Cute dog-rat have an unusual, disposing appearance and attract all lovers of dog lovers. A kind, cheerful and humble dog becomes a wonderful companion, a loyal friend and a wonderful companion who will not let anyone bored in the house. Russian toy terrier has its own particular nuances in raising, maintenance and feeding. Therefore, if there is a desire to have such a pet, first of all, it is necessary to study all the breed subtleties in order to grow a healthy pet.
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы русский той-терьер 2. Description of the breed Russian toy terrier
- Характер 3. Character
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Здоровье и уход 5. Health and Care
- Как правильно кормить и содержать мини-собачку 6. How to feed and maintain a mini-dog
- Фото русского той-терьера 7. Photo Russian toy terrier
- Видео о русском той-терьере 8. Video about Russian toy terrier
- Покупка щенка и лучшие питомники 9. Buying a puppy and the best kennels
History of origin
The history of the Russian toy terrier began on the shores of medieval England. Polluted with sewage, the city was swarming with hordes of rats that carried dangerous diseases. The little brave rat-catchers fought the invasion, evoking the love and gratitude of the inhabitants. Gradually, the streets of the cities became cleaner, and the need for rat dogs disappeared. And small cute toy terriers moved to the boudoirs of the ladies, as companions and live fleas.
The English toy terrier got to Russia in the middle of the 19th century and was provided by their wealthy ladies, and after the revolution, many of the favorites of the “white bone” wandered and interbred with curs. Only in the mid-twentieth century, domestic dog breeders began breeding decorative breeds, including tiny toychikov.
Pedigree manufacturers were not imported into our country from abroad, and the factory owners had to work with the existing material. The toy terrier was “created” anew and turned out to be very far from the progenitor on the exterior. In 1957, a descendant of Chikki appeared from a pair of sleek-haired mini terriers with a pedigree. The puppy was longer than the standard, the wool and it was recorded in the culled.
By chance he gets to Zharova E.F. and here, in a Moscow kennel, selection work began on the breeding of the long-haired breed of toy-terriers. The Moscow dog breeders secured a favorable external difference, and gradually the Russian toy terrier found a pretty fringe on the ears and legs.
These differences were so weighty that the new breed got its own name, and it also required the creation and approval of a new standard for little Russian toychiki. Thanks to ef Zharova was able to achieve recognition of the breed and the adoption of standards in 1966.
By 1969, 300 pedigrees were issued, which, given the smallness of dogs, is impressive. But Yevgeny Fominichnu was removed from the leadership of the Moscow City Society of Decorative Dog Breeding, and work on the breed stopped, the popularity of dogs began to fall, especially since the fall of the “curtain” poured a stream of representatives of various decorative breeds into the country.
Only at the end of the twentieth century. Moscow breed toy terrier literally bit by bit managed to recover. Already in the 90s, the cost of puppies has increased dramatically, and the queue for the purchase lasted for several years.
Description of breed Russian toy terrier
Russian toy is a miniature dog whose height at the withers does not exceed 20-28 cm, and body weight is no more than 3 kg. These parameters are much smaller than the English counterpart. Russian toya has long hair - about 5 cm, and on the edge of the ears and on the extremities there are towing - long adorning hair.
In addition to long-haired there are short-haired representatives. Their coat is short, dense, without undercoat. The body of this tiny dog is oval, dry with a tense back, falling to the tail and pronounced withers. The tail, as a rule, is stopped, but natural is allowed. Purity of the breed, according to the generally accepted standard, is characterized by the following data:
- chest medium width, oval, deep;
- the skull is round with a high convex frontal part and a noticeable transition to the nose;
- muzzle pointed, with thin cheeks;
- small nose mirror, pigmented black or in tone color;
- jaws rather tightly closed with scissor bite;
- lips tightly closed along the entire length;
- eyes expressive, widely spaced, somewhat protruding. The color of the iris is dark;
- triangular ears of large size, erect;
- long, graceful neck has a bend, set high;
- a stomach without a pronounced underbelly, and a thin fit;
- limbs slender, straight;
- arched paws oval with tightly closed toes. Hind limbs set slightly wider than the front.
The dog moves freely, the direction keeps confidently. The overall impression of the appearance of the Moscow mini-terrier is a miniature, agile, harmoniously folded dog.
Initially, toy terriers were black and tan or brown and tan. Today, pedigree standards allow, in addition to those listed, to have a pet blue and tan, as well as a single red color with black, brown bloom or without it. It is preferable that the coat color is saturated. Disqualifying are such colorings:
- white spots of various sizes and white color;
- black, brown, blue, black coat color;
- Scorches of a very large size, excessively saturated;
- zoning colors.
Also disqualifying signs are:
- the presence of large areas of rare coat in sleek-haired individuals;
- excessively elongated or curly hair in long-haired.
Despite the fact that the pet looks very subtle, he has the brave heart of a true terrier.
The breed was specially bred as decorative, therefore such character traits as absence of aggression, friendliness, and appeasability were welcomed. This is precisely the character that Russian toychik has. But, despite the toy appearance, the dog is very courageous, active and always ready to protect its owner.
A delicate ear allows you to notice the danger, and the loudly resounding, burly barking - to notify your master, to whom the dog is completely devoted, about her. Fully implement the quality of the guard terrier does not allow its size. But the fearlessness and desire to protect in this tiny heart is enough for a huge dog.
The baby is very friendly and gets along well with all the inhabitants of the house. Cheerful disposition, mobility, sense of humor make it an excellent companion of children's games. He is considered an excellent companion by socialites and elderly ladies. Representatives of this breed do not create problems in public transport or in the hotel, where they are allowed to freely.
