Sterilization of dogs is not just a surgical operation that deprives a pet of its childbearing function, but also a serious step for each pet owner, making you think hard whether it is worth it or not? On the one hand, it is a great way to rid yourself of many problems, but on the other hand, sterilization is definitely a surgical intervention in the body and the nature of the animal. What to choose? It is worth considering the pros and cons.
Important arguments for sterilization
As you know, some pet owners resort to this procedure for one reason or another. What can push them to this act?
Sterilization is carried out to dogs of both sexes, to avoid the appearance of unnecessary, and sometimes uncontrolled offspring. And the operation has its own indisputable advantages. Advantages of dog sterilization:
- Owners of a bitch will be able to freely walk a dog , without possible attacks from the surrounding males and their gatherings around the current friend. This will protect both humans and animals.
- In the sterilized males, the psyche is normalized, they stop running after each “bride”, putting themselves in danger of getting lost, being stolen or getting hit by a car. The same can be said about females.
- After sterilization in dogs, aggression towards people and other animals disappears, as well as the desire to mark the territory, and then, because of it, find out the relationship with the "rivals".
- The offspring of a female that has brought several times will retain its health, and the operation will be an excellent prevention of possible diseases of the genital organs ( pyometra , ovarian tumors, cysts , etc.).
- A dog's life will be longer by a couple of years (it’s still worth taking into account that one human year is more than seven human ones).
- Sterilization will protect the animal from sexually transmitted diseases, which are found in dogs in huge numbers.
- Pets devoid of sexual instincts are more devotional and easier to train.
- Sterilization protects against problems with unplanned offspring.
- This is the most humane way to reduce the number of mongrels, who often become homeless through the fault of man.
As you can see, sterilization has a lot of positive advantages not only for the owners, but also for the pets themselves. But the medal has a downside. What dangers can this operation pose?
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Arguments "against" sterilization
Deciding on the operation, caring owners should know about the possible "underwater" stones. The disadvantages of dog sterilization include the following factors:
- This is a surgical operation and, in spite of all predictability, it may not end so beautifully; most often this is due to the low qualifications of the veterinarian and the clinic, without proper experience the doctor can make an irreparable mistake for which the animal can pay not only health, but also life.
- For various reasons, complications can occur - bleeding, infection entering into a wound, development of inflammatory processes, rupture of sutures.
- Sterilized animal due to changes in metabolism, in most cases, prone to weight gain and obesity.
- In the period from three to seven years after sterilization may develop urinary incontinence. And this, in turn, causes chronic pathologies of the urinary system.
- Anesthesia used during the operation can have a negative effect on the dog's body.
Taking into account all the pros and cons of sterilization, it is worth referring to the statistics - deaths during the operation are extremely rare, and cases of the development of various diseases of the genitourinary system are quite common.
Age optimum for sterilization
A very important question asked by the responsible pet owners: “At what age should a dog be sterilized?” The surgeons have one answer - the animal should be healthy first of all, and how old, two or six years old, does not play a special role. However, in this matter there are a lot of nuances.
For example, dogs older than seven years are more difficult to tolerate any operations, it is harder to move away from anesthesia, and the rehabilitation period lasts longer, as the aging body recovers more slowly.
However, many experienced veterinarians agree that all adult dogs that have reached the age of eight should be sterilized without fail, regardless of whether they have given birth often, 1-2 times in a lifetime, or not at all. In mature animals, the risk of developing oncological diseases increases significantly, and this operation is a great way to avoid terrible diseases.
It is believed that if the plans - breeding the breed, then the last childbirth of a bitch should be held at the age of six, and then it should be sterilized, without waiting for the body to age.
Quite often, you can hear different opinions about early sterilization, which is made up to six months. In fact, such sterilization is fraught with serious consequences, which often lead to significant developmental delays and the manifestation of chronic diseases. In addition, there are certain difficulties in calculating the appropriate dosage of anesthetic drugs and removing organs that have not been fully formed. Sometimes the microscopic, not removed part of an ovary can be restored and in this case repeated operation will be required.
If the plans are not worth dilution, then the most suitable period for sterilization is the moment two to three weeks before the first heat. The operation at this time will significantly reduce the risks of breast tumors and disruptions in the hormonal system.
In most cases - this is the age of the animal from 6 months to 1, 5 years. It all depends on several factors:
- breeds (small females, as a rule, begin to flow earlier);
- the characteristics of the organism (if the mom-dog was in heat a year, then most likely the daughter will have it).
To make sure that the time is right for the operation, it is necessary to pass tests for the identification of hormonal background and to consult with the breeder about the features and hereditary predispositions of the pet.
In case of hormonal imbalance, abnormally long, abundant chutes, the bitch is sterilized, purely on the basis of medical indicators. In this case, the facts of the presence or absence of childbirth are not taken into account.
Often, dog owners resort to sterilization as a way to get rid of an already emerging pregnancy. But veterinarians caution against such operations. It is much safer for an animal to carry offspring, give birth and feed it, than to undergo surgery at this time. During puppies, the bitch significantly increases the uterus, which leads to more blood loss during sterilization and a longer recovery process.
If you overlooked your pet, then it is worthwhile to give the bitch to fulfill her maternal debt, and 30–35 days after giving birth you can already have an operation. At this time, it is not necessary to postpone the procedure, but to conduct it in a timely manner.
However, there are options when sterilization is forced. For example, if a dog has an ailment that does not allow puppies to endure and move the birth process. In this case, the operation must be carried out immediately, and the sooner it is done, the better.
Surgery and postoperative care
The surgery is performed by the surgeon using general anesthesia and lasts about an hour on average. At this time, males are removed testes.
With female dogs, things are a bit more complicated, as access to the abdominal cavity is necessary to remove the ovaries or ovaries from the uterus. For this, abdominal surgery is performed and organs are removed through the incision.
The dog after sterilization is placed on the litter . It is necessary to periodically moisten the tongue and nose with water and not to give the dog plenty of drink.
It is possible to offer pet food only on the second day, giving preference to soft, chopped food. Perfect pates and minced.
It will require the treatment of stitches with antiseptic agents for 10-14 days. In order for the pet not to wet and not lick the postoperative seams, it is necessary to use special devices - collars, blankets.
Only the owner himself can decide whether or not to sterilize the dog. The main thing is not to harm your beloved pet.