Samoyed husky, also called Samoyed, Arctic Spitz, is one of the oldest breeds that originated in the North of Russia and Siberia. Nature, creating this dog, definitely tried. The dog received a very spectacular appearance and unique working qualities. Today they more often act as a family dog and do an excellent job with this job.
- История происхождения породы 1. History of breed origin
- Описание породы самоедская собака 2. Description of the breed Samoyed dog
- Характер самоеда 3. The nature of the Samoyed
- Воспитание и дрессировка самоеда 4. Education and training of the Samoyed
- Уход и содержание самоедской собаки 5. Care and maintenance of a Samoyed dog
- Кормление самоеда 6. Feeding the Samoyed
- Фото самоедской собаки 7. Photo of a Samoyed dog
- Видео о самоедской собаке 8. Video about a Samoyed dog
- За сколько можно купить щенка самоедской собаки 9. How much can I buy a puppy of a Samoyed dog
- Питомники самоедской собаки 10. Kennel Samoyed dogs
History of breed origin
As already noted, the Samoyed dog is the oldest breed, named after the northerners of the Samoyeds who once lived in the Urals and Siberia. Samoyans were nomads, so they needed loyal and hardy helpers. The animals grazed cattle, participated in the hunt, nursed the children and drove the sled in deep snow, they were absolutely not afraid of frost.
The development of the breed outside the tribes began due to the fact that zoologist Ernst Kilburn-Scott drew attention to the Samoyeds and, after another expedition to the North, brought several dogs to England. These individuals are still considered the founders of the breed of Western Samoyed huskies.
Ernst Kilburn-Scott owned the first nursery of this breed, he also became the founder of the world's first club. In the same 1909, an official standard was established.
It is worth noting that, despite the long history of the breed, dogs have not changed much. They are distinguished by developed intelligence, endurance and the ability to execute commands the first time.
Description of the breed Samoyed dog
The thoroughbred representatives are medium in size, muscular, strong, but graceful. They have no rudeness in appearance. The height of males varies between 50-58 cm, bitches are slightly less than 46-55 cm, the weight of the dog is from 20-30 kg.
Their physique is quite harmonious:
- The head is wedge-shaped with a fairly short, smooth hair between the lips and ears, pigmented in black.
- For dogs, a black lobe is characteristic, but individuals with a brown or flesh lobe are also found.
- The auricles are dense, medium long, with rounded tips, widely spaced. The inner surface of the ears is covered with a thick coat. In older dogs are in a standing position.
- Almond-shaped eyes , slightly set obliquely, with a dark iris. They are very expressive, the look is lively and smart.
- Since the lips of the lips of the Samoyed are slightly raised, the impression is that she is smiling. Naturally, a smiling animal evokes emotion and uplifting.
- The limbs of dogs of this breed are strong, have developed musculature. Paws flattened and covered with wool. The tail has a decent length, has luxurious long hair and is located on the back.
In total, there are 7 pedigree standards of Samoyed husky in the world, but only two types are distinguished:
- Bear - animals with a short back, downed physique. The head of the dogs is large and wide.
- Wolf - dogs have a lean physique, a chest of medium width, the head has a wedge-shaped shape and some elongation.
With good care and proper nutrition , the life span of a Samoyed can reach 14-15 years.
Coat and color
Males of Samoyed huskies have a chic collar; moreover, males have a stiffer and longer coat. This is especially noticeable on the hind legs and tail.
As for the colors, there are three of them: individuals with white hair, white with spots of a sandy tint and cream. All pale, dirty, brownish tones of the coat lead to disqualification.
Representatives of this breed have lived side by side with humans for more than a millennium, participating in many aspects of life. This made them friendly, affectionate, compromising animals. Samoyed husky is a wonderful family dog and companion dog. They are distinguished by playfulness and enthusiasm, they communicate well with everyone - people and animals.
If something alarms them, they will give a voice, but because of friendliness and gullibility, efficient guards are not obtained from thoroughbred representatives. Samoyeds do not like to be alone, they feel great in the family circle and participate in all events. These dogs require attention, therefore, to get such a pet is not worth it to people who do not have free time. If the dog is not taken up properly, she will get bored.
In addition, prolonged loneliness can lead to psychological problems of the animal, the disorder can manifest itself in the form of excessive barking and chewing. Owners of Samoyed huskies will not encounter special problems in training their pet, as these animals are very smart and quick-witted. But there are individuals that are independent and stubborn in nature. Such dogs are suitable only for experienced owners who can communicate with such dogs.
Samoyeds find a common language with children, but their assertiveness is not suitable for kids. They can also be kept with other pets, however, they can be considered small animals as prey. If you need a quiet, calm pet, then a Samoyed dog is not your option. They are noisy, active, need intensive training and constant contact. Samoyed puppies are too hooligan, and their mischief persists for at least 2 years.
See also: which dog is best to get in the apartment .
Parenting and training Samoyed
It may seem that the Samoyeds have already laid the foundations for proper behavior, but this is only partially true. Existing skills require adjustment and consolidation. Education is worth studying from 3 months of age, however, education begins from the first days a pet appears in the house.
It is important to use various methods - forcing the pet to act and encouraging correctly completed tasks. Moreover, it is important to ensure that the puppy performs one command 3-4 times, without mastering, otherwise a one-time disobedience will develop into a systematic one. Owners are advised to avoid physical impact, as this can significantly affect the pet's pride and dignity.
