Ear mites, or in scientific ototectosis, often infects our dogs and gives them a lot of unpleasant sensations. In the people this illness is called an earache scab, and it's not for nothing that a parasite provokes the disease, which is localized in the auricles of the animal, causing it to behave unusually. What is this disease, how can it be recognized and, most importantly, in a timely manner?
- Развитие у собак отодектоза 1. Development of odeodectomy in dogs
- Симптомы отодектоза у собак 2. Symptoms of otodectosis in dogs
- Последствия запущенного отодектоза 3. Consequences of neglected odeotectosis
- Лечение ушного клеща у собак 4. Treatment of ear mites in dogs
- Профилактические меры от ушного клеща 5. Preventive measures against ear mites
Development in dogs of otodectosis
Penetrating the body of the animal, the tick tends to fall into the favorite habitat - the ears. It is here that the food for this parasite is blood, earwax. Biting the delicate skin, the mite leaves behind it ulcerated, festering areas, from which the fur coat subsequently falls.
Saliva of an insect liquefies the blood, which facilitates the process of its saturation. In this case, the substances contained in the saliva of the parasite cause allergic reactions in the animal. And the main sign of allergy in this case is unbearable itch.
The surfaces infected by the tick are densified and covered with dried crusts. I must say, the disease looks unpleasant and, seeing the formation in the ears of a pet, the owners often think that his ears are just contaminated. In fact, this is far from the case.
When a dog scratches its ears with otodectosis, it inflicts wounds on the affected skin, and this causes the development of an inflammatory process, a secondary infection that often accompanies the disease. Itching in the ears can cause other causes, not always parasitic, but inflammation most often signals an infection with an ear mite.
Symptoms of otodectosis in dogs
As already noted, saliva tick is an allergen to the animal, but it is not only toxic, but all other products of its vital activity. Getting on the skin and in its internal layers, they lead to the appearance of microscopic ruptures, provoking the dog's itching. Pet constantly scratches and shakes his ears. In the auricles and from the outer side of the ear there are scratches and wounds. Earwax is mixed with lymph, feces of mites and forms brown crusts.
In addition, a number of other symptoms are added:
- the dog begins to eat badly, sometimes even refuses to eat ;
- the pet does not sit still, behaves restlessly;
- in severe lesions, the dog can constantly tilt the head towards the diseased ear.
To identify the cause of this behavior, that is, the parasite itself, inspection of the ear canal is necessary. With the help of a cotton swab you need to clean the auricle and place the contents on a dark sheet of paper. The seized specimen must be delivered to a vet clinic.
In the clinic, the material obtained is studied under a microscope. If this is really a tick, then you can consider moving tiny gray-white specks.
But if you can not see the parasites, then this does not guarantee their absence. In the initial stage of the development of the disease, this usually happens. In this case, only the vet will be able to detect the disease.
Consequences of neglected otodectosis
The tick bite is not only the unpleasant sensations of the dog, but also the possible cause of various kinds of complications. If the pet is not treated, then this can lead to the following consequences:
- corrupting the formed wounds;
- the development of the inflammatory process in the ear - otitis media ;
- damage and further destruction of the tympanic membrane;
- lowering or total hearing loss;
- inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord - meningitis.
Statistics indicate that in one of ten cases of otodectosis, complications develop. Naturally, this is not a reason to panic, and a warning - a sick animal should be cured in a timely manner.
Read also about other diseases of the ears in dogs .
Treatment of ear mites in dogs
There are many reasons why it is not worthwhile, without having experience, to engage in self-treatment of a four-legged friend:
- Only an expert after complex diagnostics can confirm that the pet has odeotectosis.
- Selecting the drug, the doctor takes into account the individual characteristics of the dog (breed, propensity to allergic manifestations, neglect of the disease) and appoints the optimal remedy.
- An experienced veterinarian will be able to calculate the required dosage, as well as the duration of the course.
All remedies against parasites can cause allergy, since they contain special components that are a poison for insects. Therefore, you must constantly monitor the animal and in case of any symptoms go to the clinic - the doctor will prescribe another drug.
Before applying external means, it is necessary to clean the ear shells from accumulated sulfur, leaked exudate, crusts. To do this, you can wind a piece of gauze or bandage on the index finger and rub the inner surface of the shell. Bandage can be moistened with a solution of boric acid, furacilin or hydrogen peroxide. In the latter case, it is necessary to prevent the drug from dripping into the ear.
Supplement the procedure can be applying vegetable oil to the crusted crusts or to treat them with freshly brewed tea brew. For this it is convenient to use cotton buds and change them as often as possible.
For the same purposes, you can purchase special lotions in the veterinary pharmacy, for example, "Epi-otic" or "Ododin", which will facilitate the removal of crusts, eliminate the unpleasant odor, moreover, they have a pronounced antipruritic effect. They can also be used as a preventive agent.
It does not matter whether one of the auricles is affected or both have suffered - the procedure is always subjected to two ears. You can not use the same material to clean both ears - when switching to the second ear you need to take a clean stick or put a new bandage on your finger. This treatment is an excellent preventive tool, which protects against further spread of parasites.
For the treatment of ear mites, dogs usually receive medication in the form of drops. Burying is necessary in both ears, strictly taking into account the prescribed dosage.
Among the known ear drops from otodectosis in dogs, the following can be noted:
- "Amitrizan Plus";
For external treatment by a veterinarian, ointments can be prescribed:
- "Sulfuric ointment";
- "Colloidal sulfur";
- "Aversectin ointment";
- "Balsamic liniment according to Vishnevsky".
Ointments must be warmed to room temperature, applied to the affected area with slightly massaging movements, so that the medicine penetrates into the deeper layers of the epidermis.
It should be noted that such remedies remove adult parasites. Therefore, it is necessary to repeat the treatment in a week and a half, after the first course. Do not forget about the possible allergic manifestations, and if after applying the remedy the pet experiences hyperemia of the skin, itching, skin rashes, then you need to see a doctor.
If, after the passed therapeutic course, the subcutaneous tick appeared again, then it is a question of improper or inadequate treatment, or the dog has low immunity.
Preventive measures against ear mites
Since the parasite is transmitted from the infected animal, it is necessary to protect the pet from communicating with domestic and homeless dogs. This is the main preventive measure.
A regular examination of the dog for parasites is required, and do not forget to pay attention to the ears. This is especially important for pets with hidden auricles, since they can not always find a tick or inflammation in time.
If a brownish sulfur begins to form, then the animal is infected with an ear mite.
By regular cleaning of the auricles, it is possible to remove the parasites that have just got into the ear, preventing the development of the disease. And, in addition, such hygiene will not allow the spread of infection.
Do not neglect the use of special insecticides against parasites - drops, sprays, shampoos . Dogs need treatment before seasonal appearance of parasitic insects. Choose the means you need carefully, especially if the pet has a tendency to allergies.
Like most diseases, otodectosis is very easy to cure at the very beginning of development. At this stage, regular cleaning of the ears and the use of special drops will help to save the pet from an ailment.
If the subcutaneous tick was not found, and he caused considerable damage to the dog, then it will be necessary to treat not only otodectosis, but also the secondary infection that has joined. This will take more effort and time.