Weimar Piggy is a luxurious, large, legged, possessing all the necessary qualities. This is not only a virtuoso of hunting, but also an excellent domestic pet. Who is a modern Weimaraner and who approaches such a four-legged friend?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы веймаранер 2. Description of the Weimaraner breed
- Характерные черты и нрав веймаранеров 3. Characteristic traits and character of the Weimaraners
- Обучение и воспитание 4. Education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим кормления и рацион 7. Feeding regimen and diet
- Условия содержания 8. Conditions of detention
- Фото веймаранера 9. Weimaraner's photo
- Видео о веймаранере 10. Video about Weimaraner
- Приобретение щенка 11. Purchasing a puppy
Origin of the breed
There are many versions of where the Weimar cops originated, and according to one of them, a couple of individuals were taken out of Egypt by the French monarch, Louis the Sainte in the 13th century, when he committed the Crusade to the lands of the Middle East. Another story states that weimaraners are descendants of barrack and pointer, which have already disappeared from the face of the earth.
The most plausible is the third version - in the early 19th century, among the monarchs of Germany, selection work with hunting breeds was quite popular. For example, Karl August, who is the duke of Weimar land, was engaged in breeding German barracks and pointer from England, crossing them, improving the breed qualities. In favor of this opinion, says the fact that in another way, weimaraners are called Weimar marriages.
At the end of the 19th century, the representatives of the breed began to actively exhibit, and in 1896 the first standard was approved. They were recognized by many cynological organizations of international level and gained popularity in European countries, American states, Canada and Russia.
Description of the breed Weimaraner
Dogs are referred to as beagle, continental, type of "marriage" and subjected to tests to identify performance. Among their type are the largest animals, the height of males varies from 59 to 70 cm, females - 57-65 cm. Dogs weigh from 30 to 40 kg, females - 25-35 kg.
The standard offers the following description of individuals:
- Head of moderate size, proportional, with rounded occiput, having a small hillock. The forehead is wide, with a distinctive furrow, when the dog works or focuses, skin folds appear on it.
- Chewing muscles are well developed, with moving eyebrows. The stop is moderate, passes into an even nose with a small bump near the lobe itself. Lips tightened, pronounced absences absent.
- The mouth is strong, with a full set of teeth of medium size, forming a regular bite as a scissors. Weimaraners have strong grip, this is promoted by a strong, developed musculature.
- The nose is large, pigmented with a dark color in the hepatic palette.
- Eyes are medium in size, neat, round in shape, with a slightly raised outer corner and dry eyelids, flesh-colored or tinted woolly. In puppies they are bright blue, in adult dogs - amber hue.
- The ears are large, triangular, rounded, high and relatively close, on moderately soft cartilages. When the dog is calm, they hang over the sides of the head, when the dog focuses, they rise up at the cartilage and turn slightly forward.
- The body is rather moderately elongated, with a rounded neck of medium length, which thickens to the shoulders and a smooth line passes to a well-defined withers. A back of decent width, straight, passes into a short loin and croup, rounded at the transition to the hip.
- The thorax is deep, not wide, it allows the dog to move sweepingly, with a powerful keel and moderately rounded ribs. Externally, the ribs look flat and stretched. The trunk is covered with an elastic, moderately stretched skin.
- The forelimbs of the forehead are long, with a dry musculature, located under the withers. The hindquarters are more muscular, with large joints having harmonious articulations.
- The location of the pasterns, elbows and hocks is parallel to the body. Brushes are collected in a dense lump, with strong fingers and bent claws. A feature of this breed is the structure of the brush on the forepaws - the middle finger is longer and externally prominent. This is not a disadvantage, but the removal of the profitable fingers is necessary, since their presence is not welcome.
- The tail is slightly thickened at the base, tapering towards the end. When the dog is calm, is low, the raised animal rises at the level of the back or slightly higher. Do not bend, touch your back or throw weight on the croup.
Coat and possible colors
There are several varieties of Weimar rivals: with short, long and stiff wool. The color of the coat can range from silver-copper to gray shades. On her head and ears she is of a lighter tone.
In some cases, white marks in the chest and fingers are allowed. The defects include brown spots.
Characteristic traits and character of the Weimaraners
The nature of the representatives of this breed largely depends on the upbringing and training, and the attitude of the owner to his four-footed friend is also of great importance. With the right approach, the Weimaraner grows up to be an obedient, faithful pet with a complaisant character. He is a true aristocrat of the canine family.
Without socialization, education, the dog can grow hyperactive or problematic. By nature, these cops are more similar to hounds or pinschers, rather than to friends with dogs, although features are present from both, and from others.
Weimaraners are very person-oriented, they quickly become attached to family members, are excessively devoted. For his master such a pet will go to any place or travel, without doubting for a second.
There are individuals who feel attachment to only one member of the family, but this is more likely an exception. The cops can be quite affectionate, walk after the owner and even interfere, in every possible way distracting. Loneliness is such a difficult bear for a pet. To the strangers, the Weimaraner is detached and wary. A dog without socialization can show timidity, timidity or aggression.
The pet does not immediately accept new people, patience and time are required for rapprochement. Although he is not very happy about outsiders, the dog will not become a watchman, since for this he lacks an innate territoriality and anger towards man. But informing about the approach of strangers barking bark can quite.
Weimaraner combines the qualities of a hunter and companion. Most of the thoroughbred representatives get along well with children, they love active pastime, games and running around. Childish pranks are forgiven, the dog will not bite back. But too much obsessive attention of children can cause discomfort in the animal. If there is a small child in the house and a grown-up puppy, you need to be on the alert, an overly active animal can knock down or drop the baby.
