Hovawart is a breed of sentry and pen dogs, numbering about 7 centuries. Almost disappeared in the XIX century, the breed revived, and today is gaining popularity in Europe and the US. Due to his character, count, mind and dedication, Hovawart is not only a great watchman, but also a funny cute companion.
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы ховаварт 2. Description of the Hovawart breed
- Характер 3. Character
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Болезни породы 6. Diseases of the breed
- Кормление 7. Feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото ховаварта 9. Hovawart photos
- Видео о ховаварте 10. Video about Hovawart
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
History of origin
The first mention of the Hovawart refers to the XIII century. The documents describe the case of how a brave dog selflessly defended its owners during the robbery of the manor.
And on the famous engraving of the German graphic art and the painter Alfred Durer "Knight, Death and the Devil" dated the beginning of the 16th century, at the feet of the horse of the brave Knight a dog resembling a hovawart rushes at full speed. Perhaps, it was this engraving on copper that gave grounds to believe that the Hovawarts were used to escort and guard troops. They were bred and kept only by medieval aristocrats.
But there is another opinion. According to studies, these dogs could accompany the nomadic tribes of warlike Germans, protecting them from the attack of large predators and helping in hunting.
At the end of the XIX century, famous zoologists and geneticists Bertram and Kurt Keningi decided to restore the number of this universal long-haired dog. The first litter of Hovawarts was obtained in the nursery of Bertram Koening's son in 1922. He also made a brief description of the standard.
In the divided after the end of World War II of Germany the breed began to be divided into distinct types:
- the Koburgsky;
In 1972 the breed was officially recognized by the FCI. And in 1984, the International Federation of Hovawarts (IHF) was established.
Description of the Hovawart breed
In the reconstruction of the breed, not only hovawarts participated, but also:
- German Shepherds;
- African hounds.
They influenced the appearance of the Hovawart. According to the FCI standard, hovawart is a medium-sized dog. The height at the withers of a male is 63-70 cm, and the weight is 30-40 kg. Sexual dimorphism is clearly expressed - a female of smaller size (58-65 cm) and weight (25-35 kg). Pets look like this:
- The skull is rounded with a broad frontal part and tapering toward the nasal lobe in both the vertical and horizontal planes. The stop is well pronounced. Superciliary arches and cheekbones are not clearly expressed. The transition from the frontal bone to the nose is somewhat smoothened.
- Nose with a well-developed lobe, painted in dark color, or with a light general color in the tone of the color of the coat. The nostrils are open, well-defined.
- Jaws with white teeth have a scissor bite, but it is also allowed to be pincer-like. Lips thin, dry, dark-colored, fit tightly to the teeth.
- Eyes are average, oval. The color of the iris varies from black to light brown. Eyelids tightly closed, the edge pigmented in black.
- The ears hang freely on the cartilages, they have the shape of a triangle. Due to the high position and location of the sides of the head, the frontal part appears visually even wider. The lower edge of the ear reaches the angle of the eyes, rounded. In the alert state, the ears are raised and directed forward.
- The neck is strong, but not thick, conical in shape and medium in length.
- The body is strong, with well developed muscles, but not massive. Several elongated - longer than in height by 10-15%.
- The chest is deep, oval, with well developed musculature. The stomach is picked up.
- The back is straight, sturdy. The body tapers to the tail somewhat. Loin convex.
- The limbs are of medium length, parallel to each other, with good musculature and pronounced joint angles. Paw with tightly pressed fingers, arched. The color of the claws depends on the basic coat color.
- The tail is long and falls below the hocks, covered with an elongated restroom hair. The tail is an indicator of the mood of the dog - it rises up above the back or goes down. At the base it is thicker, tapering to the tip.
Hovawart has a long, wavy coat, but curls are considered a disqualifying feature. Its length is larger on the ears, tail, back of the front paws. There are feathers on the back of the forelimbs. Undercoat is small. The wool is shiny, it is hard or soft, it fits snugly to the body.
Since many dogs of different types of color participated in the reconstruction of the breed, even in Hovawart the wool can be:
- black with golden tan;
In Hovawart solid black color allowed white small spot size, located on the chest, the tip of the tail, the toes of the paws. In black and tan dogs, the main background is black. Tan marks are not too saturated colors and have different locations:
- above the eyes are two small pale yellow spots;
- stain, starting on the lower jaw and reaching the throat;
- two spots on the chest that should not merge;
- light spots on the back and inside of the paws;
- A mark on the underside of the tail root.
Black-tan dogs are also allowed to have separate white hairs, located on the chest, paws, tail.
In dogs of pale yellow color, the wool on the inside of the thighs, abdomen and tail is slightly lighter. Also, individual small white spots or hairs in the region of the chest and paws are permissible. But for any color, the paw pads should be black.
Owners of dogs of this breed note very affectionate, loving, but not obtrusive character of the dog. A dog can be so strongly attached to his master that he will never get used to another owner completely. A brave "guardian" once and for all hands his heart.
The main feature of the character of Horavart is the ability to make independent decisions, the speed of reaction to changing circumstances.
Another feature of Hovawart is a long period of growing up. This puppy is cheerful, mischievous, funny dog remains this until three years. Dog loves children, travel, games, fun on the water. Hovawartu is more important than the presence of a beloved host, with whom he is ready to go to the end of the world, than comfort, the usual corner in the house and a favorite toy.
Hovawart is touchy, but not vindictive. If he feels that he was wrong, he will be the first one and will seek understanding and forgiveness. But if the owner is to blame, he will have to look for ways to reconcile.
Hovawart is the leader always and in everything. If other dogs live in the family, they will be subordinate to the Hovawart, since he believes that he is responsible for the condition and safety of not only the owners and their property, but the whole family, including pets.
