These four-legged friends of man hunted alongside a man for thousands of years, helping in this difficult matter. And although for today hunting has lost the paramount importance in human life, and most breeds have successfully retrained, there are still dogs with pronounced working instincts. There are different types of game, and in each of them certain breeds of dogs are used, some deftly drive the animal out of the holes, others deport the children from the water, others - only drive ... To understand this in more detail, it is worth getting acquainted with the classification and find out the most popular hunting breeds of dogs.
- Лучшие легавые собаки 1. The best pug dogs
- Самые популярные породы среди борзых 2. The most popular breed among greyhounds
- Спаниели — испанские охотники 3. Spaniels - Spanish hunters
- Таксы — коротколапые охотники 4. Dachshunds - short-hunted hunters
- Терьеры — норные охотники 5. Terriers - Nordic hunters
- Гончие — быстроногие, активные, выносливые 6. Hounds - fast-footed, active, hardy
- Ретриверы — охотники, любящие водную стихию 7. Retrievers - hunters who love the water element
The best pug dogs
A lot of breeds are included in the group of the cops, the representatives of which are united by the ability to find game, to freeze in a certain posture - the rack. These dogs are used as rifle assistants involved in the production of feathered game. The most popular cops are the following breeds:
- Irish Setter. This chestnut, handsome handsome man is never left without attention, appearing in public places. The dog is large, harmoniously complex, but not heavy and very elegant. This breed was bred in Ireland specifically for hunting small animals and a bird that inhabits the swampy terrain.
- Drathaar. According to experienced hunters, this German coarse-wooled paddling is the best in its group. The dog has a unique technique - hunting in an open place, they move "shuttle", which prevents the game from hiding from it. Of the drathaaras also receive excellent companions - reliable and faithful.
- English pointer. This smooth-haired pug was obtained as a result of painstaking selection. In the work consisted of Spanish guards, several types of foxhounds, bulldogs, setters, greyhounds and old French marriage. From all breeds the English pointer took positive qualities, which made the dog a successful hunter with an aristocratic appearance.
- Poodle pointer. One of the most hardy dogs, able to hunt in the most difficult conditions. This hybrid breed was obtained by crossing a poodle and pointer, from which its representatives inherited a high intellect and excellent hunting skills. The dog is not only active and courageous, but also capable of wit and ingenuity, outsmarting any beast.
- French Gascon Pointer. In comparison with the previous breeds, these dogs are not so popular that in no way detracts from their working abilities. Pointers from France take a good stand, work confidently before and after shots, and also make an excellent apportion and sensitively take the trail.
The most popular breed among greyhounds
Representatives of these breeds used to hunt the beast, that is, hunting without a gun. According to the dictionary, "greyhound" means - dexterous, agile, fast, and these dogs completely correspond to it. They run very fast, hardy and are better suited to work in open areas. Their vision is arranged in such a way that it is able to cover a large area, not letting out of sight the pursued prey. These include:
- The Afghan Greyhound. The aboriginal name of this ancient breed is Bakhmul, these dogs were actively used for hunting ungulates - mountain goats, rams, as well as felines, foxes and wolves. "Afghans" are able to work in pairs, alone, rarely flock. Today this breed not only has not lost its popularity, but also successfully leads in various ratings, most often associated with the most beautiful dogs, and also flaunts on exhibition rings.
- Irish Wolfhound. The ancestors of these giants are the dogs that inhabited the Celtic tribes. For a long time, almost nothing was known about them, and the breed slowly disappeared, however, interest in wolfhounds flared up in the 19th century and allowed it to recover. Representatives of the breed are very tall, muscular, efficient and brave. Previously, even a couple of such guards could repel the herd from a pack of wolves.
- The Lionretka. This little borzuyu of Italian origin is more often given as a pet, however, the hunting instincts of a liverpecker are in the blood. It was once used to hunt rabbits, but more often these cute creatures, since the time of the pharaohs, reclined on the pillows of royalty and grandees.
- Polish greyhound (hart). They are dogs with a traditional for greyhound appearance - lean, elegant body and narrow muzzle. Their hunting skills allow dogs to be used to hunt different animals - hares, foxes, roe deer and wolves. Hortens are very hardy, strong dogs, which can also be good companions.
- Russian hound greyhound. Representatives of this breed were once very popular in their homeland, and, although they are rare today, attract the attention of others. Russian hound greyhound is second only to the Irish wolfhound, handsome, aristocratic. They were used as an etching dog in various animals, as well as in hunting for wolves.
- Whippet. This small English greyhound is the standard of elegance, it is fast, courageous and endurance. The breed was bred in the UK using a greyhound and a greyhound, especially for hunting rabbits and rabbits, these dogs were doing their job well.
Spaniels - Spanish hunters
Many will agree that the representatives of this group are unusually adorable. The first spaniels were from Spain, where they were used to extract birds from thick undergrowth. Later, several breed species appeared, which had a special orientation: some were engaged in hunting on land, others were called "water". Spaniels include:
- English Cocker Spaniel. Dogs of small size, compact, harmoniously combined, active and cheerful. Cockers are very friendly sympathizers with long, silky hair, which are often fired as pets, and I must say that this breed is quite popular all over the world.
- American Cocker Spaniel. Another charming pet, whose ancestor was an English Cocker. During breeding, special attention was paid to the appearance of dogs, so the animals turned out to be unusually beautiful. Today, they are more common during show programs, rather than hunting. They are recommended to be established as family dogs, they get along with children and other domestic pets.
