Funny and serious, loudly barking and silent, fearful and very bold, fluffy and smooth-haired - different dogs, which are united by one - compact size. There are many small breeds of dogs, some act as pets, while others have working qualities. What little dogs are more popular, and what do they bribe their future owners? It is worth considering the most common breed.
- Аффенпинчер 1. Affenpinscher
- Бивер йоркширский терьер 2. Biver Yorkshire Terrier
- Бишон фризе 3. Bichon Frize
- Брюссельский гриффон 4. Brussels Griffon
- Итальянская болонка 5. Italian lap dog
- Йоркширский терьер 6. Yorkshire Terrier
- Кавалер кинг чарльз спаниель 7. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
- Кроличья такса 8. Rabbit Dachshund
- Папильон 9. Papillon
- Пекинес 10. Pekingese
- Померанский шпиц 11. Pomeranian
- Пти брабансон (Брабантский гриффон) 12. Petit Brabancon (Brabant Griffon)
- Русский той-терьер 13. Russian Toy Terrier
- Той фокстерьер 14. Toy Fox Terrier
- Чихуахуа 15. Chihuahua
- Ши-тцу 16. Shih Tzu
- Японский карликовый шпиц 17. Japanese Miniature Spitz
- Японский хин 18. Japanese chin
The muzzle of this funny dog looks like a monkey or a grimace imp. At the same time the dog is very positive and cheerful. There is some similarity between affenpinchera and griffins, but these two breeds are still different.
In ancient times, these little dogs performed an important function - they exterminated rodents, today they are counted as decorative breeds , and they are mainly companions. The nature of affenpincher is not sugar. Sometimes pets show harm and stubbornness, but at the same time they remain pets of the family. The maximum growth of representatives of the breed reaches 28 cm, they weigh up to 4.5 kg.
Biver Yorkshire Terrier
Representatives of this young breed are abbreviated as Biver-Yorkies. These are cute pets that are different activity, playfulness and mobility. Dogs are so balanced that they calmly tolerate any hygiene procedures. They can be trained using a game form.
Beaver yorkies are great mods and it’s not surprising, because they have a long, silky hair that allows you to make different hairstyles. Wool is the same and requires special care, which future owners better know in advance. The height of the dogs is 24-27 cm, they weigh up to 3.5 kg.
The homeland of these little curly dogs is France. The unusual name of the breed is translated as "curly lap dog". Outwardly, they resemble a soft toy with a snow-white fur coat. Bichons appreciate attention, affection and friendly attitude. And their curiosity and desire to learn make it easy to master even a circus program.
Suitable for active, purposeful people who love to travel - such a pet will be happy to make a company. At the withers the Bichons reach 29 cm, and their weight varies from 2.5 to 5.5 kg.
The Brussels Griffons are mischievous little ones, a funny appearance and bright character allow them to be not only favorites, but also practically family members. Such a pet can be made if there are already animals in the house, they also get along well with small children and show amazing patience and endurance.
Their main qualities are kindness and loyalty, they are very fond of communication and are not averse to being an object of attention. This pet can be started by people who have not previously had dogs as pets. The growth of these babies reaches 28 cm, and the griffons weigh no more than 4.5 kg.
Italian lap dog
This little snow-white toy dog has literally angelic patience. Maltese can easily be taught various tricks, and its intelligence allows you to master even a complex program. Taking this amazing creation into the house, a person gets an excellent companion, which only requires - attention and special care for wool.
Bologna can be started as a friend for a child, they will definitely find a common language. Also, such a pet can accompany its owner almost everywhere - and on trips, and for publication. The height of the dogs does not exceed 30 cm, and the maximum weight reaches 4 kg.
Perhaps one of the most common breeds. Many socialites appear with Yorkies at secular receptions. Once they were used to fight rodents, but today they are exclusively decorative pets. About these dogs we can say that they are very loyal, affectionate and positive. They feel great in apartment conditions, and in country houses.
This kid is very easy to train, especially if you hold classes in a playful way. Yorkies are devoid of aggression and get along well with other animals. Yorkshire terriers weigh no more than 3.2 kg, and height at the withers does not exceed 23 cm.
It will be interesting:
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Like all spaniels, gentlemen have a pleasant, disposing appearance and very appeasable character, but at the same time they do not lose their dignity. The latter is not surprising, because once the dogs of this breed were the favorites of royal persons.
Modern Englishmen consider representatives of this breed to be “anti-stress” dogs that can create comfort. And until now, with the Dutch and English royal courts, it is the cavalier king who hold them.
Such doggies are not guards or watchmen, but they are real companions who can languish without communication. Dogs of this breed weigh no more than 6.5 kg, and their height reaches a maximum of 27 cm.
This is the smallest of the dachshunds, however, having the same hunting instincts and skills as the larger brethren. Such a pet is not unusual to rush past a passing cat, mouse, bird, or make an excellent hole from home blankets.
Rabbit dachshund is an overly agile, active animal that often shows character, so the future owner should be aware that you should be very serious in raising this baby.
The pet will be incredibly devoted to its owner, and a long separation can cause irreparable psychological trauma. The growth of rabbit dachshunds is 17 cm or less, and the weight does not exceed 5 kg.
