Perhaps, this is the largest group of breeds, which includes dogs of different purposes - hunters, sledges, shepherds, companions and others. Among them you can meet quite large representatives, however, a little short of large dogs, and miniature - not much more small dogs. But they all have a certain charm and have their admirers. Medium breeds of dogs are very popular, let's look at the most common of them.
- Австралийская овчарка (аусси) 1. Australian Shepherd (Aussie)
- Акита-ину 2. Akita Inu
- Аляскинский кли-кай 3. The Alaskan clique
- Американский кокер-спаниель 4. American Cocker Spaniel
- Американский питбультерьер 5. American pit bull terrier
- Американский стаффордширский терьер (амстафф) 6. American Staffordshire Terrier (amstaff)
- Американский фоксхаунд 7. American Foxhound
- Английский бульдог 8. English Bulldog
- Английский кокер-спаниель 9. English Cocker Spaniel
- Английский сеттер 10. English Setter
- Бассет-хаунд 11. Basset Hound
- Боксер 12. The Boxer
- Бультерьер 13. Bull Terrier
- Восточно-сибирская лайка 14. East Siberian Laika
- Голландский шпиц (кеесхонд или вольфшпиц) 15. The Dutch Spitz (Keeshond or Wolfspitz)
- Далматин 16. Dalmatian
- Золотистый ретривер (голден-ретривер) 17. Golden Retriever (Golden Retriever)
- Колли (шотландская овчарка) 18. Collie (Scottish Shepherd)
- Курцхаар (немецкий пойнтер или немецкая легавая) 19. Kurzhaar (German Pointer or German Wrestling)
- Лабрадор-ретривер 20. Labrador Retriever
- Миттельшнауцер 21. Mittelschnauzer
- Левретка 22. The Lionretka
- Мексиканская голая собака 23. Mexican Hairless Dog
- Пойнтер 24. Pointer
- Пудель 25. The Poodle
- Пули 26. Bullets
- Самоедская лайка 27. The Samoyed Laika
- Сибирский хаски 28. Siberian Husky
- Чаучау 29. Chaucau
- Шарпей 30. Shar Pei
- Эрдельтерьер 31. Airedale Terrier
Australian Shepherd (Aussie)
Like other shepherd dogs - this dog possesses clearly expressed guarding instincts, developed intellect and endurance. She can travel long distances, work all day, and in her free time it's a pleasure to play the part of a companion.
The Australian Shepherd is an attentive, active pet, with a developed musculature, devoid of clumsiness. He has expressive eyes with an intelligent gaze - the dog understands his master practically from a half-word.
Japanese ancient breed, whose representatives for many centuries preserved their original appearance, and still in their homeland Akita considered a national treasure, a symbol of a happy life and good health. Once these dogs were used for hunting, and later became available only to the nobility and revered on a par with sacred animals.
The Akitas had to do various jobs, but modern dogs are often set up as a companion or watchman.
This is a relatively young breed, which appeared only in the 70's and is a miniature copy of the husky. Officially, it was recognized only after two decades. Already from the very beginning, these dogs were prepared for the role of a companion, and they successfully deal with it.
There are several categories of cliches - one, mini and standard, which differ, for the most part, in size. Such a pet shows friendliness to all the chelas of the family, but strangers meet with suspicion. This mini-husky can be safely acquired as a pet for children - they will undoubtedly find a common language and become best friends.
American Cocker Spaniel
Among the hunting breeds, these spaniels are the smallest dogs, but they are not inferior to them in working qualities. Despite the charming appearance, they are not decorative pets, because they have endurance, mobility and developed hunting instincts.
However, today these mils are most often brought in as companions. Such a pet is happy to participate in games, loves attention and affection. With a benevolent approach, the spaniel excellently assimilates the various teams.
American Pit Bull Terrier
One of the most controversial breeds. There is an opinion that there is no more aggressive and bloodthirsty dog than the American pit bull terrier , however, experts completely refute this opinion. Yes, they require early socialization and proper education, and if these conditions are met, the pet will grow up to be a peace-loving and affectionate dog.
