Russian borzoids got their name because of the word "psovina", which used to be called a wavy, silky coat. These dogs are real aristocrats, which is confirmed not only by their elegant appearance, but also by their character. Penetrating into the territory of Ancient Rus with the invasion of Mongol-Tatar tribes, they assimilated with local shepherd dogs and acquired a smart fur coat that protects during severe winters. However, they did not lose the physique inherent in the greyhound.
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы русская псовая борзая 2. Description of the breed Russian Greyhound
- Русский характер 3. The Russian character
- Особенности социализации 4. Features of socialization
- Дрессировка и обучение 5. Training and training
- Уход за русской борзой 6. Care for the Russian greyhound
- Как кормить борзую 7. How to feed the greyhound
- Фото русской псовой борзой 8. Photo of the Russian Bosque
- Видео о русской псовой борзой 9. Video about the Russian Bosque
- Сколько стоит щенок русской псовой борзой 10. How much does a puppy of a Russian Bosque dog
- Питомники русской псовой борзой 11. Kennels of the Russian Bosque
History of the origin of the breed
Representatives of this breed have a long history. Being hunting dogs, they were quite adapted as companion dogs. The first mention of these dogs dates back to the 17th century. Then these animals were used during the hunt. They were appreciated for the excellent qualities of hunters - they could develop prohibitive speeds and literally drove game into the "corner".
At 18 in the Russian Greyhounds they crossed with the same descendants from England and the Baltic States. Researchers believe that the ancestors of this breed are related to dog-like dogs.
The standard characteristics of modern thoroughbred dogs were established only in 1888, and the main ones remain valid to this day. In Russia at that time, every self-respecting gentleman, who had a good income, was obliged to have at least one greyhound, and rich families kept them numerous packs.
Description of the breed Russian Greyhound
Representatives of the breed - high aristocrats with a dry, strong build, slightly stretched. In males, the latter quality is more pronounced. The growth of males at the withers varies from 75 to 85 cm, the female - from 68 to 78 cm. In ordinary life, greyhounds are calm and balanced, but the appearance of wild game leads them into arousal. They have very sharp eyesight, and they have a quick reaction.
Skin covers in dogs are thin and elastic, without looseness. They have strong bones, but not massive. The bones are somewhat flattened. The body has well developed, dry muscles, especially in the hips, but without pronounced relief. A light bones without a sufficiently developed musculature will be considered a disadvantage.
The head has an elongated, narrow shape, giving the entire appearance of the dog an aristocratic appearance. The occipital mound is clearly pronounced, the transition from the frontal region to the muzzle is not sharp, with smooth lines. Lobe large, protruding above the lower jaw, with good mobility. Lips, eyelids and nose are pigmented in black.
Ears are small, thin, not widely spaced. When the dog is excited, they rise on the cartilage, and the ends go forward, in a calm state they fit snugly to the head and neck.
The eyes of the greyhounds are large, expressive, slightly obtuse, almond-shaped. The color of the iris is dark brown or brown. The mouth is equipped with a full set of teeth, white and large, with a scissor bite.
Coat and colors
The coat of dogs of this breed is called psovina - it is long, silky, slightly wavy, snug against the body. A large curl is possible, but without curl. In the region of the head, ears and sides, the fur is shorter, denser, in the neck region - longer, with a wave, the hips and sides are covered with short hair, possibly having curls.
Dogs have a pendant and a comb - a clutch in the neck, lower chest and abdomen, a long coat on the extremities in the form of pants. Undercoat is, but it is almost not expressed. There are several colors of Russian hound greyhound:
- white is one of the most elegant colors;
- Sexual (rye polovy, autumn) with various shades - grayish, red, silvered;
- Burmese - sexual, covered with a darkish coating
- Murugia - red with black coarse hair, often in dogs there is a black mask;
- gray - from ash to yellow;
- chubry - sexual, red or gray with a dark strip;
- red, black, derivative colors of these tones.
In dogs with dark coloring there is a mask or blackness in the area of the muzzle. Presence of scorpions.
There is a common opinion about the stupidity of these thoroughbred dogs, however, their owners easily refute such a fallacy. The thing is that representatives of this breed have a pronounced professional specialization and when using them for other purposes difficulties may arise. Their intellectual, physical abilities and character - everything is imprisoned for hunting. Such a pet will not be happy to carry out household teams, and he will feel uncomfortable with a noisy company.
However, they have no equal in the conditions of hunting, they not only run fast, but are also able to develop their own hunting tactics. The Russian Greyhound is a dog with a thin, unusual psyche, with a distinct personality. Each of them has special habits, principles, fears. The pet of this breed is quite touchy, does not tolerate aggression in his address, very worried if he was hurt - physical or moral. Greyhound feels, if treated with contempt, is called.
Owners should take into account the temperament features of the greyhound - in a second it can turn from a calm, complaisant dog into a furious hunter. Therefore it is important to determine the boundary between life and dressing .
Practically from the very foundation of the breed, its representatives were close to the person, moreover, they were presented with unlimited possibilities in manifesting themselves during the hunt. Therefore, dogs have pride, independence and steadfastness. Greyhounds do not know how to curry favor and favor, but for a good attitude they always reciprocate.
Greyhounds are very difficult to train dogs, but they are quiet and obedient. They can stay in a calm state for a long time, watching the surrounding. Most likely, this behavior is due to genetics, since the dogs were kept by aristocrats and did not require fussiness and ostentatious playfulness from them.
Learn more greyhounds .
