Hungarian vyzhla, or in a different way, is a magnificent working dog, possessing excellent natural qualities and elegant appearance. The breed has a long history, its representatives are not only fine hunters, but also companions, friendly and open. However, the owners should take into account the peculiarities of the league - if there is no hunting, you will have to invent other entertainments for the four-fingered pet.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы венгерская выжла 2. Description of breed Hungarian vizhla
- Характер 3. Character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Заболевания породы 6. Diseases of the breed
- Кормление 7. Feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото венгерской выжлы 9. Photo of the Hungarian Vigil
- Видео о венгерской выжле 10. Video about the Hungarian Vein
- Приобретение щенка 11. Purchasing a puppy
Origin of the breed
The first mention of dogs, which are the ancestors of Hungarian cops, dates back to the 10th century. It was discovered in the Viennese chronicle, dated 1375, when the country was ruled by Louis the Great. Red dogs were described as magnificent hunters and other small game that inhabited the plains of the state.
As for the Hungarian vyzhly, it is a breed of universal girlfriend dogs that can work in the field, in the forest and on the water. In her veins blood of various hunting breeds from Germany and England flows, and many researchers are sure that the use of Arabian greyhounds was not without effect.
This dog has an excellent instinct, a love of water and an innate desire to aport. For a long time these pug-makers were only available to the Hungarian aristocracy, which allowed to preserve the appearance and working qualities of dogs.
In 1825 breeders began to record data on the offspring in a pedigree book, and it contained data on pedigrees and standards. At the same time, the breed received official recognition at home. The local distribution of these amazing dogs was hampered by the local law, which for a long time prohibited the export of purebreds to the outside of Hungary.
Description of breed Hungarian courtesy
Dogs of this breed cause admiration - elegant, proportionally built, muscular. The growth of dogs varies from 54 to 64 cm, it is quite tall, with a golden even color and an expressive face of an aristocrat.
The following proportions and description of animals are indicated in the standard:
- Torso of medium length, moderately elongated, chest not too wide and deep. The back is strong, passes into a short loin and slightly sloping croup. Ribs somewhat round.
- The limbs are slender, straight, with well-developed muscles and oval, well-assembled paws.
- The tail is thick at the base, tapering towards the end.
- The head is round in shape, with a broad forehead and an indistinct nape, covered with an elastic skin.
- Muzzle with developed cheekbones, thick, tightened lips, pigmented with the same color as the nose. The nose is large, with wide open nostrils, slightly darker than the coat color.
- The eyes are small, with an elevated external corner, which gives some rareness. Iris dark brown.
- The ears are located low, thin, hang down, along the sides of the muzzle.
Coat and coat
In Hungarian, it is short, covering the entire body with a dense layer, rough and hard, single-layered - the undercoat is missing. On the auricles and head, the wool is shorter and soft, the tail is slightly longer at the bottom, and in the abdomen - not as plentiful as on the trunk.
The color of the coat varies from wheat to reddish-golden tones. In the ears it can be a little darker. The standard permits the presence of a white patch on the chest, but its diameter should not exceed 5 cm, as well as white markings at the ends of the paws.
Although these were used for a long time only for hunting, they always lived side by side with a man and were included in the family. As a result, they developed the traits of companion dogs, which allowed them not to disappear when hunting lost its relevance. Hungarian vyzla wants to be constantly next to his master.
She tolerates loneliness heavily, it is not recommended to leave the pet for a long time without communication. Not all representatives of hunting breeds are capable of such close, trusting relations with the owner, as this is a legal one. The dog loves the owner and is very loyal to him.
It is worth considering that friendliness is not exclusive to family members and people who often enter the house. The dog will be hospitable to meet all the guests and will not mind meeting them. Therefore, such a pet can not become a guard or a watchman, there is neither vigilance nor aggression towards strangers. But you can train a dog to voice in troubled situations.
The owner, returning home, will always meet a joyful, jumping and wagging tail animal. And it does not matter, there was no person all day, or for 5 minutes away. Vizhla will try to jump on the chest and lick the face of the adored master.
In addition, the representatives of this breed get along well with children. They can play tirelessly, finding common occupations. Properly trained cows become very affectionate and patient pets, it's not for nothing that they are successfully used as therapeutic dogs.
A dog, harsh and focused during the hunt, on his return home turns into a kind, affectionate pet. Having spent at work surplus energy, it becomes calm, compliant, almost ideal.
Most representatives of hunting breeds get along well with their brethren, and Hungarian prisoners are no exception. They are accustomed to independent work, but are also able to hunt in the pack productively. One cop will not suffer from the fact that there is no other dog in the house, if one appears, most often the cop is happy.
These dogs are not inclined to dominate, they are not jealous and will not label and guard their territory. And if most of the four-footed "hunters" are not recommended to take to a house where there are other animals, there is no such restriction for the exhalation.
The word "vyzhla" is translated as "seek", that is, the task of the legal one is to find and bring game to the master, which means that the dog does not attack and does not poison the beast. Therefore, such a pet not only gets along well with cats. Conflict can arise on the other hand - not all felines are happy with such an actively-positive neighborhood.
The copping can pose a threat only to small animals - guinea pigs, hamsters. Some dogs can not deny themselves the pleasure of "hunt".
What the vymra can not guard, graze cattle or guard, does not in the least diminish her mental abilities. She is smart, smart, gambling, has a good physical shape. All these qualities make him a great athlete, the dog shows good results in offense, agility. Also, they have successfully trained the pododyr case, and they are good search engines.