Representatives of this breed - not for the lazy, they need daily exercise, also special attention should be paid to food - pitbull terriers are prone to obesity and food allergies.
American Staffordshire Terrier (amstaff)
Dogs of this breed are ideal bodyguards - incredibly strong, powerful, active, physically and intellectually developed. It's no wonder that they do an excellent job of office work. Amstaff is often instructed to look after children, they will protect their wards from any, even the most insignificant, threats.
Such a dog requires a strong master's hand and special training, the owner should be a leader for it, otherwise it is worth forgetting about complete submission.
A stately, compact dog with a sonorous, melodious barking is an American foxhound that attracts special attention. This representative of the hunting breed has a harmonious, light physique, attractive appearance and excellent qualities of a hunter.
The breed has a fast reaction, develops a decent speed and loudly, barkingly barking. However, like other hunting dogs, it is capable of showing willfulness, independence and disobedience, so that some difficulties may arise in the training of the pet.
A serious dog, also called "bull", in its veins is the blood of ancient molosses and mastiffs. In the homeland, in the United States, this dog is the symbol of many colleges and the unofficial attribute of the Marine Corps.
Modern English Bulldog - a difficult dog, thanks to the selection lost his fighting qualities, but retained a very severe appearance. He is phlegmatic, aristocratic, has some stubbornness, gets along well with children and other animals. Needs weasel and is suitable only for keeping in the house.
English Cocker Spaniel
Another bird hunter, cheerful, very active and active. He loves toys and zealously protects them from strangers, and does not always allow them to take their household. Owners unanimously approve English cockerels - very gluttonous dogs, so it's worth sticking to the regime and not feeding the pet from your table, no matter how much he begs for a tasty morsel.
Like other spaniels, this cocker has a pretty appearance, long drooping ears and luxurious, non-dabbing hair. This is a loving dog in need of communication and affection.
The representative of this breed is the result of a long, labor-intensive selection work to create an ideal dog. Not only working qualities were taken into account, but also the exterior. The first setter, or as it was called - laaverak, appeared in the late 50-ies of the 19 th century.
The Englishman is very balanced, sociable, attached to his owners and good-natured. Such a pet can be kept in a house where there are already other animals.
Very charismatic dog with an unusual appearance. Despite the seeming awkwardness, it is capable of developing an unprecedented speed, does not require constant communication, since it is quite self-sufficient. Basset Hound is not alien to rest alone, but he will welcome his hosts with joy.
Because of the high intellectual abilities, the basset will not blindly fulfill any whim of the owners and will first consider the team and the way it will be performed. This is not stupidity or slowness, but a sign of a great mind, and owners should take this characteristic into account when training.
These are muscular, physically developed dogs that are used for service, as bodyguards and watchmen. A very popular breed, which is valued not so much for its developed fighting qualities, but for its good nature. Boxers are very sensitive to the younger members of the family, they love communication with the household and are often not in conflict.
Such a strong pet needs care, it can not stand the cold, damp, drafts and needs regular physical activity.
Around the representatives of this breed do not stop the debate - for some bull terriers - bloodthirsty and dangerous dogs, capable of ripping the first counter, for others - loyal and affectionate pets. Where is the truth?
No, bull terriers are not killer monsters, however, they require training and education, and, given their obstinacy and self-will, the process sometimes becomes very complicated. Such a dog does not suit newcomers, but a person with experience will undoubtedly find an approach to his four-footed friend. These dogs are highly developed instinct of domination, so it is not recommended to keep such a pet with other pets.
East Siberian Laika
Russian hunting breed, belonging to the species of Spitz. These dogs are widespread in the territory of eastern Siberia and are aggressive towards large predatory animals. However, people do not show aggression, they do an excellent job of guarding activities, as they are very alert and alert to strangers.
