The dog is truly the best friend of a man who lived with him side by side, worked and helped in any kind of activity. To date, there are many breeds of these animals - some are the result of natural selection, others are the result of labor-intensive breeding work of people, but they are all true beings ready to show their devotion to the person again and again.
Giant and large breeds of dogs
This category includes dogs that are quite impressive in size. And some are not just big animals, but real giants.
A powerful Central Asian sheepdog, whose second name is the Turkmen wolfhound. According to historical data, this breed was formed in a natural way. Due to the harsh conditions in which this happened, the Alabai acquired unprecedented endurance and excellent physical characteristics. Today they are successfully used as watchdogs.
A large indigenous breed, which the Eskimo tribes were brought to work in harness. Alaskan malamutes do not bark, but communicate through grumbling and howling. But this is not their only feature - dogs need regular physical activity and are not suitable for everyone.
Mastiffs or in another way - big pugs, belong to the oldest Old English breed. In ancient times they were used for hunting large animals, protecting slaves, military service and other, not always peaceful, work. But today the English mastiff is a great dog - a companion and a favorite of the family.
The pride of Argentina, as it is the only registered breed in this country. Various Molossian breeds took part in its creation, and they awarded the Argentinean doga with all the unique qualities of a fighter, guard and hunter.
The top of elegance and aristocracy, which nature could bestow on the dog, is all this in the Afghan greyhound . Being a long time hunting breed, now it can be seen more often, reclining on a sofa or elegantly prancing in the most prestigious exhibition arenas.
Bernese Mountain Dog
"Bern", as they are affectionately called lovers of the breed, are excellent companions, suitable for large, friendly families. And once, as far back as the 1st century BC, Bernese Mountain Dogs roamed with herds in the expanses of the Roman Empire.
A powerful hunting dog, pursuing prey on the bloody trail and famous for its sharp flair. And although hunting for bloodhounds is a priority, from such colorful dogs, excellent family dogs are obtained - with their charisma and character.
Bordeaux Great Dane
A large dog with an athletic build, a descendant of mighty Molossians, who perfectly performs the work of a guard, watchman and bodyguard. Bordeaux dog requires serious training, but with the right approach, a person acquires a fearless and intelligent four-legged friend.
This is the name of a rather rare breed of French shepherds. Being a long time shepherd, gradually, the beauceron turned into a family dog. And the alertness and mistrust of representatives of this breed allows dogs to be used as guards and watchmen.
Have you ever seen a calf-sized calf? This is how the representatives of the Briard breed look. It is believed that the breed appeared without human intervention, and these tireless and hardy dogs for a long time were engaged in a cattle paddock.
These descendants of severe mastiffs, who have a serious appearance, have been photographed many times in the role of nannies of babies. Yes, indeed, in bullmastiffs, such qualities as good-naturedness, devotion to members of one's family and vigilance towards strangers are harmoniously combined.
South African Boerboel is a breed of mastiff-like dogs with an interesting history. Once they were used to protect farms from encroachments of wild animals, including lions. Of course, such a destination left its mark on the nature of the dog, but time also smoothed out some sharp corners.
Like all greyhounds, greyhounds are distinguished by an elegant physique and excellent hunting predilections. In addition, these dogs were in the Guinness Book of Records, and not because of the beautiful appearance, but for the ability to develop unprecedented speed and overcome the highest obstacles.
This breed of service dogs, bred on the territory of Germany, was able to gain popularity around the world. First of all, lovers of the breed are attracted by their both elegant and harsh appearance. But the Doberman character is not so simple.
Golden - dogs are not only with a golden color, but also character. Being originally a hunting breed, its representatives today found their calling in different professions. Golden retrievers can be found at the customs post, in the rescue team, among the sappers. And as a family dog, this dog performs perfectly.
