Ear tick, or scientifically otodektoz, often affects our dogs and gives them a lot of unpleasant sensations. In the people, this ailment is called ear scabies, and not without reason, because the parasite provokes the disease, which is localized in the animal's auricles, forcing it to behave unusually. What is this disease, how can it be recognized and most importantly, get rid of it in a timely manner?
- Развитие у собак отодектоза 1. Development of otodectes in dogs
- Симптомы отодектоза у собак 2. Symptoms of otodecosis in dogs
- Последствия запущенного отодектоза 3. The consequences of running otodektoz
- Лечение ушного клеща у собак 4. Treatment of ear mites in dogs
- Профилактические меры от ушного клеща 5. Prophylactic measures for ear mites
Otodecosis development in dogs
Penetrating to the body of the animal, the tick seeks to get into your favorite habitat - the ears. Here is the food for this parasite - blood, earwax. Biting delicate skin, the mite leaves behind ulcerated, suppurating areas, which later falls out of coat.
Insect saliva thins the blood, thus facilitating its saturation processes. At the same time, the substances contained in the parasite's saliva cause allergic reactions in the animal. And the main sign of an allergy in this case becomes unbearable itching.
The surfaces affected by the tick are compacted and covered with dried crusts. It must be said that the disease looks unpleasant and, after seeing the formation in the pet's ears, the owners most often think that his ears have become dirty. In fact, this is far from the case.
When a dog scratches its ears during otodecosis, it inflicts wounds on the affected skin, and this causes the development of an inflammatory process — a secondary infection that often accompanies the disease. Other causes, not always of a parasitic nature, can cause itching in the ears, but inflammation most often signals an infection with an ear mite.
Symptoms of otodecosis in dogs
As already noted, tick saliva is an allergen for an animal, but not only it is toxic, but all the other products of its vital activity. Getting on the skin and in its inner layers, they lead to the appearance of microscopic tears, causing an itch in the dog. Pet constantly scratching and shaking ears. Scratches and wounds appear in the auricles and on the outer side of the ear. Earwax is mixed with lymph, feces of mites and forms brown crusts.
In addition, a number of symptoms are added:
- the dog begins to eat poorly, sometimes refuses to eat at all;
- the pet does not sit still; it behaves restlessly;
- if severely affected, the dog may constantly tilt its head toward the sore ear.
To identify the cause of this behavior, that is, the parasite itself, it is necessary to examine the ear canal. Using a cotton swab, you need to clean the auricle and place the contents on a dark sheet of paper. The withdrawn sample must be delivered to the veterinarian.
In the clinic, the material obtained is studied under a microscope. If this is really a tick, then you can consider moving the smallest gray-white specks.
But if you can not see the parasites, it does not guarantee their absence. In the initial stage of the development of the disease usually happens. In this case, only a veterinarian can identify the ailment.
The consequences of running otodektoz
A tick bite is not only an unpleasant feeling of a dog, but also a possible cause of various kinds of complications. If the pet is not treated, it can lead to the following consequences:
- to the festering wounds;
- the development of the inflammatory process in the ear - otitis ;
- damage and further destruction of the eardrum;
- decrease or complete loss of hearing;
- inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord - meningitis.
Statistics indicate that complications develop in one of ten cases of otodectesis. Naturally, this is not a reason to panic, but a warning - a sick animal should be cured promptly.
Read also about other diseases of the ears in dogs .
Treatment for ear mites in dogs
There are many reasons why you should not, without experience, engage in self-treatment of a four-legged friend:
- Only a specialist after a comprehensive diagnosis can confirm that the pet has otodectosis.
- Selecting the drug, the doctor takes into account the individual characteristics of the dog (the breed, the propensity for allergic manifestations, the neglect of the disease) and prescribe the best means.
- An experienced veterinarian will be able to calculate the required dosage, as well as the duration of the course.
All means against parasites can cause allergies, as they contain special components that are poison for insects. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly monitor the animal and in case of any symptoms go to the clinic - the doctor will prescribe another drug.
Before applying external agents, it is necessary to clean the ears of accumulated sulfur, leaked exudate, crusts. To do this, you can wind a piece of gauze or bandage on the index finger and wipe the inner surface of the sink. The bandage can be moistened with a solution of boric acid, furatsilina or hydrogen peroxide. In the latter case, it is necessary to prevent the drug from running into the ear.
You can supplement the procedure by applying vegetable oil on baked crusts or treat them with freshly brewed tea brewing. It is convenient to use cotton swabs and change them as often as possible.
For these purposes, you can purchase special lotions in the veterinary pharmacy, for example, Epi-Otik or Otodin, which will facilitate the removal of crusts, eliminate the unpleasant smell, and besides, they have a pronounced antipruritic effect. You can use them as a prophylactic agent.
It does not matter if there is a lesion in one auricle or both of them have suffered - the two ears are always subjected to the procedure. You can not use the same material for cleaning both ears - when moving to the second ear you need to take a clean wand or put a new bandage on your finger. Such treatment is an excellent prophylactic agent that protects against further spread of parasites.
For the treatment of ear mites in dogs, drops are usually prescribed. It is necessary to dig in both ears, strictly considering the appointed dosage.
Among the known ear drops from otodektoz in dogs, the following can be noted:
- Amitrizan Plus;
For external treatment by a veterinarian can be appointed ointment:
- Amidel Gel;
- "Sulfuric ointment";
- "Colloidal sulfur";
- "Aversekina ointment";
- "Liniment balsamic according to Vishnevsky."
The ointment must be warmed to room temperature, applied to the affected area with slightly massaging movements, in order for the medicine to penetrate into the deeper layers of the epidermis.
You should know that these tools eliminate adult parasite. Therefore, it is necessary to repeat the treatment after a week and a half, after the first course. Do not forget about the possible allergic manifestations, and if after applying the pet, there is a hyperemia of the skin, itching, skin rash, it means you need to consult a doctor.
If, after a therapeutic course, the subcutaneous tick reappears, which means that it is a question of improper or inadequate treatment, or the dog has low immunity.
Prophylactic measures for ear mites
Since the parasite is transmitted from an infected animal, it is necessary to protect the pet from contact with yard and homeless dogs. This is the main preventive measure.
It requires regular inspection of the dog for parasites, and do not forget to pay attention to the ears. This is especially important for pets with hidden ears, as they cannot always detect a tick or inflammation in time.
If brownish sulfur began to form, it means that the animal has become infected with an ear mite.
Conducting regular cleaning of the ears, you can remove the parasites that have just entered the ear, preventing the development of the disease. And, in addition, such hygiene does not allow the spread of infection.
Do not neglect the use of special insecticidal agents against parasites - drops, sprays, shampoos . Dogs need treatment before seasonal occurrences of parasitic insects. It is necessary to choose means accurately, especially if the pet has a tendency to an allergy.
Like most diseases, otodectosis is very easily cured at the very beginning of development. At this stage, regular cleaning of the ears and the use of special drops will help to save the pet from the disease.
If, however, it was not possible to identify the subcutaneous tick, and he caused significant damage to the dog, then he would have to treat not only otodecosis, but also the secondary infection that had joined. This will take more effort and time.