The wolf pack method is used in training - the owner takes a leading position. This principle should be supported in all aspects, including the need to feed the pet after all family members have eaten. The owner is the first to cross the threshold of the house, and only after him is the dog. So that the four-legged friend does not interfere, it is important to provide him with a personal place.
Care and maintenance of a Samoyed dog
Samoyeds are universal - they get along well in a house or apartment and are great for street content. They are not afraid of heat and frost. But a street pet will need an aviary, a booth with bedding. Already acquiring a dog, the owner must determine whether it will be just a house friend or a star of exhibitions. Naturally, grooming a show-class dog will be more difficult.
As for the domestic dog, the pet will have to be washed every 6-12 months, since the coat has the property of self-cleaning. Use special detergents . Dogs of this breed practically do not emit specific aromas. They molt depending on gender - males once a year, bitches - twice. A dense coat requires regular brushing with brushes or pooderkas, and during lynching this will have to be done daily, especially if the dog lives in the house.
Ears need to be examined a couple of times a week and, if necessary, cleaned using cotton pads soaked in cleaning compounds. Claws are trimmed when necessary, and long hair near the fingers must be cut off.
Since Samoyed huskies have long been used as working dogs, they still require intense workload. It is recommended to walk them 2 times a day, and this should be active walks. Despite the fact that the Samoyeds tolerate heat well, they should not be trained at this time, it is better to remove them in the morning and in the evening.
To brighten up the loneliness of a pet, you can offer him special devices - balls, toys, tweeters and more. A Samoyed dog needs constant communication - this is one of the most important conditions in keeping a pet of this breed.
Taking the puppy from the breeder, the first time it is necessary to feed him as he had before, so the new pet will have fewer reasons for stress, and it will adapt faster. It is worth consulting about the further feeding of a dog of this breed.
Giving food from your hands or laying it on the floor is not recommended. The puppy should eat from its own bowl, which is placed on a stand of the appropriate height. This contributes to the development of proper posture and eliminates the curvature of the limbs. As the pet grows, the bowl should rise.
Samoyeds are predators and should eat meat, however, one should not forget about the diversity of the diet. Beef, lamb, chicken, turkey are suitable for feeding a dog, but pork is not suitable for a dog’s diet - it contains too much fat, and in addition, there is a risk of infection of the animal with parasites.
The meat is given boiled or raw - previously scalded with boiling water. It is cut into small pieces, but experts do not advise feeding a pet with minced meat. In addition to meat, well-cooked offal can be included in the dog’s menu. They are rich in protein and minerals.
Puppies must be given cottage cheese, as the calcium contained in it contributes to the full growth of the baby. This trace element can be purchased at a pharmacy or add egg shell powder to food. Dogs must also be treated with dairy and sour-milk products. Only babies are fed milk, teenage puppies and adult dogs are given kefir, fermented baked milk, yogurt, varenets, and yogurt without additives.
Eggs are included in the diet in a boiled form, but they need to be given no more than once a week. In addition to protein foods, animals need to eat carbohydrate foods. These include cereals (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal), cooked in meat, vegetable broths or water. Salt should not be added and legumes should also be discarded.
Another good ingredient for excellent digestion is fiber. It is found in vegetables that can be given raw and boiled. Potato is not the most useful vegetable, since it contains a lot of starch.
The regimen should be respected, the dog should get used to eating at the same time. Food should be given fresh and warm. If the dog does not eat the offered portion, using only the most attractive, in his opinion, pieces, you need to remove the bowl and offer the pet a more modest portion in the next feeding.
Do not indulge your pet if he begs for food. Goodies are used only as an incentive for correctly completed tasks, and not just to pamper the dog. Otherwise, a smart dog will become a “professional” beggar, or even become skilled at stealing “bad” lying food.
Feed the pet with natural food or prepared dry rations, each owner decides individually. Of course, the second option allows you to save time, and dry food contains useful substances, but you should choose premium and super-premium products. Only then will the food be truly complete. In this case, you can diversify the diet with canned goods of the same brand, give the pet pieces of boiled meat or offal, fruits - apples and pears as delicious foods.
However, there are a number of products that are strictly forbidden to animals, this list includes mushrooms, pickles, sweets, smoked meats, sausages.
Photo of Samoyed dog
Samoyed dog video
How much can I buy a puppy of a Samoyed dog
Despite the fact that Samoyeds belong to the native Russian breed, in Russia there are catastrophically few representatives of this breed. But still in large cities there are kennels that breed Samoyed dogs. As for prices, they vary in a fairly wide range. For example, you can buy puppies without a pedigree for 5000-10000 rubles. Naturally, their pure breed lies solely with the breeders.
The cost of a puppy with a pedigree depends on the class to which it belongs:
- A pet class puppy - a puppy suitable only for the role of a pet, and not for exhibitions and breeding, costs from 10,000 to 25,000 rubles.
- Puppies from the breed class are actively used in breeding - the price is from 25,000 to 35,000 rubles.
- The “show” puppy is a dog, 100% corresponding to standard characteristics, has titled parents and is capable of receiving champion titles - from 35,000 to 65,000 rubles.
A Samoyed dog is a beautiful, spectacular appearance, a lively mind and extraordinary mobility. This pet is suitable for active people who love dogs and long walks.