If we are talking about the working breed, it is important to emphasize at once - the Russian piebald hound is good in its business, it will not become a guard, a watchman or a shepherd. This is an energetic dog that possesses natural data, making it an excellent hunter. To get such a pet is desirable for its intended use - only so he can reveal talents and prove himself.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы русская пегая гончая 2. Description of the breed Russian piebald hound
- Особенности характера 3. Characteristics of the character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим и рацион питания 7. Mode and diet
- Содержание питомца 8. The contents of the pet
- Фото русской пегой гончей 9. Photo of Russian Pigeon Hound
- Видео о русской пегой гончей 10. Video about the Russian Pigeon Hound
- Приобретение щенка 11. Purchasing a puppy
Origin of the breed
Although dogs of this breed existed in Russia from ancient times, written mention of them appeared only in the 19th century. The Russian piebald hound was the result of crossbreeding of Foxons from England - foxhounds, with a local Russian hound. Then the hunters highly valued the foxhounds - dogs possessed an excellent physical form, endurance and anger to the beast. All these qualities, in one way or another, were transferred to the pegs.
The adoption of the first breed standard took place in 1925, later the data was slightly changed. By 1951, the breed was fully established - its representatives had a certain character and pronounced appearance. Modern Russian piebald hounds externally almost do not differ from their ancestors mid-19th century.
Description of breed Russian peggy hound
Externally, this breed's dogs look like a foxhound, and the similarity is noticeable to the naked eye. If you look at the general characteristics, then, according to her, this is a balanced, intelligent dog, medium-sized with a strong physique.
The exterior is typical for gonchaks, with a well-defined sexual type. The males have larger dimensions, the trunk is slightly shorter, the skeleton is wider. In the standard requirements for weight are not specified, but more often it varies from 25 to 30 kg. The growth of males is 58-68 cm, the female - 55 -65 cm.
Individuals must meet the following standard requirements:
- The head is clearly defined, not heavy, well covered with skin, emphasizing straight lines. The occipital protuberance is prominent, but not severely, the forehead is narrow, flat. The stop is expressed, smooth.
- Muzzle cuneiform, with rounded lower jaw, flat cheekbones and cheeks. The lips are not pendulous, thin, the lower is thicker than the upper one.
- Teeth - with a white, strong enamel, large, complete set, create a correct scissor bite, which has no gaps. The nose of the nose is large, black.
- Eyes - large, oval in shape, slight slanting allowed, set wide, with expressive, interested eyes. The color should be brown, saturated, the darker, the better.
- The ears are triangular, with rounded tips, of medium size and thickness, descending along the cheeks. The presence of a fold is possible. When the dog is working or concentrated, the ears turn forward.
- The body is rectangular, the skeleton and muscle tissues are well developed. The neck is long, oval, with a noble curve, passes into a massive withers, which in males is very developed.
- The thorax is deep, it goes down to the elbows, the ribs are broad, springy. The back is short, the loin is expressed, rounded, the croup is powerful, sloping. The abdominal line is moderately tight.
- The limbs are high, with strong bones, large joints, well developed shoulders, oval strong forearms and inclined shoulder blades. Well muscled, widely spaced. Hind legs extend beyond the croup line, strong, with elongated hips.
- It is allowed only the natural appearance of the tail - saber-like, strong, thick at the base, towards the end it goes to a narrowing. When the dog is calm, it is located low, while working or moving, it rises vertically.
Coat and possible colors
The Russian hound has a short wool, which evenly covers the trunk. It is slightly elongated on the hips and shorter on the limbs and muzzle. The presence of strips is not allowed by the standard. In addition to the ostovogo hair, and has an undercoat. It is not thick, but differs in density, resembles a felt structure.
There are individuals of three colors:
- scarlet and piebald;
- tricolor - a combination of black and pie wool.
On the coat of the main tone there are spots of red, gray or crimson tones, they have an irregular shape. On the limbs and abdomen, the coat can be white. There may be dark spots on the trunk or dark arrows on the temples.
Characteristics of character
Russian pony hound - universal, it can work both with a pack, and in solitude - not all hunting breeds can boast of such. By nature, these dogs are easy, fussy, inquisitive. They are persistent and hardy in their work, while they have a balanced character, devoid of aggression. To control such a pet is simple, in addition, these gonchaks understand the master with a half-word.
Thanks to these qualities, good companions are obtained from dogs, but, of course, with some reservations. You can get such a pet in a family with children, especially grown up. The child will be interested in an aport or run with such a favorite, and the dog can do this for a very long time. The dog can be taken not only for jogging, but also for cycling - it can run for a long time alongside without showing signs of fatigue.
Many write about the fact that the Russian piebald gonchak is not quite an apartment option, but they are silent about what the owners are facing in this case. The pet will show curiosity, stubbornness and cunning, in addition, most of the hounds - rather arrogant and shameless dogs. They do not descend to begging, but they take everything themselves - getting delicious even from the top shelves. It is impossible to re-educate a pet, it requires organization from the owners - it is impossible to leave food unattended.
By virtue of their activities, these dogs differ in a musical, barky voice, barking the dog uses to express any emotions - from joy to deep resentment. For hunting this quality is necessary, but in ordinary life it can become a problem, especially if the dog lives in an apartment. However, with proper education, the gonchak can become quite silent in everyday life.
Hounds are vigilant, but because of the lack of anger towards a person, they can not guard or guard. When the strangers come nearer, the voice will be delivered.
Russian pegu can be kept with other dogs of this breed. Also the pet can find common language with dogs of other breeds. As for cats, mice, ferrets and other animals, their dog will always be evaluated as a prey. If there is no desire to expose the existing pets, do not take a puppy of this breed into the house.
