Since the warm spring days, people go on vacation outside the city - on the river, in the village, in the forest. And, of course, they take home pets with them. On the one hand, active rest in nature brings benefit to the pet, on the other - the risk of mite damage increases. Not all dog owners know what to do if the dog is bitten by a tick. How to be, if the pet still suffered this misfortune?
- Всегда ли клещ заражает собаку 1. Does the tick always infect the dog?
- Чем опасен укус клеща 2. Than the tick bite is dangerous
- Как правильно удалять паразита 3. How to remove the parasite correctly
- Диагностирование болезни 4. Diagnosis of the disease
- Основные симптомы укуса клеща у собаки 5. The main symptoms of a tick bite in a dog
- Первая помощь при укусе клеща 6. First aid with a tick bite
Does the mite always infect a dog?
If we take into account the parasite itself, then it is not dangerous for the dog, because even when eating blood, it can not exterminate the animal. The threat lies in the fact that mites are carriers of parasitic microorganisms that settle in erythrocytes and gradually destroy them. They multiply very intensely, and if you do not have emergency therapy, only 2% of the affected animals have a chance of survival.
Of course, such statistics frighten the owners of dogs, and in the case of a pet bite, they begin to panic. This is strictly prohibited. Quite often animals bring parasites from a walk, but they do not get sick, since not all insects are carriers, but only an average of a tenth.
After removing the tick, you should monitor the condition of the dog, and any changes (deterioration in the state) in the behavior - this is a significant reason to contact the veterinarian.
Than the tick bite is dangerous
The smallest parasites that are carried by mites, penetrating into the red blood cells, destroy the cells, provoke a serious disturbance of metabolic processes and severe intoxication.
Usually the first signs of the disease are observed 6-10 days after the tick-bite. But the intensity of the symptoms and their manifestation depends on the form in which the disease occurs:
- Overcurrent disease course - signs of infection appear on the second day, infection leads to the death of the pet.
- Acute leakage is the most common form of the disease, the symptoms appear after 5-7 days.
- The chronic form of the disease is very difficult to diagnose. The pet has a short rise in temperature , weakness and lethargy, then comes a period of improvement. Then the dog suddenly refuses food for no apparent reason. Similar fluctuations of a state last long enough, but nevertheless the disease wins - the pet becomes weak, constantly gets tired, his appetite disappears.
Naturally, the owners have a question: "How can you help the dog at home?" But this is the case when the only right decision is to deliver the animal to the veterinary clinic as quickly as possible. Only after diagnosis, the doctor prescribes suitable medications. Without them, the dog has no chance of recovery.
How to remove the parasite correctly
When the owner finds a tick from the pet, first of all it must be removed from the skin. If it was discovered right after the paddock, it most likely did not have time to suck. Typically, an insect needs 4-6 hours to find the most delicate areas of the skin to bite.
If after a walk regularly comb out the dog , then the mite defeat will be reduced to zero, since all uninvited guests will be removed by a brush.
If this did not happen, and the parasite still managed to suck, then it is usually found in the form of a crimson blood ball. And in this form, the tick must be removed, since this insect is a carrier of various infections, including encephalitis. The procedure for removal is best done in medical gloves.
To mite took out the head from the skin, you can drop on it oil, or cologne. One drop is enough, after which you need to wait a minute. If the head does not appear, drip again.
After a few minutes, you need to build a loop of thread, try to pick up the insect, as close to the skin, and rotate the thread in one direction. If everything is done correctly, then through one or two turns the tick comes out.
There is one more proven way: bring the needle heated over the fire to the dive site of the proboscis. The tick usually pulls out the head immediately.
One very important warning - under no circumstances do not pull out the insect, as it can rupture and infect the pet!
The bitten surface is treated with iodine, hydrogen peroxide, fucorcin or zelenka. It is worthwhile for a while to observe the swelling that forms at the site of the bite. If over time it does not subside, increases in size, blushes or digs, then it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian.
Diagnosis of the disease
What you need to do after a tick bite, it's understandable, but there are situations when the symptoms appear for no apparent reason. In this case, the owners are at a loss, what happened to your favorite dog?
The thing is that the disease does not always manifest itself in the first days after the bite. Sometimes the infection in the body "subsides", waiting for a more appropriate time, when the animal's body weakens. Naturally, the loss of appetite in winter, the owner does not associate with the fact that in the summer the dog was bitten by a tick. But it is better if the owner will remember about such an event and be able to deliver the animal in time for examination to the doctor.
Another nuance: a tick that carries an infection, can behave not as a healthy insect. Males of the parasite can bite, but do not suck, but fall off at once. This defeat of the dog is almost impossible to notice, especially if the dog is large and has a dark coat.
You can only recommend in the season of increasing the number of insects better to look closely at the status of a four-legged friend.
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The main symptoms of a tick bite in a dog
Signs of a tick bite should be known to every dog owner. If the current is lightning fast, then something can not be done, in this case the disease wins in any situation. But this is a fairly rare form of ailment, and in most cases, an acute form of the disease is observed. It is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Raise the body temperature to 40-42C - it is worth noting that the temperature lasts about 24-48 hours, then it normalizes, and a little later it starts to go down. It is worth worrying if the thermometer shows less than 38.5 ° C.
- Another common symptom is lethargy. The animal shows little activity, does not run on walks, often lies.
- In most cases, there is a refusal of food.
The remaining symptoms are not necessarily present, but are sometimes present in infected animals:
- the mucous membranes pale;
- a dog can lie on his back and whine pitifully (this is a reaction to pain in the abdomen);
- females may begin to bleed from the vagina;
- the pet can begin to stagger when walking, this happens when the hind legs are refused;
- rarely there may be a digestive disorder in the form of diarrhea and vomiting .
With a significant development of infection from the mouth of the pet, a putrid smell begins to emerge, the urine becomes dark, with a bloody admixture.
First aid with a tick bite
If the dog is bitten by a tick, treatment should not keep itself waiting! If there is a possibility, at the first signs of infection the dog needs to be delivered to the clinic. But what if the ailment caught off guard somewhere in the countryside, out of town, away from veterinary services? In this case, you need to act on your own.
If the dog refuses food and food, do not dehydrate the body. It is necessary to pour water into the jaws of the dog every 30-40 minutes - 50-100 ml each. When vomiting is more effective will put an enema or a subcutaneous injection with the same amount of fluid. Thus, the body will receive the missing moisture.
As an emergency therapy, three times a day to put the dog subcutaneous injections with glucose, vitamins B 6 and B 12 . This will help support the body in the fight against the disease, but without special preparations against parasites the dog will not cure. Their self-introduction without correct diagnosis can harm the animal.
If absolutely hopeless situation, there is no possibility to show the dog to the veterinarian, and the condition is accompanied by all obvious symptoms, it is possible to put the dog in the injection of Azidin or Veriben, accurately calculating the dosage based on the weight of the pet.
As soon as the situation stabilizes, it is first necessary to take the dog's tests to the laboratory to clarify the diagnosis. It is necessary that the doctor prescribe a comprehensive therapy, since an untreated infection can lead to serious consequences.
After that, there is a long rehabilitation course aimed at restoring intestinal microflora, normalizing the activity of vital organs, and, importantly, strengthening the body's immune forces.
Attentive attitude of the owner to his pet will help in time to detect a threat in the form of a tick and prevent the development of serious complications.