Allocations from the loops in dogs after childbirth make the inexperienced owners nervous. But this is a normal physiological process that accompanies postpartum activity. In order not to worry in vain and not to irritate the dog, the owner should know which discharges are the norm, and in which cases it is necessary to immediately seek medical help.
Normal postpartum discharge
Normally, from the ancestral tracts of the sharpened bitches, for 3-6 weeks, mucous membranes, sacral or with an admixture of blood, and lochia can be isolated. Gradually, their number should decrease and end at the end altogether. However, the process of natural cleansing of the uterus must be controlled in order not to miss the alarming symptoms of the pathology. Normally, the detachable from the loop changes its consistency and color. The first few days that have passed since the birth, in the norm of lochia may look like this:
- grayish or light green discharge, dense consistency with impregnations - this is the remains of the amniotic fluid and fragments of the placenta from the uterine cavity. The odor in the discharge should not be disgusted;
- Lochia dark, almost black without putrefactive odor - are also considered the norm. The dark color of mucus gives coagulated blood from the capillaries, which flows when the placenta leaves;
- dark mucus with a brownish or greenish tinge - it's a sour and traces of blood in amniotic fluid and mucus.
If the lochia is not too abundant, and have a normal consistency and smell, then there is no need to worry. Discharge from the loop may for the first few days be accompanied by subfebrile body temperature and physiological diarrhea, which, as a rule, ends after 1-2 days.
Owners can alert the strange behavior of the dog - it begins to behave like a few hours before the bouts:
- leaves the nest;
- fussing about;
- digs the litter ;
- He breathes heavily and intermittently.
Some confuse this behavior with the symptoms of "milk fever" - eclampsia . But the cause is discomfort in the dog, which causes uterine contraction and irritation of sensitive nipples when feeding puppies.
As a rule, such condition passes independently, but for a safety it is possible to consult with the veterinarian. The dog is given a mild sedative and anesthetic - No-shpu or Baralgin in dosage, depending on the size of the pet. Fears should arise if the lochia become more abundant or an unpleasant smell is felt.
Read also: what to feed the dog after childbirth .
Allocations in postpartum pathology
The cause of abnormal discharge can be both an inflammatory process with infection and trauma of the reproductive organs, and the consequences of intrauterine death of puppies. Pathological is the allocation of the following composition:
- Liquid abundant discharge with an admixture of blood may indicate a not completely departed child's place. If the cervical contraction has occurred too quickly, the placenta remains in the uterine cavity, causing an inflammatory process. Subsequently, a secondary infection may join, and pus will appear pus. In this case, an urgent consultation of the veterinarian is required, which, with the help of drugs that stimulate uterine contractions, will help clear it of the contents.
- Dark discharge with putrefactive odor can indicate the process of decomposition of fragments of the placenta or dead fetus. When intoxication with decay products, the dog shows febrile temperature, signs of fever, muscle weakness and refusal to eat. Urgent medical care consists in prompt removal of the organ or cleaning it with subsequent medical therapy.
- Abundant spotting of dark or bright scarlet color signals about uterine bleeding or uterine rupture. If time does not take action, then heavy blood loss can lead to the death of the pet.
Any alarming signs, changes in behavior or condition of the animal require specialist advice. If the owner is not sure if the excretions are normal, then it is worthwhile to invite the veterinarian to the house so that he can see the dog. But even with a normal uterine purification process, measures should be taken to prevent the risk of postpartum infection.
Precautions during the postpartum period
During periods between estrus and birth the cervix is closed, which prevents penetration into the uterus of the infection. Even for several weeks, the cervix is ajar, which facilitates the free release of the remains of the amniotic fluid and the placenta. During this period, the entry of pathogens is not limited, and therefore, precautions should be taken:
- immediately after birth, change the litter in the "nest" with traces of blood and amniotic fluid;
- do not interfere with the licking of the dog's loops. In her saliva contains enzymes that promote blood coagulation and have a disinfectant effect;
- change the litter of the dog daily, avoiding contamination and creasing;
- to wash the animal not only after childbirth, but also afterwards after each urination and defecation;
- To avoid stagnant phenomena in the uterus, douching with a warm solution of the synthomycin emulsion should be performed once a week;
- avoid overcooling or overheating of the animal;
- food and water placed near the "nest", so that the dog is not nervous, leaving the droppings;
- to take out the dog for the needs in a sparing mode - you can not let it move actively and walk for a long time.
Compliance with the above rules of prophylaxis in the postpartum period will reduce the risk of infection and postpartum complications.