Education and training
In working with such a dog, the owner needs hardness and strong will. She will obey only if she respects the owner, accepting his leadership. When a person gives slack, a hound is worthless to seize the initiative.
Russian pegs perfectly master the basic program, although the dog can be stubborn, yet he will quickly remember the information given to him. If you use the right motivation, then the roughness in the training can be completely avoided. In the case of Gonchaks, joint games, jogging, andportation work well, sometimes it is even possible to do without delicacies.
Dogs of this breed are hunters in need of training. Of course, nature endowed them with the necessary qualities, but without training they may lose their abilities. Hounds possess an innate passion for hunting, but in the absence of skills the dog will not be able to use it in work.
Traditionally, with Russian hounds, go to the fox and hares. Even an untrained dog is able to catch up with prey, but in this case he is most likely to be torn or eaten by it. Is the young dog behaving this way? In no case should such behavior be encouraged, otherwise it will not become an excellent hunter.
Usually by training puppies of this breed begin to be engaged from 3 months old. Initially, the pet is introduced to the main teams - "to me!", "Fu!", "To stand!", Etc.
In addition, he is accustomed to sharp sounds - a horn, shots. To do this, it is enough to blow the horn, calling the baby to a bowl of food. Well-assimilated task the dog, hearing this instrument, will be carried on him from any place, leaving his studies.
A young dog, who is just getting acquainted with the basics of hunting, must be fed before going out, so that overtaken game does not become his food. Dogs that eat prey will never become good hunters.
Another specific necessary command is "otryshch!" The pet, hearing it, should stop eating, so that later he could easily part with the trophy. For training use a leash and give the puppy a yummy.
If he does not react to the team, then he is driven away, and the delicacy is taken away. The majority of Gonchaks already understand 3-4 times what the owner wants from him, otherwise punishment should follow. If the task is completed, the dog is given a treat, but not the one that he refused.
On the hunt you can take a pet from 4-6 months already. But he starts to participate in a special fit later - with 8-9 months. The duration of the first lessons is 3-4 hours, with a half-hour break. In the fraying they use a hare, and later - a beast, on which the dog will hunt after training.
Hunting should take place when the weather is dry, without wind, as it will prevent the dog from finding out the direction of the rut and take the trail. Representatives of this breed are highly specialized hunters, they are able to recognize the beast on the trail and voice indicate its location.
Care and health
Russian piebald Gonchaks - pets are unpretentious, requiring standard procedures. The dog is rarely combed using a special brush, it's enough to do it once a week and a half or two weeks. Bathe the dog only as needed.
What the Gonchak needs is in intensive physical exertion, usually the breeders warn about this feature of the buyers. Even if the puppy is not purchased for hunting, he should regularly walk for a long time, engage in the field, the gonchaks are successful in various kinds of canine sports, giving excellent results.
If the dog does not waste energy, he can get sick, become sad, depressed, refuse to eat.
Russian hounds can be attributed to typical representatives of hunting breeds, so they are prone to common in these dogs diseases:
- allergic manifestations of different origin - more often the allergy is the result of an incorrect, unbalanced diet;
- dysplasia of the hip joints.
Nevertheless, dogs have a strong immune system, their body is able to withstand many infections. However, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of their work - they are more often than other dogs in forest zones and face wild animals. Therefore, the pet should be vaccinated in a timely manner, flayed and treated from external parasites.
Mode and diet
It is not recommended to feed a pet of this breed once a day, in which case it will often feel hungry. Dogs are given food 2 to 4 times a day. Be sure to consider the needs of a particular dog - some need a hearty breakfast, others - will not sleep without a good, nutritious dinner.
It is more preferable to feed the dog with natural food - fresh meat, vegetables, rich mush. A delicacy for the pet is the sugar beef bone. But from small, hollow bones should be discarded. To maintain excellent health and hunting qualities for "naturalka" vitamins will be required.
Among the forbidden food is fat pork, smoked products, confectionery, baked goods, seasonings, spices, marinades. In the diet can include dry and ready-made rations, but they are given infrequently and necessarily apart from the usual dishes. As a rule, high quality fodders are used.
Like other hunting dogs, Russian hounds are best kept in an enclosure, in which there should be enough space for the dog to move freely.
But recently, people are less likely to be interested in hunting, and Gonchaks are more likely to be companions living in an apartment setting. In this case, the hosts are waiting for a number of difficulties, but with the proper upbringing and patience of the owners, the pet quite gets accustomed.
Photo of Russian Pigeon Hound
Video about Russian Pigeon Hound
Purchasing a puppy
It is recommended to purchase a dog in a nursery or with experienced breeders, especially if the owner expects to go out with a pet to hunt or participate in exhibitions. Naturally, in this case there will be no doubt about the thoroughbredness of the puppy and his health.
Experienced hunters prefer podrashchennyh puppies 5-6 months old, but not older than 8 months. It is to this age that the dog acquires the appearance of an adult animal, and defects, if any, imperceptible to babies, already manifest themselves. The same can be said about hereditary defects.
Responsible breeders not only give the vaccinated puppy, provided with the necessary documentation, but also advise the new owner on various issues of upbringing and maintenance.
Buy a puppy suitable as a pet, you can for 6000-8000 rubles, it will be a thoroughbred dog, but with some flaws. The initial price of the baby, suitable for breeding, will be about 15,000 rubles, and the puppy of the show class will cost more - 25,000-35,000 rubles.
The Russian hound has already confirmed its excellent working qualities for many centuries, and many hunters choose it as an assistant. The rest of those who wish to have such a pet as a companion for living in an apartment must first become acquainted with all the nuances.