If we provide the East Siberian husky with intensive physical activity, then it becomes an excellent companion who does not need work.
The Dutch Spitz (Keeshond or Wolfspitz)
Like all the Spitz, keeshond has a pretty appearance, a fluffy fur coat and a cheerful disposition. Despite the fact that the dog is like a plush toy, he is very strong and able to perfectly guard and guard. In addition, such a pet will be happy to participate in games with children.
The amazing feature of Keeshond is the ability to wash like a cat's cat with paws, which definitely causes affection.
Dalmatian - frying, a slender dog with an amazing spotted coat. A representative of this breed is a family dog who is able to be friends with all members of the family, but only his master will obey. The pet needs communication and attention, he does not like loneliness and hard to endure separation. He does not get along badly with children, but babies can cause him irritation.
The dog can be kept with other animals, but it is capable of aggression towards other dogs. To train a Dalmatian is easy, but only without the use of physical punishments and rudeness, otherwise the pet will close, become timid or aggressive.
Golden Retriever (Golden Retriever)
Dogs of this breed are quite common, which is not surprising. They are externally beautiful, friendly and faithful. Goldeneys appeared as a hunting breed, but they are great for zootherapy sessions, they manage excellently with the role of guides, nannies.
Retrievers sensitively grasp the intonations of the voice and always know whether the owner is to communicate or is worth coming up later. They are amenable to education and training, they are deprived of the gene of aggression and are mentally stable.
Collie (Scottish Shepherd)
Luxurious dogs with a refined muzzle and rich hair. Like all shepherds, the Scots are strong, hardy, smart and flexible. Collies move very fast, but they do not lose grace.
Such a pet is able to establish contact with other domestic animals, including cats and will be sure to look after the whole family, paying special attention to younger members. We teach, it is interesting for him to study and learn new things, he loves encouragement.
Kurzhaar (German Pointer or German Wrestling)
Kurzhaar is an excellent versatile hunter who can also participate in sports events and get excellent results. In addition, the modern dog, with the proper approach, plays the role of a companion.
Pointer needs regular intensive loads, only then he will become a tender, complaisant pet - a favorite of the whole family.
By popularity, the representatives of this breed are not inferior to the golden retriever. Labrador Retriever is an excellent working dog, highly intelligent, loyal and faithful. However, despite the prevalence, the history of the origin of the breed is hidden by a veil of speculation and conjecture.
But it is for certain that they were assistants to fishermen from the island of Newfoundland - they helped pull out the nets, and often people. Labradors are obedient and deprived of aggression.
The average of the schnauzers, but the same is hyperactive and mobile. On the heights he can run for a long time, jump, play with other dogs, and the owners must give the pet this opportunity. In addition, representatives of this breed get excellent sensitive watchmen, as well as fighter rodents.
Mittelschnauzer will not be difficult to master different teams, but one should not be rude and impatient, since the dog is able to harbor grievances and revenge.
Elegant, modest companion dog, which is able to perfectly get on with all members of the family, and even in a small apartment, she has enough space. Despite the gracefulness and refinement, the lioness is a hawk, and hunting instincts are not alien to her. Such dogs are sometimes used for hunting small game, but still more often they are simply favorites of the family.
The lovers are gentle, good-natured and calm, and they demand the same from their owners. They do not need complex care and are quite unpretentious.
Mexican Hairless Dog
This exotic breed has a second, no less amazing name - xoloitzcuintle. Scientists believe that its representatives are descendants of the first dogs that appeared on the territory of the North American continent.
Once these hairless dogs warmed their owners, so they lived, most often in the bedrooms. In addition, their heat can reduce soreness in arthritis, bruises and other pathologies of bones and joints. Naked dog is very clean, tidy and loves children, in general - an ideal home dog, which requires warmth, both spiritual and temperature.
