Dogs gradually occupy various niches in human life, some accompany on the hunt, others are called to be a companion, and still others are seriously serving. Naturally, certain requirements are imposed on the latter, they conduct training, and not every dog can be called official. What are the official breeds of dogs obliged to do, and which breeds are the best in this matter?
- Особенности содержания собаки служебной породы 1. Features of the maintenance of the dog of the service breed
- Немецкая овчарка 2. The German Shepherd
- Ротвейлер 3. Rottweiler
- Доберман 4. Doberman
- Ризеншнауцер 5. The Giant Schnauzer
- Русский черный терьер (собака Сталина) 6. Russian black terrier (Stalin's dog)
- Сенбернар 7. St. Bernard
- Бельгийская овчарка 8. Belgian Shepherd Dog
- Кане-корсо итальяно 9. Cane Corso Italo
- Немецкий боксер 10. The German boxer
- Ньюфаундленд 11. Newfoundland
Peculiarities of maintenance of the dog of service breed
Considering the representative of the service breed as a pet, it should be taken into account - most of them grow large enough, and some simply giant dogs. Such an animal will require enough space.
Another important nuance is that such dogs need compulsory upbringing, education, and certain breeds in early socialization, so you and your pet should regularly and for a long time indulge in long walks. When the job takes most of the time and it does not even have a family, then it is not recommended to get such a demanding pet.
If you miss the moment, you can get a big, uncontrollable beast, which poses a serious threat to others. Owners should not forget about their responsibilities.
If the dog enters the family only as a pet, then it will be sufficient to pass the general training course with him, but for a certain specialization additional sessions will be required and they must be carried out with professional cynologists. In any case, it is desirable to have experience in communicating with such dogs or to receive the recommendations of knowledgeable people.
For large-sized, mobile dogs, a balanced diet with a high content of animal protein is required, which means that most of the diet should consist of meat or high-quality feed. In addition, they eat more than average pets, and this must be financially ready. Give the dog waste from his own table is prohibited.
The truth is that often in inept hands such dogs become uncontrollable, aggressive, spiteful. And often they find themselves in shelters, as the owners are not able to correct their behavior and cope with a much grown-up animal. Therefore, before you take in the house of a cute kid, you need to evaluate your strength.
Well, and if there are conditions, opportunities and experience, then it's worth looking at the breeds that have all the necessary qualities. Let's consider what breeds belong to this category.
This breed not without reason heads the service lists - for a long time its representatives are at the peak of popularity, they are smart, smart, well trained. When such a pet appears in the house, he quickly becomes a member of the family, who only, unless, does not know how to talk.
Once a shepherd dog, the German shepherd has acquired such qualities as endurance, high efficiency, the ability to make independent decisions. And the subsequent selection has improved the service qualities, making them almost ideal.
In the police, the guard service is especially appreciated for their ability to strike at a speed and to immobilize an intruder. In addition, they are excellent watchmen, guards, guides, shepherds and companions. The Germans can be kept in the cage as well as in the apartment, but it should be noted that they shed rather strongly.
These thoroughbred representatives are considered not the most accommodating pets, however, most Rottweilers completely refute this view. Everything depends, first of all, on the environment and upbringing. These dogs are inferior to some official dogs in size, but not by courage and speed of reaction. The attacker has virtually no chance to escape from such a persecutor.
Rottweilers have well-developed fighting qualities, so they need mandatory early socialization and upbringing. In training, special attention should be paid to discipline - the dog must perform the commands the first time. It is impossible to be nervous at training, to shout, to show anxiety, otherwise the dog will feel weakness. The owner must be strict, collected and fair.
Feature Rottweilers - a dog can have only one owner, which she will perceive as a leader. To the rest of the family, the dog will be treated fairly and in certain situations may not even pay attention to them. But if the puppy grows with the child, they often become best friends. If you seriously approach training, then from such a pet you will get an excellent bodyguard.