Features of socialization
Russian greyhounds are distinguished by good nature and mobility, and in their communication they show delicacy and caution. But their special focus definitely affects their behavior. Therefore, the owner is not recommended to lower the pet from the leash, especially in crowded places. After all, the greyhound can suddenly begin to pursue any animal and even a man, and after overtaking, behave like a hunt ...
The dog will be able to get along with other animals, but this is a very complex, stressful process, it is desirable that the pet grows with them initially. They communicate well with other dogs, but only those that can give a greyhound rebuff. With small "neighbors" - cats and dogs, they find it difficult to find a common language, especially if they have an instinct of domination.
The Russian Borzoi is not suitable for families with young children, since it was never used as a nanny. But with grown up younger family members they get along perfectly. When other people come into the house, the dog does not show aggression, he is calm and not afraid. But if the family is in danger, the pet will rush to defense. However, the greyhound dog will never become a watchdog.
Training and training
Despite the increasing number of cities, hunting does not lose its popularity. The success of the greyhounds, including Russian hounds, is connected with this. When planting a pet, it is important to know whether it will be used for its intended purpose. This is one of the important criteria for successful interaction with the dog.
Already from puppyhood, the greyhound is trained to respond to the signal of the pipe that is served during the hunt. But first it is used during the feeding of the baby. Then the puppy is taught to restrain - he should not touch the food until the owner gives the command. These are important aspects in the education of discipline.
Without proper load the dog loses its abilities and gaining excess weight, so it is important to provide it with regular long walks with mandatory activity. During dressing, it is worth remembering the nuances of this breed, it is important to give the pet basic skills, as well as special teams that will simplify socialization. The dog must distinguish - when the process of hunting is in progress, and when it comes to household matters. It is advisable to take a special training course from a professional.
If the farm has domestic animals, it is important to immediately accustom to it a new pet, so that later he did not hunt them. In any case, behave during the training should be calm and restrained, in no case using physical force.
Care for the Russian greyhound
The Russian greyhound is easy to take care of a dog . But, of course, the pet will look beautiful only if the owner will pay due attention to this aspect. To comb out the dog is enough 1-2 times a week. Greyhounds are prone to strong molts, during these periods the wool will require additional combing, especially if the pet lives in the house. The long coat that grows between the toes should be cut as necessary.
Due to cleanliness, it is very rarely necessary to bathe a pet - once in 6-12 months. It is best to keep a dog of this breed in a private house so that she has an enclosure and a fenced playground. But this does not relieve the owners of their pet's daily walks. Morning jogging - a great pastime for the greyhound.
How to feed the greyhound
As in the case of the other large breeds, food is the main point in the successful breeding of a Russian dog by a greyhound. With natural feeding the dog should, first of all, receive meat - beef, veal, lamb, horse meat. It is not necessary to give an expensive cutting, for dogs it is suitable and incomplete. The raw product is most useful, but if there is no certainty that there are no parasites in meat, it is better to boil the meat. But forcemeat is not the best food for dogs, as it is poorly digested.
Fish can be given, but not more than 1 time per week. It should be sea, lean, it is boiled and cleaned of bones. Squid - raw or boiled - is also useful for the pet. Eggs should be present in the diet - for grown-up puppies this 3 pieces per week, adult dogs - 2 pieces. Raw is given only the yolk, boiled is fed whole.
Kashi is a source of carbohydrates, the borzoi can be brewed from oats, rice, buckwheat in milk, broth or water. The forbidden cereals include perlovka, it is practically not digested. It is useful to give the dogs greens - spinach, lettuce, parsley, young nettle leaves, onions, adding them fresh in the main dishes or cooking with food. You can also give the dog a salad of chopped fresh carrots with vegetable oil or season it with sour cream.
Of fruit, it is recommended to treat the dog with crushed apples and berries. The first time after weaning from mother's milk the puppy continues to give milk products - porridge, cottage cheese. Kefir and curdled milk are given to both puppies and adult dogs. Also the necessary product is cheese. Experienced owners confirm the usefulness of calcined cottage cheese, especially for puppies. It is prepared on its own, from milk and calcium chloride.
Do not give the dog bones that crumble, tubular. In addition, the remnants of their own dishes can not be good food for the animal. Soups, pastries, fatty and spicy foods should not be included in the ration of the animal. If the owner prefers dry rations, then it should be a high-quality feed that meets the needs of a representative of large breeds. It is important to ensure that food does not cause allergies, since not all food is suitable for greyhounds.
Photo of the Russian Bosque
Video about the Russian Bosque
How much does a puppy of a Russian Bosque dog
The cost of puppies depends on various factors - standard indicators, titles of parents, the presence or absence of a pedigree. To buy a pet by an announcement from random breeders can be for 3000-7000 rubles, of course, in this case, no one will give guarantees of his physical health, mental stability and thoroughbredness.
Representatives of the same breed, which can be used in breeding and exhibitions, are somewhat more expensive. Their cost depends on the class to which the puppy belongs, and varies from 15,000 to 45,000 rubles.
Russian Borzoi is a dog with deep roots and special abilities. It is important to take into account its purpose, because such a dog will not become a toy or a sofa dog. A representative of this breed will be happy to participate in hunting and feel the love of his family. Purchasing a greyhound puppy, it is important to understand the essence of hunting dogs and not try to completely change their habits.
Kennels of the Russian Bosque
- St. Petersburg http://www.borzaya.h1.ru/HTML/klubs/klu/rezvy/rezvy.htm
- Kiev http://zabava-znaty.com
- Minsk http://deal.by/cs/16455