This is a huge hunting dog, whose breed appeared in ancient times. Since then, around the Irish wolfhounds , there have been many legends and tales of their heroism and courage. But admirers of the breed are sure that these are not fairy tales at all, and dogs really possess similar qualities.
These large athletes are excellent companions for people who are keen on hunting or active sports. Yes, the Irish setter is not a crocheted dog, but an active, moving animal, but it is worth remembering that a guard from such a good-natured dog will not succeed.
Giant representatives of this breed are full of contrasts, because their harsh, and even menacing, appearance does not match their character. The Spanish mastiff is described as an intelligent, faithful, caring dog, but devoid of malice and aggression.
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
An aboriginal breed of Caucasian wolfhounds, whose representatives have a formidable appearance and a harsh character. These huge dogs clearly distinguish "their" and "strangers", otherwise how would they become one of the best watchmen, guards, defenders? Caucasian Shepherd Dog - a serious dog that requires no less serious approach.
The ancestors of these stately dogs were real gladiators, but modern cane corso did not lose fear and courage. And although the selection work has made them more accommodating, yet dogs remain vigilant watchmen and attentive guards.
The amazing appearance of the Hungarian Shepherd allowed her to successfully mask on one of the sheep herds protected her. But the Komondor does not have a sheep temperament, and even several wolves were unable to fight such a formidable and cunning "shepherd".
Among the service breeds, the Leonberger is distinguished by its large size and phlegmatic temperament. It is a successful result of breeding work to breed a breed that looks like a lion, and became a symbol of the German city of the same name.
The Great Dane is called the "Apollo" of the dog world, the dog is indeed distinguished by the stateness and harmony of the physique. But, in addition, he has qualities that make him an excellent guard, bodyguard, helps successfully carry out guard duty and be the best friend for all family members.
Representatives of this breed for a long time used fishermen - the dogs helped pull the nets out of the water, coped with small errands and were draft animals. Such close cooperation with man has made Newfoundland a wonderful companion dog.
The largest of the schnauzers - dogs are strong, stately, mobile, with a balanced temperament. It is for sure not known whether they originated from shepherds or hunting breeds, but nowadays, the Risen Schnauzer is successfully used as service dogs.
Russian hound greyhound
In dogs of this hunting breed, silky wool is a psovin, for which they received their name. Once, every Russian landowner considered it necessary to have a pack of these dogs, as proof of their own welfare. Today, the Russian hound greyhound can often be found at competitions and exhibition rings.
Very popular dogs, which are often used in cinematography. Not so long ago, the St. Bernards were successfully used in rescue operations in mountainous terrain, today they are not only lifeguards, but also actors, companions and even nannies.
Not so long ago the world did not hear about these formidable giant dogs, as the Tibetan monks engaged in their breeding did not hurry to share their gorgeous pets. However, when this happened, the Tibetan mastiffs in the blink of an eye became the most popular and expensive dogs on the planet.
Black terriers , or in another way - Stalin's dogs, the largest of the family of terriers. This breed was taken out on the territory of Russia, trying to get service dogs capable of working in almost any conditions. As a result, the stamina, working capacity and aging of black terriers can really be envied.
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Medium breeds of dogs
This is a fairly extensive group of rocks, which include both serious fighting dogs, and innocuous room dogs. The only thing that unites them is not so large as the above-mentioned dogs.
This breed is considered the closest and little touched relative of the old English bulldogs. There were two types of breed - one was used to hold a large beast, the other - as a farm dog. As a result of selection work, the modern American bulldog is an alert guard and a true friend of the family.
American Pit Bull Terrier
This breed was born as a weapon - merciless, used for bloody human fun. However, prolonged breeding work was able to minimize aggressiveness, while retaining physical data. American pitbull terriers are banned for breeding in many countries, in others not all are allowed to it. But it's not the malice of dogs, but the inability of people to deal with them and properly educate.