Hunting dogfriendly dog, appeared in the UK in the 18th century. In the creation of the breed, French, Italian and Spanish foxhounds participated. Among the hunting dogs he is king - has a sharp nose, quick reaction and incredible speed. Sensing the game, the dog does not raise the noise, but draws into a straight line, pointing to the side of the hiding bird.
Pointer is very elegant, slender, but at the same time hardy and powerful enough. He is an excellent pupil, if he is provided with the necessary load, pets can get along, but not with birds - the object of hunting.
Previously, these dogs were used in the work - they pulled wounded game out of the water, today they are companions. Common curly dogs that have hypoallergenic hair. There are several types of poodles - dwarf, medium, standard and large (royal). The last three types are related to medium breeds.
Dogs have high intelligence, cheerful and good-natured disposition, are able to make friends with other pets who settled in the house earlier. The only nuance - the coat of poodles needs regular care - haircut and trimming.
Breeding occurred back in the 10th century AD, and among the shepherds' Hungarian dogs the bullet is the best. According to the herdsmen, such a pet is more than a working dog, it's a friend and a full member of the work team.
The bullet has an interesting coat, prone to wreath in a thread, if the owner does not cut it. Adult dogs can have real woolen bands. The bullets are intelligent and benevolent towards their family members, but distrustful of outsiders, this makes them great watchmen and guards.
A beautiful northern dog with a luxurious white coat. But this is not an ornamental animal, but a working kid, performing various jobs. She helped her owners in the home, transported sleighs, participated in hunting and guarded the courtyard.
For a long time, the Samoyeds dwelt side by side with man and learned to understand him. They are obedient, hardy and flexible. But, intending to have such a pet, it is worth considering that the dog needs regular, intensive training, communication and work. He is suffering a lot of separation, which means that it is not suitable for people who are often absent from home for a long time.
Recently, these northern dogs have gained unprecedented popularity and, for the most part, thanks to their attractive appearance - luxurious fur, harmonious addition and interesting color. In addition, the husky has a good nature, she is calm and balanced.
But not all owners take into account their pedigree feature. First of all, Siberian husky , absolutely not suitable for living on a chain and used to work next to their master. They know how to hunt, but they will not bring the game to the owner, and the guard from the Husk is unlikely to succeed, since he has no aggression towards the person.
Among medium-sized breeds, it is difficult to find a more "silent" dog. Possessing a powerful, sharp voice, chauchau , however, often grunt than bark. These representatives of the ancient Chinese breed have an outstanding appearance and a complex character.
Они умеют по-настоящему обижаться и показывают свое отношение к сложившейся ситуации самыми разными способами, отказываясь от прогулок, не притрагиваясь к еде или не желая выполнять команды.
Собак этой породы сложно дрессировать, так как они не всегда видят смысл в заданиях, которые дает хозяин. Но их несомненным плюсом является чистоплотность, это мохнатое животное вполне можно содержать в квартирных условиях.
Древнейшая китайская порода, представители которой обладают чувством собственного достоинства. Она не один раз была на грани исчезновения, и даже однажды попала на страницы книги рекордов Гиннеса, как самая редкая порода. Отличительная черта ее представителей – складки на морде, придающие ей серьезное и даже суровое выражение.
Sharpeya is not recommended to start newcomers, since he requires a special approach and regular classes. The dog is suitable for keeping in the apartment, clean, not inclined to molt and does not have a specific smell.
A versatile dog that does a great job both on land and in the water. These kinky animals can be found both in exhibitions and in competitions, they like to work, but they do not want to show off.
Erdeli is active, positive, they adore running around on their own and with other dogs, running around with children, barking loudly and digging pits, so if you need a dog that will most of the time portray a sofa cushion, then it is better to refuse the purchase of the Airedale terrier. It is an excellent companion for morning runs, noisy games and hikes.
Dogs of medium size can be just domestic pets, and perform various kinds of activities. In this group, you can pick up a four-legged companion for the child, an active hunter, a guard or a dog for the service. The most important thing is to take into account your own needs and abilities of the animal, not just the dimensions and external data.