The dog is truly the best friend of a man who lived side by side with him, worked and helped in any kind of activity. Today, there are many breeds of these animals - some are the result of natural selection, others - the result of time-consuming breeding work of people, but all of them - true beings, ready to show their loyalty to man again and again.
Giant and large breed dogs
This category includes dogs that are quite impressive in size. And some are not just big animals, but real giants.
Powerful Central Asian Shepherd Dog, the second name of which is Turkmen Wolfhound. According to historical data, this breed was formed naturally. Thanks to the harsh conditions in which this happened, the Alabai acquired unprecedented endurance and excellent physical characteristics. Today they are successfully used as watchdogs.
Large native breed, which the Eskimo tribes brought to work in sledding. Alaskan Malamutes do not bark, but communicate by grumbling and howling. But this is not their only feature - dogs need regular physical exertion and are not suitable for everyone.
Mastiffs or in other words - big pugs belong to the oldest Old English breed. In ancient times they were used for hunting large animals, guarding slaves, military service, and other, not always, peaceful, work. But today the English Mastiff is a great dog - a companion and family favorite.
The pride of Argentina, as it is the only registered breed in this country. Various Molos breeds took part in its creation, and they awarded the dog of Argentina with all the unique qualities of a fighter, a guard and a hunter.
The top of the elegance and aristocracy, with which the nature of the dog could reward, the Afghan hound has all this. Being a hunting breed for a long time, now it can be seen more often, lying on a sofa or elegantly prancing on the most prestigious exhibition arenas.
Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernas, as the breed lovers affectionately call them, are excellent companions suitable for large, friendly families. And once, back in the 1st century BC, Bernese Mountain Dogs wandered with herds across the expanses of the Roman Empire.
Powerful hunting dog chasing prey on a blood trail and famous for its sharp instinct. And although hunting in the Bloodhounds is a priority, from such colorful dogs you get excellent family dogs - with their charisma and character.
A large dog with an athletic physique, a descendant of powerful Molossus, who perfectly does the work of a guard, watchman and bodyguard. Dogue de Bordeaux requires serious training, but with the right approach, a person acquires a fearless and intelligent four-legged friend.
So called quite a rare breed of French Shepherd. Being a shepherd for a long time, gradually Beauceron turned into a family dog. And the caution and distrust of representatives of this breed allows the use of dogs as guards and watchmen.
Have you ever seen a calf-sized lapdog? This is exactly what the briar breed looks like. It is believed that the breed appeared without human intervention, and these tireless and hardy dogs for a long time engaged in penning livestock.
These descendants of harsh mastiffs, who have a serious appearance, have been captured on the photo as babies' nannies more than once. Yes, indeed, in the bullmastiffs such qualities as good nature, devotion towards the members of their family and alertness to strangers are harmoniously combined.
The South African Boerboel is a breed of mastiff-like dogs with an interesting history. Once they were used to protect farms from the encroachments of wild animals, including lions. Of course, such a purpose left its mark on the character of the dog, but time also smoothed out some sharp corners.
Like all greyhounds, Greyhounds are distinguished by their graceful constitution and excellent hunting abilities. In addition, these dogs got into the Guinness Book of Records, and not because of their beautiful appearance, but for their ability to develop unprecedented speed and overcome the highest obstacles.
This breed of dogs, bred in Germany, was able to gain popularity around the world. First of all, the breed lovers are attracted by their elegant and stern appearance at the same time. But while the character of the Dobermans is not so simple.
Goldens are dogs not only with a gold color, but also a character. Being originally a hunting breed, its representatives today have found their vocation in various professions. Golden retrievers can be found at the customs post, in the rescue team, among the sappers. Yes, and as a family dog, this dog performs perfectly.
This is a huge hunting dog, the breed of which appeared in antiquity. Since then, around the Irish wolfhounds have developed many legends and tales of their heroism and courage. But admirers of the breed are sure that these are not fairy tales at all, and dogs really do have similar qualities.
These large athletes are great companions for people who are keen on hunting or active sports. Yes, the Irish setter is not a sofa dog, but an active, mobile animal, but it is worth remembering that a guard from such a good-natured dog will not work.
Giant representatives of this breed are full of contrasts, because their harsh, and even threatening, appearance does not match their character. Spanish mastiff is described as a smart, dedicated, caring dog, but devoid of malice and aggression.
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
The indigenous breed of Caucasian wolfhounds, whose representatives have a formidable appearance and harsh character. These huge dogs clearly distinguish between "their" and "strangers", but otherwise, how would they become one of the best watchmen, guards, protectors? Caucasian Shepherd is a serious dog, requiring no less serious approach.
The ancestors of these stately dogs were real gladiators, but even modern Canoe Corsos have not lost their fearlessness and courage. And although the selection work has made them more appeasable, the dogs still remain vigilant watchmen and attentive security guards.