Unlike Rottweiler, this German dog has a more elegant physique. Already at the creation of the breed it was implied that its representatives would perfectly perform the work of a policeman, a rescuer, a bodyguard. And from dogs used in breeding activities, they took all the necessary qualities - compact, muscular physique, steadiness, courage, quick reaction and anger.
Since the Dobermans have a natural aggression, they require strict upbringing and training, the pet will need to begin socializing from puppyhood. Despite this feature, from the Dobermans are excellent companions, friendly and balanced, they are good for children.
Start such a pet is recommended to people who lead an active lifestyle. The dog will be happy to accompany the owner on jogs and participate in sports events.
Among schnauzers, the Riesen are the largest representatives of the group. These are strong, large dogs, muscular, with a body of rectangular format. They perfectly serve, guard and are companion dogs. They are often taken to work in customs, police, airports. With a keen sense, dogs are able to quickly detect drugs, smuggling and illegal immigrants.
Reesenschnauts are active, need regular physical activity. If you do not give the pet a chance to frolic and move a lot without a leash, his physical form and emotional state will deteriorate. By purchasing such a puppy, it is worthwhile to understand that he will have to devote a lot of time and energy.
Among the service breeds, the Riesen are the most sensitive and affectionate, they need communication with the family, affection and attention. Such a pet will not hide his joy at the meeting and sadness, parting. But you can not call dogs obtrusive, they sensitively capture the mood of the owner and know when it is worth to come and pet.
For the maintenance of the Risenschnauzer, a private house with a house area, where the pet will be given freedom of movement, is perfect. An aviary or a chain is categorically not suitable for them, such conditions will contribute to wildness.
Russian black terrier (Stalin's dog)
The breed was bred in the 40's. 20 cent. for a special mission - service on secret military facilities. Of course, such pets should have a set of serious qualities - high intelligence, excellent physical form, determination, increased efficiency and the ability to work in any, even the most severe, conditions.
As a result of breeding activity, a strong, large, muscular, vigilant and sufficiently hardy dog turned out. Black Terriers were entrusted with the protection of strategically important facilities. Today, the representatives of this breed are in great demand in various areas - excellent watchmen, guards, bodyguards, they are remarkably able to cope with sports regulations and often shine at exhibitions. Black terriers have long been recognized outside of Russia.
Purchasing a puppy of this curly breed, it is immediately necessary to take into account that it will grow from a giant to 72 cm at the withers. And the males are more powerful and larger than the bitches. The dog is mobile, balanced, but can show obstinacy. Therefore, he needs a strong hand, such a pet is not recommended for beginners. Natural aggression, oriented to man, requires compulsory education and early socialization. In some cases, the help of a cynologist is required.
One of the largest dogs used for various services. St. Bernard is well amenable to education and training, so there is no need to use force and a rigid approach. Such a pet requires respectful attitude and will not tolerate injustice and harshness.
During training, it should be borne in mind that the phlegmatic dog preliminarily ponders how best to perform the task, and do not rush it. Puppy is best taught in the game, so it does not have to "crush" and force, otherwise, you can spoil the relationship with his four-legged friend.
It is best that the St. Bernards show themselves in the search and rescue activities. Despite their enormous size, they are characterized by mobility and endurance, and a severe look does not indicate anger and aggression - the St. Bernards differ in friendliness and good nature. The reaction of these giants is lightning fast, despite their somewhat imposing and sluggishness.
St. Bernard is acquired as a watchman, companion and nanny, they are able to accompany people with disabilities. The pet needs regular long walks and sufficient loads, however, given the heavy complexion, excessive training is not recommended. Instead of active play, it is better to offer a pet a walk.
Senbernar is suitable for living private sector, because this is a large and colorful animal, but you can not limit his communication with the family, the dog in need.
Belgian Shepherd Dog
Perhaps among the athletes, the Belgians have no equal, they are happy to be on the playground for hours and learn the most complex tricks. Dogs of this breed are successfully used for service - they have for this all the necessary qualities. Being originally shepherds, the dogs were able to change the line of their activities, but they did not lose their skills.
