A large dog is a big responsibility. About this know almost all the owners of dimensional dogs, and often they are faced with this already in practice. A group of large breeds of dogs is quite extensive and here you can meet, both good-natured individuals, and serious fighting and guard dogs . But, in any case, the owner must know in advance what can grow out of a funny puppy and evaluate his own possibilities.
- Алабай (среднеазиатская овчарка) 1. Alabai (Central Asian Shepherd)
- Американская акита 2. The American Akita
- Амурская лайка (индана) 3. The Amur husky (indana)
- Английский мастиф (большой мопс, староанглийский мастиф) 4. English mastiff (big pug, Old English mastiff)
- Английский сеттер 5. English Setter
- Аргентинский дог (дого аргентино) 6. Argentine dog (dogo argentino)
- Афганская борзая (бакхмуль, афганская левретка) 7. Afghan Greyhound (Barkhmul, Afghan Lionet)
- Бельгийская овчарка 8. Belgian Shepherd Dog
- Бернский зенненхунд 9. The Bernese Mountain Dog
- Бладхаунд 10. Bloodhound
- Босерон 11. The Beauceron
- Бульмастиф 12. Bullmastiff
- Бурбуль 13. Boerboel
- Восточно-европейская овчарка 14. Eastern European Shepherd Dog
- Грейхаунд (английская борзая) 15. Greyhound (English Greyhound)
- Ирландский волкодав 16. Irish Wolfhound
- Кавказская овчарка 17. Caucasian Shepherd Dog
- Кане-корсо итальяно 18. Cane Corso Italo
- Комондор (венгерская овчарка) 19. Komondor (Hungarian Shepherd)
- Леонбергер 20. Leonberger
- Мастино неаполитано 21. Mastino Neapolitano
- Московская сторожевая 22. The Moscow watchdog
- Немецкий дог 23. Great Dane
- Ньюфаундленд 24. Newfoundland
- Ротвейлер 25. Rottweiler
- Русская псовая борзая 26. Russian hound greyhound
- Русский черный терьер (собака Сталина) 27. Russian black terrier (Stalin's dog)
- Сенбернар 28. St. Bernard
- Тибетский мастиф 29. The Tibetan Mastiff
- Французский мастиф (бордосский дог) 30. French Mastiff (Bordeaux Great Dane)
Alabai (Central Asian Shepherd)
Today this Turkmen breed is gaining popularity, because its representatives are excellent guards and watchmen. These are powerful, large dogs, which have an awesome appearance, which, in fact, corresponds to their character - it is better not to interfere with the stranger.
At home, these dogs are considered a national treasure, in addition, there is a ban on the export of purebreds. But Alabai is not only a prestigious, but also an uneasy animal, which requires a firm hand and serious work on socialization and upbringing.
Dogs of this breed are the result of crossing Japanese Akita with larger representatives - mastiffs and German Shepherd Dog. It turned out to be a large, proportional animal, with the appearance of its relatives from Japan.
The American Akita has a balanced mind, but has not lost its vigilance. It is used for protection, service, as a watchman, guide. In addition, such a pet is an excellent companion - faithful, calm and often silent.
Amur husky (indana)
A major representative of the Laika, who possesses all the qualities necessary for a working hunting dog. Indana is a hardy, fearless, physically developed pet, capable of working even in harsh conditions. Yes, he needs intensive physical exertion, but the dog is cheerful, sociable and sociable.
It is not recommended to start such a dog solely as a companion - a working breed for this does not fit, and it has its own purpose.
English mastiff (big pug, Old English mastiff)
English mastiff is the largest breed of dogs in the world. Once the English mastiffs used to hunt large predators and ungulates, as guards and watchmen. Today, this dog is basically a companion, and does not like excessive activity. He will be happy to take a walk in the park, and then relax at home.
Despite the formidable appearance, kind and sympathetic, yet shows suspicion to strangers, so early socialization is required.
