The Russian colored lap dog is a doggie whose charming appearance is combined with a good-natured character, it looks like a nice toy, and inside it has a hot, kind heart. Naturally, these animals can not leave anyone indifferent, and today the number of fans of this breed is steadily increasing. What are the features of such a pet and who is recommended to start a puppy of a dog?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы русская цветная болонка 2. Description of the breed Russian colored lapdog
- Характер 3. Character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Как ухаживать за болонкой 5. How to care for the lap-dog
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Особенности кормления 7. Features of feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. Keeping a dog
- Фото русской цветной болонки 9. Photos of Russian colored lapdog
- Видео о русской цветной болонке 10. Video about Russian colored lapdog
- Где приобрести щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
Practically all the breeds bred by Russian breeders are workers - these are hunting, service, sled dogs. As for the decorative species, this direction practically did not attract the attention of professionals.
Nevertheless, interest in dwarf breeds after World War II arose, but very few miniature representatives were brought into the country. This further fueled interest in tiny pets, and, despite the scarcity of individuals available and not the best quality, the work on the formation of a new breed began.
In 1951, the first offspring was obtained from 2 lapdogs - a white dog Trifon, who came from Hungary, and the coffee girl Zhu-Ju, it was the only black puppy. After that, blood of other decorative breeds was added - Maltese lapdogs, shih-tzu, lhaso-apso, etc.
At the end of the 50s, it was possible to get the same type of livestock, which earned the status of a separate breed group. But, despite the appearance of the National Breed Club, the Russian colored lapdog has not received international recognition.
Breed description Russian colored lapdog
The representative of the breed is a small, fluffy, compact little dog with a square-sized body. He has an amazing temperament and is perfectly person oriented. The standard contains the following description of the Russian colored lapdog:
- The head is small, proportional to the body, with a rounded forehead, the back of the head and eyebrows are not expressed. The muzzle is shortened, neat, with a straight back of the nose and a small lobe of the nose, pigmented by black color. In individuals with light hair, it may be brown in color.
- The lips are snug, the teeth are small, create the correct bite in the form of "scissors", the standard allows for a small snack or undershot, just so there is no gap.
- The eyes are round-shaped, large, with a hazel iris and eyelids pigmented in the tone of the coat, their bulge is not peculiar.
- Auricles are triangular, with rounded tips, set high. They hang down, lying close to the cheekbones, covered with a long coat of hair, are a real decoration of the representatives of the breed.
- The body is average, with lean muscles and high postavim. The body is square in shape, slightly stretched. The back is shortened, straight, goes into the short lumbar region, slightly protruding.
- The croup is well muscled, of a round shape, with a slight bevel. Chest oval, well developed. The line of the abdomen is chosen a little.
- The front legs are slightly wider than the rear, with muscular thighs set obliquely and dry hocks.
- Paws are oval, arched, medium-sized, the rear are smaller than the front. The pads are strong as the claws are pigmented with a dark color.
- The tail is folded into a ring, is high, and is covered with an abundant, long guard hairs along the entire length. The tip is wound behind the back.
Wool and colors
Wool from Russian lapdogs is thick, beautiful, according to the standard it is desirable that it be wavy, but not curly. It consists of two layers - a long guard hair and a rich, thick undercoat. Hair is not adjacent to the skin, fluffy, externally has shine, to the touch - like silk.
Colors are not particularly limited, any shade is allowed, except white. Rare are individuals with pure black wool and rich brown. Breeders are very difficult to achieve offspring with a color that makes them the most desirable. The presence of light spots in the chest and limbs.
Once in the house, such a pet almost immediately becomes a pet, and almost all family members. These dogs really know how to possess. Puppy playfulness they retain throughout life, therefore, ideal for families with children. But you should forget about peace - joint games will be very noisy and contagiously funny.
You should not think that the lap dog is a graceful, weak creature, a dog is able to accompany its owner during long walks, for this it has enough activity and endurance. In general, you can take the baby on nature, jogging, travel. Transportation of these animals are well tolerated, they will be happy to be close to their family.
Russian colored lapdogs are distinguished by high intelligence, they catch the mood of people and on an intuitive level they understand how to behave. To breed a puppy of this breed can be lonely people or elderly couples - the dog will be a wonderful friend - gentle and affectionate.
Dog is very attached to the members of his family, acutely experiencing separation. Naturally, he loves the owner and the household and needs to respond in response.
Some miniature dogs are not suitable for keeping in large, noisy families, but this does not apply to lapdogs. Such a pet will be happy to become a part of such a community, especially since he loves communication, children, affection and is not averse to being in the center of events.
If you leave your pet alone for a long time, he will become sad and may even begin to harm - not out of evil, just to silence the longing. Often, prolonged lack of communication leads to diseases of an animal psychosomatic nature.
