Anyone who first encountered the representatives of this breed, feel a double feeling - horror and admiration. And indeed, nature has not deprived the dogs from Tibet - neither appearance, nor intellect, nor working qualities. Some giants of other breeds , despite their formidable appearance, are very peaceful and complaisant. How are things with Tibetans?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы тибетский мастиф 2. Description of the breed Tibetan Mastiff
- Характер тибетцев 3. The nature of the Tibetans
- Особенности обучения и воспитания 4. Features of teaching and education
- Как ухаживать за тибетским мастифом 5. How to care for a Tibetan mastiff
- Кормление тибетского мастифа 6. Feeding the Tibetan Mastiff
- Фото тибетского мастифа 7. Photos of the Tibetan mastiff
- Видео о тибетском мастифе 8. Video about the Tibetan Mastiff
- Приобретение и цена на щенков-тибетцев 9. Acquisition and price of Tibetan puppies
- Питомники тибетского мастифа 10. Nurseries of the Tibetan Mastiff
Origin of the breed
Tibetan mastiffs belong to the rare, expensive breeds, which, because of the isolation of China, were able to preserve a virtually pristine appearance. Inaccessible Himalayan mountains were an excellent protection for the southern side of Tibet, and in the north in this capacity a lifeless desert acted. This helped the dogs to maintain their original, impressive appearance. Then the dogs used for protection monks, shepherds and nomadic tribes.
In such harsh conditions, only strong, hardy animals with a thick coat could survive, and dogs possessed such qualities. But nevertheless those dogs are evil giants, more legacy than legends, rather than the truth. According to some myths, such giants with ferocious temper were kept by Genghis Khan and Buddha. Many researchers are convinced that the Tibetans are the progenitors of all Molossian breeds - Rottweilers, Bulldogs, St. Bernards , etc.
Description of breed Tibetan mastiff
The Tibetan mastiff is a mighty giant with a strong, harmonious physique and well developed muscles. The dog has a luxurious thick wool with an abundant undercoat that forms a real mane in the neck area. This makes the dog surprisingly like a lion.
As for the use of dogs of this breed, today they act as a companion, watchman, bodyguard. But fully perform its functions the dog can, when it grows up, in males it occurs to 24-36 months, and in bitches only to the 4th year. The representatives of the breed have a very pronounced sexual type - the males are larger in size and thickness of the body.
Dogs have a strong physique, with some dampness and rudeness. The skin is thin, elastic, close to the body and slightly loose in the region of the head and neck. The minimal growth of males of the Tibetan mastiff is 66 cm, the female - 61 cm. The average weight is 60 kg.
The standard provides for the appearance of Tibetans:
- The wool of the males is longer and thicker, stiffer and has a shine - it is able to protect the animal from any bad weather. Coat except for the collar also forms on the limbs the strips and the suspension in the region of the tail. Hair should be straight, wavy hair is considered a blemish.
- The head is large, strong, with a broad forehead, on which, in case of anxiety, wrinkles are formed. In adult dogs on the head and above the eyes appear creases. In dogs, the occiput mound and the transition from the frontal bone to the muzzle are clearly visible, but without sharp outlines.
- The muzzle is short, square, with a large broad nose and thick, slightly drooping lips. Jaws are strong, with a full set of large teeth, a scissor or, more rarely, a straight bite.
- The ears are medium, triangular in shape, the ends are rounded. They hang on cartilages, and when the dog is excited, they rise slightly.
- Eyes small, slanting, with a kaye or nutty iris (depending on the color).
- The neck has a convex scruff and a pronounced suspension, developed musculature. The withers hide the collar, it is also well pronounced.
- The back is straight, with an excellent muscle mass, passes into a wide, slightly convex loin. The croup is somewhat oblique, also has developed musculature.
- The tail is medium, set high, leans on the back or is pressed against the rump.
- The thorax differs in depth, the ribs are convex and slightly flattened on the sides. The abdomen is tight, but not much.
- The limbs with large compact paws are set parallel, straight, the skeleton is sturdy, all parts are muscular. The rear are slightly wider than the front ones.
These giant dogs confidently, freely move, easily and at ease. They have sweeping steps, however, because of the massive nature, it seems that the dogs are unhurried.
There are Tibetan mastiffs of the following colors:
- anthracite black;
- black and tan;
- monochromatic gray;
- Golden (from pale to red shades);
The standard notes that the color of the coat should be as pure as possible. Tanning can be different - from light shades to intensely chestnut. The presence of a white speck on the chest, limbs and back of the tail is allowed.
Character of the Tibetans
If there are no external stimuli, the Tibetan mastiff is charm itself, soft, discreet and calm. But this is so long as home and family are not threatened. Qualities of watchmen from dogs from the Tibetan mountains are well developed - despite their orientation to man, they are always ready to defend the territory entrusted to them. If people come with the owner or the owner opens the door himself, the dog behaves with restraint, but does not take his eyes off the newcomers, assessing the situation.
Dogs of this breed are self-sufficient, so they may spend some time alone. They like attention, but in a measured amount and only when they want to feel affection. Tibetans have a developed intellect and ingenuity, but are inclined to display stubbornness, defending their own point of view. But in this case they do not go beyond the good relationship with their master.
Tibetan mastiffs adequately treat other dogs, but they can respond to aggression from large individuals to their own address. They do not pay attention to small barking dogs. For centuries, they carried patrol service, and they developed a specific schedule - they sleep during the day, and at night go to work. Most often, the pet is arranged on the highest spot of the yard and from there is monitored. However, if they are contained in other conditions, they adapt well.
