they should be cleaned 2-3 times a week and, if the problem occurs, seek veterinary advice. As a rule, young animals have no such problems, if it is a question of the correct formation of the dentition.
Otherwise, everything is standard - once a quarter the dog should be given an antihistamine, in the spring and summer period - treated from external parasites, vaccinated according to the established schedule.
The breed is not well studied, due to its rarity. Therefore, to date, there is no information about any genetic pathologies of these dogs. But for certain it is known that nihonas do not tolerate the cold and often catch cold, so the immunity of the animal should be maintained.
Dogs of advanced age often suffer from diseases of the musculoskeletal system. If the dog receives good nutrition and adequate care, then his life expectancy is 11-13 years.
Diet regimen and diet
Nihon is charming, charming and intelligent, it's hard for many people not to buy such a charm with some goodness from their table. This should not be done in any case, since most of the products will negatively affect the health of the dog. For example, from a sweet tooth, his teeth become impaired, his eyesight deteriorates and the risk of developing diabetes increases.
Terriers love sausages, delicacies, pechenyushki, but all this is included in the list of banned products. Feed the terrier can be natural products that do not contain artificial additives. The pet should receive enough fresh meat, boiled offal and sea fish.
The porridge is given to the dog, but it should not be more than 25% of the total diet. It is flavored with vegetable oil, greens and vegetables are added. Vitamins and minerals complexes are introduced into the diet without fail.
Since it is difficult to compose an independently balanced diet for a dog, many owners prefer food forage. It should be a high-quality product, suitable for small, moving dogs, satisfying the daily requirement of the pet in all the components necessary for health.
You should purchase the menu in specialized stores or veterinary pharmacies. Get a full consultation on the rules of feeding the Japanese terrier is always possible with the breeder.
The Japanese terrier is an exclusively home-made option, absolutely not suitable for street maintenance. Such a dog can live in an apartment, but the best place is your house or cottage, where in the warm season it can walk freely on the house territory.
Such a pet is able to guard the yard, the house and its inhabitants, signaling the approach of strangers in a sonorous voice. He has a very sensitive ear and can hear even a quiet sound.
In addition to the bowls for food and water, litter, terrier must be provided with toys, which should be a lot. Pesik will consider them his property and will be happy to work with them while the family is busy with their own affairs. That they are not boring, it is recommended that you periodically offer a pet something new.
Another baby will need a wardrobe of clothes - warm winter, not wet for rainy weather, shoes and hats. If the house is cool, then you can wear a dog with a socks and a vest.
Photo of a Japanese terrier
Video about the Japanese terrier
Where to buy a puppy
Most people will not have the opportunity to see a representative of this breed live. Even in Japan, nihon-terriers are not too common, let alone talking about other countries. However, the breed was recognized by the International Federation, and in Europe there are several nurseries.
Buy on the ad can only a half-breed, looks like nihon, but, most likely, not related to this breed.
The Japanese terrier is good for all characteristics, and its lack is one - a rarity. Buying a puppy of this breed is not an easy task, but luck is for those who are determined.