Canaan dog

According to one of the legends, it was the Canaanian dog that sat at the foot of the throne, Jezebel, the wife of King Ahab. This breed has lived in the Middle East for hundreds of years before specialists took it into breeding work. But nature itself has awarded these dogs excellent qualities and a certain charisma. Yes, the breed is rare, but it has fans among domestic and foreign dog breeders. What is known about the modern Canaan dog, and how does it attract the attention of connoisseurs?


Breed origin

The cynologist Rudolfina Menzel was the first to focus on the selection of Canaan dogs in the early 1930s. She also became the creator of the first school that trains service dogs in Israeli territory. Canaan dog

Being an excellent expert in the field of cynology, she took into account the local half-wild dogs, who led a wandering lifestyle, and decided on their basis to create a new service breed. Its representatives had to be fit for military service, work in search and rescue teams, be able to look for firearms and narcotic substances. In addition, these dogs should be excellent guide dogs for blind and visually impaired people.

What attracted the attention of Rudolphins stray dogs from the North African and Middle Eastern territories? They were most adapted to the local desert climate, had endurance and increased performance. Today, the Canaan dog became the national breed of Israel, and in 1966 it was recognized throughout the world.

Breed description

According to the official description, it has not changed since it was approved. Dogs of medium height, proportionally folded, not heavy, but not too sophisticated. Harmoniously folded, especially noticeable when the animal moves. The dog of this breed runs easily, gracefully, without fussiness.

Males are different from bitches - they are stronger, larger. Height varies from 50 to 60 cm, maximum - 61 cm, weighs about 18-25 kg, individuals with a weight of 16 kg are allowed, but not less.

Canaan dogs are distinguished by high endurance and easily adapt to the requirements of the owners, do not need special conditions, and are unpretentious. The standard provides the following description of the appearance of representatives of the breed:

  1. Head Proportional, strong, medium length, with a broad, almost flat forehead. The transition from the forehead to the face is not pronounced, smooth. The muzzle is wide, the back of the nose is even, the jaws are well developed, with dense, thin lips that hide the lower jaw and the dentition. The dog's teeth are complete, they are large, white, creating the right bite.
  2. The nose is wide, agile, the pigmentation is exceptionally black. The eyes are small, oval, with an expressive, intelligent look, the corners are a little lowered. The iris can be colored brown, dark brown. It is believed that the darker the eyes, the better. Eyes have tightly fitting black eyelids.
  3. Auricles are thick, wide at the base, wide apart. Have a vertical position, at the ends of the rounding. Canaan dog breed description
  4. Torso . The dogs have a downed, muscular body, the body is almost square in size. The neck is oval, with developed muscles, set vertically. Withers pronounced, chest deep, medium width. The back is straight, shortened, with a convex waist. The inguinal line is taut.
  5. The limbs are elongated, with well-marked, strong bones, oval, of medium thickness with the paws. The hind legs are set wider than the front, the buds are medium, with good muscles. Hock joints are high, not heavy, they are flexible. Limbs with small, rounded brushes, strong, arched fingers, strong, dark claws and bulging, durable pads.
  6. The tail is not too thick, with a good, abundant edge. When the dog moves, the tail is located above the back, folded into a tightly compressed ring.

The quality of coat and colors

The Canaan dog is a unique animal with a double coat and, at the same time, tolerates heat and high humidity. The length of the guard hairs can fluctuate, but it is always smooth and stiff. Individuals with semi-long hair have noticeable contrasts of the length of guard hairs in the area of ​​the body, legs, and head.

All pedigree representatives have a frill collar around their necks. In individuals with a short coat, it is presented in the form of elongated hair on the neck and chest. The density of the undercoat depends on the climatic conditions of the dog. It may resemble felt or be underdeveloped.

The colors are plain dogs and bicolor - with wool of two colors. In the first case, animals with white or chocolate wool may have a dark mask, this standard is quite acceptable. But black individuals can only be monophonic, without any impurity. In bicoloured dogs, the basic tone is black or brown, the additional one is white.

Character of the Canaan Dog

This breed is considered true, created by nature itself. Its representatives have a developed intellect, are distinguished by loyalty and devotion to their master.

Such a pet very quickly becomes attached to all households, as well as to people who often enter the house. But unfamiliar pets are wary, with suspicion. Canaan can be excellent, sensitive watchmen, with one minus - they bark a lot and quite loudly. Canaan dog muzzle

Long loneliness is not for them, they are bored, longed and can entertain themselves, not in favor of the owner. The Canaan dog gets along well with children, especially over 7 years old, their joint games can be long and active. But, if there are kids in the house, then it is better to refuse from such a pet - some problems may arise due to loud barking.

Another nuance - the Canaanians do not get along well with their own kind, especially dogs of the same sex, cats, rodents. For too long they had to live, independently obtaining food, and after that - to guard and feed the herds, therefore their hunting and shepherd instincts are too strong.

The Canaan dog is a mobile, active animal, therefore not suitable for couch potatoes. In addition, the owner may have difficulties with the training of the pet, as he is quite independent and too stubborn.


First of all, experts warn - the breed is native, so its representatives are of an independent nature. Representatives are somewhat capricious and rather late turn into adult dogs. This means that for training you need an owner with experience and an instructor-cynologist familiar with the characteristics of this breed.

