Shih Tzu - amazingly beautiful dogs, luxurious and lovely. However, the first impression is deceptive, since these dogs, despite their decorative, possess courage and self-worth. What is known about the representatives of this breed, and what should the future owners be warned about?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы ши-тцу 2. Description of the Shih Tzu breed
- Характер представителей породы 3. Nature of the breed
- Дрессировка ши-тцу 4. Shih Tzu training
- Как ухаживать за ши-тцу 5. How to care for shih-tzu
- Кормление питомца 6. Feeding the pet
- Фото ши-тцу 7. Photos of Shih Tzu
- Видео о ши-тцу 8. Video about Shih Tzu
- За сколько можно купить щенка ши-тцу? 9. How much can you buy a shih-tzu puppy?
- Питомники ши-тцу 10. Shih Tzu nurseries
Origin of the breed
Around the history of this ancient breed, presumably originated in Tibet, there is a lot of speculation and myths. According to Buddhist legends, a dog with this appearance was a companion of the Buddha himself and accompanied him wherever he went. But if its owner was in danger, she would reincarnate into a ferocious lion and rush to protect the prince.
Until now, experts are arguing about the origin of dogs shih-tzu, but other versions have no confirmed facts, so they are not seriously considered. Secrets are shrouded in the one who is the ancestor of these amazing animals. Studies have shown that the DNA of the shih-tzu is slightly different from the wolf. The real cult of shih-tzu began in 1653, when the Chinese emperor received several dogs of this breed as a gift from the Tibetan Dalai Lama. Almost immediately they became a symbol of the imperial power.
Shih Tzu breed description
Naturally, such an uneasy origin affected the appearance of dogs. From them, they are so noble, and their delicacy is betrayed by their "royal" roots. In the representatives of this breed, a pedigree sign is quite pronounced - the males exceed the bitches in size, they are more muscular and sturdy. The constitution in dogs is a dry, bony and muscular corset well developed. The growth of dogs is from 23 to 28 cm, weight varies from 4.5 to 8.5 cm.
The main advantage of shih-tzu is a luxurious wool cover, which has a dense, developed undercoat. Thanks to him, the dogs look like a chrysanthemum:
- The head is rounded, with a wide skull and a sharp transition from the frontal part to the muzzle. Eyes large, round, widely spaced, covered with a falling tuft. The color of their iris depends on the color. Muzzle square format, shortened, does not have wrinkles, with a thick mustache and beard.
- The auricles are wide, long, hang down. Because of the long coat it is difficult to estimate their size.
- The body is stretched, the body is rectangular, strong. The thorax is deep, low down between the front paws. The back is straight, turning into a strong, convex lower back. The croup has developed musculature.
- The tail is abundantly covered with hair, set high, located on the back.
- The limbs are short, with developed muscles, strong bones and rounded paws with fleshy pads.
- The coat is long, dense, but not curly, the standard allows only a slight waviness.
Colors of Shih Tzu Dogs
There are no strict boundaries and restrictions, any color of wool is allowed. But more valuable are colored individuals with divergent white petals of strands in the area of the muzzle and at the end of the tail.
Nature of the breed
The main quality of the shih-tzu character, striking in the eye, is their mannerisms. When meeting a stranger, the dog immediately expresses disbelief and it seems that he treats arrogantly. But, as the owners say, the first impression is not exactly accurate. Shih-Tzu is fond of swimming in attention and very hard going through a disparaging attitude towards his own person. But at the same time they are rather delicate and do not have the habit of imposing themselves on family members if they see that they are busy. They are able to wait, but their expectation must be rewarded.
Purchasing a puppy of this breed, the owners must take into account the "narcissism" of its representatives. But at the same time, from shih-tzu are excellent companions, family dogs. With proper upbringing, they are very accommodating pets. Representatives of this breed can be called long-livers, if you take good care of the dog, then it will live 17-19 years. These dogs are very easy to find a common language with all members of the family. Yes, and they get on well with other pets. Even felines can not cause aggression in these peace-loving animals.
But because of naivety and the need for attention, they do not possess protective qualities, and will not protect property and their owners. In addition, shih-tzu can not tolerate bullying, and even small children are not allowed to carelessly. Therefore, if the house has kids, then it is not worthwhile to start a pet of this breed.
But older children will find in the face, or rather, face, this doggie is an excellent companion for games and fun. Shih Tzu are characterized by cheerfulness and curiosity. Especially these signs are manifested in dogs for up to a year. But later they do not become sluggish or lazy. In addition, it is possible to acquire such a pet for the elderly, since shih-tzu can lift the mood, and do it unobtrusively. They are moderately active and feel changes in the mood of the owner.
Shih Tzu training
Shih Tzu have a difficult character, so they need timely training and education. And if you create suitable conditions, and the dog can perceive training as a game, he can easily assimilate the various teams.
Without training, the pet will become wayward, spoiled, uncontrollable. Another negative disadvantage of shih-tzu - their loudness and briskness, the dog will often bark loudly. Since in ancient times they performed a shepherd's work, their qualities can manifest there - it's no wonder if the pet starts to grab the household by the teeth with his feet, and growls and howls while no one is at home. The educated shih-tzu will not bark at trifles and allow himself such pampering.
To be engaged in education of the puppy it is necessary from the first days. And if there is an opportunity, it is better to get advice from a specialist who knows how to handle this breed. It is important that the owner is able to prove his leadership and during the training was collected, calm and did not forget about justice. Do not jump from one to another, raise your voice and try to break the dog's psyche.