When dealing with such a pet, it should be taken into account that he will not tolerate a gross, negligent attitude and physical influence. Having made just one mistake, the owner can turn the productive work into an endless struggle with a dog with a neurasthenic character.
Belgians are intelligent, intellectually developed and obedient dogs, capable of quickly understanding and understanding the task. They have territorial and protective instincts in their blood that make the dogs beautiful guards and guards.
It is recommended to take a Belgian Shepherd puppy when there is experience in upbringing and dressing. The owner must act strictly, but not despotic. Important is timely socialization and it is necessary to pass a course of general preparation, moreover, it is better to negotiate with your pet than to use rudeness and rigidity.
Such a pet can be kept as a companion, but do not forget about the strong sense of dominance of these dogs. The owner will have to become a leader with unquestioned authority, only so the dog will accept it and obey.
Cane Corso italiano
The giant is of Italian origin with a very formidable appearance. But Cane Corso has advantages not only in dimensions and appearance - they are very strong and intelligent. Naturally, such an extraordinary pet needs early education and training. It should be as soon as possible to bring him to the crowded places to fully socialize.
Bearing in mind the giving of commands to this dog should be taken very seriously - the escaping out of place "fas!" Can fatally end for the offender. Specialists warn that owners take on a great responsibility, planting such a pet. From the Cane Corso beautiful guards, fighters, hunters for large animals are obtained. Also, representatives of the breed are often used in the police and search services.
To the pet was in fine physical form, he needs frequent jogging, classes and training. If you properly raise a dog, then it will result in a fearless, balanced dog that does not show aggression when it is not required. It is necessary to keep the Cane Corso in such a way that he can communicate with family members and move freely.
The breed of official dogs, which was bred in Germany today in the USA, is among the ten most popular dogs of this category. This assembled, lean, muscular dog was created to assimilate the teams, to display their intelligence and quickness of reaction. Since 3 months the puppy of this breed is able to perform simple tasks, gradually enriching the stock of skills.
In German boxers a lot of energy and activity, with such a pet you will not get bored. Among the service breeds, they are considered the most playful dogs, and this quality they retain for life. Such a pet can be planted for a grown up child - they will definitely be able to establish communication.
Boxers are distinguished by devotion and friendliness to all members of the family, but are completely subject only to the owner. To outsiders who came to visit under the owners, not aggressive, not afraid, but only watchfully watch. The pet is straightforward, will not cheat and evade from duties, so working with him is very easy and pleasant.
Do not buy a boxer, living in an apartment, for him the best option is considered private ownership. The dog does not require complicated care, it is enough to take care of the wool periodically, combing it with a brush.
Canadian breed of dogs, having its origin from the ancient Molossians. Large dogs with long, thick wool, well suited to training, have excellent memory and intelligence. Due to the fact that Newfoundlands always try to please their master, their upbringing and training should not cause difficulties.
Dogs of such breed are used for service and are given as companions. But, deciding to have such a pet, it should be taken into account, it will take a lot of time for active walking and active training. Such a four-footed friend will be happy to accompany the owner during jogging, training, hiking. Dogs are ready to travel long distances without fatigue.
Newfoundlands are deprived of aggression, friendly, reserved and contact. The best place to stay will be a large house, where the pet can freely move around the local area.
The long coat of such a dog requires regular combing, especially during the moult. But thanks to the water repellent coating, it practically does not get dirty - bathing the dog is often not required. However, Newfoundlands are very fond of water and will never refuse to plunge - it's better not to forget this feature of the dog.
A service dog - more than an animal, such dogs often save human lives, come to the rescue, and without thinking about the danger. Many of them were awarded orders and medals for various feats, but they do not do them for fame. But such a difficult pet requires a special approach - its natural data should be developed, restraining some impulses. The owner should become for the dog a true leader, uncompromising, but kind.