Sterilization of dogs is not just a surgical operation that deprives the pupil of the childbearing function, but also a serious step for every animal owner, making it hard to think whether it is worth it or not. On the one hand - it's a great way to get rid of many problems, but on the other - sterilization is definitely a surgical intervention in the body and the nature of the animal. What to choose? It is worth considering all the pros and cons.
Important arguments for "sterilization"
As you know, some pet owners resort to this procedure for one reason or another. What can they push on this act?
Sterilization is carried out by dogs of both sexes in order to avoid the appearance of unnecessary, and sometimes uncontrolled, offspring. And the operation has its own, undeniable, advantages. Pros of dog sterilization:
- Owners of a bitch will be able to walk a dog without hindrance, without the possible attacks of surrounding males and their gatherings around a close friend. This will protect both man and animal.
- The sterilized males normalize the psyche, they stop running after each "bride", exposing themselves to the danger of getting lost, being stolen or getting under the car. The same can be said about females.
- After the sterilization, the dogs lose aggression towards people and other animals, as well as the desire to mark the territory, and then because of it to find out the relationship with the "rivals".
- The female, born several times, will retain its health, and the operation will be an excellent prevention of possible diseases of reproductive organs ( pyometra , ovarian tumor, cyst , etc.).
- Dog life will be longer for a couple of years (yet it is worth taking into account that one human year is more than seven human).
- Sterilization will protect the animal from sexually transmitted diseases, which in dogs there is a huge amount.
- Pets, devoid of sexual instincts, are characterized by greater devotion and are easier to handle.
- Sterilization will protect against problems with unplanned offspring.
- This is the most humane way to reduce the number of mongrels, who often become homeless through the fault of a person.
As you can see, sterilization has a lot of positive advantages not only for owners, but also for pets. But the coin has the reverse side. What kind of danger does this operation involve?
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Arguments against sterilization
Deciding on the operation, caring owners should also be aware of possible "underwater" stones. The disadvantages of sterilization of dogs include the following factors:
- This is a surgical operation and, despite all the predictability, things can end not so perfectly; most often this is due to the low qualification of the veterinarian and the clinic, without proper experience the doctor can make an irreparable mistake, for which the animal can pay not only health, but also life.
- For various reasons, complications may occur - bleeding, wound infection, development of inflammatory processes, rupture of sutures.
- Sterilized animal due to metabolic changes, in most cases, is prone to overweight and obesity.
- In the period from three to seven years after sterilization, incontinence may develop. And this, in turn, causes chronic pathologies of the urinary system.
- Anesthesia used during the operation can have a negative effect on the dog's body.
Taking into account all the advantages and disadvantages of sterilization, it is worthwhile to look at the statistical data - the lethal outcomes during the operation are extremely rare, and the cases of development of various diseases of the genitourinary system are quite common.
Optimum age for sterilization
A very important question that the responsible pet owners ask: "At what age should the dog be sterilized?" The surgeons have one answer: the animal should be, first of all, great, but how old is it, two or six, does not play a special role. However, there are a lot of nuances in this matter.
For example, dogs older than seven years are more difficult to tolerate any operation, they are harder to get rid of anesthesia, and the rehabilitation period lasts longer, as the aging organism is more slowly restored.
However, many experienced veterinarians agree that all adult dogs that have reached the age of eight must necessarily undergo sterilization, regardless of whether they have often given birth, 1-2 times in their entire life or not giving birth at all. At mature animals the risk of development of oncological illnesses considerably increases, and the given operation is an excellent way to avoid terrible illnesses.
It is believed that if the plans for breeding breeds, the last bitch birth should be at the age of six, and then it should be sterilized, without waiting for the aging of the body.
Quite often you can hear different opinions about the early sterilization, which takes place up to six months. In fact, such sterilization is fraught with severe consequences, which often lead to significant backlog in the development and manifestation of chronic diseases. In addition, there are certain difficulties in calculating a suitable dosage of anesthetics and removing organisms that have not yet formed. Sometimes a microscopic, not removed part of the ovary can recover and in this case a repeated operation will be required.
If the plans are not worth dilution, then the most appropriate period for sterilization is the time two to three weeks before the first heat. Carrying out an operation at this time will significantly reduce the risks of breast tumors and malfunctions in the hormonal system.
In most cases, this is the age of the animal from 6 months to 1, 5 years. It all depends on several factors:
- breeds (small females, as a rule, begin to flow earlier);
- features of the organism (if the mother-dog has a year old estrus, it is most likely that the daughter will have it).
To make sure that the time is right for the operation, it is necessary to pass tests to identify the hormonal background and consult the breeder about the features and hereditary predispositions of the pet.
In the case of a violation of the hormonal balance, abnormally long, abundant heat, the female is sterilized, purely on the basis of medical indicators. In this case, the facts of the presence or absence of labor are not taken into account.
Often, the owners of dogs resort to sterilization, as a way to get rid of the pregnancy that has already appeared. But veterinarians warn against such operations. It is much safer for an animal to communicate offspring, give birth and feed, than to postpone surgical intervention at this time. During the period of bearing the pups in the bitch, the uterus is significantly increased, which leads to a greater loss of blood during sterilization and a longer recovery process.
If you overlooked your pet, then you should give the bitch to fulfill his maternal duty and after 30-35 days after the birth it is already possible to perform the operation. At this time, there is no need to postpone the procedure, but to conduct it in a timely manner.
However, there are options when sterilization is forced. For example, if the dog has an ailment that does not allow puppies to be born and the delivery process is postponed. In this case, the operation must be carried out immediately, and the sooner this is done, the better.
Operation and postoperative care
The operation is performed by the surgeon when using general anesthesia and on average lasts about an hour. At this time the testes are removed.
With female dogs, everything is somewhat more complicated, since for removal of the ovaries or ovaries with the uterus, access directly into the abdominal cavity is necessary. To do this, the abdominal operation is performed and the organs are removed through the incision.
The dog is placed on the litter after sterilization. Periodically moisten the tongue and nose of the nose with water and do not give the dog an abundant drink.
You can offer food to your pet only on the second day, preferring soft, crushed food. Pate and stuffing are good.
The joints will be treated with antiseptic agents for 10-14 days. In order for the pet not to wet and lick the postoperative sutures, it is necessary to use special devices - collars, blankets.
Decide whether to sterilize the dog or not, can only the owner. The main thing is not to hurt your pet.