- Russian hunting spaniel. Popular in the homeland, this breed has never received the recognition of an international cynological association. Russian hunting spaniels were taken out for hunting, so dogs possess innate working qualities, they are strong, active and need compulsory training. Taking such a pet into the house, without subsequent trips to the hunt, it is necessary to provide it with daily long, active walks.
- Irish water spaniel. This curly dog is the largest representative in his group. The breed was bred in the 19th century, and one standard is still used, it was not divided into exhibition and working type. It is not known for certain, but "Afghans" participated in the selection, the signs of which are seen in the appearance of the Irish water spaniel.
Dachshunds - short-hunted hunters
Small doggies with easily recognizable appearance - an elongated body and short, slightly curved legs, were used for the rutting of almost any beast - from hares to deer. They successfully showed themselves when hunting for wild boars, roe deer, and wolves.
Going on the trail of a large beast, the dachshund does not cause fear in the animal, and this plays into the hands of the little hunter. Pesic stops him, successfully evades, teases him, drawing attention. The hunter focuses on barking a pet and goes for prey.
Tusse can successfully track down animals on the ground, but the owner should not be distracted, since the dog can be too carried away and not respond. As for animals climbing trees, the dog pushes them and barks while under a tree.
Representatives of the breed are divided into several species - according to the type of wool cover:
In addition, in each type there are three types of tax:
- standard - larger than other types;
- Dwarf - have average dimensions;
- rabbit - the most miniature of the dachshund.
Not all species were formed by natural ways, in most cases people carried out selection work. Their hunting abilities, features of appearance and general character traits depend on what was laid down during the activity of the cynologists.
Terriers are nun hunters
This is a fairly large group of rocks, the first of which were "normal" dogs, intended for hunting animals that live in burrows, as well as for the extermination of rodents. Some of the terriers were kept in warehouses, ships, warehouses, protecting them from rats and other small pests.
Today, a group of breeds has grown, in addition to hunting, there are decorative and service terriers, and some of them are very popular:
- Airedale. These curly, charming dogs appeared in the 19th century on the territory of England. The creators of the breed pursued the goal of getting the right dog, successful in hunting for water animals. Researchers are still arguing about the ancestors of the Airedale terriers, but most of them believe that the beagle otterhunds, black-taned terriers and otterhounds participated in the selection. Representatives of the breed are compact, muscular, suitable for keeping in apartment conditions, since they practically do not shed.
- Irish Terrier. Among other terriers, he is considered a typical representative. Like the previous breed, "Irish" were withdrawn in the 19th century and almost immediately spread. Later, having got to Russia, they immediately became interested in local cynologists and actively engaged in their breeding here. Being originally a rat-catcher, the dogs of this breed successfully changed their line of business, becoming excellent guards and companions.
- Yagd terrier. This German hunting terrier is a vivid representative among hunters. He helps the hunter to get a normal beast: a badger, a raccoon, foxes. The highest effectiveness is given by a pair of yagter terriers or a terrier paired with a dachshund. In addition, they well show themselves in the hunt for wild boars - the dog is not able to overcome so many large animals, but he can keep them.
Hounds - fast-footed, active, hardy
Hounds - a special group of hunting dogs, designed to detect game and race it along the trail with barking bark. Given such a description, a lean dog with long paws stands up in front of his eyes, speaking all of its activity and lightning reaction. However, not all representatives of the group look that way, quite often the dogs are so original that you will not think that this is a hound:
- Basset Hound. Here is a bright representative of canine, whose appearance in no way reflects the essence. A large dog with short legs, a heavy body and a phlegmatic look. Basset Hound, having smelled the game, literally transforms, his laziness disappears, and the dog becomes very mobile and venturesome.
- Venus. It is a breed of small Anglo-French hounds that need compulsory hunt trips. Dogs are characterized by endurance, high performance, quick response. They are taken to hunt for both small and large animals, and they show high results practically on terrain with different conditions.
- Sabouso. This hound hails from Spain is a universal hunter, since she is able to work not only on the hare, but also successfully drives other animals: foxes, wild boars, wolves. Such a pet is able to work in a pack, but still more often it is a pair of hunters. About sabueso say that the dog is indefatigable, and, indeed, the dog can chase the prey for hours, and after a short break, continue to drive it.
- Beagle. In the United States and Britain, these small, cheerful and passionate hounds have long been appreciated, but in our country interest in them also appears. Beagle is a hound who works perfectly for rabbits, rabbits, foxes, and thanks to the excellent scent of such a pet, it is quite easy to detect prey.
Retrievers - hunters who love the water element
Representatives of this breed were originally used to hunt waterfowl birds - ducks, geese, coots, but on land they could give a head start. Here they are good at working with pheasants, quails, woodcocks, as well as wood grouses and black grouses. Their working qualities are not enough that a dog can catch a hare, however, he can catch him up on a hunter.
If the pupil is trained, then he can do the work of the cops, and, in addition, they create an excellent tandem. Among retriever-hunters allocate:
- Labrador retriever. A highly intelligent hunter who can not only find the beast, but is able to expect the hunter, then effectively raise the game. And after the shot, it is ideal to feed it, without damage from the teeth. Labrador possesses good manners, does not bark the beast or another's person. Difficulties can arise with shots, some dogs of this breed are afraid of them.
- Golden retriever. One of the most popular breeds, whose representatives are rarely used today in hunting. Most often they are used as companions, guides, rescue dogs, and their charming appearance makes them frequent exhibitors.
There are a few more breeds that belong to this species, but they are much inferior in popularity to Labradors and Golden.
Hunting dogs are a special caste, animals possessing unique skills that they got from their ancestors. In some, they are more pronounced, while others could easily retrain, but this must be taken into account when acquiring a puppy of a similar breed.