The amazing appearance of the Hungarian Shepherd allowed her to successfully disguise in one of the sheep of the herd protected by her. But Komondor is not at all sheep's temperament, and even a few wolves could not afford to fight with such a formidable and cunning "shepherd."
Among service breeds, leonberger is distinguished by its large size and phlegmatic temperament. He is a successful result of breeding work to breed a breed that looks like a lion, and has become a symbol of the eponymous German city.
The Great Dane is called the “Apollo” of the dog world, the dog is really distinguished by its stature and harmonious physique. But, in addition, he has qualities that make him an excellent guard, bodyguard, helps to successfully carry guard duty and be the best friend for all family members.
The representatives of this breed were used by fishermen for a long time - dogs helped pull the nets out of the water, coped with small errands and were petty animals. Such close cooperation with the man made the Newfoundlands wonderful companion dogs.
The largest of the schnauzers are strong, stately, mobile dogs with a balanced temperament. It is not known for certain whether they originated from shepherd or hunting breeds, but at present, Giant Schnauzers are successfully used as service dogs.
The dogs of this hunting breed have silky hair - dog, for which they got their name. At one time, every Russian landowner considered it obligatory to have a pack of these dogs, as proof of their own well-being. Today, the Russian psovy greyhound can be more often found at competitions and exhibition rings.
Very popular dogs, which are often used in cinema. Not so long ago, St. Bernards were successfully used in rescue activities in mountainous terrain, today they are not only rescuers, but also actors, companions, and even nannies.
Not so long ago, the world did not hear about these formidable giant dogs, since the Tibetan monks who were engaged in their breeding were not in a hurry to share their puffy pets. However, when this happened, Tibetan mastiffs in the blink of an eye became the most popular and expensive dogs on the planet.
Black terriers , or in other words - Stalin's dogs, the largest of the terrier family. This breed was bred on the territory of Russia, trying to get service dogs capable of working in almost any conditions. As a result, the stamina, performance and endurance of black terriers can really be envied.
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Medium breed dogs
This is a fairly extensive group of breeds, which includes both serious fighting dogs and innocuous indoor doggies. One thing unites them - not so large sizes as in the aforementioned dogs.
This breed is considered to be the closest and least touched relative of the old English bulldogs. There were two types of breed - one was used to hold a large beast, the other - as a farm dog. As a result of the selection work, the modern American bulldog is a vigilant guard and loyal friend of the family.
American Pit Bull Terrier
This breed was born as a weapon - merciless, used for bloody human fun. However, long-term breeding work was able to minimize the aggressiveness, preserving the physical data. American Pit Bull Terriers are forbidden to breed in many countries, in others not all are allowed. But the point is not the malice of dogs, but the inability of people to treat them and properly educate them.
This breed with a rich history has come a long way - from pickling dogs to companion pets. English bulldogs are distinguished by their extraordinary appearance - they are squat, strong, with a big head and a flat face. But, despite the heaviness, representatives of the breed are considered true gentlemen.
English Cocker Spaniel
A dog with a pleasant appearance was once used for hunting. Today, it is more often set up as the pet of the family, because the unofficial name of the breed is “cheerful cocker”. English Cocker Spaniel is a positive, active and good-natured dog that cannot be offended.
Surprisingly, these stolid phlegmatic dogs are hounds. Their sad appearance is by no means a sign of sadness, and some detachment does not mean that the dog is not interested in what is happening around. Previously , aristocrats went to hunt with basset-hounds , and today the dog itself behaves like a representative of the upper class - a gentleman from the paws to the tip of the tail.
This medium-hound has a unique scent that was originally used for hare hunting, and after - for more serious work - searching for explosives. Beagles are not for the lazy, they are not able to sit still for a long time, they love games, training and are happy to participate in any fun.
Perhaps among dog dogs, boxers are the most popular breed. Breeders sought to get the ideal service dogs - disciplined, hardy, with adequate aggression and high intelligence, and, in fact, they did it.
Border Collies have a completely normal but pleasant appearance. However, their uniqueness is not the case. According to research, Border Collie intelligence is at the level of development of 3-year-old children.
Serious breed, representatives of which were involved in fights with bulls. However, for this purpose she was bred. Bull terriers are very smart, are amenable to training and get along well with everyone. However, in inept hands a dog can become uncontrollable, and considering his excellent physical qualities, this is very dangerous.
Many states still claim the role of the homeland of these amazing dogs - beautiful, harmoniously built and intelligent. But Dalmatians require proper upbringing, otherwise a pet may show very unpleasant character traits. Therefore, to get such a dog is better for people with experience.