This breed with a rich history has come a long way - from pickling dogs to pet companions. English bulldogs are distinguished by their unusual appearance - squat, strong, with a large head and a flattened muzzle. But, despite the heaviness, the breed's representatives are considered true gentlemen.
English Cocker Spaniel
A dog with a pleasant appearance was once used for hunting. Today, it is often given as a favorite of the family, because the unofficial name of the breed is "cheerful cocker". English Cocker Spaniel - a positive, active and good-natured dog that does not know how to take offense.
Surprisingly, these squat phlegmatic dogs are hounds. Their sad appearance is by no means a sign of sadness, and some detachment does not mean that the dog is not interested in what is happening around. Earlier aristocrats went hunting with basset hounds , and today the dog behaves as a representative of the upper class - a gentleman from the paws to the tip of the tail.
This medium-sized hound has a unique scent that was originally used for hare hunting, and then for more serious work - search for explosives. Beagles are not for lazy people, they are not able to sit for a long time, they love games, trainings and are happy to participate in any kind of fun.
Perhaps, among the dog-shaped dogs, boxers are the most popular breed. Breeders sought to obtain ideal service dogs - disciplined, hardy, possessing adequate aggression and high intelligence, and, in fact, they succeeded.
Border Collies have quite normal, but pleasant appearance. However, their uniqueness is not at all in this. According to the research, the Border Collie intelligence is at the level of development of 3-year-old children.
Serious breed, whose representatives were involved in battles with bulls. However, for this purpose it was withdrawn. Bullterriers are very smart, yield to training and perfectly get along with everyone. However, in unskillful hands the dog can become uncontrollable, and given its excellent physical qualities, it is very dangerous.
Many states still pretend to be the motherland of these amazing dogs - beautiful, harmoniously built and intelligent. But the Dalmatians require proper upbringing, otherwise the pet may display very unpleasant traits of character. Therefore, it is better to start such a dog with people with experience.
Quite a rare breed from the category of Spitz-like, whose representatives like to "smile." Like other Spitz, Keeshond have a touching appearance, a luxurious fur coat and a tail in the form of a ringlet. Their curiosity and ingenuity allows them to master the most complex tricks, especially without straining.
The long-haired collie
These shepherd dogs, although they have lost their former popularity, still have many admirers. Long-haired collies are dogs with elegant appearance, calm and judicious, because once they make decisions on their own.
This is a unique breed of cops, whose representatives are ready to participate in any hunt, regardless of the weather conditions. Their destination affected the excellent physical shape of the dogs, and interaction with the man made the Kurzhaars very easy-going and understandable.
This breed is at the top of the popularity rankings. Has the same qualities as Newfoundlands (yet they are close relatives), but it is more compact in size. Labradors are good-natured, flexible and very smart, the best guides for blind people are obtained from them.
One of the rare working dogs, which still has not lost its purpose. Laiki are sled dogs, as well as hunters, they are very well developed physically and cleverly. But husk is not recommended to start up by owners who are not going to use the pet for their intended purpose - these dogs are freedom-loving and not very amenable to training.
The average representative of bearded and brood schnauzers. Once they were used for the protection and extermination of rodents, therefore, the guard instincts of guarded instincts are quite developed in the Mittelschnauzer . Another of the characteristics of these dogs is their unprecedented activity, they need regular games and classes.
German yaggter terrier
A rare breed of nordic hunting dogs, which appeared only in the 20s of last century. Breeders tried to get excellent working dogs, and yagdterriers are still subject to mandatory tests of their specific qualities.
New Scotland Retriever (Toller)
Although the breed is relatively new, its purpose is still controversial. But the fact that the tollers are excellent hunters for ducks, there is no doubt about it. In addition, the Nova Scotch retrievers have pronounced protective qualities.
If you ask people the name of the most popular breed of dogs, then most likely, most will call it. And that many children dream about a puppy of a German shepherd , there is no doubt about it. To this day, they are considered the best service and search dogs, and this title is not so easy to deserve.