The breed appeared when, at the peak of popularity, there was falconry, the dogs unerringly found and marked the nests of birds. English setters at once had a pretty appearance, they are now considered the most elegant representatives of the girlfriends breeds.
Today these dogs are often acquired as a partner for an exhibition career. It does not matter whether the pet is a working dog or a pet, he needs regular physical activity. Specialists still do not advise buying a puppy from the work line for lodging - their excessive activity can cause a number of problems.
Argentine dog (dogo argentino)
A versatile animal that is able to perform a variety of work - guide, search engine, watchman, hunter, rescuer, is used for police and guard duty. It is not without reason that a monument to this white giant was erected in the homeland, and this is in view of the fact that the breed appeared only in the first quarter of the 20th century. For its deduction representatives of various purposes were used, and the dog took from each of them the best qualities.
Dogo argentino with the right approach to education and training becomes the favorite of the whole family - complaisant and good-natured.
Afghan greyhound (Bakhmul, Afghan levretka)
Spectacular dog with a refined, aristocratic appearance and luxurious, long hair. At home, she was used as a guard for livestock, but her exquisitely attractive exterior was already appreciated.
To date, Bakhmul is the property of Afghanistan and often appears on exhibition rings, rather than in a working capacity. But at the same time she is fast-footed, enduring and independent, that is, she has preserved the characteristic features of her ancestors.
Belgian Shepherd Dog
This group of several types of shepherds - grunendal, tervenure, lakenua and malinois, which, according to the International Cynological Federation, are one breed. The main distinguishing feature is the length and color of the coat.
They are considered reliable service and guard dogs, excellent shepherds, and not without grounds. The Belgian Shepherd has high intelligence, excellent memory, is well trained, obedient and understandable. He does not tolerate negligent, rude treatment.
Bernese Mountain Dog
The oldest Swiss breed of dogs, once performed draft and shepherd's work in the highlands. Scientists still argue who was the ancestor of these beautiful, powerful dogs, but they agree - the dog from Bern is a spectacular, patient animal.
Yes, modern breeders are aimed at breeding good-natured individuals who are capable of being a real friend - sympathetic and understanding their master with a half-word.
The dog of this breed has an enviable power and mastiffov, and phlegmatic-melancholic basset hound mordash. This is a highly intelligent, intelligent dog, benevolent and deeply committed to its owner.
Bloodhounds adore children, and they often have to be saved from scoundrel offspring. Softness and good nature do not give dogs of this breed to become effective watchmen and guards. The breed is intended for hunting, but more often acts as a companion.
A fairly rare breed of sheepdogs comes from France, which has a rich history and thoroughbredness - the bocerons did not cross with representatives of other breeds. Initially these stately dogs with a proud bearing carried out the shepherd's work, but over time they became family dogs, loyal and faithful companions, and at the same time sensitive and cautious guards and watchmen.
Such a dog will not bark without business, he is balanced and self-confident. As a leader, the dog will show its best qualities to please the owner, but will not tolerate rudeness and neglect.
For the breeding of bullmastiff representatives of two breeds - the Bulldog and the Mastiff, were used, and as a result of the selection work a resolute, fast, persistent dog with a bulldog grasp and fearlessness turned out.
Despite the harsh appearance, the dog is distinguished by good obedience, good nature and equanimity, the dog is not inclined to manifest sudden aggression. However, experts recommend tightly engaged in the education of this coarse, as in his veins still flowing blood of fighting ancestors.
A large and powerful native of South Africa, whose ancestors used as soldiers. Later they retrained into farm dogs, but they did not lose their guard and combat qualities.
The Boerboels are prone to domination and obey only the owner, but only if he was able to prove his leadership. To start a pet of this breed is recommended only to people experienced, possessing a solid character and knowing the features of these large dogs. Dogs require daily physical activity and are able to exercise stubbornness. By the way, the ICF did not recognize Boerboels as an official breed.
Read also: all breeds of dogs with photos and names .
