Once it is a working breed, it is important to emphasize right away - the Russian pinto hound is good in its work, it will not become a guard, watchman or shepherd. This is an energetic dog that possesses natural data, making it a great hunter. Getting such a pet is desirable for its intended use - only in this way can it reveal talents and show itself.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы русская пегая гончая 2. Description of the breed Russian Pinto Hound
- Особенности характера 3. Characteristics
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим и рацион питания 7. Mode and diet
- Содержание питомца 8. Pet Content
- Фото русской пегой гончей 9. Photos of the Russian Pinto Hound
- Видео о русской пегой гончей 10. Video about the Russian pinto hound
- Приобретение щенка 11. Buying a puppy
Although dogs of this breed existed in Russia for a long time, written references to them appeared only in the 19th century. The Russian Pinto Hound was the result of crossing Fox Foxes from England - the Foxhounds, with the local Russian Hound. Then the hunters highly appreciated the Foxhounds - the dogs had excellent physical fitness, endurance and malice towards the beast. All these qualities, in one way or another, have been passed on.
The adoption of the first breed standard occurred in 1925, later the data slightly changed. By 1951, the breed was fully established - its representatives had a certain character and pronounced appearance. Modern Russian piebald hounds outwardly have almost no differences from their ancestors of the mid-19th century.
Description of the breed Russian Pinto Hound
Externally, dogs of this breed are similar to Foxhound, and the similarity is noticeable to the naked eye. If you look at the general characteristics, then, according to her, this is a balanced, intelligent dog, medium in size with a strong build.
The exterior is typical for potters, with a well-pronounced sex type. In males larger dimensions, the body is slightly shorter, the backbone is wider. In the standard requirements for weight are not specified, but more often it varies from 25 to 30 kg. The growth of males is 58-68 cm, the bough is 55 -65 cm.
Individuals must meet the following standard requirements:
- The head is clearly contoured, not heavy, well covered with leather, emphasizing straight lines. Occipital protuberance stands out, but not strongly, the forehead is narrow, flat. Stop pronounced, smooth.
- The muzzle is wedge-shaped, with a rounded lower jaw, flat cheekbones and cheeks. Lips not saggy, thin, lower thicker than the upper.
- Teeth - with white, strong enamel, large, complete set, create a regular scissor bite, which has no gaps. The nose is large, black.
- Eyes - large, oval in shape, small spikiness is allowed, set wide apart, with an expressive, interested look. The color should be brown, saturated, the darker the better.
- Auricles - triangular, with rounded tips, of medium size and thickness, descend along the cheeks. Perhaps the presence of folds. When the dog is working or focused, the ears turn forward.
- The body is rectangular, the backbone and muscle tissue are well developed. The neck is long, oval, with a noble bend, turns into a massive withers, which is very developed in males.
- The chest is deep, goes down to the elbows, the ribs are wide, springy. The back is short, loin pronounced, round, croup powerful, sloping. The line of the abdomen moderately taut.
- The limbs are high, with strong bones, large joints, well-developed shoulders, oval forearm and inclined shoulder blades. Well muscled, set wide apart. The hind limbs extend beyond the line of the croup, strong, with elongated thighs.
- Only the natural form of the tail is allowed - saber-like, strong, thick at the base, it ends at a narrowing. When the dog is calm, he is low, rises vertically during work or when moving.
Coat and possible colors
The Russian spotted hound has a short coat that evenly covers the body. It is slightly longer at the hips and shorter at the extremities and face. The presence of tow standard is not allowed. In addition to bristle hair, it has an undercoat. It is not thick, but differs in density, resembles the structure of felt.
There are individuals of three colors:
- tricolor - a combination of black and pinto wool.
On the coat of the main tone there are spots of red, gray or crimson tones, they have an irregular shape. On the limbs and abdomen the coat may be white. The presence of dark specks on the body or dark arrows on the temples.
The Russian pinto hound is a wagon, it can work both with a pack and alone - not all hunting breeds can boast of such. By nature, these dogs are light, perky, inquisitive. They are stubborn and hardy in their work, while they have a balanced character, devoid of aggression. Managing such a pet is easy; moreover, these hounds understand the owner at a glance.
Thanks to these qualities, dogs make good companions, but, of course, with some reservations. You can bring such a pet into a family with children, especially those who have grown up. It will be interesting for the child to sort or run with such a pet, and the dog can do this for a very long time. The dog can be taken not only for jogging, but also for cycling - he can run side by side for a long time, without showing signs of fatigue.
Many people write that the Russian piebald potter is not exactly an apartment variant, but they are silent about what the owners face in this case. Pet will show curiosity, stubbornness and cunning, in addition, most of the hounds - rather arrogant and shameless dogs. They do not descend to begging, but they take everything by themselves - getting sweets even from the upper shelves. It is impossible to rehabilitate a pet, organization is required of the owners - it is impossible to leave food without supervision.
By virtue of their activities, these dogs differ in a musical, vociferous voice, the barking dog uses to express any emotions - from joy to deep resentment. For hunting, this quality is necessary, but in everyday life it can be a problem, especially if the dog lives in an apartment. However, with the right upbringing, the gonch can become rather silent in everyday life.
Hounds have vigilance, but due to the absence of malice towards a person, they cannot guard or guard. When approaching strangers voice necessarily be served.
Russian piebalo can be kept with other dogs of this breed. Also, the pet can find a common language with dogs of other breeds. As for cats, mice, ferrets and other living creatures, their dog will always be evaluated as prey. If there is no desire to expose the existing pets to danger, you should not take a puppy of this breed into the house.