The oldest breed of English hunting dogs, whose representatives combine an aristocratic appearance, confidence and a developed intellect. Once the Pointers were known as rather aggressive dogs, but thanks to the selection, they became more compliant and affectionate.
A service breed of dogs that has gained worldwide popularity. Today Rottweilers , these powerful dogs with formidable appearance, are used in various services, are set up for protection and as a companion. But it is worth remembering that such large dogs with pronounced protective qualities need socialization and upbringing.
The Samoyed dog
The Samoyed dog or Arctic Spitz is a beautiful snow-white dog that once inhabited the northern nomadic tribes - grazing cattle, hunting, sledging, and even watching the master's children. And although the Samoyed dog has not lost its working qualities, today it can often be found at exhibitions.
Dog breed, derived from aboriginal dogs of the Far Eastern region of Russia. Today she has a lot of admirers, but future owners should know - Siberian husky - working dogs who appreciate freedom and who love work.
These Chinese dogs are bear cubs, which require a special approach. Despite the fact that the dogs of this breed are not a bit like their wild ancestors, their DNA is as close to the DNA of the wolves. Chow-chow for centuries, bred in the monasteries of China, and thanks to their isolation, they retained their original appearance.
Czechoslovak wolf dog
People for a long time returned to the issue of breeding a hybrid of a dog and a wolf. And although genetically these two species are close, it was not possible to get a full-fledged dog with unique wolf qualities. Czechoslovak Wolves can be called the most successful hybrid, which was recognized by the International Cynological Federation.
One of the ambiguous Chinese breeds of dogs is shar pei , which combine a rather funny appearance with a serious character. It's hard to believe, but these little funny dogs with a lot of skin folds, in fact, are formidable watchmen and guards.
These dogs were taken out for hunting, and they coped well with their duties. Later, their excellent flair came in handy for working in the police, and then - they retrained into companion dogs. Airedale terriers are very active, curious and temperamental, so it's not recommended to get them home-it's boring.
I wonder how to determine the breed of a dog .
Small breeds of dogs
In the modern world there is a tendency to increase the popularity of small dogs, and the smaller the pet, the better. This leads to the appearance of new breeds and the improvement of existing ones.
An amazing breed, it is also called the "African non-barking dog", which the tribes of Africa still use to hunt lions! Basenji do not bark, but they produce a variety of sounds - croaking, meowing, howling, and, in addition, these dogs wash their faces like cats.
Decorative Belgian breed of dogs, with a mischievous, and in places, funny appearance. Once they were favorites of monarchs, but anyone who wants to have such a sweet and amusing Brussels griffin can do it today.
These are tiny sheep dogs, which are inferior only to their more tall brethren. Carrying out a shepherd's job, they managed to bite the cattle behind their limbs, driving them into the herd and not falling under hoofs. There are two types of welsh-corg breeds - cardigan and pembroke, the first are larger and more serious, but the latter alone are a kind of joy.
Jack Russell Terrier
Initially, the dogs were bred for northerly hunting, and it was not difficult for them to drive out any beast, sending them into the hands of the hunter. But the quickness, activity and cheerfulness made it possible to become a Jack Russell Terrier an excellent companion dog.
Among the decorative crumbs, the Yorkshire Terrier is in the first place in popularity. At first glance it may seem that these sweet creatures were bred to please their owners, but no. Once Yorkies were kept in coal mines and fought with huge rodents.
Chinese Crested Dog
A dog of this breed today can be found in any state, even with a not very warm climate. And, of course, a dog that has a minimum of wool, always attracts the attention of others. By the way, in China, the Chinese crested dog was a symbol of family well-being.
This little greyhound with an elegant body structure and a cute face is extremely positive emotions. Leverette has a sharp nose, eyesight and the ability to run fast, but still her vocation is to be a companion and friend for the person.
