Puppy in the house is joy, fun, mess ... But besides the positive emotions, the appearance of the baby raises some questions and one of the first - how and how many times a day to feed the puppy. Naturally, you need to take into account the age of the dog, its size and other aspects. We'll figure it out.
- Чем кормить щенка – сухим кормом или натуральной пищей? 1. How to feed a puppy with dry food or natural food?
- Сколько раз в день нужно кормить щенка 2. How many times a day do you need to feed a puppy
- Особенности натурального кормления 3. Features of natural feeding
How to feed a puppy - dry food or natural food?
Perhaps, this is one of the first dilemmas - to choose dry rations or feeding natural food. By the way, veterinarians still do not have a common opinion, which is the best option. You can take into account the opinion of the doctor, the breeder, where the baby was purchased, and evaluate all the pros and cons of both types of feeding. The positive aspects of production rations include the following:
- most dogs eat dry food , even those that are sparrows;
- manufacturers produce different product lines, and there is a possibility to choose a more suitable one, even if the dog has any diseases or he suffers from food allergy;
- to determine the size of a portion and measure it very simply;
- dry food can be stored for a long time without a refrigerator, so they can be purchased in bulk, especially important if the pet is large or several;
- you do not need to spend time preparing;
- ready-made dry rations - this is the cleanest kind of feeding, when neither the dog nor the things around get dirty;
- high-quality feeds are as balanced as possible and contain everything you need, so you do not need to take additional supplements and dressings.
Despite the large number of advantages, there are some disadvantages of this type of feeding:
- the composition of feeds is known only to producers;
- high-quality feed is quite expensive;
- cheap diets are affordable, but their composition is not ideal, they contain more plant components, artificial supplements, flavor enhancers, flavorings, etc. are allowed.
When choosing not to focus on a well-known brand and advertising, it is best to heed the advice of a veterinarian and a breeder. Rations consisting of natural products also have advantages:
- the owner knows exactly what his puppy is eating;
- there is confidence in the freshness of the prepared dish;
- in the diet there are no various additives - preservatives, dyes, etc .;
- The dog receives natural protein and fiber.
Before giving preference to this type of feeding, the owners must take into account and negative nuances:
- food will have to be cooked, if not every day, then every other day;
- food is stored for a short time and only in a refrigerator;
- everything that the dog has not eaten is thrown away;
- if the pet is eaten stale, for a long time standing in the bowl of food, then you should expect signs of poisoning, so it is important to monitor that the pet eats everything at once;
- puppies do not always eat carefully, so that not only the face of the pet can be smeared in the porridge, but all around the place of feeding;
- it is difficult to balance and dose a daily portion;
- with natural feeding the pet will periodically need vitamin-mineral supplements.
Another nuance - to transfer a pet from a natural food to dry food is not difficult, but when the reverse process is possible difficulties - a pet can declare a hunger strike.
Useful article: how many times a day to feed an adult dog .
How many times a day do I need to feed a puppy
The smaller the baby, the more often it needs to be fed. For example, monthly crumbs should be given 6-7 times a day, and from 10-12 months it is recommended to transfer it to an adult regime - 2 meals a day. The ideal time for the first feeding is from 6 to 8 am, the latter from 19 to 22 hours. And the smaller the puppy, the earlier he needs to give food in the morning and later in the evening. This will allow him to go to bed in a good-humored mood and not to have a strong hunger in the morning in anticipation of feeding.
When determining the feeding schedule, the individual characteristics of the breed and the dog itself are taken into account, but, on average, it includes the following:
- from one to two months - six to seven times a day with an interval between feedings of 3 hours;
- from 2 to 4 months - five-time feeding, the interval is increased to 4 hours;
- from 4 months to 6 months - four meals a day (one morning and one evening, and two day meals);
- from six months to 10 months - three meals a day (one day feeding is removed);
- from 10 months. up to one-year-old age - two-time feeding - morning and evening. In small breeds, the transfer to an adult food regime occurs a little earlier, in large and giant - a little later.
Experts do not recommend changing the number of feedings, if the baby is not ready for it. Usually pups themselves ignore one of the feedings, which is a signal to cancel. If the pet is expecting and shows all that it is hungry, do not deprive him of food.
Features of natural feeding
If in the case of dry diets everything is more or less clear, then with natural feeding, there may be questions. What can be included in the diet of a small pet, and what should I avoid? The puppy's menu from 1 to 3 months should include the following products:
- cottage cheese (it is recommended to cook it yourself, adding calcium chloride);
- milk and milk whey;
- low-fat dairy products - varenets, fermented baked milk, kefir, yogurt;
- milk cereal - buckwheat, oatmeal;
- pieces of boiled meat - beef, veal, lamb, rabbit;
- stewed or raw vegetables, fruits - zucchini, carrots, apple, pear.
First of all, the food for small puppies should be brought to a mushy state and eventually include pieces of food in it. Kashi, vegetable stew can be seasoned with creamy, vegetable oil. From 3 months begin to give the pet raw meat, although some breeds are recommended from the first days. That the kid has not caught helminths, meat should be frozen in the freezing chamber, and before submission - to defrost and scald with boiling water.
From 4 months in the diet can include boiled eggs, a small amount of sour cream, sea fish. Chicken meat is an allergen, so with half a year you can try to test it for your pet, but be sure to monitor its condition. At the same time, you can give the dog offal, but only in a cooked form.
From half a year to 9 months, the diet is not too variable, it must also be balanced and include all the necessary components. The main products are meat, by-products - they make up at least 50% of the total diet.
Proper feeding is the guarantee of the health and longevity of the pet, and this issue should be approached with all seriousness. Puppy should receive high-quality food and be sure to follow the regime.