A rather rare breed of Spitz-type, whose representatives love to "smile." Like other spitz, keeskhonda have a touching appearance, a luxurious fur coat and a tail in the form of a ringlet. Their curiosity and ingenuity allows them to master the most difficult tricks, especially without straining.
Long haired collie
These shepherd shepherds, although they have lost their former popularity, still have many admirers. Long-haired collie are dogs with an elegant appearance, calm and sensible, because once they had to make decisions on their own.
This is a unique breed of the cops, whose representatives are ready to participate in any hunt, regardless of weather conditions. Their purpose influenced the excellent physical shape of the dogs, and their interaction with humans made the Kurzhaars very accommodating and intelligible.
This breed is on the top lines of the popularity rating. It has the same qualities as the Newfoundlands (they are still close relatives), but it has a more compact size. Labradors are good-natured, docile and very intelligent, they make the best guides for blind people.
One of the rare working dogs, which still has not lost its purpose. Huskies are driving dogs, as well as hunters, they are very well developed physically and intelligent. But the husky is not recommended to get owners who are not going to use the pet for its intended purpose - these dogs are freedom-loving and not very amenable to training.
The average representative of bearded and brovasti schnauzers. Once they were used for the protection and extermination of rodents, therefore protective swords are quite developed in middle schnauzers. One of the special features of these dogs is their unprecedented activity, they need regular games and trainings.
German Toy Terrier
A rare breed of burrowing hunting dogs, which appeared only in the 20s of the last century. Breeders have tried to get excellent working dogs, and jagdterriers are still subject to mandatory checks of their specific qualities.
Western Scottish Retriever (toller)
Although the breed was bred relatively recently, its purpose is still controversial. But the fact that Tollers are excellent duck hunters is not in doubt. In addition, Novo-Scottish retrievers have pronounced protective qualities.
If you ask people the name of the most popular breed of dogs, then most likely, most would call it. And so that many children dream about a puppy German shepherd , this is no doubt. To this day, they are considered the best service-search dogs, and this title is not so easy to earn.
The oldest breed of English hunting dogs, whose representatives combine aristocratic appearance, confidence and advanced intelligence. Once, Pointers were reputed to be quite aggressive dogs, but thanks to breeding, they became more docile and affectionate.
Service breed of dogs that has gained worldwide popularity. Today, the Rottweilers , these powerful dogs with a formidable appearance, are used in various services, are brought up for protection and as a companion. But it is worth remembering that such large dogs with pronounced protective qualities need socialization and education.
Samoyed dog or Arctic Spitz - a beautiful white dog that once lived in the northern nomadic tribes - grazing cattle, hunted, drove a sleigh, and even watched the master's children. And although the Samoyed dog has not lost its working qualities, today it can often be found at exhibitions.
The breed of dogs, bred from the aboriginal dogs of the Far Eastern region of Russia. Today, she has a lot of admirers, but future owners should know - Siberian Huskies - working dogs that value freedom and love work.
These Chinese bear dogs require a special approach. Despite the fact that the dogs of this breed are not at all similar to their wild ancestors, their DNA is as close as possible to the DNA of wolves. For many centuries, Chow Chows were bred in the monasteries of China, and thanks to their isolation, they retained their original appearance.
Czechoslovakian wolf dog
People for a long time returned to the issue of breeding a hybrid dog and a wolf. And although these two species are genetically close, it was impossible to get a full-fledged dog with unique wolf qualities. Czechoslovakian wolf can be called the most successful hybrid, which was recognized by the International Canine Federation.
One of the ambiguous Chinese dog breeds is the Shar Pei , which combine a rather funny appearance with a serious character. It is hard to believe, but these small funny dogs with a lot of skin folds, in fact, are formidable watchmen and guards.
These dogs were taken out for hunting, and they coped well with their duties. Later, their excellent flair was useful for working in the police, and then - they turned into companion dogs. Airedale terriers are very active, inquisitive and temperaments, therefore, it is not recommended to start them with homemates - the dog will surely get bored.
Interesting : how to determine the breed of the dog .
Small dog breeds
In today's world there is a tendency to increase the popularity of small dogs, and the smaller the pet, the better. This leads to the emergence of new breeds and the improvement of existing ones.
Amazing breed, it is also called “African barking dog”, which the tribes of Africa still use to hunt lions! The basenjies do not bark, but make a variety of sounds - croaking, meowing, howling, and, moreover, these dogs wash their faces like cats.
Decorative Belgian dog breed, with a mischievous, and in some places, funny appearance. Once they were the favorites of monarchs, but today anyone can make such a nice and funny Brussels griffin.
These are tiny shepherd dogs, which are only smaller in size than their larger fellows. In carrying out the work of the shepherd, they managed to bite the cattle by the limbs, driving them to the herd and not falling under the hooves. There are two types of breed Welsh Korgov - cardigan and pembroke, the first larger and more serious, but the second one just kind of cause joy.
