Dachshund entered the top twenty most popular breeds. What is the reason for such success? First of all, these are funny dogs that have amazing appearance, vigor and special qualities. But, besides this, the dachshunds are hunters, which means they possess a certain instinct, which the owners should not forget.
- История происхождения породы 1. The history of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы такса 2. Description of breed dachshund
- Характер и особенности социализации 3. The nature and characteristics of socialization
- Как дрессировать и воспитывать таксу 4. How to train and raise a dachshund
- Как ухаживать за таксой 5. How to care for dachshund
- Кормление таксы 6. Feeding dachshunds
- Фото таксы 7. Dachshund photos
- Видео о таксе 8. Dachshund video
- Сколько стоит щенок таксы 9. How much does a dachshund puppy cost?
- Питомники таксы 10. Dachshund nurseries
The origin of the breed
To this day, the controversy has not subsided about the origin of this breed. According to one version, such short-footed dogs once lived in the territory of ancient Egypt. The beginning of the formation of the modern breed dates back to the 16th century. The hunting quality of the dogs — it was impossible to get into the narrow manholes where others could not get in, was appreciated; moreover, the maintenance of a small pet did not require much financial expenditures.
The adoption of the first breed standard occurred in 1870. Prior to the same breeding dogs engaged in individual breeders, based on personal preferences. Dachshunds came to the territory of Russia in the 30s of the 18th century, and at the turn of the century the first club of this breed of fans appeared. Naturally, the war had a negative impact on the popularity and development of the breed, but its recovery took place so well that today the dachshunds are one of the most common dogs - not so much hunters, but more companions.
Dachshund breed description
The dachshund is a burrowing hunter, and its appearance is related to this destination. There are three types of breed:
- standard tax - the growth of males varies from 20 to 25 cm, the weight is maximum 9 kg;
- dwarf (mini) - weight up to 5.5 kg;
- rabbit (the smallest species) - up to 15 cm, up to 3.5 kg.
Life expectancy is 12-15 years. But any dachshund has an amazing exterior, which makes it difficult to recognize a dog - it has an elongated body and disproportionate short legs:
- The head of an elongated dachshund, tapering to the nose. The skull is powerful, has a distinct transition from the frontal bone to the nose lobe and weakly defined superciliary arches with hollows.
- Ears hanging down. Nose is pigmented with dark color - black or brown. The jaws are strong, with tight lips and a regular, scissor bite.
- The eyes are oval in shape, medium in size, in most cases have dark brown iris, except for dogs with a rare marble color.
- Dachshunds have a strong, muscular, squat hull with a dry, powerful neck and a wide chest. Withers in dogs are quite high. The back is straight, ending with a convex lumbar belt with a pronounced waist.
- The abdomen is present, but not hanging, otherwise it is about the excess weight of the animal. The croup is rounded, the limbs are shortish, muscular, resilient, ending in paws with black claws. The hips have a pronounced muscle relief.
- The tail is thickened, has the appearance of a saber. In a quiet condition it is lowered, when the dog is excited, is located exactly and is raised above a waist. In taxes, the tail should not curl into a ring or lie on its back.
Coat depends on the type of dachshund. In short-haired individuals thick, smooth, hard. In the long-haired coat the same is long, soft, there is a wave.
There are dogs of various colors, although not all of them are quite common. There are such wool colors:
- various shades of red;
- from straw to brown tones;
- black with yellowish burns;
- Coffee with scorching.
In addition, in Germany they were engaged in breeding dachshunds with marble, blue and white colors. Among dogs with hard wool, there are also individuals with ashy staining.
See other short-haired dogs .
The nature and characteristics of socialization
Taxi can be called an ideal hunting dog - its nervous system is very stable and balanced. Moreover, representatives of decorative varieties of dachshunds are endowed with this quality. Dachshund - reasonable dog that keeps calm in all situations. She is fearless, and her lively mind and discipline do not allow her to exercise her instincts, where you should not do this. Therefore, unlike other hunting dogs, the dachshund rarely gives vent to the senses and begins to chase cats or other dogs.
According to the temperament type, the dachshund is an obvious sanguine person. She is very curious and inquisitive, which again is connected with the hunt - without having the habit of being interested in what is happening around, the animal cannot be a successful hunter. Dachshund reacts to any, even a slight noise. If there is a fee in the house, then she will be the first to find out all the news - who came, what she bought, and for what the cat got a scolding.
Representatives of this breed do an excellent job with guard functions. The dog voluntarily begins to protect the house and all those who live in it. Of course, the dog is inferior in size to other, really guard breeds, but their voice is rather convincing - loud, serious, it notifies of the threat. This quality, which endows almost all hunting dogs.
Some dachshunds are quite aggressive towards strangers who come into the house and other dogs on the street. But they do it for two reasons - when they feel a real threat, or the owners do not raise the pet. Owners should consider the fearlessness of their four-legged friends, they will rush to protect the family, even if the enemy will be several times larger. And it faces serious damage.
In general, the dachshund is a delicate, sociable creature, accustomed to living next to a person. They can not, without communication and long walks with their master. Despite the modest size, the tax can not be attributed to the timid animals. She always keeps with dignity, does not fuss and treats herself and the owner with respect. Because of the inherent pride of these dogs, they will never engage in begging.
