The dachshund was among the twenty most popular breeds. What is the reason for this success? First of all, these are funny dogs that have amazing appearance, energy and special qualities. But, in addition, dachshunds are hunters, and therefore possess a certain instinct, which owners should not forget.
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы такса 2. Description of the Dachshund breed
- Характер и особенности социализации 3. Nature and characteristics of socialization
- Как дрессировать и воспитывать таксу 4. How to train and educate the dachshund
- Как ухаживать за таксой 5. How to care for dachshunds
- Кормление таксы 6. Feeding dachshunds
- Фото таксы 7. Photo courtesy
- Видео о таксе 8. Video about the fee
- Сколько стоит щенок таксы 9. How much does the puppy of a dachshund cost?
- Питомники таксы 10. Breeding nurseries
History of the origin of the breed
To this day, the origin of this breed does not subside. According to one of the versions, such short-horned dogs once lived in the territory of Ancient Egypt. The beginning of the formation of modern breed dates back to the 16th century. Hunting quality of dogs - to make their way into narrow hills, where it is impossible to get the rest, was appreciated, besides, the maintenance of a small pet did not require special financial expenses.
The adoption of the first breed standard occurred in 1870. Before that, individual breeders were engaged in breeding dogs, relying on personal preferences. On the territory of Russia, fees fell into the 30s of the 18th century, and at the turn of the century the first club of fans of this breed appeared. Naturally, the wars had a negative impact on the popularity and development of the breed, but its recovery was so good that today the dachshunds - one of the most common dogs - are not so much hunters, but more companions.
Description of the Dachshund breed
Dachshund is a normal hunter, and her appearance is related to this destination. There are three varieties of the breed:
- standard rate - the growth of males varies from 20 to 25 cm, weight yat maximum 9 kg;
- Dwarf (mini) - weight up to 5.5 kg;
- rabbit (the smallest species) - up to 15 cm, up to 3.5 kg.
Life expectancy is 12-15 years. But any dachshund has an amazing exterior, according to which it is not difficult to find out a dog - it has an elongated trunk and disproportionate short legs:
- The head of the dachshund is of an elongated shape, tapering to the nose. The skull is powerful, has a pronounced transition from the frontal bone to the nose and a weakly outlined superciliary arches with a hollow.
- Ears hanging down, elongated. The nose is pigmented with dark color - black or brown. Jaws are strong, with tightly fitting lips and a regular, scissor bite.
- Eyes oval, medium in size, in most cases have dark brown irises, except for dogs with a rare marble color.
- Taxi are distinguished by a strong, muscular, squat body with a dry, powerful neck and a broad chest. Withers in dogs are quite high. The back is straight, ends with a convex lumbar belt with a pronounced waist.
- The abdomen is present, but it does not hang, otherwise it is an excess weight of the animal. Croup is of rounded shape, limbs short, muscular, firm, end with paws with black claws. Hips have a pronounced muscle relief.
- The tail is thickened, looks like a saber. In a calm state it is lowered, when the dog is excited, it settles evenly and rises above the loin. At the dachshund, the tail should not be twisted in a ring or lie on its back.
Coat depends on the type of dachshund. The short-haired individuals are dense, smooth, hard. In long-haired coats the fur coat is long, soft, there is a wave.
There are dogs of different colors, although not all of them are quite common. There are such colors of wool:
- different shades of red;
- from straw to brown tones;
- black with yellow tan marks;
- coffee with tan.
In addition, the territory of Germany was engaged in breeding dachshunds with marble, blue and white color. Among dogs with hard hair, there are also individuals with ash coloring.
See other short-haired breeds of dogs .
Character and features of socialization
Taxus can be called an ideal dog for hunting - its nervous system is very stable and balanced. And this quality is endowed with representatives of decorative varieties of dachshunds. Dachshund is a sensible dog that keeps calm in all situations. She is fearless, and her lively mind and discipline do not allow her to show her instincts, where one should not do this. Therefore, unlike other hunting dogs, the dachshund rarely gives vent to feelings and begins to pursue cats or other dogs.
According to the temperament type of the dachshund - an obvious sanguine. She is very curious and inquisitive, which again is connected with hunting - not having a habit of being interested in what is happening around, the animal can not be a successful hunter. The dachshund reacts to any, even minor, noise. If the house has a dachshund, then it will be the first to find out all the news - who came, bought what, and why the cat got scolded.
Representatives of this breed copes well with watch functions. The dog volunteers to guard the house and all those who live in it. Of course, the size of the dog inferior to other, indeed watchdog, but their voice is quite convincing - loud, serious, he notifies about the threat. This quality, which is vested in almost all hunting dogs.
Some taxes are quite aggressive towards foreign people coming into the house, and other dogs on the street. But they do this for two reasons - when they feel a real threat or the owners do not engage in the education of the pet. Owners should consider the fearlessness of their four-legged friends, they will rush to protect the family, even if the enemy will be several times their number. And this threatens serious damage.
In general, the dachshund is a delicate, sociable creature, accustomed to living next to a person. They can not without communication and long walks with their master. Despite the modest dimensions, the rate can not be attributed to timid animals. She always keeps with dignity, does not fuss and treats with respect to herself and the owner. Because of the inherent pride of these dogs, never begging.
Dachshund is an excellent companion for games and always finds a common language with children. The dog descends all the pranks and can be a good nanny and even a protector for his small hosts. A difficult question is the maintenance of dachshunds and other animals in one house. Smaller pets will play the role of game, so it is worth assessing such risks. With cats, these dogs coexist if the dog enters a house where there is already a cat or when growing up together. But in this case, conflicts are also possible if the cat tries to clearly dominate.