Jack Russell Terrier
Initially, the dogs were bred for burrow hunting, and it was not difficult for them to chase away any animals, directing them into the hands of a hunter. But quickness, activity and cheerfulness allowed Jack Russell Terrier to become an excellent companion dog.
Among the decorative crumbs, the Yorkshire Terrier is in first place in popularity. At first glance it may seem that these lovely creatures were bred to please their owners, but no. Once yorkies were kept in coal mines and fought with huge rodents.
Chinese Crested Dog
The dog of this breed today can be found in any state, even with a not very warm climate. And, naturally, the dog, which has a minimum of wool, always attracts the attention of others. By the way, in China, the Chinese crested dog was a symbol of family well-being.
This little greyhound with a graceful body structure and a cute attractive face causes only positive emotions. Italian greyhound has a keen sense of smell, eyesight and the ability to run fast, but still her vocation is to be a companion and friend to humans.
The oldest breed of dogs with a funny and cute appearance. Certainly, lhaso-apso cause a smile, and their owners unanimously argue that it is unlikely to find a more sensitive and intelligent four-legged friend. Once they guarded the monasteries, so the pet invariably greets the pet guests with a barking bark.
Representatives of this breed are called the most beautiful decorative dogs. Their snow-white luxurious wool, beady eyes and black button-button can not leave anyone indifferent. Maltese lap-dog is very playful, affectionate creature that even beginners can wind up.
These little dogs with a funny little face once guarded the temples, of course, at that time they were somewhat larger. A modern pug will also guard its owners, but if they climb on their knees or sit at the feet of the TV.
The oldest Chinese breed, around which hovers a lot of legends. For example, in one of them, the Pekingese descended from lions and butterflies, on the other - a lion and a monkey. In the ancient state, only the emperor and representatives of noble families could have the Pekingese . When China came out of isolation, members of the breed quickly gained popularity and spread throughout the world.
Peruvian Hairless Dog
At home in Peru, it is considered a sacred animal and believes in the magical properties of a dog. As the name implies, representatives of the breed have no coat, which undoubtedly gives them an original look. Peruvian hairless dog is a gentle animal with a calm temperament, an ideal companion dog.
This dog has the appearance of toys and, indeed, such a pet can be made for a child. The spitz is quickly attached to its owner, but will not tolerate carelessness. In addition, this crumb shows vigilance and can even rush to the defense of its owner.
One of the most widespread breeds which representatives are on the second place on intellectual abilities. There are several types of breed, but all of them are distinguished by curly hypoallergenic wool. Poodles love to learn, maybe that's why they are often found in arenas of circus performances.
Norn short-legged hunter who has gained popularity around the world. Dachshunds are very curious, inquisitive and playful, however, owners should be more attentive on the runs, as the hunting instincts of a pet may suddenly play.
The breed of dogs, bred for burrowing, today successfully plays the role of a pet family. Fox terriers are extremely active, cheerful and playful, so walking with such a pet will never be boring. The owner will have to pay due attention to his four-legged friend, otherwise he may be a real disaster for housing.
These small, stocky little dogs with attentive eyes have high intelligence. This allows them to easily build relationships with all family members, but for training, developed mental abilities can harm. The fact is that the French bulldog understands what they want from him, but he is not sure that he needs it. The owner needs to properly motivate this cunning.
The smallest, agile and restless among schnauzers, who along with their larger counterparts can do official work. Given that the Miniature Schnauzer is a clot of energy, you will not be bored with it, but you need a firm hand to contain the pet's ardor.
This tiny little dog can be met at a social event, because accompanying its owner is its direct responsibility. Without affection, attention and goodwill dogs languish. Therefore, choosing a chihuahua as a pet should take into account that the baby cannot be left alone for a long time.
Sheltie - Scottish herding dogs, who successfully coped with this work. Many consider them a type of collie, however, the two breeds developed in parallel. In order to improve the quality of these small doggies, the Scottish shepherd was used in breeding work.
Chinese breed of dogs with luxurious appearance, imperial tranquility and some arrogance in his eyes. It is not surprising, because for a long time dogs-lions were forbidden to keep mere mortals, and they lived exclusively in the imperial palaces. A modern shih tzu is an exclusively family dog who loves to be in the center of attention.
This little terrier from Scotland was a rather successful hunter, and today he turned into a pet. However, the scotch terrier has not disappeared his instincts and habits, about which future owners should know in advance.
The name of the breed is translated as "precious dog", but it is not known for certain where it originated - in Tibet or in Japan. Japanese hin is a decorative doggie, which, despite its modest size, can stand up for itself and its owner.
A large number of breeds allows everyone to choose a pet in accordance with their preferences and wishes.