In the family, the mastiff is a universal favorite, friendly, obedient and very charming. He is happy to participate in common affairs and can follow the owner on his heels. The dog will catch the mood of a person and act accordingly. Tibetans are very kind to children and endure all pranks. In this case, the threat is not hanging over the baby, but over the pet. For older children, the mastiff is an excellent companion for games, and the child can even walk the giant - the dog will not tear off the leash and will try to adjust to small steps. Not for nothing, they used to be used as nannies for a long time.
However, thoroughbred representatives have very pronounced protective instincts, and they are not always able to discern where a violent game is taking place, and where the real threat is. Therefore, when outside children participate in general fun, it is necessary to be extremely attentive. Tibetan mastiff can be kept with other animals. He is not a hunter and quite friendly, even with respect to cats.
Features of teaching and education
Tibetan mastiffs are perfectly oriented to humans, however, they need training, early socialization and mastering of discipline. The future owner, who decided to start a similar dog, should be ready to spend a lot of time on education and upbringing. If this is not done, the pet will take the role of leader on himself and become uncontrollable. In addition, thanks to a competent approach, the dog will get rid of unnecessary suspicion of strangers.
Tibetans are formidable guards and those who penetrate into their territory will not be bothered. This should be taken into account by owners who choose a puppy of this breed. It is important from the puppy's age to accustom the pet to unquestioning obedience, later it will help control the actions of the hairy giant.
For fruitful learning it is important to choose the right tactics - be patient, but firm, show determination, but do not forget about affection and praise. Well-bred dog will not cause inconvenience, will understand the team with a half-word, and cohabitation will be quite comfortable.
How to care for a Tibetan mastiff
The ideal place for the maintenance of the Tibetan mastiff is a private house with a spacious house territory. Psu enough to equip a spacious aviary and a booth, also it is suitable for keeping in the house, but with access to the yard. Naturally, the fence must be such that the dog does not break it and does not jump.
Due to the density and density of the coat, the Tibetans do not tolerate the hot, humid climatic conditions very well. They are easier to tolerate heat in a dry climate. Dogs of this breed need daily physical activity, for this the dog needs to walk for 40-50 minutes in the morning and in the evening or give him the opportunity to frolic in the yard during the same time.
Tibetans like to play with other dogs, of course, the companion should not significantly differ in size. Puppies quickly gain weight and grow, however, you can speak about full physical development only after 2 years. The owner must take into account that his pet, despite its impressive size, remains a puppy for some time.
To avoid problems with articular tissues that occur in all representatives of giant breeds, long walks are undesirable up to a year, and it is also necessary to limit the time for free staying in the yard. With a dog you need to communicate and practice regularly. A dog that does not receive emotional and physical relief will be sad, but not silently and silently, and making noise and destroying everything around.
Tibetans are not subject to frequent molting, this process occurs once a year. But in some climatic zones molting may not occur at all. Wool requires regular care, and so that it does not get lost in the coils, and the dog looked neat, it is combed every 2-3 days. Representatives of the breed do not have a specific smell, so they do not bathe often, mostly as needed.
In addition, the teeth and claws of the animal need care. Teeth should be cleaned once in two or three days. Claws are cut 2-3 times a month or as the regrowth grows. Given the size of Tibetans, it is necessary to accustom a pet to hygienic procedures from puppyhood.
Feeding Tibetan Mastiff
Proper nutrition for giant species is an especially important aspect. Tibetans have an excellent appetite and consume large amounts of food, especially during the growing up period. The diet should be balanced and full.
Adult dogs eat much less, and their daily portion is less than that of Labradors or Boxers. They are not prone to overeating and know when to stop. It is important to provide the pet with clean drinking water in the required quantity. Owners are advised to follow certain rules:
- you can not overfeed your pet;
- when feeding with dry diets, the feed should not be soaked with milk or water;
- It is not necessary to dramatically change the brand of feed without a serious reason, as this can adversely affect the development of the animal;
- it is important to purchase food suitable for the pet by age and size;
- hot and cold food should not be given to the dog;
- when natural feeding is not worth giving a favorite of smoked meat and river fish.
When feeding with natural products, the pet's diet should include meat ingredients - meat, sea fish, offal. In addition, it is important to include cereals - rice, buckwheat. Twice a week, give boiled eggs. Kasha is recommended to flavor vegetable oil. Vegetables are given both raw and in boiled form, fruits for many dogs are an excellent treat.
Photo of the Tibetan mastiff
Video about the Tibetan mastiff
The purchase and price of Tibetan puppies
Many people know that this breed is the most expensive in the world. However, how much does a Tibetan puppy really cost? According to the announcement or with the hands to buy a baby this unique breed in Russia can be for 50,000-60000 rubles. The lower price should alert, or they are kids who deviate from the standard, or do not have documents at all. In this case, for his health - physical and mental, no one takes responsibility.
The cost of puppies from the nursery is much higher and can reach 300,000 rubles. In European countries, the breed is valued so much that the puppy can cost up to 600,000-700,000 rubles. Probably, there is no other such breed at which the price so would vary in various limits.
Tibetan Mastiff is a dog that requires a firm hand, good care and proper living conditions. In addition, when a pet is such a pet, the owner takes on a number of obligations, and their failure can turn into a tragedy. The Tibetan is not a toy, and this must be taken into account when choosing a dog. If you fulfill all the conditions, then the family acquires an excellent guard, a defender and a devoted friend.