Harrier - little known in our country breed. Dogs are popular in their homeland - in England. Representatives of the breed are rarely found outside the Foggy Albion. The breed is slowly fading.
- История 1. History
- Описание породы харьер 2. Description of the breed
- Черты характера 3. Character traits
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Патологии породы 6. Pathology of the breed
- Правила кормления 7. Feeding rules
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото харьера 9. Photo courier
- Видео о харьере 10. Video about harrier
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
About the harrier until the XIX century little is known, although there are mentions that the breed existed as an aboriginal in South England in the XIII century. However, in the works of British researchers of the breeds of British dogs XIV-XV century J. Berners and J. Caius, the hounds were described very sparingly.
The breed was bred for schooling and solitary hunting for rabbits. Notable hunters scornfully called the harea "the poor man's foxhound." Since the XIX century, dog breeders began to improve the breed, aligning working qualities and exterior. The breed standard was approved only in 1974.
Unlike a typical hunting dog, working on such a delicate and dexterous game as hares, the harem has a rather sturdy and stocky physique. This structure was due to the transition from hiking to horseback. With her, the dog required not only quickness, but also the endurance provided by a good muscle mass.
Sexual differences in appearance do not, so the standards are common for bitches and males. Harrier - hound of medium size. Growth in the standard of the breed is not rigidly fixed, but the recommended height at the withers is 48-53 cm, and the allowable height is 46-55 cm. Weight varies from 20 to 27 kg. According to the standard, dogs look like this:
- The head is expressive, moderately large. The skull is flat with a weakly marked occipital crest and superciliary arches. The forehead is wide, sloping, in the nose passes without a sharp border. The muzzle is large, with a relief of muscles. The face and frontal parts of the skull are almost equal.
- The nose is wide, with a distinct dark color and a clearly defined open nostrils. The depigmented nose is a vice.
- Jaws strong, deep with a scissor bite. Teeth in a complete set, the right bite. Violation of the dental formula and bite is considered a blemish.
- Lips of medium thickness, fit tightly to the teeth. The upper lip closes the lower lip.
- Eyes oval in shape, medium in size, deeply set, dark in color. Allowed in dogs with a light color of walnut or brown.
- The ears are small, V-shaped, adjacent to the cheeks, high set. They are covered with short soft wool.
- The neck is long and strong, dry, muscular, without a chin. A little bent at the top.
- The body is strong. The length is longer than the height. The back is straight, sturdy. In the waist a little convex.
- The chest is taller than wide, deep, well muscled, convex. The ribs are flat, not protruding.
- The belly is picked up, but not lean.
- The limbs are sturdy straight with well developed musculature. The hind legs are muscular, with open corners of the knees, which provides a strong jump in jumping. The foot is rounded, fingers compressed tightly, arched, which provides good contact with the soil of any relief.
- Tail of medium length, thick, strong. The dog carries it up, the tip is tilted to the back, but it does not slip over it and is not twisted into the ring. The tail is a sign of the standard defect.
Thanks to a strong constitution, muscularity, the harem is an excellent hunter - fast in running, strong and hardy. Such properties were required in connection with the development of paraphrase hunting, in which the hounds drive the beast to its utter exhaustion. Easily moves on a rough and mountainous terrain.
The breed is valued for its sharp scent and attention, the ability to keep track, unravel the hare discounts and loops (knitting and masterovita), but it can also work on larger production - fox, other fur-bearing animals and even boar. Dogs keep a fresh trail well, work on blood, but lose cold. The voice is clean, easily discernible from a distance.
Colors and wool
The coat is medium-long, hard, thick, close to the body. Psovina on the head, ears and limbs is shorter than on the body, and softer. The back of the paw and tail is quite long. Undercoat is weakly expressed or absent.
The formation of color was influenced by the breeds that participated in the creation of the English hound:
- Talbothaundy - now disappeared muscular large dogs with white hair. Their blood is present in many breeds of hounds;
- old southern hounds - with white hair in blue spots;
- foxhounds - in which often there is a tricolor tricolor color.
This influence and caused a difference in the colors of the representatives of the breed. The harrier most often has a tricolor color - white, various shades of red and black. The black color of the coat forms a cap, which, according to the standard, should not have clear boundaries and gently passes into tans from red to intensely pale yellow. Allowed red-white and lemon-white color. Less common is white or black with tan marks.
Since the breed was hatched for schooling, the character of the dog is flexible. He gets along well with dogs of different breeds. The need to spend a lot of time next to horses also left a mark on the nature of the hare. However, the dog can conflict with cats.
A significant feature of the nature of the hare, which is noted by the owners and breeders of these rare dogs, is their curiosity and excitement. It is curiosity, a desire to explore, explore the surrounding space, which forces them to run away from home. But, having satisfied their curiosity, they always return to the master.
Like most hounds, the hierar has a developed intuition, pronounced instincts. Even the dog, kept in urban conditions, actively pursues cats and squirrels, satisfying hunting instincts. In the character there is stubbornness, indispensable in the long pursuit of prey, but requiring a confident and persistent upbringing. The dog is faithful and obedient to the master.
The dog does not tolerate inattention, loneliness, idleness. Locked in four walls, the dog whines, barking, spoiling things and furniture. The dog possesses autonomy, ingenuity, which, with insufficient upbringing, can grow into self-will and disobedience. The dog does not have territorial aggressiveness, so a fine hunter will not be a guardian dog.
The children are treated as discreetly as possible - they do not tolerate aggressiveness, but also shy away from noisy, intrusive molestation. Growing up in an apartment and born of the same "home" parents, the hieriors become more loyal to children. Some dog owners talk about caring for kids and that the harem is an active and tireless participant in children's games.
