Stomatitis in dogs is a gum disease that occurs quite often. This ailment is accompanied by an inflammatory process in the oral mucosa that occurs in several stages. There are several types of stomatitis, however, they all show the same symptoms, and their treatment is similar. What are the forms of stomatitis in dogs, and how can they be discarded?
Types of stomatitis in dogs
Among the various types of stomatitis, there are the following varieties:
- Atrophic disease . Such pathology of the oral cavity in dogs arises because of unsatisfactory care, against the background of physical exhaustion and with natural changes occurring in the animal's body with age. The mucous membrane becomes friable, inflammation occurs, the affected tissues are covered with vesicles and papillomas, the formed wounds begin to bleed. Such processes are accompanied by severe pain, and the dog is not able to consume dry, solid foods.
- Ulcerative, it is also a gangrenous disease . It can develop for a variety of reasons - due to malnutrition , infectious agents, tumor formations, regular stresses , somatic diseases, hormonal changes and a weak immune system. In case of disease, lesions are formed in the form of bleeding "wells", gums are more often damaged, less often cheeks and tongue. Do not notice the symptoms of ulcerative stomatitis in the pet is impossible. Mucous in the stage of withering that surround the lesions, get a bright red color, their edges become cyanotic or gray. If the dog tries to gnaw something, then the subject remains blood.
- Catarrhal disease . Mucous membranes become inflamed, but without obvious lesions in the form of ulcers and deep wounds. There is swelling of the affected areas, a bright coating appears. Most often this form of stomatitis arises from insufficient care for the oral cavity, tartar, sharp edges of broken teeth. Sometimes the inflammatory process in the mucous tissues occurs against the background of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, hepatic tissues, disorders in the immune system. This is one of the easiest types of stomatitis, but if it is not treated, then complications will necessarily arise.
Whatever type of disease does not appear, its symptoms will bother the dog. The pet will be more cautious eating food or even refusing to eat, rubbing muzzle paws and trying to avoid inspection. It is important for owners to discover pathologies in time and seek professional help.
Treatment of stomatitis in dogs
Therapy begins with exclusion from the pet's menu of food that can damage the mucous tissues of the mouth. If the pet eats dry food, then it is time to give it up. In the diet include broths of fish, meat, mucous membranes, low-fat dairy products, jelly. The food should be warm and have a uniform consistency.
With severe mucous lesions 1-2 days fasting is recommended, but the dog should be provided with clean drinking water. To the organism of the pet is not exhausted, it can be administered intravenous and subcutaneous saline injections, plasma substitutes and vitamins.
The mouth cavity is treated with disinfectant aqueous solutions - with potassium permanganate, ethacridine lactate, boric acid or furacilin. Solutions should be weak to not irritate the damaged surface.
More delicate effect is provided by irrigation herbs with herbal decoctions, chamomile flowers, calendula, sage, etc. can be used. They are carried out with a pear, a syringe without a needle. You can also impregnate the cotton swabs with solutions and treat the affected areas.
After treatment, it is recommended to lubricate the tissues of the mouth with special gels or ointments. In this case, the drug Metrogil-denta is very helpful. If it is a question of necrosis (withering away) of mucous damaged areas, then in this case it is possible to make lotions with sea buckthorn oil.
Cauterization of deep ulcers and wounds can be a solution of iodine and glycerin, lapis (silver nitrite), sintomycin emulsion, etc. In case of complications, antibiotic therapy is prescribed. Preparations and dosage should appoint a veterinarian. For the treatment of dogs, preparations from the tetracycline group are not suitable, since they are too toxic.
During the illness and after it is recommended to include in the diet additional vitamin bait and additives . If stomatitis occurs against the background of another disease (the so-called secondary stomatitis), then primarily therapy is directed to the treatment of the underlying cause. In addition to treatment, a more important aspect is preventive measures. The dog should receive adequate nutrition and live under normal conditions, these are the basic conditions for the health of the pet.
Do not give the pet hot and cold dishes, as well as medicines that can irritate the mucous membranes. Bones, especially chicken tubules, can lead to many complications, including damage to the mouth and further inflammation and suppuration. Sometimes stomatitis develops for reasons not depending on the person, but most often the owner can control and prevent inflammatory processes. After all, to prevent a disease is always much easier than in the future it is long and painfully treat.