Toy Terrier is very affectionate and loves when they pay attention. The dog has a natural acumen and is easy to train even for a teenager of 12-15 years old. But, despite appeasability and lack of leadership qualities, the dog needs control and attention, otherwise a temperamental animal will look for a way out of boiling energy, which will lead not only to property damage, but may also cause the development of aggressiveness.
Thanks to the ingenuity of the training of a toy terrier does not cause much difficulty. With perseverance, consistency and goodwill, the pet quickly masters the main teams and with particular zeal and desire fulfills the requirements. Teaching to execute commands is recommended not only at home, but also on the runs, so that the animal does not have an association, that it is necessary to obey commands only in the space of an apartment.
In order for the little one to listen attentively to the demands and react adequately to the training, it is necessary to realize the activity and boiling energy of the animal while walking, then it will be easier to control. From puppy age, it is necessary to teach toya not only to the sleeping place, bowl, tray, but also to the norms of behavior in the apartment and on the street.
It is necessary to immediately make it clear to the puppy who is the boss, to wean the habit of biting during the games, throwing arms and other “puppy” pranks in a fit of joy, otherwise it will be much more difficult to raise a dog. Ease of care and training makes representatives of this breed suitable for maintenance and education, even by inexperienced owners.
Health and Care
Moscow toy terriers are distinguished by excellent health and a rather long lifespan - 12-15 years. But toy terriers have diseases genetically determined by the characteristics of the mini-breed. These include:
- progressive retinal atrophy;
- dislocation (subluxation) of the knee;
- violation of the change of teeth;
- Legg-Calvet-Perthes disease or aseptic form of necrosis of the femoral head;
- atlantoaxial instability;
Do not be afraid of seeing such an impressive list of diseases. They are characteristic of all mini-breeds. Naturally, when breeding babies, some systems suffer, but the Russian toy terrier wins against the background of other dwarf breeds and is more resistant to genetic pathologies. Obviously, the influx of "purebred" blood and the recent beginning of breeding.
In addition to hereditary, these babies may have pathologies, primarily due to the anatomical structure and characteristics of the immune system, for example:
- Follicular conjunctivitis.
- Allergy is a very common disease in toy terriers. The representatives of this breed noted: food allergies; allergy to waste products and saliva of blood-sucking insects, in particular fleas; atopic dermatitis caused by allergies to pollen, mold, dust, household chemicals and other types of allergens.
Proper care and regular visits to the veterinary clinic will help prevent the occurrence of many pathologies. Babies need vaccinations, care for the ears and eyes, prevention of dental pathologies.
Little dog care does not require. Smooth toy Terrier enough to bathe once a month, and long-haired once every 2-3 weeks. It is necessary to comb longhair every day, if the owner wants the dog to look well-groomed. Shorthair enough once a week to “smooth” with a special brush or mitten. Since the dogs practically do not shed, then there are no problems with loose wool in the apartment.
It takes regular, once every 1.5-2 months, care for the dog's claws. The light weight and subtlety of the toy terrier do not allow the claws to grind off in a natural way, so they need to be cut. If the owner does not know how to do this or is afraid to hurt his pet, you can contact the veterinary clinic or special salons serving pets.
Miniature sizes, lack of a cusp cause thermosensitivity of mini terriers. Therefore, when walking in cool weather, the dog requires warm clothing. In hot weather, it should also be protected from overheating - moisten with water, give more to drink, less be in direct sunlight.
How to feed and maintain a mini-dog
Those owners of toy terriers who feed them with dry feed, do not experience difficulties in the preparation of the diet. Since the finished feed contains all the necessary substances for the dog. Harder to those who use natural products. In the diet of an adult Russian toya should be the following products:
- lean meat, offal - 30-40%;
- raw and thermally processed vegetables (boiled, stewed) - 20-25%;
- porridges, mainly easily digestible, for example, rice and buckwheat - 30-35%;
- fruit - about 10%;
- fermented milk products should not get carried away, occasionally you can add to the diet kefir, cottage cheese, ryazhenku with a low percentage of fat.
Adult dogs are fed twice a day. The smaller the puppy, the more frequent the feeding. Toychikov should not overfeed, as they, like many mini-breeds, have a tendency to obesity, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. With a natural form of feeding in the feed, without fail, add vitamin-mineral complexes and bio-additives. Recommendations for the complexes can give a vet.
Photo Russian toy terrier
Video about Russian toy terrier
Buying a puppy and the best kennels
Regardless of the purpose of the acquisition, the puppy is best to buy in the nursery. If a breeder is known and values his reputation, then he guarantees health, mental balance, necessary vaccinations and the correct maintenance of a puppy. Moreover, the idea of the character and behavior of the pet can be made by observing the nature of the parents and the socialization of puppies in the litter.
Buying a puppy "from the hands", no guarantees can be obtained and instead of a cute, funny baby, you can buy a sick, neurasthenic or aggressive unmanaged mini-monster. The most famous breeders of Russian toy terriers in Moscow are:
- Dog training club, http://www.101dog.ru/toi_terer;
- “Sunny Aleksi” https://toy-york2.jimdo.com/;
- "Bravo Heat" http://russtoy.ru/;
- Tiyanna http://tiyanna.umi.ru;
- "Liliputi dog world" http://www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/882/, etc.
In Kiev, puppies of a Russian toy terrier can be purchased at kennels:
- “Pocket happiness” https://karm-schastye.jimdo.com/;
- “From the House of Tchaikovsky” http://kiev.link.ua/profile/9799/
- "Kiev Courage" (Fci-KSU), https://www.ss.ua/msg/ru/animals/dogs/russkiy-toy-dlinosh/bppdb.html, etc.
Russian toy terrier is a great choice for lovers of small breeds of dogs. In addition to its miniature size, the pet has got an excellent character that will allow him to earn the love and respect of all members of the family.