Lovely dog-catcher has an unusual, disposed appearance and attracts all lovers of dogs. A kind, cheerful and submissive dog becomes a wonderful companion, a faithful friend and a wonderful companion, who will not bore anyone in the house. Russian Toy Terrier has its own specific nuances in upbringing, maintenance and feeding. Therefore, if there is a desire to start such a pet, first of all, it is necessary to study all the pedigree subtleties to grow a healthy pet.
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы русский той-терьер 2. Description of the breed Russian Toy Terrier
- Характер 3. Character
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Здоровье и уход 5. Health and Care
- Как правильно кормить и содержать мини-собачку 6. How to properly feed and keep a mini-dog
- Фото русского той-терьера 7. Photo of the Russian Toy Terrier
- Видео о русском той-терьере 8. Video about Russian Toy Terrier
- Покупка щенка и лучшие питомники 9. Buying a puppy and the best nurseries
History of origin
The history of the Russian Toy Terrier began on the shores of medieval England. Mysterious cities were swarming with hordes of rats who carried dangerous diseases. The small brave rat-catchers fought the invasion, causing the people's love and gratitude. Gradually, the streets of cities became cleaner, and the need for rat-rat dogs fell away. And small cute toy-terriers migrated to the boudoir ladies, as companions and living fleas.
In Russia, the English toy-terrier came in the middle of the 19th century and was kept by well-off ladies, and after the revolution many "white-bone" darlings wandered and crossed with mongrels. Only in the middle of the twentieth century domestic dog breeders engaged in breeding decorative rocks, including tiny tochikov.
From abroad, thoroughbred producers were not brought into our country, and the breeders had to work with the existing material. The Toy Terrier was "created" anew and turned out to be quite far from the ancestor of the ex-terrier. In 1957, from a pair of smooth-haired mini-terriers with a pedigree, a descendant appeared - Chikki. The puppy had a wool longer than the standard, and it was recorded in the rejected ones.
By the will of chance, he gets to Zharova EF. and here, in the Moscow nursery, began breeding work on the breeding of long-haired breed of toy terriers. The Moscow dog breeders secured a favorable external difference, and gradually the Russian toy-terrier found a pretty fimbria on the ears and paws.
These differences were so weighty that the new breed got its own name, and it also required the creation and approval of a new standard for small Russian tachikov. Thanks to E.F. Zharova managed to achieve in 1966 the recognition of the breed and the approval of standards.
By 1969, 300 pedigrees were issued, which, given the fecundity of the dogs, is impressive. But Yevgenia Fominichna was removed from the leadership of the Moscow City Society of Decorative Dog Breeding, and the work on the breed stopped, the popularity of the dogs began to fall, especially as with the fall of the "curtain" a stream of representatives of various ornamental rocks poured into the country.
Only at the end of the twentieth century. the breed of the Moscow toy-terrier literally bit by bit was restored. Already in the 90's the cost of the pups increased sharply, and the queue for the purchase stretched for several years.
Description of breed Russian Toy Terrier
Russian toy is a miniature dog, the height at the withers does not exceed 20-28 cm, and the body weight - not more than 3 kg. These parameters are much smaller than those of the English colleague. The Russian wool is long - about 5 cm, and along the edge of the ears and on the limbs there are strips - long hair adorning.
In addition to long-haired, there are also short-haired representatives. Their hair is short, dense, without undercoat. The taurus of this tiny dog is oval, dry with a tight back, falling to the tail and pronounced withers. The tail is usually docked, but natural is allowed. The purity of the breed, according to the generally accepted standard, is characterized by the following data:
- breast of medium width, oval, deepened;
- The skull is round with a high convex frontal part and a noticeable transition to the nose;
- Muzzle pointed, with thin cheeks;
- the nose mirror is small, pigmented in black or in color;
- jaws rather tightly closed with a scissor bite;
- lips tightly closed along the entire length;
- eyes expressive, widely spaced, somewhat convex. The color of the iris is dark;
- triangular ears of large size, standing;
- The long, graceful neck has a bend, is high set;
- belly without a pronounced underbelly, picked up and fried;
- limbs slender, straight;
- arched paws oval with tightly closed fingers. Hind legs are slightly wider than the forelegs.
