Allocations in the dog during pregnancy and shortly after birth can be a manifestation of physiological or pathological processes. To what kind of reaction of an organism to carry out allocation from a vagina of a bitch, it is possible to define, if to know, how normal physiological looks and what they accompany, and what testify about a pathology look.
- Причины нормальных выделений 1. Causes of normal discharge
- Выделения в период беременности и после родов 2. Allocations during pregnancy and after childbirth
- Выделения, свидетельствующие о патологии 3. Allocations, indicating a pathology
Causes of normal discharge
Allocations in dogs that appear from the loop normally accompany changes in the state and structure of the internal genital organs. Reproduction of the dog passes by the ovarian type. As a result of the impact on the reproductive system of a complex "cocktail" of hormones in the ovaries of the female, sexual gametes - follicles - are ripening. During this period, the ovaries produce sex hormones - estrogens, progestins and androgens.
The inner layer of the uterus is also preparing for the introduction of a fertilized egg. There is swelling and loosening of the endometrium - the inner layer of the uterus, the allocation of a large amount of mucus. In addition, bloody discharge appears from the vagina, which indicates that the body of the dog is ready for fertilization. Heat is a cyclical phenomenon, which appears twice a year in dogs. And the accompanying estrus discharge from the loop is the norm.
Some time after mating, a secret is revealed from the genital tract of the bitch, which indicates a successfully fertilized fertilization. On the 20-21 day after the mating from the loop, after urination, a liquid, clear discharge or mucus yellowish-white appears without an unpleasant odor. So the bitch's organism reacts to the seminal fluid of the dog.
In addition, unfertilized oocytes leave the mucus. At the third week after mating vulva, the remains of a mucous plug are segregated, which "seals" the cervix of the uterus. Sometimes blood can be seen in the discharge, but this is a normal physiological reaction. In different periods of the dog's pregnancy, it is also possible to observe mucous discharge from the loop that accompanies the changes occurring in the reproductive organs.
Allocations during pregnancy and after childbirth
At 3-4 weeks of pregnancy, the bitch has characteristic mucous discharge. Such "snot" can hang thread from the vagina. They glue the wool around the perineum and form a crust. If the dog does not lick itself, then it should be washed to avoid irritation of the skin around the loop.
Slime sometimes reveals clots of greenish or almost black color - this body rejects the embryos that died in the early stages of pregnancy. In case they did not come out with mucus, the mummified remains will be removed during childbirth.
Dangers may represent traces of blood in the excreted mucus. In this case, you need to urgently contact the veterinarian. The presence of blood in the discharge can be a sign of rupture of the uterus or other pathology.
One or two days before the birth, a detachable color appears from the loop - a transparent, whitish, similar in texture to the protein of a raw egg. Greenish-lime or brown mucus can give traces of blood from the burst, as a result of opening the cervix, capillaries. The exit of the cork is a characteristic harbinger of the approaching genera.
Some time in the postpartum period, the dog also has various discharges due to the cleansing of the uterus and the birth canal:
- Allocations with greenish color impregnation are the norm. "Fused" proteins give the detachable a distinctive look and color;
- dark, almost black discharge without a putrefactive odor and lasting no more than 1-2 days should not cause concern unless accompanied by a change in the behavior and condition of the dog.
After the stage of purification of the uterus is over, the allocation gradually becomes transparent, and their number decreases. By the end of 3 weeks they, as a rule, cease altogether. Depending on the number of puppies in the litter and the size of the bitch, smearing scant excretions can last up to 4 weeks. If the "daub" lasts longer, you should consult a veterinarian for advice.
Allocations, indicating a pathology
Allocations that have an unpleasant odor, an admixture of blood or pus at any stage of the dog's life, are disturbing symptoms of pathological processes. Allocations may indicate the following diseases of the urogenital system:
- vaginitis - accompanied by secretions of different color and consistency, which is a sign of inflammation in the vagina;
- endometritis , pyometra , myxometre - with hyperplasia of the endometrium of the uterus, slime accumulates in its cavity. When a secondary infection is attached, the mucous secretion is separated from the loop with pus and an admixture of blood;
- inflammation of the entrance to the vagina - sometimes mechanical injuries during mating lead to a pathology that is accompanied by the expiration of the serous secretion of a watery or creamy consistency, etc.
Especially dangerous are these pathologies during pregnancy, since inflammation can affect the uterus and cause death of embryos. Mucus with an admixture of pus and a sharp, characteristic putrefactive smell at any gestation period indicate that the dead pups are decaying in the uterus or the child's placenta has been rejected. With the rapid application of medical care, there is hope of rescuing the surviving puppies and bitches.
Black discharge in the last trimester of pregnancy can testify both to the intrauterine death of puppies and to the severe course of the inflammatory process in the vagina. In any case, it is required to urgently appeal to the veterinarian, undergo a biochemical examination and make ultrasound.
If the owner of the dog is inexperienced and any discharge from the loop in the bitch causes anxiety, you should consult your doctor to determine if the discharge is physiological or a symptom of inflammatory diseases. Careful observation of the bitch during pregnancy, evaluation of the type and consistency of the loosened from the loop will help to get a viable offspring and preserve the dog's health.