Almost all owners of dogs faced with such a phenomenon as lice and fleas . However, this is not all parasites that are able to attack your pets. Among the more insidious pests living on dogs, one can note withers. Their food is fluff and dermal scales, so insects are also called wool eaters, but they belong to the detachment of puffers. Since they are the causative agents of a fairly serious disease of triductectosis, the owners of dogs should know the enemy, which is called "in person" and as early as possible to identify the unexpected "roommates" of their pet.
What are withers
Triductectosis, or in other ways, is accompanied by a number of obvious signs, so it is impossible not to notice the existing changes. However, it is better to detect them at earlier stages, when the parasite has not yet had a significant effect on the general condition of the dog.
The withers themselves are small insects devoid of wings, their size varies only from 1 to 2 mm. But if you look at the photos of enlarged withers, they may well seem quite formidable and dangerous pathogens of the disease.
Female vlasoedov quite fertile, and their masonry consist of several dozen eggs, which firmly hold on to the radical parts of the wool. Already after 5-10 days hatching of larvae takes place, and they pass the next stage of development, the duration of which is four weeks. This time is enough to make the parasite's larva grow into an adult capable of reproduction.
Insects multiply constantly, so they quickly occupy large and large areas, giving themselves different signs. Statistics show that young dogs are more exposed to infection with triductectom, however, and older pets are in no way immune to the disease.
The favorite places for localization of colonies of withers are the tail, the head region and the inner part of the limbs. It is here that most often signs of a disease are found.
Symptoms of withers in dogs
If a pet has the following signs of withers in dogs, this, unequivocally, should bother the owner:
- partial loss of the coat ;
- the coat becomes disheveled and dull;
- In the coat there are fine grains of whitish color, which resemble dandruff ;
- the pet is disturbed by a constant itch, it combs the skin to the blood, there are damages and scabs.
When the parasites do more damage, the dog is overly nervous and worried. He begins to eat poorly or refuses food at all, but the need for a liquid increases significantly. An unbearable itch leads to the fact that the pet can not sleep properly, constantly wakes up, scratches the affected areas and gnaws at the existing sores.
Since pathogens adversely affect local immunity, damaged skin becomes vulnerable to bacterial infections. On the skin suppuration and ulceration are formed. In addition, the activity of worm eaters can cause the development of allergic dermatitis, which will significantly exacerbate the condition of the animal.
If the symptoms are not so obvious and it is difficult to determine if the pet has parasitic insects, you can use the following method: you have to warm the dog's hair under a normal lamp or give the dog some time under the sun's rays. Since the withers are quite thermophilic, they will try to rise upward, closer to heat and light, where they will be easier to detect.
Read also: symptoms and treatment of fungus in dogs .
Treatment and preventive measures
It is not very difficult to treat the withers in a dog, and this is due to their lifestyle. If you look at fleas, they literally scatter eggs all over the animal's body, and adult individuals march everywhere, which makes it difficult to remove them. But the withers in dogs, if you can say so, "homebodies" and try not to leave your favorite place.
So all periods of development - from the egg to the adult insect, the parasite passes on the body of the "master", the main problem of treatment is the selection of a drug that can affect in all stages. It is necessary to take the dog to the veterinarian's office to clarify the diagnosis. Only a doctor can choose the most appropriate therapy, based on the degree of disease, the condition of the sick animal and the characteristics of the organism.
All funds are used according to the recommendations specified in the instruction:
- Zooshampuni ("Lugovoy", "Demos-lux", "Phytoelita") - since this disease often does not recommend washing your pet, the option, although it is common, but not the best. Another important nuance is that the action of the remedy does not last long, and in order to get rid of the new hatched individuals, the procedure should be repeated in a week or one and a half.
- Sprays (Decor-1, Frontline, Defendog) is an effective form of the remedy, but it is advisable to be careful when applying, so that the drug does not get on the mucous membranes, and the dog does not lick it.
- Dusta (Sevina 3%, chlorophos 3%).
- Drops ("Leopard", "Dana", "Advantage", "Irbis") - a tool in a small amount put on the withers, has a long action.
Before applying the antiparasitic agent, the affected areas must be treated with an antiseptic, it can be chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, zelenka. Rid of itching will help a special tool Stop-itching. Although the witches do not live outside the host, nevertheless, it is necessary to treat dog litter, furniture and other places that the pet visits in the house with insecticides for preventive purposes.
If the infection with tridectactic led to the development of an allergic reaction or secondary bacterial dermatitis, the treatment will be supplemented with the intake of antihistamines, antibiotics. Also for replenishing the body with useful elements, it is recommended to give the dog a vitamin-mineral supplement. As preventive measures, it is not necessary to allow the pet to communicate with strangers, and especially stray dogs, it is necessary to conduct regular inspections for parasites, disinfection of care items and beds.
In a warm time, when the risks of infection are much higher, you can put on the dog a special anti-parasitic collar (Dr. Zoo, StrongHold) or treat the animal with repellents. Experts warn that triductectosis can lead to complications, so it is recommended to contact the veterinary clinic at the first symptoms.