The official name of the breed is more complex - the continental toy-spaniel, and translated from French means “butterfly”. Despite the presence in the title of the word "Spaniel", Papillons are not hunting dogs, and their funny look confirms this again. Yes, they really did have Spaniels in their family, but, apart from some external characteristics, they did not particularly affect their working qualities.
Such a dog is worth to start for the soul, she knows how to listen, happy to participate in joint activities and good-natured to everyone around him. But the butterfly dog is a thunderstorm for rats and mice, so it can be of great benefit. Growth in withers reaches 28 cm, papilions weigh up to 4.5 kg.
The representative of the oldest Chinese breed, which for a long time lived at the court of the emperor and was a sacred person, which could not but affect the character. These compact long-haired dogs have self-confidence and independence, which makes the process of training and education a little difficult. However, knowing the characteristics of the breed, it is easy to find an approach.
Pekingese unobtrusive and will not require attention, however, not averse to swim in the glory. They coexist with younger family members, but they will not tolerate bullying and neglect. Weigh dogs from 3.2 to 6.5 kg, and the height at the withers does not exceed 23 cm.
Like all spitz, an orange has a good-looking and rich, fluffy fur coat. If you need a small bell in your house that will alert you to expected and unexpected visitors, then you can easily start a Pomeranian puppy. This pet will not let you get bored, and if there are children in the house, then it will successfully join the small noisy company.
Representatives of this breed are not recommended to start for older people, as the spitz requires not only constant attention, but also activity. In addition, their rich fur coat requires special care. The growth of oranges is only 20-22 cm, and the weight is not more than 3 kg.
Petit Brabancon (Brabant Griffon)
Excellent companion dogs come from Belgium with a very expressive attractive face. It’s enough for the owner to look once at the pet in order to understand the mood he is in.
Representatives of this breed are very good-natured, playful and find a common language with almost everyone, including the rest of pets. The dog loves affection, is amenable to training and with the right approach can even perform complex tricks. The growth of such babies is a maximum of 22 cm, weight - 4.5-6 kg.
Russian toy terrier
The breed is relatively new, its appearance is associated with the fashion for small dogs. And so far, ladies have a weakness for these cute graceful doggies on thin legs - compact and good-natured. Toy Terrier will be a company in any journey, do not require complex care and a lot of space.
Despite their modest size, these are bold dogs that will rush to the defense of their owner. But at the same time they are quite appeasable, obedient and not conflict. An important aspect is the mandatory communication with your pet. Toy terriers weigh up to 3 kg, and their height at withers reaches 25 cm.
Toy Fox Terrier
A representative from America who, although not very popular, deserves attention. This little dog is not averse to lying on the sofa with his master, go camping with him and participate in joint games. Toy Terrier is very easy to learn, especially if, for certain achievements and successes, he hears praise, is not conflicted and good-natured.
Finds a common language, even with cats, and at the same time quite fearless. With such pets you can safely go to sports competitions - they show excellent results. The growth of fox terriers is no higher than 25 cm at the withers, and the weight does not exceed 3.5 kg.
Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog in the world. Their homeland is Mexico. These are really tame pets that can literally be worn in a ladies' clutch or pocket, but how can you leave this amazing tiny creature unattended, alone?
But their toy appearance is deceptive, the Chihuahua , in case of danger, can show their teeth and, without thinking about the size of the enemy, rush to the attack. But, in general, they are good-natured pets who are able to attract even non-dog lovers. Kids of this breed can have a height of 15 cm, but some individuals can reach 23 cm, their weight varies from 0.5 kg to 5.5 kg.
Coming from Tibet, the Shih Tzu almost completely retained the original appearance of those ancient dogs that lived in the monasteries. They are also called chrysanthemum dogs for their luxurious, silky wool. In those days, these beautiful dogs did a great watchdog service, giving a voice at the sight of impending danger. Today, such actions are not required from them.
Representatives of this breed are smart, beautiful and have their own dignity. They love to meet guests and participate in small talk. Yes, they need attention and care for their luxurious fur coat. And yes, shih tzu are not very mobile - they like to lie at home more than to run and jump on the street.
Japanese dwarf spitz
This is a miniature little dog with a harmonious appearance and a funny little face touching. But in his genes there is a protective instinct, and such a pet is very wary, and often aggressive to outsiders.
Like all spitz, this kid is perfectly trained and even capable of showing excellent results in competitions. The height of the Japanese spitz can reach 39 cm, weight varies from 4.5 to 10 kg.
This is an oriental handsome man with luxurious wool and intelligent, slightly bulging eyes. He is kind to both people and other animals, does not like conflicts and disagreements. Such a pet does not like to sit in one place, participates in all household chores and is not averse to frolic in nature.
It is vital for him to be in the family circle, and loneliness for such a pet would be a real torture. In height, Japanese quins do not exceed 25 cm, and in weight - 4 kg.
Representatives of small breeds are different dogs with charisma. Some are true couch potatoes, while others are not able to sit still and minute. Therefore, choosing a representative of one or another small breed should take into account their features, and then the little dog will become a true friend and an excellent companion.