See also : nicknames for the dachshund .
How to train and educate dachshund
Acquiring an amusing taxon, it should be borne in mind that the dogs of this breed are created to penetrate into the holes and feed the game from the water, so the service dog, no matter how hard you try, can not get out of the dachshund. In the disciplines that are required for the service, they are rather weak.
Owners can be touched by the sight of lovely short-puppy puppies, but do not relax and forget that the dachshund is a dog with iron nerves, can be surprisingly stubborn, capable of showing cunning and being able to manipulate a person. Therefore, the owner from the first day must prove that in this family he is. In training, it is necessary to achieve the mandatory performance of teams, because, waving a hand at disobedience to the pet once, you have to struggle every day with the manifestation of laziness.
Taxes do not tend to mindlessly perform tasks, they first assess the situation and decide how best to approach this issue. This should be taken into account when working with a representative of this breed. Pedigree pets are extremely active and mobile, very fond of anport, but give objects to the owner in no hurry. They like to swim, which makes it possible to cool in hot weather.
It is important for owners to get their unconditional obedience from their pet, but it should be done with obligatory emotional discharges. Training can be done daily, but their duration should not exceed 20 minutes.
First of all, the puppy of the dachshund should be taught to follow his master and feel the need for communication. For this, the pet should be taken out to a deserted place and try to attract attention. Any response should be encouraged. The result of such training - the dog will monitor the owner, not trying to escape, sniffing something "interesting".
If the puppy is purchased for hunting, then it is necessary for him to undergo special training at a prizing station. But if there are no such intentions, then it is possible to go through the core course of training or engage in the education of the pet independently, choosing the nearest site.
How to care for dachshunds
In the care of dachshunds are quite unpretentious, however, this does not mean that they do not require attention at all. The activity of these dogs implies regular long walks - with games, trainings. On the street, they show enthusiasm for studying each bush, blade of grass and pebble. They can not pass by simply because their instincts are higher. Therefore, do not rush the pet or try to interrupt the process.
Pets of this breed are great for living in an apartment, however, if they are kept in a private house, games and walks in the local area will benefit them. Animals, staying alone at home, are bored and very happy when the whole family gathers together.
The dog's teeth need to be cleaned , they are regularly cleaned using a special tool and a brush. Eyes should be inspected daily, and the resulting discharge should be removed with a damp cotton pad. If signs of conjunctivitis appear, then a solution of furacilin can be used for washing.
Wool is very simple to care for - it is enough to bathe your pet periodically and dry it by wiping it with a towel made of terry cloth. Given the length of the wool, you need to purchase special combs, brushes and comb the dog. Shorthair dogs are combed once a week and more often during moult. For long-haired, this procedure is carried out more often, in order to avoid entanglement of the wool.
After walking in dry weather, it is enough to rinse the pet's paw or rub it with a damp cloth. If there is dirt on the street, then the dog can be showered without using shampoo. Claws are cut off if necessary, long-haired animals have their hair cut off, growing on the paws between the toes.
The question of feeding should be approached seriously and follow the basic rules:
- not to force the dog to eat and not overfeed;
- in no case should the pet be given food from the table;
- it is necessary to adhere to the diet, it is a pledge of excellent digestion;
- at a natural feed it is possible to include in a ration a rump - rice, buckwheat, and from oatmeal and perlovki it is better to refuse;
- adult dogs are not recommended to give milk, they are more suited to fermented milk products - fermented, kefir, yogurt;
- a dog - in fact, a predator, which means that the basis of the diet should be meat and offal.
Combined food - natural food and dry food, for taxes is unacceptable. This is due to the fact that there may be an overabundance of certain substances. Many experts say that natural food is preferable for dachshunds, but in some cases, ready-made rations are a good option.
The food is recommended for pets, the gastrointestinal tract of which can not fully digest meat, in addition, it is easier to choose if the dog suffers food allergy. Naturally, the owners appreciate its convenience in the application. But it is important to buy a quality product that contains everything you need.
As for natural food, there is no need for diversity. It is important to balance the diet, including everything necessary and give this food on a daily basis. Taxes are recommended to give raw lean meat and boiled offal, raw vegetables and fruits. In food, you can add bran to improve the performance of the gastrointestinal tract of the animal.
Taxes should not be given dishes and pastries from flour, as it is capable of disturbing the intestinal microflora. Also, you can not feed your pet with industrial feeds, based on cereals (40-60%).
Read more: how to feed the dachshund .
Video about the fee
How much does the puppy of a dachshund cost?
Today, the representatives of this breed are at the peak of popularity and meet quite often. The price range is wide enough. On the market or on an ad to buy a puppy can be inexpensive - for 2000-5000 rubles. A dog with a pedigree and all vaccinations is more expensive - 15,000-2,000 rubles.
The most expensive are miniature rabbit dachshunds. This is due to the fashion for decorative dogs and fecundity - in the litter usually from 3 to 5 kids. The price of this crumb varies from 30,000 to 40,000 rubles. If you take a pet for exhibitions from titled parents, then the price of a rabbit taxen can significantly increase to 50,000-60000 rubles.
Dachshund is a small dog with a sense of dignity. She will not tolerate a disparaging attitude, but if she loves and cares for her, she will become an excellent companion and favorite for the whole family.