The dog moves freely, the direction holds confidently. The overall impression of the appearance of the Moscow mini-terrier is a miniature, mobile, harmoniously built dog.
Initially, those-terriers were black-tan or brown-tan. Today, thoroughbred standards permit, besides the listed ones, to have a blue-tan fur, as well as a monophonic red color with a black, brown plaque or without it. Preferably, the color of the coat is saturated. Disqualifying are such color stains:
- various sizes of white spots and white color;
- black, brown, blue, cap color of wool;
- scorers of very large size, excessively saturated;
- zoning coloring.
Also disqualifying signs are:
- presence of large areas of rare wool cover in smooth-haired individuals;
- excessively elongated or curly hair from long-haired.
Despite the fact that the pet looks very subtle, he has the brave heart of a true terrier.
The breed was specially displayed as decorative, therefore such character traits as absence of aggression, friendliness, complaisance were welcomed. It is such a character and has a Russian Toychik. But, despite the toy appearance, the dog is very brave, active and always ready to protect its owner.
A thin rumor allows you to notice the danger, and a sonorous, barking barking - to notify your master about it, to which the dog is completely devoted. Completely realize the quality of the guard the terrier does not allow its dimensions. But fearlessness and a desire to protect in this tiny heart will suffice for a huge dog.
Tiny is very friendly and gets along well with all the inhabitants of the house. Cheerful disposition, mobility, sense of humor make him an excellent companion of children's games. He is considered an excellent companion of secular lionesses and elderly ladies. Representatives of this breed do not create problems in public transport or in a hotel, where they are allowed to go unhindered.
Toy-Terrier is very affectionate and loves when he is paid attention. Pesik has a natural wit and it is easy to train even a teenager of 12-15 years. But, despite the complaisance and lack of leadership qualities, the dog needs control and attention, otherwise the temperamental animal will look for an outlet of ebullient energy, which will lead not only to damage to property, but can also lead to the development of aggressiveness.
Thanks to the cleverness of the training of the toy-terrier is not very difficult. With perseverance, consistency and goodwill, the pet quickly learns the basic commands and with special zeal and desire fulfills the requirements. Learning to execute commands is recommended not only at home, but also on the ramp so that the animal does not have an association that it is only necessary to obey commands in the apartment space.
To a small one carefully listened to the requirements and adequately responded to the training, it is necessary to realize the activity and energy of the animal on walks, then it will be easier to control. From puppyhood it is necessary to accustom that not only to a sleeping place, a bowl, a tray, but also to norms of behavior in an apartment and on the street.
We must immediately let the puppy know who is the master in the house, wean from the habit of biting during games, rush in the fit of joy on the hands and other "puppy" pranks, otherwise it will be much harder to raise a dog. Ease in care and training makes the representatives of this breed suitable for maintenance and upbringing even by inexperienced owners.
Health & Care
Moscow Toy Terriers are distinguished by excellent health and a rather long life span - 12-15 years. But the toy terriers have diseases that are genetically determined by the peculiarities of the mini-breed. These include:
- progressive retinal atrophy;
- dislocation (subluxation) of the knee;
- impaired dentition;
- Legg-Calvet-Perthes disease or aseptic form of necrosis of the head of the femur;
- atlantoaxial instability;
Do not be frightened at seeing such an impressive list of diseases. They are characteristic of all mini-breeds. Naturally, when removing babies, some systems suffer, but the Russian toy terrier wins against other dwarf breeds and is more resistant to genetic pathologies. Obviously, the inflow of "mongrel" blood and the recent onset of breeding are affected.