East European Shepherd
The breed was bred in the Soviet Union in the 1930s. In the breeding work used German shepherds, trying to get more hardy dogs that can work in any climatic conditions. The breeders did it, and in the sixties a standard was approved.
Eastern European Shepherd Dog - a large, hardy animal, endlessly devoted to its owner, performing almost any official work. Has a pronounced security and watchdog qualities, but in vain does not show strength, avoiding groundless conflicts.
Greyhound (English Greyhound)
The oldest breed, the history of which is more than 5000 years. Like most greyhounds , the greyhounds contained aristocratic, rich houses that could afford to hunt with a pack of these refined, beautiful dogs.
If representatives of hounds most often need hunting, then you can not say about the English greyhound. A pet needs 2 hours of exercise per day and a couple longer walks a week to get enough exercise. Do not trust the speculation that greyhounds are difficult to teach, they are good at assimilating the program, if you approach the process correctly.
At home, the breed is considered the property of the country, and in Britain its representatives serve at the royal court. Irish wolfhounds originated from Celtic hounds - huge dogs, wandering with tribes on the territory of modern European countries.
These dogs are aristocratic, but they have a severe character. It is not recommended to train them for service guard duty, since the Irish are capable of exerting excessive aggression. For their own - a favorite and sweet, for strangers - a potential threat.
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
One of the most common breeds is a huge, massive dog with a strong bone and rich hair. Refers to the oldest shepherd breed, and today it successfully plays the role of guard and guard. Already at one glance at such a machine, the intruders will lose the desire to invade the territory entrusted to the dog.
Those who want to have a Caucasian shepherd puppy should evaluate their own strengths and future prospects, the dog will zealously protect the farmstead, and any stranger, whether a man or an animal, will pay if he goes inadvertently, even greet the hosts.
Cane Corso italiano
Italian universal dog, with a developed territorial instinct, a handsome and confident handsome man. For his family, he becomes an excellent friend and shows patience with children, while strangers do not lose sight of their behavior. So that the dog only looks after the guests and does not show aggression in situations that are incomprehensible to him, early socialization and upbringing is required.
It is not necessary to isolate the puppy from the society, he must master the territory and get acquainted with who is a stranger and who is his own, and how to behave himself. About cane corso, we can say that he will spare his life to protect the owner and the household.
Komondor (Hungarian Shepherd)
A pretty colorful representative of the shepherds' breed, which is respectful. His appearance can hardly be called ordinary, since the dog has a long wool, twisted into dense bundles resembling ropes. It is somewhat similar to a lapdog, but too large, bulky.
Modern komondor used as watchmen and guards, they are excellent in their duties. They are fine shepherds, lost in a flock of sheep, suddenly attack predators, who are engaged in robbery. Like other protective rocks, these giants require socialization.
The breed was excavated to become a symbol, "visiting card" of the city of the same name, and one of the requirements for the breed is associated with the appearance of dogs - they should have been as similar to lions. The breed has undergone many ups and downs, but the breeders still managed to keep it.
Leonberger is a large, powerful animal that causes trembling and admiration. By nature, the dog is calm, balanced. Despite the expressed protective qualities, will not show aggression to the people who came, if the owner made it clear that they are friends.
These offspring of warlike mastiffs look impressive, which is just what their big head with multiple folds and splendid armor stands. Once they fought in various arenas with bulls, gladiators and other dogs, but over time their appearance and nature changed somewhat.
From mastino neapolitano excellent guards, watchman and bodyguards are obtained, moreover, hunting is not alien to them. Once they went on a big game, and one such dog could cope with a large boar or bear. Only, it seems that these dogs are sluggish and slow, at the slightest danger the dog reacts with lightning speed and causes severe injuries with teeth.
The Moscow watchdog
One of the young working breeds, obtained by crossing several breeds of different plan. Participated in St. Bernards, Newfoundlands, Borzois, Doghounds and Caucasian Shepherds. The work was approached with all seriousness, and the result is worthy of attention. The dog borrowed the appearance of St. Bernard and the Caucasian Shepherd, turned out to be very mobile, hardy and efficient.