Dachshund is an excellent companion for games and always finds a common language with children. The dog takes off all the mischief and can be a good nurse and even a protector for his little owners. Difficult question - the content in the same house dachshunds and other animals. Smaller pets will play the role of game, so you should evaluate these risks. With dogs, these dogs get along if the dog enters the house where there is already a cat or when growing up together. But even in this case conflicts are possible if the cat tries to clearly dominate.
See also : nicknames for dachshunds .
How to train and raise a dachshund
When acquiring a funny tax kid, you should take into account that dogs of this breed are designed to penetrate holes and feed game from water, therefore, a service dog, no matter how hard you try, will not work from a tax. In the disciplines that are required for service, they are rather weak.
Owners can be touched by the look of cute short-legged puppies, but you should not relax and forget that the dachshund is a dog with iron nerves, it can be surprisingly stubborn, able to be cunning and able to manipulate a person. Therefore, the owner from the first day must prove that he is the main person in this family. When training, one should strive for the obligatory execution of commands, since, waving one's hand at the pet's disobedience once, one will have to struggle every day with the manifestation of laziness.
Taksam does not tend to mindlessly perform tasks, they first assess the situation and decide how best to approach this issue. This must be taken into account when working with a representative of this breed. Purebred pets are extremely active and mobile, they like to sort out a lot, but they don’t rush to give items to the owner. They like to swim, which allows them to cool in hot weather.
It is important for owners to get unconditional obedience from their pet, but this should be done with mandatory emotional relief. Training can be done daily, but their duration should not exceed 20 minutes.
First of all, the dachshund puppy should be taught to follow its owner and feel the need for communication. For this, the pet needs to be brought to a deserted place and try to attract attention. Any response should be encouraged. The result of such training - the dog will follow the owner, not trying to escape, having smelled something "interesting".
If a puppy is acquired for hunting, then he needs to undergo special training at the prepravochnaya station. But if there are no such intentions, then you can complete the main course of training or you can educate your pet on your own by choosing the nearest platform.
How to care for dachshund
Dachshunds are quite unpretentious in care, however, this does not mean that they do not require attention at all. The activity of these dogs involves regular long runs - with games, workouts. On the street, they are enthusiastic in studying each bush, blade of grass and pebble. They simply cannot pass by, since their instincts are higher. Therefore, you should not rush your pet or try to interrupt the process.
Pets of this breed are great for living in an apartment, however, if kept in a private house, then games and walks in the local area will benefit them. The animals, staying alone at home, are bored and very happy when the whole family gets together.
The teeth of the dog need to be cared for, they are regularly cleaned using a special tool and a brush. Eyes should be inspected daily, and the discharge should be removed with a damp cotton pad. If signs of conjunctivitis appear, then furatsilina solution can be used for washing.
Wool is very easy to care for - it is enough to periodically bathe your pet and dry it, wiping it with a towel made of terry cloth. Given the length of wool, you need to purchase special combs, brushes and comb the dog. Shorthair dogs are combed once a week and more often during the molting period. For long-haired, this procedure is carried out more often to avoid tangling of hair.
After walking in dry weather, it is enough to rinse the pet's paws or wipe them with a damp cloth. If there is dirt on the street, then you can bathe the dog under the shower without using shampoo. Dachshund claws are trimmed out of necessity, in long-haired animals, hair growing on the paws between the toes is clipped.
The question of feeding should be taken seriously and follow the basic rules:
- do not force the dog to eat or overfeed;
- in no case should not give the pet food from the table;
- you must follow the diet, it is a guarantee of excellent digestion;
- with natural nutrition, you can include in the ration of cereals - rice, buckwheat, and from oatmeal and barley it is better to refuse;
- adult dogs are not recommended to give milk, they are more suitable fermented milk products - ryazhenka, kefir, sour milk;
- the dog is essentially a predator, which means that the basis of the diet should be meat and offal.
Combined food - natural food and dry feed, for dachshunds is unacceptable. This is due to the fact that there may be an overabundance of certain substances. Many experts say that natural food is preferable for dachshunds, but in some cases ready-made rations are a good option.
The food is recommended for pets whose gastrointestinal tract cannot fully digest meat, moreover, it is easier to pick it up if the dog suffers from food allergies. Naturally, the owners appreciate its ease of use. But it is important to buy a quality product that contains everything you need.
As for the natural food, there is no need for diversity. It is important to balance the diet, include everything you need and give this food daily. Taxes are recommended to give raw lean meat and boiled offal, raw vegetables and fruits. Bran can be added to food to improve the gastrointestinal tract of the animal.
Taxes should not be given dishes and pastries made from flour, as it can disrupt the intestinal microflora. Also, you can not feed your pet industrial feed, which are based on cereal (40-60%).
Read more: how to feed a dachshund .
How much is a dachshund puppy
Today, representatives of this breed are at the peak of popularity and are quite common. The price range is quite wide. You can buy a puppy cheaply in the market or on an ad - for 2000-5000 rubles. A dog with pedigree and all vaccines is more expensive - 15000-2000 rubles.
The most expensive are the miniature rabbit dachshunds. This is connected with the fashion for decorative dogs and infertility - usually from 3 to 5 babies in litter. The price of such crumbs varies from 30,000 to 40,000 rubles. If you take a pet for exhibitions from titled parents, the price of a rabbit taksenysha can significantly increase to 50000-60000 rubles.
Dachshund is a small dog with dignity. She will not tolerate a scornful attitude, but if you love and care for her, she will be an excellent companion and favorite of the whole family.