Sneezing is one of the protective reactions of the body, contributing to the removal of various pathogenic microorganisms, foreign particles, mucous secretions beyond its limits. Chih is not an obligatory symptom of diseases, but if the dog sneezes too much, and even more so if additional symptoms of ailments appear - it is necessary to identify the cause of this phenomenon and eliminate it. To trigger a sneeze can be a mass of phenomena and it is worth considering the most common of them.
- Попадание в нос раздражающих веществ 1. Getting into the nose of irritants
- Аллергическая реакция 2. Allergic reaction
- Травмирование и попадание чужеродных тел в носовые пазухи 3. Injury and ingress of foreign bodies into the nasal sinuses
- Образование полипов или опухолей 4. The formation of polyps or tumors
- Инфекционные заболевания 5. Infectious diseases
- Переохлаждение организма 6. Subcooling the body
Getting into the nose of irritants
People perceive the world, mostly through the organs of sight and hearing, but dogs - with the help of smell. Animals, not yet seeing the object, exclusively by smell distinguish familiar from strangers, determine sex, physiology and other nuances.
That is why pleasant human fragrances for dogs can be simply unbearable. Spirits, colognes, and toilet waters can cause a strong and prolonged sneeze in the pet. The sharp smells of household chemicals, new pieces of furniture, shoes and clothes can also cause such a reaction.
Dogs do not tolerate tobacco smoke. They can be overcome by sneezes if dry grass is burned nearby, or smoke from a fire is coming. If the dog gets an irritant in his nose, he will snort, shake his muzzle, cover and rub his nose with his paws. And sneezing in this case is an attempt to clear the mucous membranes of nasal passages.
If there is no prolonged contact with the stimulus, then this state passes by itself. In any case, the owner must find out the cause of the sneeze and remove the object with a strong odor away from the pet.
Allergy is a common ailment of late, which affects not only people, but also pets, including dogs. Sneezing with this disease is a fairly common symptom.
Allergy can be a reaction to perfume, household chemicals, dust mites, plant pollen, pathogenic fungi and bacteria. Often, dogs are diagnosed as having an allergic reaction to fleas , and some breeds tend to have food allergies.
Identify the ailment is not difficult, because the disease is accompanied by a number of symptoms besides sneezing:
- the appearance of rashes and dryness on the skin;
- there may be intestinal disorders, colic;
- swelling of the nose;
- inflammatory processes in the eyes and nose;
- copious flow from the nose;
- accumulation of lacrimal secretions in the corners of the eyes.
The pet is often troubled by itching, it can comb the affected areas of the skin to the blood, which increases the risk of infection of the wounds and the formation of suppuration.
If you do not treat the disease, chronic dermatitis , bronchial spasms or even asthma can develop. To treat sneezing at a dog it is necessary revealing and, whenever possible, eliminating an allergen, taking antihistamine and immunostimulating preparations.
Injury and the ingress of foreign bodies into the nasal sinuses
Dogs with their noses examine everything that meets them on the way. Sand, pieces of plants, seeds, small pebbles penetrate the nasal passages of the dog and tickle. Naturally, the pet begins to sneeze.
If an animal has something stuck in its nose, it does the following:
- shakes his head intensely;
- treads with muzzle paws;
- With effort exhales and at the same time makes a snort.
In this case, the owner is required to inspect the nasal passages of the dog and remove the foreign object with tweezers.
Of course, it is not always possible to do this yourself, because the animal often resists, and there may not be an appropriate tool next to it. In addition, the foreign body can penetrate too deeply into the nose.
In such a situation, the most correct decision is to show the pet to the veterinarian, who will remove the object using special devices.
Often frequent sneezing signals possible injuries - maybe the dog was hit on the nose, or he hit himself, or was scratched. It can be accompanied by a current from the nose with red veins or clots. Lesions are not always visible, so it's better to be safe and contact a vet clinic.
Formation of polyps or tumors
If, during sneezing, mucus from the nose appears from the nose, but there were no injuries, then, first of all, it is necessary to exclude the possibility of the appearance of tumor formations in the nasopharynx.
With the development of the disease, the tumor begins to decompose, ulcers appear on its surfaces, they bleed and secrete purulent exudate, and therefore bloody discharge appears from the nose. When the formation interferes with the animal's breathing, one can observe the same actions of the dog as when a foreign body enters the nose: the dog shakes his head violently, tries to rub the muzzle on any objects or rubs his nose with his paws, breathes intensively, possibly the appearance of whistling and grunting. This behavior of the pet can not be overlooked.
Naturally, in this case, it will not be possible to help the pet independently, it is necessary to seek professional help. To reveal the nature of education, a piece of his tissues is taken for analysis - a biopsy.
If polyps are found, then the method of treatment is one - surgical. It removes both the polyp itself and its roots, in order to avoid subsequent relapses. In this case, you still have to observe the pet in the future. Tumors of a benign nature are also subject to removal.
With malignant neoplasms everything is not so simple, the pet will have to undergo a long anti-cancer treatment.
If the pet is concerned not only with sneezing, but also with a number of other symptoms, it is possible to talk about the virus infection. It is accompanied by the following states:
- the dog is weakened and inactive;
- drink too much;
- there is no appetite ;
- there is a frequent cough ;
- there are abundant mucous discharge from the eyes and nose;
- When the pet sleeps, you can hear wheezing (manifested with damage to the bronchi or lungs).
Often, viruses affect the functionality of the gastrointestinal tract, then the dog develops vomiting and diarrhea , in the feces can appear bloody veins or clots, mucus, they can have a putrefactive or sour smell. In this case, conventional fixing drugs are not effective.
Infections of bacterial or fungal origin do not always accompany such obvious symptoms:
More often these signs pass or take place on a background of a normal status of the pet. And only a veterinarian can accurately identify the cause of the disease and choose the appropriate therapy.
Do not wait for the deterioration or try to solve the problem yourself. Infections, even lethargic, affect the immune systems of the animal, often lead to complications, after which the dog may not recover, it can be a plague , lepopyrosis and other deadly ailments.
To protect the dog from viruses, it is necessary to regularly place preventive vaccinations .
Subcooling the body
With a sudden change in temperature, the pet may begin to sneeze, as this provokes a sharp vascular contraction or enlargement. Most often, this happens after walking, when the animal enters a warm apartment with frost or, conversely, when the dog runs out for a walk.
This phenomenon should not strongly disturb the owners of the pet, since it is quite natural reaction of the organism. But still it is worth evaluating the conditions of keeping the dog, try to strengthen its immune system and see if the pet has any diseases. For a dog with a scant coat it is worth buying special clothes to prevent hypothermia.
If, after a long walk in bad weather, the pet has started to sneeze, cough, is shivering, and he is trying to put it in a place where it is much warmer, then hypothermia has occurred.
In serious cases, the mucous membranes become pale in the animal, blisters are found on the frost-bitten parts of the body. Most often, the paw pads, genitals and the tips of the ears suffer. The body temperature starts to decrease.
It is necessary to take care of the dog, providing it with "dry heat" - wrap it in a blanket, place warmers in the paw area and urgently seek the advice of a specialist.
If the dog sneezes, it's not a reason for panic, but a signal to look at his condition. It is necessary to take care of a warmer place for a four-footed friend, you can rinse the nasal passages with warm water and if you have any alarming symptoms, you should always go to the clinic.