Harriers are not aggressive. Aggression is a vice. The dog easily adapts to changing conditions, which indicates the ability to make independent decisions, wit and mind.
Dogs need a community of relatives, so even if you live in a house with a large courtyard that allows you to walk independently, you need to take them out for a walk so that the dog does not become withdrawn or cowardly. If the hunting skills are not maintained, the dog can become depressed, nervous, disobedient.
Harrier requires constant and professional training. Thanks to cleverness and intelligence, the dog can be well trained, but it requires patience and does not tolerate violence. If the owner is not sure that he will be able to provide constant training and training, then you do not need to acquire a hare - you can get a naughty and absurd dog.
Cynological clubs offer training for the hare, which provides not only the development and maintenance of hunting qualities, but also the upbringing of a companion who can normally bear the wearing of a muzzle and know the basic commands.
Harrier is a noisy dog who, when living in an apartment, causes anxiety to bark and howl. Training helps to correct behavior of the pet. An active, agile and benevolent dog well assimilates learning, which is conducted in the form of a game. Dogs that passed professional training showed excellent results in sports and search work.
Care and health
Harrier does not require special care. Its dense, hard coat is not dirty, therefore it is recommended to bathe the dog seldom, only at strong pollution. Some dog breeders recommend performing bath procedures not more often 1-2 times a year.
The dog requires regular combing out dead and fallen hair. With the help of a brush or a special glove, the owner must comb the pet once every 1-2 days. During the moult, hair loss is more intense, which requires daily combing.
After long and active walks, it is necessary to inspect the pads of the paws, wool and ears of the pet to exclude injuries and attack of blood-sucking insects - fleas and ticks. Ears must be checked to prevent inflammation. Long dog claws require regular haircuts.
From an early age it is necessary to accustom a puppy to cleaning teeth, as damaged enamel and dental diseases are disqualifying signs in exhibition specimens.
Health at the hanger is strong. Hereditary pathologies are rare. Diseases can cause inaccuracies in the content or inadequate physical activity. With proper care and maintenance the dog can live from 10 to 14 years.
Pathology of the breed
According to the testimony of veterinarians and owners of dogs of this breed, there are diseases characteristic of hounds:
- Pathology of the musculoskeletal system: dysplasia of the knee and hip joints, dislocation of the kneecap, intervertebral hernia.
- Diseases of the organs of vision and hearing: cataract, glaucoma, otitis.
- Metabolic disorders: obesity.
- Endocrinological pathologies: hypothyroidism - functional deficiency of the thyroid gland.
- Diseases of the skin: dermatosis, acne caused by minor injuries, demodicosis.
With proper maintenance and the introduction of a balanced diet, most pathologies can be successfully avoided.
Harrier belongs to fast-growing dogs, so puppies need a special diet balanced in the content of foods with a high amount of proteins needed as a plastic material for building muscles.
Feed the puppy often, but in small portions, as small hounds greedily absorb food and are prone to overeat. The puppy's diet consists of:
- porridge with meat and vegetables;
- meat soup;
- milk porridge - depending on the age of the puppy.
For the correct formation of bone and muscle tissue in the diet must be introduced finely chopped raw meat. Food should contain a sufficient amount of carbohydrates in the form of cereals from cereals, to ensure energy processes and activity of the dog, and a small amount of fat to normalize the functions of the nervous system.
High activity of the hare requires a high-calorie diet, in an amount that sometimes exceeds the diet of larger dogs. But the propensity to obesity determines the control of nutrition, especially when physical activity is insufficient. Raw meat and canned meat should be mixed with rye bread crumbs and vegetables, add to the diet eggs, dairy products, occasionally - fish.
The hosts who kept the pack of hounds took great care of their food. In order not to spoil the delicate scent of the harea, he was never given too hot food, fresh milk or lamb. In order to maintain the working qualities in the diet, there was a lot of meat, but only in chopped form.
The condition of bone tissue and teeth is of great importance for the hound, so the diet must contain products that provide the body with the necessary amount of calcium and phosphorus. With natural nutrition, this need is replenished with vitamin-mineral complexes.
A timely, balanced diet is indicated by a timely change of milk teeth to permanent, good condition of the enamel and the absence of dental pathologies.
With the help of power adjust the weight of the hare, especially if the dog does not move enough. Sweet, baking, baking - for the harrier under the strictest ban. Also it is necessary to strictly dose dainties and not give unprofitable food to which the dog very quickly gets used.
When feeding with dry food, many companies have developed special feeds for active dogs. Keep track of the amount of fluid you need not only when feeding with dry food, but also when using the pet natural products.
Ideally, hounds should live in a farm, country cottage or private house, where there is a spacious courtyard for walking and outdoor games. But thanks to high adaptability and unpretentiousness, as well as small size, the dog can live in a city apartment, provided long active walks in the park, the forest.
The schooling dog needs to communicate with representatives of its species, so often buy two dogs for constant communication, games. When keeping in the apartment, the dog should have a place and conditions for coping with natural needs - a diaper or a tray, especially if the dog will often remain alone.
When keeping a harea on the street, an enclosure with a warm dry shelter is required. In the absence of such conditions, the dog must be allowed into the house.
Video about harrier
Where to buy a puppy
Puppy harare costs more than $ 500. Because of the low popularity outside England, it is problematic to buy a puppy. Occasionally there are ads on the sale of puppies at a price of 25,000-35,000 rubles.
It was possible to find only one portal of dog breeders http://www.elitedogs.ru/breed/kharer.htm, on which there is information about the breed, but there are no offers for the sale of puppies for today.
Harrier is an excellent dog for a hunter, an active, athletic person. To the lover of the "sofa" rest, starting a hare is categorically contraindicated.