The presence of other pets can cause a number of problems. Socialized weimaraners, although they will not experience love, but can politely treat other dogs. If 2 puppies grow up in the house, especially of different sexes, then they get used to each other. However, males usually do not have such a rosy relationship, because by nature they are quite dominant. They will not fight to the last drop of blood, but conflicts are inevitable.
To the other animals, the cops, like hunting dogs, are aggressive. They were originally intended for hunting, and the nature-given instincts of the dog will show constantly, no matter whom he chose as a prey - a guinea pig or a deer.
Very often, cats suffer from weimaraners, and there is practically no chance to survive in such a situation. Even if they are brought up in the same house and consider the cat's representative to be a member of the pack, the dog can suddenly break down.
Education and training
In his field, Weimaraner, he has excellent working qualities, and training in this direction practically does not cause difficulties. Also, the pet is able to learn the basic skills program. But he is not allowed to perform specific tasks, that is, it is not necessary to do from a shepherd, guard or bodyguard.
You can not use physical strength during the class, shout, the dog can completely refuse to interact. A positive consolidation and praise is required, because although the representatives of this breed love people, they do not aspire to obey and please.
The dog is intelligent - he almost immediately understands what he will do, and what is not, this is the basis for the behavior of the pet. He is able to exercise stubbornness and behave arbitrarily. If the dog goes into failure, then it is almost impossible to get it to perform commands. The cops can do anything wrong or ignore the master's requests.
To obey the Weimaraner will be only that person whom he perceives as leader, the leader, and it is not a matter of complete submission and perfect obedience. As soon as the owner gives the slack, the dog takes the dominant position and it is not worth waiting for him to execute the commands.
We can not call the Weimaraners uneducable, with certain efforts and patience the dog becomes perfectly obedient and complaisant. Such a pet can become an excellent athlete, marriages are successful in offense and agility.
It is not recommended for beginners to start a similar four-legged friend. If you do not socialize the dog, do not train it and do not become its authority, you can face a lot of problems.
These dogs are active, mobile, tireless, the owner must spend a lot of time walking, classes, games. A dog can run for a long time after a bicycle, is an ideal companion for jogging and other physical activities.
Care and health
To care for a Weimar marriage is simple, it's a rather unpretentious animal. But, both an adult and a puppy are important to keep clean. It is necessary to protect the baby so that he does not have access to power outlets, chemicals, other dangerous items.
From the first days of staying in the house, the pet should be provided with separate utensils, bedding, toys. To the pedigree of the puppy should be taught from childhood. In winter, weimaranera must be dressed in warm clothes - even for long-haired cops there is no undercoat that can protect against frost.
Comb the dog regularly - every 2-3 days, using a special brush. Ears and teeth are cleaned weekly, claws are cut every 2 weeks.
The average life expectancy of the Weimar Trap is 11 years. Most often in the breed, the following diseases are identified:
- idiopathic osteodystrophy ("skeletal scurvy");
- inflammatory processes in bone tissues;
- hip dysplasia;
- tumor formations of various origin - lipomas, fibrosarcomas, melanomas, mastocytomas);
- twists (gastric and intestinal);
- dystrophic changes in the cornea of the eye;
- eyelid twisting;
- inflammation of the interdigital skin;
- von Willebrand disease.
In addition, the Weimar cops have risks of autoimmune reaction to some immunobiological drugs. To reduce the danger, veterinarians recommend placing vaccinations against carnivorous plague and parvovirus with a 2-week interval.
Quite often puppies with complete or partial cryptorchidism appear in the litters' litters. Such an abundance of possible pathologies is due to the fact that for a long time the selection was aimed at achieving the best aesthetic data. Modern breeders are mostly working to improve the health of these animals.
Feeding regimen and diet
Proper nutrition for Weimaraner is a good physical form and a beautiful coat. With natural feeding, the dog should receive the following products:
- meat, by-products, fish;
- yogurt, cottage cheese;
- cereals - buckwheat, if the dog does not suffer from allergies, then rice porridge;
- vegetables, fruits, greens.
The food of the animal must be balanced, in addition to the pet, vitamin supplementation is given. To improve the work of the intestine, it is recommended to flavor the dishes with vegetable oil.
A convenient option is to feed the pet dry food, but it should be high quality premium or super premium products. It is necessary to adhere to the recommended dosage, it is not recommended to overfeed Weimar cops. It is important to provide the pet with plenty of clean drinking water - these dogs consume a lot of fluids, regardless of the type of feeding.
Conditions of detention
To lock such a pet in an enclosure is not recommended - it needs freedom and communication. In an apartment, a dog can live, but a bored weimaraner, who does not receive the proper load, is a threat to the interior.
Ideal conditions are a country house. In this case, the dog will be able to walk in the local area. But in any situation with the dog should regularly walk and engage, especially if he does not participate in the hunt.
On the street to keep the pet should be on a leash - the animal can, after seeing a cat or other small animal, feel the excitement and escape.
Photo of Weimaraner
Video about Weimaraner
Purchasing a puppy
The breed is not common, and when purchasing a puppy it can be difficult - the owners have to search for a nursery or an experienced breeder, and often the baby has to reserve in advance.
On average, puppies with a pedigree cost about 30,000 rubles, offspring that has minor deviations from the standard, is slightly cheaper.
Weimaraner is an effective, hardy dog, with good physical data. But this is not a sofa version - such a pet needs a strong hand and increased physical exertion.