Dogs of Canaan breed need mandatory early socialization, it is also desirable to go with a pet OKP - a general course of obedience. It is impossible to use coarse, despotic methods during training, but the owner must demonstrate to the dog that he is the leader.

During training, it is important to observe consistency, exercise patience and not demand more from an animal than it can. You should also make classes in such a way that they are as diverse as possible, a bored dog can quickly lose interest in what is happening and will not repeat the same thing many times.

Maintenance and care

Keeping a Canaan dog in an apartment is allowed, but is not considered the best option. Representatives of the breed are rather freedom-loving, which means that it will be better for them to live on the local area. But this is not a chain or captive dog - free-range walking in the yard is considered ideal.

It doesn’t matter where the dog is kept, it requires daily walking, regardless of weather conditions. It is best to display the pet twice - in the morning and in the evening, the minimum duration of each walk is 1 hour. Since Canaanians, especially males, are able to get involved in fights, it is recommended to drive a pet on a leash.

The coat of the dogs helps them escape the heat and warms them on frosty nights. A minus of such wool is abundant seasonal molt, and hair loss occurs between them, but not so strong.

To keep your pet's coat in order, it is enough to brush it weekly using a stiff bristle brush. And during the link will require a daily repetition of the procedure and it is better to use a special Pokhoderka. You should regularly inspect the nose, mouth, ears and paw pads for damage, redness, rash.

Another important event is brushing your teeth, which is recommended to teach from puppyhood. It is recommended every 3-4 days. And if a pet is found in a pet, then it is worth contacting a veterinary clinic, here it will be removed.

Canaan Dog Health

Dogs of this breed live, on average, 12-15 years. Among the main problems with health, experts distinguish epilepsy; this ailment is usually manifested in young individuals aged 2-4 years. Canaan dog lies

These dogs were not spared by oncological diseases, lymphosarcoma is considered the most common of them. As for the frequent problems with large joints, Canaan’s dogs have dysplasia and other disorders quite rarely diagnosed.

Relatively rare among the representatives of this breed are the following diseases and pathological conditions:

  • allergy (usually "canaan" it is accompanied by itching and there are risks of developing bacterial infections);
  • hypothyroidism (a decrease in thyroid hormone);
  • progressive retinal degeneration;
  • patella (falls kneecap);
  • hemolytic anemia of autoimmune origin;
  • diabetes;
  • inflammation of the pancreas;
  • myelopathy in degenerative form.

Some diseases are genetic disorders and are passed on from generation to generation. Their appearance among representatives of this breed is mostly associated with unreasonable breeding methods. The remaining diseases occur under the influence of external factors, often the result of improper maintenance, care and feeding of the four-legged friend.


If the pet owner decides to feed the pet with natural food, then the diet should be made in such a way that its base is meat. Also useful sources of animal protein are offal, fish, eggs. Replacing meat for offal, the serving size should be increased, since they are less calorie and not so nutritious.

Eggs are given to a dog no more than 1-2 times a week and no more than 2 pieces. Every 3-4 days it is recommended to treat your pet with kefir, yogurt or other fermented milk product without additives.

Carbohydrates are also needed for the animal, their dog receives from cereals. But giving porridge should not be every day, rice, buckwheat is best suited. Vegetables can be given to the dog daily, raw and boiled, they are perfectly combined with meat. Canaan dog in the mountains

Vegetable oils are useful for the normalization of the bowels of the dog. You can spice up warm food with fresh herbs and a spoon of vegetable oil. Tendon and cartilage tissues are rich in nutrients, they should be included in the diet of the animal. It is advisable to exclude sweet, flour, potatoes, legumes, smoked and spicy foods from the pet menu.

With natural feeding, dogs need additional sources of vitamins and trace elements. On this issue it is better to consult with a veterinarian, he will recommend a suitable multivitamin complex.

For owners who choose dry rations as food for the pet, experts advise to give preference to high-quality premium and super-premium products. They have a balanced composition and a large number of meat ingredients.

Producers of feed on the package indicate the daily rate of the product, so it is easy to choose the size of the serving. If the dog is kept outside, then it is increased during frosts, and reduced in hot weather.

The number of feedings depends on various factors: puppies are given food more often, depending on age, to service dogs 3-4 times a day. And pets, leading a passive lifestyle, enough to feed twice a day - in the morning and evening hours.

Canaanas need a lot of water, so you should take care that your pet has round-the-clock access to it. In order to avoid problems with the work of the gastrointestinal tract, the dog must rest after the meal.

Photo of a Canaan Dog White Canaan DogCanaan dog beautiful photoCanaan dog for a walkHaan's dogHaan dogsBlack Haan dog

Video about the dog of Canaan

Cost and nurseries

The cost of puppies from the nursery or from well-known breeders is about 45000-60000 rubles. Future owners have the opportunity to save money - buy a Canaan puppy dog ​​from their hands or in the bird market. But in this case there is a risk of acquiring an off-blood pet or having genetic abnormalities. Responsible breeders do not allow individuals with genetic disorders to breed.

The price is influenced by various factors: color, how much the puppy conforms to the standard, gender, presence or absence of working qualities. Naturally, the offspring of champion dogs is much more expensive than of individuals who do not have them.

The Canaan dog is a simple-minded animal with a kind look that makes its eyes almost human. About the dogs of this ancient breed there is a mention in the Bible, in addition, it is the only Israeli breed recognized at the world level. Buying a puppy of a Canaanite dog, a person gets a faithful and loyal friend.

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