Despite the fact that the Moscow watchdog is positioned as a family dog, such an independent and large pet does not suit everyone and requires serious training and early education.
Beautiful handsome, Apollo among dogs, the Great Dane never goes unheeded, appearing in a crowded place. Their ancestors were real fighters, courageous and fearless, but modern dog has a more good-natured character and is deprived of that primitive aggression. But, despite this, the owner must teach the pet "good manners", because this is a fairly large animal, which can cause problems.
A similar dog can be started by inexperienced dog breeders, but provided that a professional cynologist takes into account its pedigree features in its upbringing.
The Canadian breed of dogs, whose representatives are distinguished by a balanced character, endurance and an unusually attractive appearance. When you look at them, there is no feeling of anxiety or fear, but only admiration.
Once upon a time Newfoundlands were excellent helpers for fishermen, they could dive even in icy water and get not only nets, but also people who got people. By the way, modern dogs also have a weakness for water and have not lost their membranes between their fingers.
Perhaps this is one of the most common large breeds bred in Germany, but won fame around the world. What could its representatives have earned it? First of all, its representatives are very clever and understandable, give in to the training and can perform both official duties, and guard, guard.
Such a hardy pet as a rottweiler does not require special care, however, he is able to show cunning, experiencing his master to "weakly". The dog needs training and education, otherwise you can get a dog that will not obey.
Russian hound greyhound
The breed received its name because of the wavy, silky wool cover, before it was called "psovina". Like other greyhounds, these are elegant dogs, not devoid of aristocracy, very fast, with good hunting qualities.
Tales that this is absolutely unlearned animals with low intelligence, long gone into oblivion. In fact, the Russian borzoi has a certain narrow specialization - they are etching dogs, and here it is difficult for them to find equals. Naturally, Russian dog hounds are not universal dogs that perform many functions, and it is foolish of the pet to demand the impossible.
Russian black terrier (Stalin's dog)
Black terriers - big dogs, with thick wool covering even the eyes, intended for service guard duty, need special training, as without it are dangerous animals.
They are considered the pride of Russian cynology, because the breed was prepared for a special mission - to participate in military operations. But, when the wars were in the past, the dogs were still useful. In addition to the army, they were used for agricultural work.
The ancestors of the St. Bernards were rescue dogs who lived at the monasteries in the Alps and could find people buried under the snow. Such responsible work taught the animals to act independently, as the case may be, not to hesitate and not be afraid.
Many St. Bernards are considered the standard of philanthropy, tranquility and devotion. Despite the large size, the representatives of the breed are not aggressive, they do not just love, but adore children and understand the master from a half-word.
One of the most expensive breeds that appeared in Tibet several thousand years ago. Due to the fact that the Tibetan monks lived alone, the dogs practically retained their impressive appearance, because because of the voluminous wool and large sizes the dogs resemble lions.
This is a serious breed, requiring a special approach. Tibetans are prone to domination, have powerful guarding instincts and are able to show aggression, even to those who accidentally wandered into their territory. In the house, he will find a common language with all members of the family and will fiercely defend them.
French mastiff (Bordeaux mastiff)
Already at one glance it becomes clear that in the family of these powerful strong-armed were fighting dogs. Yes, they inherited a frightening appearance, but here the character has undergone a lot of changes. Today it is a phlegmatic, calm dog that loves its family. It is very difficult to endure separation, to the stranger is wary, but without any reason to attack will not.
When learning it is worth considering that this giant will not run briskly and execute the team, he will initially consider the solution of the task given to him, and it is not worth it to jerk him.
Read also about caring for dogs .
Large breeds mean large dogs, perhaps the only thing that unites them, well, if you do not take into account that they are all human friends. They can be different in temperament and appearance, but this does not prevent them from faithfully and faithfully serve their master.