During the walk, the dog will follow the children, "count" them and protect them. A non-aggressive dog at the slightest threat to any member of the family rushes to his defense, acting swiftly, resolutely and resourcefully.
Hovawart is very easy to train, and the "girls" learn more and learn more teams, and the "boys" more carefully and conscientiously perform them. Some owners of these dogs believe that if they instill obedience and behavioral norms into their babies, then this will be enough, since everything else will make a character that is genetically laid.
It does not need to be "trained" to protect people and territories. He himself knows how and what to do. The strong, loud voice of the Hovawart is capable of confusing and panicking. But the voice of the dog only gives, wanting to tell something to the owner - the dog is not "talkative".
Because of the long period of growing up and independence, training and education should be started as early as possible, so as not to get a fluffy tyrant instead of a friend.
Some teams hovawart performs with reluctance. The command to "lie" the dog is difficult to master, since it perceives it as complete submission. And the command "Near" requires constant repetition. Without them, the dog refuses to comply with the requirements.
Dog training should be entrusted to a professional. Possessing the character of the leader, the dog must understand "who is the master of the house". Therefore, education should be firm, consistent, but not cruel.
Care and health
Anyone who first sees this brilliant, magnificent long hair, believes that the dog requires special care. But the wool has water-repellent properties, almost does not get wet and does not get dirty. Therefore, the dog should not bathe too often. This can spoil the coat and dry the skin.
Hovawart is washed as it gets dirty or when an unpleasant smell begins to emanate from the dog. For washing use special shampoos for long-haired dogs. Breeders advise gradually to wet the dog's hair, soaking it all the way down. So you can examine and examine the dog for parasites, injuries, bites or inflammations. After the shampoo has been thoroughly washed, you need to remove excess water from the hair with your hands and dry it with a towel.
Does not require thorough care and wool. So that she does not get lost in the tangles, it is enough to comb it 1-2 times a week. During the moult, combing the wool should be done daily. Hovawart does not strongly molt and is suitable for maintenance in a city apartment.
Regular care and inspection require the ears and teeth of the dog. For cleaning use paste and brush for teeth of dogs. Veterinarians and experienced breeders believe that cleaning their ears in a healthy dog is enough once in 2-3 weeks. Hovawart's hanging ears should be inspected regularly for the presence of ear parasites. If an unpleasant smell emanates from the ear of the pet, then it is an occasion to seek professional help.
Since childhood, you need to accustom the puppy to the cutting of nails. Long hard claws of the hovawart can injure the hosts or injure the dog itself.
Hovawart is an active and energetic dog that requires walks for at least 1-2 hours. He will be happy to run around the park, near a river or on a special dog platform. Hovawart is not afraid of snow or heat. The only condition for a winter walk should be taking care of the dog's paws. Because of the long wool between the fingers in the winter there can be snow. To prevent the inconvenience of the pet during winter walks, you need to cut the hair between the fingers of the dog.
Diseases of the breed
Thanks to the strict observance of the rules of crossing, the creators of the breed have the ability to defeat such a disease typical for large dogs, as:
- hip dysplasia;
- hereditary heart diseases;
- eye diseases.
Hovawart simply radiates health. With proper care of a balanced diet and competent content, the dog can live 15-17 years. Genetics have proved that it is realistic to avoid breed diseases, if one approaches the selection of producers correctly.
Hovawart is a large dog that grows at a fast pace. To do this, it needs a full meal, supplying the body with proteins, carbohydrates, fats. You can make a diet of natural products - meat, offals, cereals and vegetables.
The daily amount of food is calculated based on the physical activity of the dog. If it is active for at least 3 hours, then the diet is increased by 40%. The ration of the pregnant and nursing bitches is increased 1.5 times.
The feed of a growing puppy by 30-40% should consist of protein food. In an adult dog, the proportion of proteins decreases. If Hovawart eats homemade food, then it must be supplemented with vitamins for growth and strength of bones, beautiful and silky wool.
In the finished dry food, all elements are present, so additional administration of mineral-vitamin supplements is optional. The active dog should always have fresh water. Even going for a walk, the owner should take a container of water to drink the played hovawart.
Hovawart loves to eat, so you need to monitor his diet and control the weight. That the dog did not have obesity, it is enough to probe its ribs. They should be easy to identify, but do not bulge too much.
Hovawart is well established in an apartment under the condition of sufficient physical activity. The ideal conditions for keeping a dog are a private house with a large paddock area. On the chain of this proud dog is not recommended. To the dog felt happy and emotionally balanced, he must spend a lot of time next to the adored master.
Hovawart, who is not given enough attention, grows irritable and disobedient. The dog is an excellent guard, so she should have the opportunity to implement innate skills - a place for patrolling the territory, free walking. But a brave guard should be kept behind a high fence. Hovawart excellently jumps and quickly attacks the offender.
The dog should have a place where she can relax and feel surrounded by care. It can be a soft mattress or mini-sofa, but it should be located in a sheltered from drafts and secluded place of the apartment. Strong jaws dogs in a moment will turn into pieces of a toy, therefore breeders advise to buy to the durable toys, which do not contain stuffing.
Where to buy a puppy
Today the popularity of the breed continues to grow. Lovely puppies can be purchased not only abroad, but also in Russia and Ukraine. Puppies are not cheap. The price of the exhibition can reach $ 1000.
In Ukraine, there are no mono-breed nurseries, except Kharkiv and Zaporozhye, so it is more realistic to buy a puppy from private breeders.
Hovawart - the dog is very balanced, judicious, but first of all he is a friend, not a servant. Therefore, the relationship requires an appropriate.