Few have heard of such a breed, which is not surprising, because even at home there are few purebreds. Representatives of this breed combine the qualities of a terrier - active, fast, fearless, and at the same time are excellent, affectionate and compliant companions. The Japanese Terrier is a great dog with good characteristics, and the owners of such a treasure are puzzled, why are they so few common?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы японский терьер 2. Description of the Japanese Terrier breed
- Особенности характера 3. Characteristics
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Уход 5. Care
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим и рацион кормления 7. Mode and diet feeding
- Содержание питомца 8. Pet Content
- Фото японского терьера 9. Photo of Japanese Terrier
- Видео о японском терьере 10. Video about Japanese Terrier
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
Breeding Japanese terriers at home have been practicing since the 1920s. As the main breed smooth-haired fox terriers were chosen, which were brought to Nagasaki from the Netherlands in the 17th century. During work, they were crossed with representatives of local aboriginal breeds, differing in modest size.
The blood of miniature Manchester Terriers and IGs was also added. Today, almost nothing is known about some dogs participating in the breeding, so the history of the origin of the Japanese terriers has not been found out for certain, there are many different theories.
As a result of breeding turned out small, but strong dogs, which were called Mikado, Kobe, Japanese fox terrier. The modern name of the breed is Japanese or Nihon Terrier.
Registration dog club in their homeland occurred in 1930, the international recognition of the breed came later - in 1998. During a short history, the number of individuals increased and decreased, but today Japanese terriers are a real rarity.
Japanese Terrier breed description
In fact, the representatives of the breed are remarkable creatures - their dark head on a white torso looks very unusual and original.
In addition, their characteristics are amazing: like all terriers, the “Japanese” are suitable for hunting, can bring prey, are able to work in reservoirs, that is, have endurance, acumen and good health.
But at the very beginning of work, Japanese breeders set themselves another task - to get not a working, but exclusively a decorative dog, which could become an excellent companion.
Nihon is a small dog with a dandy appearance, its body is clearly defined, the body is compact and well-built. It has a very short coat. When evaluating takes into account the proportionality of addition. The Japanese terrier is cheerful, active, it is easily excited.
The standard contains the following description of the representatives of the breed:
- The head of a nihon with a flat, moderately narrow forehead, flattened cheekbones, a weakly pronounced transition from the forehead to the face. The back of the nose is flat, ending with a black, mobile nose.
- Lips tight, completely cover the teeth, covered with white enamel. They are strong, create the correct bite on the type of "scissors".
- The eyes are medium sized, oval, with a dark brown iris.
- The auricles are small, high, thin, triangular in shape, falling forward. The standard allows folds or lags on the sides of the cheekbones.
- The neck is strong, medium, muscular, expanding at the transition to the shoulders, densely covered with skin, without folds and wrinkles. Japanese terriers have a high withers, passing into a short, strong back. The lumbar belt and croup are powerful, arched.
- The rib cage is of decent depth, but not very wide in front, the ribs are well developed. The groin and abdomen line is perfectly matched.
- The shoulders are slightly sloping, the forearms are straight, with not too massive bones. The hips are elongated, the corners of the knee and hock joints are moderately pronounced. Hops placed vertically, paws gathered in a strong lump, with elastic, dense pads, hard, preferably dark claws.
- In movement, dogs of this breed are light, fast and springy.
Extended coat, pronounced malocclusion, are defects that lead to disqualification of an individual.
Wool and possible colors
Dog breeders of the country of the rising sun compare Japanese terriers with Imari porcelain during the Meiji period. It is not known for certain what it is connected with, but many breeders agree that nihony are elegant and charming.
The Japanese say that the wool of representatives of this breed is similar to natural silk, and in smooth-haired fox terriers and American toy terriers it is similar to cotton. At home, celebrate the wonderful nature of these dogs.
Japanese terriers have no undercoat, the body is covered with thick, short guard hair. Wool is moderately hard, abundant, has a natural shine. The standard does not allow the presence of tow, the length of the coat should be the same on the whole body. When evaluating dogs, the presence of a beautiful shiny coat is an essential aspect.
The most common dogs with tricolor coloration are a combination of black, white and ginger coats. The body is covered with white wool, on which in the free order there is a speck of black or red wool. On the head there is wool of three colors with a predominance of black, there is a white stripe, on the superciliary arches and in the area of the cheeks the marks of red shade.
It’s not for nothing that the Japanese terrier is considered an ideal companion - it has absolutely all the qualities for that. The dog is cheerful, positive, curious and inquisitive, but the pet has a sense of tact and will not be imposed on the owner when he is not in the spirit.
Nihon terrier is a real “zinger”, the activity of which is capable of infecting all others. The dog is very loyal to the family and loves all its members. The dog will not choose his one master and will be the common best friend. And the qualities of a companion shows already at puppy age.
The nihonov rage on the blood of terriers, so they are able to show fearlessness and will protect the owner if a threatening situation arises. But this is quite a miniature animal that can suffer from larger relatives, which means that it is important for the owner to prevent such tragic incidents. It is important to bear in mind that as a threat, a dog may perceive excessive gesticulations or shouts.
At home, the pet will necessarily show its protective instincts, that is, yelping at the door when someone comes in or moves past. Such a nuance should be taken into account when acquiring a similar four-legged friend.
