These four-footed human friends have been hunting for thousands of years alongside a person, helping in this difficult task. And although today hunting has lost its paramount importance in human life, and most of the breeds have successfully retrained, still there are dogs with pronounced working instincts. There are different types of game hunting, and in each of them certain breeds of dogs are used, some cleverly expel the beasts from the holes, others pull the wounded animals out of the water, and others only drive them ... hunting dog breeds.
- Лучшие легавые собаки 1. Best Pointing Dogs
- Самые популярные породы среди борзых 2. The most popular breeds among greyhounds
- Спаниели — испанские охотники 3. Spaniels - Spanish Hunters
- Таксы — коротколапые охотники 4. Dachshunds are short-footed hunters
- Терьеры — норные охотники 5. Terriers - burrow hunters
- Гончие — быстроногие, активные, выносливые 6. Hounds - swift-footed, active, hardy
- Ретриверы — охотники, любящие водную стихию 7. Retrievers - hunters who love the water element.
Best Pointing Dogs
The group of cops includes many breeds, whose representatives are united by the ability of finding a game, to freeze in a certain posture. These dogs are used as rifle assistants involved in the production of game birds. The most popular cops are the following breeds:
- Irish Setter. This chestnut, handsome, handsome man never goes unnoticed, appearing in public places. The dog is large, harmoniously complex, but not heavy and very elegant. This breed was bred in Ireland specifically for hunting small animals and birds living in the marshland.
- Drathaar. According to experienced hunters, this German wire-haired Pointing Dog is the best in its group. The dog has a unique technique - hunting in the open, they move "shuttle" that does not allow game to hide from it. Druthaars also make excellent companions - reliable and loyal.
- English Pointer. This smooth-haired dog turned out as a result of painstaking selection. The Spanish cop, several foxhound types, bulldogs, setters, greyhounds, and old French marriage consistently participated in the work. From all breeds, the English Pointer took positive qualities, which made the dog a successful hunter with an aristocratic appearance.
- Poodle Pointer One of the most hardy dogs that can hunt in the most difficult conditions. This hybrid breed was obtained by crossing a poodle and a pointer, from which its representatives inherited high intelligence and excellent hunting skills. The dog is not only active and courageous, but is also capable, thanks to his wit and wit, to outwit any beast.
- French Gascon Pointer. Compared with previous breeds, these dogs are not so popular that in no way diminishes their working abilities. Pointers from France take the stand perfectly, work confidently before and after the shots, and also perfectly apparate and take a trail sensitively.
The most popular breeds among greyhounds
Representatives of these breeds were used to bait the beast, that is, hunting without a gun. According to the dictionary, "greyhound" means - dexterous, agile, fast, and these dogs fully comply with this. They run very fast, hardy and better than others are suitable for working in open areas. Their vision is arranged in such a way that it is able to cover a large area without keeping out the pursued prey. These include:
- Afghan Hound. Three times the aboriginal name of this ancient breed - bacchmul, these dogs were actively used for hunting ungulates - mountain goats, rams, as well as feline, foxes and wolves. "Afghans" are able to work in pairs, alone, rarely in packs. Today, this breed not only has not lost its popularity, but also successfully leads in various ratings, most often associated with the most beautiful dogs, and also flaunts the show ring.
- Irish Wolfhound. The ancestors of these giants are the dogs that lived in the Celtic tribes. For a long time, almost nothing was known about them, and the breed slowly disappeared, however, interest in wolfhounds flared up in the 19th century and allowed her to recover. Representatives of the breed are very tall, muscular, workable and brave. Previously, even a couple of such guards could discourage a flock from a pack of wolves.
- Italian greyhound This little greyhound of Italian descent is more often brought up as a pet, however, hunting instincts are in the greyhound's blood. It was once used to hunt rabbits, but more often these lovely creatures, from the time of the pharaohs, reclined on pads of royal persons and nobles.
- Polish Greyhound (Hart). These are dogs with the traditional greyhounds appearance - a lean, graceful body and narrow face. Their hunting skills allow dogs to be used to hunt various animals - hares, foxes, roes and wolves. Horta very hardy, strong dogs, which can also be good companions.
- Russian Borzoi. Representatives of this breed were once very popular at home, and, although they are found today quite rarely, attract the attention of others. The Russian hunting sighthound is second only to the Irish Wolfhound, beautiful, aristocratic. They were used as an etching dog on various animals, as well as in the hunt for wolves.
- Whippet This small English greyhound is the standard of elegance, distinguished by its speed, courage and endurance. The breed was bred in the UK, using the Greyhound and Italian Greyhound, especially for hunting rabbits and rabbits, these dogs perfectly coped with their duties.
Spaniels - Spanish Hunters
Many would agree that the representatives of this group are extremely charming. The first spaniels came from Spain, where they were used for the extraction of birds from dense thickets. Later, several breed varieties appeared that had a particular orientation: some were engaged in hunting on land, others were called "water". Spaniels include:
- English Cocker Spaniel. Dogs are small, compact, harmoniously folded, active and fun. Cockers are very friendly and handsome with long, silky hair, which are often brought up as pets, and I must say, this breed is quite popular all over the world.
- American Cocker Spaniel. Another charming pet, the ancestor of which was the English Cocker. During breeding, special attention was paid to the appearance of the dogs, so the animals turned out to be unusually beautiful. Today, they are more common during show programs than in hunting. They are recommended to start as family dogs, they get along with children and other pets.
- Russian hunting spaniel. Popular at home, this breed has not received recognition from the International Cynological Association. Russian hunting spaniels were taken out for hunting, therefore dogs possess inborn working qualities, they are strong, active and need compulsory training. Taking such a pet into the house, without subsequent hunting trips, it is necessary to provide it with daily long, active runs.