Any problems can be eliminated by proper education and not without the intelligence of the pet. Shih Tzu respond well to human speech, they have an excellent memory, however, it is unlikely to teach such a dog to circus tricks and force obediently obey, it will be hampered by their pride and self-esteem. Shih Tzu is not a watchman, guards, and even more so - not service dogs, so choose a course of study should be in accordance with their specifics - they are companions.
How to care for shih-tzu
When purchasing a puppy, the origin of the breed should be taken into account. A new family member will need a comfortable pillow or house where the dog could rest. If we compare shih-tzu with other long-haired breeds, then they can not be called too demanding in care. They differ mobility, but do not require long walks, they can throw out their energy with interest, playing with their household members. And if necessary, the pet can be accustomed to the tray, these dogs are very clean.
These are excellent dogs for apartment maintenance and the bonus can be called the absence of a specific smell. Another thing - their coat is thick and long. To the dog looked well-groomed, it is necessary to regularly wash and scratch the wool, otherwise it will lose its shine, silky and begin to stray into the coils. Long wool doggies give vent to fantasy, and the owners can make different hairstyles using hair accessories - elastic bands, clips, clips and ribbons.
For swimming, you should use only special, preferably professional products - shampoos, conditioners, sprays. Puppies are washed a couple of times a month, adult doggies - 4-5 times a year. After the procedure, it is recommended to wet the pet with a towel and use a hair dryer to dry the hair.
If the pet is not a participant in various kinds of shows and exhibitions, then it can be shortened. Of course, this decision will deprive the dog of the form of a royal dog, but make it more amusing. Moreover, in this case, care for the hair will be the simplest, as in the case of short-haired breeds.
In addition, the eyes and ears of the dog need care. Also, the claws should be trimmed as needed. Teeth of dogs of this breed need to be cleaned daily, since pedigree representatives often diagnose periodontitis. To the dog used to such hygienic procedures and calmly transferred them, you should accustom him to them from puppyhood.
In favor of these escape manipulations, we can say that they will positively affect the health of the pet. After all, because the ears of the shih-tzu are hanging and at the same time pressed to the head, they are not ventilated, which means that the risk of developing inflammation is high-otitis. In addition, owners should know how to measure body temperature in dogs.
Feeding the pet
Choosing a diet for a small four-legged friend, it is necessary to take into account the propensity of representatives of this breed to obesity. So, the fat in the menu should be less. In addition, you should not pamper your pet with food from your table, first, it is harmful, and secondly, unpretentious by nature dogs become more selective in food, which makes feeding difficult.
The easiest way to feed any dog is dry ready-made rations. In this case, you do not need to cook, and the food is kept long enough. As for the brand, it is best to consult the breeders of shih-tzu on this issue. If this is not possible, then choose the premium brand and super-premium category. In the lines of feeds, there is always a view for dwarf and small breeds, containing everything necessary for such dogs. Also, some manufacturers have separate feeds for shih-tzu.
In addition, you can include canned food in the diet, but it is worth giving preference to the same brand as dry granules. Calculating the norm, looking at the table indicated on the package, it should be borne in mind that here usually indicates the daily volume and it should be divided into several parts, depending on the number of feedings. As a rule, an adult shih-tzu is fed twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
Natural feeding is another option that modern dog owners are increasingly choosing. And for chrysanthemum dogs you can make a balanced diet, because in this food there are no preservatives, flavors and other chemical additives.
Like other dogs, in Shih Tzu the basis of the diet is meat. By the way, for the representatives of this breed, the product is more preferable in raw form. But, in order to exclude the risks of parasite infection, experts still recommend it to boil a little or steep boiling water.
It is best to feed shih tzu suitable beef, low-fat parts and by-products (liver, tripe, heart, etc.) You can also give a boiled turkey and rabbit. But with a chicken you need to be more careful, as in many dogs it causes an allergic reaction. The meat part of the daily diet should be 60-70%. In addition, the menu should include fish - low-fat marine, in boiled form and necessarily cleaned from bones.
Milk is not very suitable for adult dogs, but sour milk products and cottage cheese must be present. You can cook porridges on broths - rice, buckwheat, Hercules, at the same time it is good to boil them. After adding them to meat and a little vegetable oil. The source of fiber is vegetables - boiled, steamed and raw. A useful additive is meat-and-bone meal, you can also include fish oil and kelp.
Photos of shih-tzu
Shih Tzu Videos
How much can you buy a shih-tzu puppy?
If you decide to buy a shih-tzu puppy, then naturally, the question of its value is of interest:
- For 5000-10000 thousand it is possible to buy the milaha, not having documents. Naturally, this is not an excuse to abandon a four-legged friend, but there is a risk of acquiring a cross between a puppy and a puppy with a disease.
- Puppy pet-class, which is not suitable for exhibitions and breeding, but will be an excellent companion, will cost from 12,000 to 25,000 rubles.
- The children of the breed class, without brilliant data, but corresponding to the standard and suitable for breeding work, cost from 30,000 rubles.
- If you want a four-legged comrade who can shine in the show and take prizes, then here you have to pay much more - the price takeoff is huge - from 45,000 to 200,000, depending on the qualities of the puppy and the titles of his parents.
Shih Tzu - once a favorite of the Chinese emperors, today is an excellent companion and a family dog. Naturally, his royal past influenced the character - he loves and respects himself and demands the same from others.