The owners compare the Japanese terrier with a mischievous, but intelligent and clever child. This is largely due to the fact that such a dog always finds a common language with the younger members of the family.
Despite the groan under the door, the pet meets strangers with undisguised curiosity. He has not so well developed guard and watchman instincts, there is no innate aggression towards strangers, so guests can count on a warm welcome. The dog can almost immediately involve a stranger in the game, allows himself to be stroked.
Nihons are not very noisy dogs, they can sit alone while everyone is studying or working, but in the evening they are waiting for affection and attention from their family. Given these qualities, we can sincerely regret that the breed is not very well distributed, and the owners of the Japanese terrier can be called real lucky, lucky with a four-legged friend.
Education and training
Representatives of this breed have high intelligence, they are easy to learn, and can master both the basic program and complex tricks. Training will be very fruitful if the owner treats his pet patiently, respectfully and gives commands in a confident voice.
You can not be rude, sharpness, physical impact. Such a dog reacts sharply to a change in intonation, therefore, as punishment, it is enough to introduce a couple of strict notes and chastise a guilty "apprentice." It is also important to encourage a pet who has successfully overcome difficulties, for this you can use not only affection and delicacy, but also joint games.
Terriers are hardy, but the dog can get bored with monotonous repetition of the same teams, so it is recommended to take breaks, play with it and have fun. If the owner made a mistake - he screamed or showed rudeness to the four-legged friend, you should stop the classes and distract him.
Nihons are very unpretentious animals, so even novices will not have difficulties in caring for their pet. Yes, the dog requires attention, but to call it difficult work to spend time together playing and caressing, making fun walks, the language does not turn.
It is recommended to periodically brush the coat of the dog with a soft bristle brush or cloth. They rarely bathe the pet, it is necessary to immediately get wet with a towel and keep away from drafts - the dog often catches cold.
A healthy Japanese terrier has no characteristic dog smell, as there is no undercoat. The dog usually sheds in the spring and autumn, at this time the dog's coat should be treated with a rubber or silicone mitten to rid the house of wool. But the process is not intensive, ending in 2-3 weeks.
Special attention should be given to the teeth of the animal during their replacement. 5-6-month-old puppies often form tartar, so they should be cleaned 2-3 times a week and, if a problem has arisen, seek veterinary advice. As a rule, young animals do not have such problems if we are talking about the correct formation of the dentition.
Otherwise, everything is standard - once a quarter an antihistamine should be given to the dog, in the spring-summer period it should be treated against external parasites, and vaccinations should be set according to the established schedule.
The breed is not too studied, because of its rarity. Therefore, today there is no information about any genetic pathologies of these dogs. But it is known for certain that nihons do not tolerate cold well and often catch cold, therefore, the animal’s immunity should be maintained.
Older dogs often suffer from diseases of the musculoskeletal system. If the dog receives good nutrition and appropriate care, then its life expectancy is 11-13 years.
Mode and diet feeding
Nihon is nice, charming and smart, many people find it difficult not to treat such a sweetheart with some goodies from his table. This should not be done in any case, since most products will negatively affect the health of the dog. For example, his teeth deteriorate from sweets, his eyesight deteriorates and the risk of developing diabetes increases.
Terriers love sausage, gourmet foods, cookies, but all of this is on the list of prohibited foods. You can feed the terrier with natural products that do not contain artificial additives. The pet should receive enough fresh meat, boiled offal and sea fish.
Dog porridge is given, but it should be no more than 25% of the total diet. It is flavored with vegetable oil, greens and vegetables are added. Vitamin-mineral complexes are mandatory entered into the diet.
Since it is quite difficult to create an independently balanced diet for a dog, many owners prefer production feeds. It should be a high-quality product, suitable for small, mobile dogs, satisfying the pet's daily need for all the components necessary for health.
Acquire the menu should be in specialized stores or veterinary pharmacies. Get a full consultation on the rules of feeding the Japanese terrier is always possible with the breeder.
The Japanese Terrier is an exclusively domestic version that is absolutely not suitable for street content. Such a doggie can live in a residential environment, but his house or cottage is best suited, where in the warm season he can walk freely on the local area.
Such a pet is able to protect the yard, the house and its inhabitants, giving a signal of the approach of strangers in a clear voice. He has a very sensitive ear and can hear even a quiet sound.
In addition to bowls for food and water, bedding, terrier must be provided with toys, which should be a lot. The dog will take them as their property and will be happy to tinker with them while the household is busy with their own affairs. To prevent them from becoming boring, it is recommended to periodically offer your pet something new.
Even the baby will need a wardrobe of clothes - insulated winter, not soaking wet for rainy weather, shoes and hats. If the house is cool, you can wear a dog socks and vest.
Japanese Terrier Photos
Japanese Terrier Video
Where to buy a puppy
Most people will not have the opportunity to live to see a representative of this breed. Even in Japan, Nihon Terriers are not too common, let alone other countries. However, the breed was recognized by the International Federation, and there are several nurseries in Europe.
You can buy an ad except a mestizo that looks like nihon, but most likely not related to this breed.
The Japanese Terrier is good in all characteristics, and it has one drawback - a rarity. Buying a puppy of this breed is not easy, but those who are determined are lucky.