The oldest breed of dogs with a funny and pretty appearance. Definitely, Lhaso Apso cause a smile, and their owners in one voice argue that a more sensitive and intelligent four-legged friend is unlikely to find. Once they guarded the monasteries, so the house of uninvited guests pet will certainly meet with barking bark.
Maltese Bolognese (Maltese)
Representatives of this breed are called beautiful decorative dogs. Their snow-white luxurious fur, eyes-beads and black lobe-button can not leave anyone indifferent. The Maltese lap-dog is a very playful, affectionate creature, which even beginners can start.
These little dogs with a funny face once guarded the temples, of course, at that time they were somewhat larger. The modern pug will also guard its owners, but climbing to his knees or sitting down at the feet of the TV.
The oldest Chinese breed, around which there are a lot of legends. For example, according to one of them, the Pekingese originated from lions and butterflies, on the other - lions and monkeys. In the ancient state only the emperor and representatives of noble families could possess Pekingese . When China emerged from isolation, the breed quickly gained popularity and spread all over the world.
Peruvian Naked Dog
At home in Peru, she is considered a sacred animal and believes in the magical properties of the dog. As the name implies, the breed's representatives do not have a wool cover, which undoubtedly gives them an original look. Peruvian naked dog is a gentle animal with a calm temperament, an ideal companion dog.
This dog has the appearance of a toy and, indeed, such a pet can be made for a child. Spitz pretty quickly becomes attached to its owner, but will not tolerate negligence. In addition, this little man is vigilant and can even rush to defend his master.
One of the most common breeds, whose representatives are in second place in terms of intellectual abilities. There are several species of the breed, but all of them are distinguished by curly hypoallergenic wool. Poodles are very fond of learning, maybe that's why they often meet in arenas of circus performances.
A normal short-horned hunter, which has gained popularity all over the world. Dachshunds are very curious, inquisitive and playful, however, on the grounds, the owners should be more careful, as the pet's hunting instincts can suddenly play up.
The breed of dogs, bred for normal hunting, today successfully plays the role of the pet of the family. Fox Terriers are extremely active, cheerful and playful, so walking with such a pet will never go boring. The owner will have to give due attention to his four-footed friend, otherwise for housing he can be a real disaster.
These small stocky little dogs with a close look have a high intelligence. This allows them to easily establish relationships with all members of the family, but here for learning, developed mental abilities can do much harm. The fact is that the French bulldog with a half-word understands what they want from him, but I'm not sure that he needs it. The owner needs to correctly motivate this cunning.
The smallest, most mobile and restless among the Schnauzers, who, along with his larger brethren, can perform official work. Given that the zwergschnauzer is a bunch of energy, you will not be bored with it, but a strong hand will be needed to contain the ardor of the pet.
This tiny dog can be found on a social event, for it is his direct duty to accompany his master. Without affection, attention and kindness, the dogs wither. Therefore, choosing a chihuahua as a pet, it is worth considering that the baby can not be left alone for long.
Sheltie - Scottish shepherd dogs, who successfully coped with this work. Many of them are considered a species of collie, however, these two breeds developed in parallel. To improve the quality of these small doggies, yet the Scottish Shepherds used in breeding work.
A Chinese breed of dogs with a luxurious appearance, imperial calm and some arrogance in the eyes. It is no wonder, for a long time lion dogs were forbidden to keep to mere mortals, and they lived exclusively in the imperial palaces. Modern shih-tzu is an exclusively family dog, loving to be in the spotlight.
This little terrier from Scotland was a fairly successful hunter, and today he has been re-qualified as a pet. However, the Scotch-terrier has not disappeared his instincts and habits, of which future owners should know in advance.
The name of the breed is translated as "precious dog", but it is for certain unknown where it originated - in Tibet or in Japan. Japanese hin is a decorative doggie, which, despite its modest size, can stand up for itself and its master.
A large number of breeds allows everyone to choose a pet in accordance with their preferences and wishes.