Education and training
In working with such a dog from the owner requires firmness and strong will. She will obey only if she respects the owner, taking his leadership. When a person gives up, a hound is worthless to seize the initiative.
Russian piebalians learn the basic program perfectly well, although the dog may be obstinate, yet he will quickly remember the information given to him. If you use the right motivation, then the roughness in the training can be completely avoided. In the case of the gonchs, joint games, jogging, and porting work fine, sometimes it is even possible to do without delicacies.
Dogs of this breed are hunters who need natask. Of course, nature has endowed them with the necessary qualities, but without training they can lose their abilities. Hounds have an innate passion for hunting, but in the absence of skills the dog will not be able to use it at work.
Traditionally, with Russian piebald hounds go out to fox and hares. Even an untrained dog can catch prey, but in this case, it is likely to be torn to pieces or eaten. Young dog behaves that way? In no case should such behavior be encouraged, otherwise it will not be an excellent hunter.
Usually pulling puppies of this breed begin to engage with 3 months of age. Initially, a pet is introduced to the main teams - “to me!”, “Foo!”, “Stand!”, Etc.
In addition, he is taught to harsh sounds - the horn, shots. To do this, it is enough to blow the horn, calling the kid for a bowl of food. A well-learned dog, having heard this instrument, will rush at it from anywhere, abandoning its activities.
The young dog, who is just getting acquainted with the basics of hunting, must be fed before leaving, so that the caught game does not become his food. Prey-eaten dogs will never be good hunters.
One more specific necessary command - “scum!” The pet, having heard it, must stop eating, so that later it could part with the trophy without any problems. For training use a leash and give the puppy a treat.
If he does not react to the command, then he is driven away, and the delicacy is taken away. Most potters already 3-4 times understand what the owner wants from him, otherwise punishment should follow. If the task is done, the dog is given a treat, but not the one he refused.
On the hunt, you can take a pet from 4-6 months. But he begins to participate in a special raid later - from 8-9 months. The duration of the first classes is 3-4 hours, with a half-hour break. The hare is used in the raid, and only later - the beast that the dog will hunt after training.
Hunting should take place when the weather is dry, without wind, as it will prevent the dog from finding out the rut direction and taking a trail. Representatives of this breed are highly specialized hunters, they are able to recognize the beast by the trail and voice indicate its location.
Care and health
Russian piebald potters are unpretentious pets that require standard procedures. Dog rarely combed using a special brush, it is enough to do it once every one and a half to two weeks. Bathe the dog only as needed.
What a potter needs is intense physical exertion, usually breeders warn about this peculiarity of buyers. Even if the puppy is not acquired for hunting, he must regularly walk for a long time, practice on the playground, hounds are successful in various kinds of canine sports, giving excellent results.
If the dog does not lose energy, it can get sick, become sad, depressed, refuse to eat.
Russian piebald hounds can be attributed to the typical representatives of hunting breeds, so they are prone to the common diseases in these dogs:
- allergic manifestations of various origins - more often allergies are the result of improper, unbalanced nutrition;
- hip dysplasia.
However, dogs have strong immunity, their body is able to withstand many infections. However, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of their work - they more often than other dogs find themselves in forest zones and encounter wild animals. Therefore, the pet should be vaccinated in a timely manner, anthelmintic and treated against external parasites.
Mode and diet
It is not recommended to feed a pet of this breed once a day, in which case it will often feel hungry. Dogs are given food from 2 to 4 times a day. Be sure to take into account the needs of a particular dog - some need a hearty breakfast, others - will not go to bed without a good, nutritious dinner.
It is preferable to feed the dog with natural food - fresh meat, vegetables, rich porridges. Pet treat is sugar beef bone. But from the small, hollow bones should be abandoned. To maintain excellent health and hunting qualities with "naturalka" vitamins are required.
Among the forbidden food is fatty pork, smoked meats, pastries, pastries, condiments, spices, pickles. Dry ready-made rations can be included in the diet, but they are given infrequently and necessarily separately from the usual dishes. As a rule, use high-quality feed.
Like other hunting dogs, Russian hounds are better kept in an aviary, which should have enough space for the dog to move freely.
But lately, people have become less and less interested in hunting, and hounds are more often found as companions living in apartment conditions. In this case, the owners will face a number of difficulties, but with the proper upbringing and patience of the owners, the pet is fully accustomed.
Photo of the Russian Pinto Hound
Russian Pinto Hound Video
Buying a puppy
It is recommended to purchase a dog in the nursery or from experienced breeders, especially if the owner intends to go hunting with the pet or participate in exhibitions. Naturally, in this case there will be no doubt about the puppy's pure breed and its health.
Experienced hunters prefer to grow puppies 5-6 months of age, but not older than 8 months. It is at this age that the dog takes on the appearance of an adult animal, and the defects, if any, imperceptible in children, are already evident. The same can be said about hereditary defects.
Responsible breeders not only give the vaccinated puppy, supplied with the necessary documentation, but also advise the new owner on various issues of education and maintenance.
It is possible to buy a puppy, suitable as a pet, for 6000-8000 rubles, it will be a purebred dog, but with some flaws. The initial price of a baby suitable for breeding will be about 15,000 rubles, and a show-class puppy will cost more - 25,000-35,000 rubles.
For more than one century, the Russian piebald hound has proved its excellent working qualities, and many hunting enthusiasts choose it as an assistant. The rest of those who want to have a similar pet as a companion for living in an apartment should first familiarize themselves with all the nuances.