Each dog has an individuality, here and among the vozhl there are individuals with atypical for this breed character traits. However, most of them try to please the owner, catch the mood and do not get bored.
Education and training
Vyshla - not the dog that will blindly perform the task, it is important for her to understand that the team is really worthwhile. While still puppies, the dogs of this breed undergo special testing using a fishing rod, to which the wing of feathered game is tied to a rope. Of course, such a check does not make it possible to find out how much the game will be successful in hunting, but it shows whether the pet gets into the rack, at the sight of potential prey.
Already half a year you can take a puppy to hunt, so that by the year he "knew" most of the game and was well-trained. The cops need compulsory practice. But most hunters let out this feature and wait until 1.5 years, when the pet grows up. However, the grown dog becomes a little disoriented.
Vizhla works perfectly in the water, finding a wounded bird, which is possible due to a sensitive sense of smell. It can be transported from both water and land. Representatives of this breed are not self-willed and even in passion do not lose contact with the owner. Such a pet is easy to control during the search, and training in any locality does not cause difficulties.
Vizhla is a sensitive animal that reacts sensitively even to changes in intonation, which means that tough, crude methods of upbringing and training do not fit it. The dog is difficult to tolerate physical effects. Yes, lisp and indulge during training is impossible, it is important to show firmness and inexorability. But the owner should be fair, patient and understand his four-legged friend.
Care and health
Special care for the care of the Hungarian is not scary. Dogs have a short coat that does not require combing. Even in the moulting period, it is enough to clean the pet a couple of times a week with a special brush or mitten. Between molts, this procedure can be done even less often - once every 7-10 days.
Bathing dogs every 1-2 months, but, given the special weakness to water, in the warm season it is desirable to give the pet a chance to splash in local water bodies. If the dog is slightly contaminated, then you can do without washing, wiping the desired area with a damp cloth.
She is a cleanly clean animal, she licked herself with special diligence, besides, she does not have the characteristic smell of a dog. Attention should be given to the teeth of the dog, as they often appear on the enamel plaque and deposited tartar. To avoid this, you should brush your dog's teeth weekly, using a brush suitable for dogs and a remedy.
Claws are trimmed every 4-5 weeks. The ears are examined for parasites and inflammations, the same applies to the eyes.
Diseases of the breed
Hungarian Piggy is a breed of strong and hardy dogs, but even they are not immune from diseases inherited. Most of the other diseases in vyzhl diagnosed:
- retinal atrophy;
- hip dysplasia;
Older dogs are often oncological pathologies, for example, lymphosarcoma.
Most breeders feed their wards with dry diets, choosing premium products. Only high-quality fodder can provide the animal with everything necessary and not harm the body. Similar practice is increasingly adopted by the owners, freeing themselves from buying and cooking food for the animal.
There is also a second option - feeding natural food. In this case, the owner needs a balanced diet. First of all, it is necessary to immediately exclude the option of feeding the dog with waste from the table, such food can cause serious health problems and significantly shorten the lifespan of the pet.
It is recommended to feed the Hungarian vigil with low-fat meat (at least 50% of the total amount of food), vegetables, fish - boiled sea, cottage cheese, kefir, cooked by-products, fruits. Dogs of this breed do not need to consume a lot of fat, but a protein, especially an animal, must be supplied to the body in sufficient quantities.
Cereals can also be included in the ration of the animal, but in small quantities, as they contain many poorly digestible carbohydrates. If the owner feeds the dog with dry food, then additional sources of vitamins and trace elements are not required. But with natural feeding, they are needed, and it is worthwhile to consult the veterinarian on this issue.
Hungarian is too domestic and sociable to live in an aviary or kennel. Moreover, the lack of undercoat makes the dog vulnerable to low temperatures. Therefore, she must live with a man, and for a long time to leave her alone is not recommended.
Like all the cops, such a dog needs daily physical activity. Active, long walks should be performed daily - in the morning and in the evening. In addition, even if the owner is not a hunter, to take the pet to nature - to run, to frolic, he still must.
Hungarian Wife Photo
Video about the Hungarian vyzhle
Purchasing a puppy
To buy a pet is desirable to approach with all responsibility. If you need a puppy for later participation in hunting, then it is better to get it from working parents. In addition, it does not matter if the toddler is a little podrochen - expert can more accurately assess his hunting qualities.
When the owner dreams of participating with his four-legged friend in various exhibitions, it is worth paying attention to the kids of the show class, who have the qualities closest to the standard ones.
Purchasing a puppy from random people who are not experienced breeders is a real lottery. A kid without documents may not be Hungarian at all, but a common metisome. And even if you are lucky enough to buy a thoroughbred cop, no one will give guarantees on the state of her health.
Among such breeds, the Hungarian mastiff is a rather expensive dog. The minimum price of the offspring received in a specialized nursery, which has good data and pedigree, is 45,000 rubles. A puppy with small flaws that does not allow him to participate in exhibitions and breeding costs from 20,000 rubles, and for an upscale pet, who is expected to have an excellent exhibition career, he will have to give 70000-100000 rubles, and in some cases even more.
The best nurseries are located in Ukraine:
- Kennel Csodaret, Kiev https://vizsla-csodaret.jimdo.com/%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B3%D0%B8/;
- Kiev chestnuts, Kiev https://ukrvizsla.jimdo.com/.
Perhaps among the hunter-companions Hungarian is the best. She is more accommodating than greyhounds, devoid of aggression, unlike pickling dogs, and can do without hunting. But such a pet is not for lazy or often absent owners, so before you go for a puppy, it is worth calculating your strength and time.