In addition to hereditary, these babies can have pathologies due, in the first place, to the anatomical structure and characteristics of the immune system, for example:
- Follicular conjunctivitis.
- Allergy - very common in the toy terriers disease. The representatives of this breed noted: food allergy; allergy to the products of vital activity and saliva of blood-sucking insects, in particular fleas; atopic dermatitis, caused by pollen allergy to plants, mold, dust, household chemicals and other types of allergens.
Proper care and regular visits to the veterinary clinic will help prevent the emergence of many pathologies. Babies need vaccinations, care for their ears and eyes, prevention of dental pathologies.
Special care doggie does not require. Smooth-haired toy terriers enough to bathe once a month, and long-haired once in 2-3 weeks. Combing the long-haired is daily, if the owner wants the dog to look well-groomed. Short hair once or twice a week "smooth" with a special brush or mitten. Since the dogs practically do not shed, there are no problems with the fallen hair in the apartment.
Requires a regular, once every 1.5-2 months, care for the claws of the dog. The small weight and subtility of the toy terrier do not allow claws to stitch in a natural way, so they need to be cut. If the owner does not know how to do this or is afraid to injure his pet, you can contact the veterinary clinic or special salons that serve pets.
Miniature sizes, absence of a padding cause the temperature sensitivity of mini terriers. Therefore, when walking in cool weather, the dog needs warm clothes. In hot weather, it should also be protected from overheating - moisten with water, give more drink, less under direct sunlight.
How to properly feed and keep a mini-dog
Those owners of the toy terriers who feed them with dry fodder do not have difficulty in compiling the ration. Since the finished feed contains all the necessary substances. It is more difficult for someone who uses natural products. In the diet of an adult Russian toy should be the following products:
- meat of low-fat varieties, by-products - 30-40%;
- vegetables raw and thermally processed (boiled, stewed) - 20-25%;
- porridges, mainly easily digestible, for example, rice and buckwheat - 30-35%;
- fruit - about 10%;
- sour-milk products should not be carried away, occasionally you can add kefir, cottage cheese, fermented biscuit with a low percentage of fat content to the ration.
Adult dogs are fed twice a day. The smaller the puppy, the more frequent the feeding. Tojchikov should not be overfed, as they, like many mini-breeds, tend to obesity, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. When the natural form of feeding in the feed, without fail, add vitamin-mineral complexes and supplements. Recommendations for the complexes can give the veterinarian.
Photo of Russian toy-terrier
Video about Russian toy-terrier
Buying a puppy and the best nurseries
Regardless of the purpose of the acquisition, the puppy is best bought in the nursery. If the breeder is known and values his reputation, he guarantees health, mental balance, the necessary vaccinations and the correct content of the puppy. Moreover, the idea of the nature and behavior of the pet can be made by observing the nature of the parents and the socialization of the puppies in the litter.
Buying a puppy "from hand", no guarantees can not be obtained and instead of a cute, funny baby you can get a patient, a neurasthenic or an aggressive uncontrolled mini-monster. The most famous breeders of Russian Toy Terriers in Moscow are:
- Kennel club, http://www.101dog.ru/toi_terer;
- "Sunny Alexy" https://toy-york2.jimdo.com/;
- "Bravo Jar" http://russtoy.ru/;
- "Tijana" http://tiyanna.umi.ru;
- "Lilliputians of the canine world" http://www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/882/ and others.
In Kiev, puppies of the Russian Toy Terrier can be purchased in kennels:
- "Pocket happiness" https://karm-schastye.jimdo.com/;
- "From the House of Tchaikovsky" http://kiev.link.ua/profile/9799/
- "Kiev Courage" (Fci-Xu), https://www.ss.ua/msg/ru/animals/dogs/russkiy-toy-dlinosh/bppdb.html and others.
Russian toy terrier is an excellent choice for lovers of small breeds of dogs. In addition to its miniature size, the pet got a great character, which will allow him to earn the love and respect of all members of the family.