- Irish Water Spaniel. This curly dog is the largest representative in its group. The breed was bred in the 19th century, and one standard is still used, it was not divided into exhibition and working types. It is not known for certain, but the "Afghans" participated in the selection, the signs of which are visible in the appearance of the Irish water spaniel.
Dachshunds are short-footed hunters
Small doggies with easily recognizable appearance — an elongated body and short, slightly twisted paws — were used to hunt almost any animal — from hares to deer. They successfully showed themselves when hunting for wild boars, roes, wolves.
Going on the trail of a large animal, the dachshund does not cause animal fear in the animal, and this plays into the hands of the little hunter. The dog stops him, successfully dodges, teases him, attracting attention. The hunter focuses on the pet's barking and goes to the prey.
Taxa perfectly manages to track down animals on the ground, but the owner should not be distracted, as the dog may be too carried away and not respond. As for animals climbing the trees, the dog pounds and barks them while under the tree.
Representatives of the breed are divided into several types - according to the type of coat:
- smooth coat;
- hard haired;
In addition, in each form there are three sizes of dachshunds:
- standard - larger than other types;
- dwarf - have medium size;
- rabbit - the smallest of the dachshunds.
Not all pedigree species were formed by natural means, in most cases, people carried out selection work. Their hunting abilities, features of appearance and common character traits depend on what was laid during the work of dog trainers.
Terriers - Burrowing Hunters
This is a fairly large group of breeds, the first of which were “burrowed” dogs intended for hunting animals living in burrows, as well as for the extermination of rodents. Some of the terriers were kept in warehouses, vessels, warehouses, protecting them from rats and other small pests.
Today, a group of breeds has grown, in addition to hunting, decorative and service terriers have appeared, and some of them are very popular:
- Airedale. These curly, charming dogs appeared in the 19th century in England. The creators of the breed were aiming to get the right dog, successful in the hunt for water animals. Researchers still argue about the ancestors of the Airedale Terriers, but most of them believe that the hounds from the Terthounds, the Black and Tan Terriers and the Otterhounds participated in the selection. Representatives of the breed are compact, muscular, suitable for maintenance in apartment conditions, since they practically do not fade.
- Irish Terrier. Among other terriers, he is considered a typical representative. Like the previous breed, the “Irish” were bred in the 19th century and almost immediately became widespread. Later, once in Russia, they immediately became interested in local dog handlers and were actively engaged in their breeding here. Being originally a rat-catcher, the dogs of this breed successfully changed their occupation, becoming excellent guards and companions.
- Jagdterrier. This German hunting terrier is a prominent representative among hunters. He helps the hunter to get a burrowing animal: badger, raccoon, fox. The highest performance is given by a pair of jagdterriers or terriers paired with a dachshund. In addition, they show themselves well in the hunt for wild boars - the dog is not able to overcome so many large animals, but he is able to keep them.
Hounds - swift, active, hardy
The hounds are a special group of hunting dogs designed to detect game and chase it along the trail with a bark of water. Given this description, before the eyes gets a lean dog with long legs, all kind of talking about their activity and lightning reaction. However, not all representatives of the group look like this, often the dogs are so original that you will not think that this is a hound:
- Basset hound. Here is a vivid representative of the canine, whose appearance in no way reflects the essence. A large dog with short legs, a heavy body and a stolid look. Basset hound, having sensed the game, literally transforms, its feigned laziness disappears, and the dog becomes very mobile and exciting.
- Venus. This is a breed of small Anglo-French hounds that need mandatory hunting trips. Dogs are distinguished by endurance, high performance, quick response. They are taken to hunt both small and large animals, and, moreover, they show high results practically on the terrain with different conditions.
- Sabueso. This hound, originally from Spain, is a universal hunter, as it is able to work not only on the hare, but also successfully drives other animals: foxes, boars, wolves. Such a pet is able to work in a pack, but more often it makes a pair to a hunter. They say that the dog is tireless, and, indeed, the dog can stalk the prey for hours, and, after taking a short break, continue to drive it.
- The beagle In the USA and Great Britain, these small, cheerful and gambling hounds have long been appreciated, but in our country interest in them appears. The beagle is a hound, which works perfectly on crawl, hare, fox, and thanks to its excellent scent, such a pet quite easily discovers its prey.
Retrievers - hunters who love the water element
Representatives of this breed were originally used to hunt waterfowl birds - ducks, geese, coots, but on land they could give a head start. Here they are good at working with pheasants, quails, woodcocks, and also wood-grouse and black grouse. Their working qualities are insufficient for the dog to catch the hare, however, he can catch up with the hunter.
If the pet is trained, he can do the work of the cops, and, in addition, they create a wonderful tandem. Among the hunter retrievers are:
- Labrador retriever. Highly intelligent hunter who can not only find the beast, but also is able to wait for the hunter, then effectively raise the game. And after the shot is perfect to file it, without damage from the teeth. Labrador has good manners, does not bark at a beast or a stranger. Difficulties may arise with shots, some dogs of this breed are afraid of them.
- Golden retriever. One of the most popular breeds, representatives of which are quite rarely used in hunting today. Most often they are used as companions, guide dogs, rescue dogs, and their charming appearance makes them frequent exhibitors.
There are several other breeds belonging to this species, but they are much less popular than Labradors and Goldens.
Hunting dogs are a special caste, animals with unique skills that they still have from their ancestors. For some, they are more pronounced, while others were able to retrain without difficulty, but this must be taken into account when acquiring a puppy of a similar breed.