Like other decorative pets, called to be companions, Russian lapdogs have a playful, gentle character, friendly attitude towards people. They are very attached to the person, but unobtrusive. If the owner is not in the mood for communication, the dog will calmly settle down nearby, but will not bother and distract.
Education and training
Decorative dogs often do not need special training, but the pet still needs to be educated - the dog must know its place in the family, be able to ask to go outside. The owner should allocate a plot for rest, feeding and acquaint them with a pet.
You can’t call a lap dog a quiet animal, the spirit of a protector often wakes up in it, and she starts to bark at everything that seems dangerous to her or carries a threat. Therefore, the pet should be made to understand that barking for no good reason is a bad form, as is damage to any property, be it wallpaper or master's slippers.
Being alone, the dog can afford too much, making a real mess. In no case can such behavior be encouraged, since this can become the norm. Of course, we are not talking about harsh punishments with physical violence, but the suggestion will not be superfluous in a strict tone. The lap-dog is a smart animal, she will immediately understand her blunders and will try not to relax this way anymore.
How to care for the lap-dog
Caring for the lapdog is quite simple and does not require special knowledge and skills. The dog practically does not shed and does not have a specific smell of dog, which can be attributed to the advantages of this breed. Wool of such a pet is enough to comb it every 2-3 days. If you choose a suitable brush, the procedure will be a pleasant pastime for both the dog and the owner.
Bathe lapdog once in 2-3 weeks, if you do it more often, the condition of the hair and skin can significantly deteriorate. Use special detergents suitable for this type of wool. Showers should additionally purchase air conditioners, balms, waxes, etc.
Experts advise to first wrap the pet in a towel to remove excess moisture, and then dry it with a hairdryer. Wool in lapdogs creates a very long bang, which is recommended to collect in the tail on the gum. This gives the pet a certain chic appearance, and the owners allow them to purchase various cute accessories for their four-legged friend.
The owner should pay special attention to the eyes of the dog - they should be regularly inspected and wiped with a cotton pad dipped in chamomile broth or an antiseptic liquid. Do not forget about the mandatory hygienic procedures that all dogs need:
- ear cleaning - a wadded disk removes dirt and excess sulfur;
- brushing teeth - spend 2-3 times a week, using a special tool and a brush;
- claw clipping - use a kogtezku, it is enough to do it every 1-2 months.
With proper care, the dog will be cheerful and healthy, infecting the host with positive.
On average, representatives of the breed live 10-12 years. If we consider that for breeding, we used both breed dogs and mixed breeds, it is not surprising that the Russian colored lapdogs are practically not susceptible to hereditary diseases and genetic disorders.
But, like other dogs, they can get sick with such dangerous dog ailments as distemper carnivores or rabies. Therefore, these small pets should be required to vaccinate against various viral and bacterial infections and to undergo regular veterinary examinations with the pet.
Good nutrition is the key to a long and healthy life, so this aspect should be given special attention. It doesn’t matter if the owner chooses to feed with natural food or industrial feed, the food must be nutritious and balanced. Choose a suitable dry diet, preferably from brands of super or super-premium class, always taking into account the age and size of the pet.
If the owner of the menu is a favorite of natural products, it is important to know that the main food of dogs is meat and offal, they make up to 75% of the entire ration. The rest is fish, cereals, vegetables, fruits, dairy products. Pupils love quail eggs, but they are given no more than 2 times a week and no more than 2 pieces at a time.
Puppies are fed often - 5-6 times, gradually reducing the number of meals. It is enough for adult pets to give food twice a day - in the morning and evening hours. After the meal you should not immediately take the dog to the street, it is important to give her 30-40 minutes to rest.
With the wrong behavior of the owners of these cuties get simply virtuoso beggars. You can not treat a little dog from your table and guests to warn that the dog with a plaintive-asking glance is not at all hungry. All Bolonkas, including Russian colored ones, should not be given products containing chocolate, it is a strong allergen.
Representatives of this breed are exclusively indoor pets, intended to stay near a person. You should not hope for the natural health of your pet and place its stove bench in a place with drafts or at the entrance doors.
The lapdogs walk 2-3 times a day, the owners also have the opportunity to teach their miniature friend to the tray. But even if the dog fulfills the need of the house, you should not deprive him of his walks - an important moment of socialization. He must waste his energy, communicate with fellows and other people.
Photos of Russian colored wolf
Video about Russian colored lapdog
Where to buy a puppy
Russian colored lapdog has a lot of positive qualities, but the breed is not very common, and if there is a desire to buy such a pet, problems may arise. Nurseries that breed Russian colored lapdogs:
- “Danlyn”, Moscow http://www.denlin.ru/
- "Elmirada", Moscow https://elmirada.jimdo.com/.
It is best to contact a breeding nursery for help. It is necessary to be more careful - if the seller offers puppies of several dozen breeds, then most likely, it is a commercial enterprise interested only in profit, and not as offspring.
The second option is a private breeder, preference should be given to experienced people who know all the nuances of the breed and have a good reputation. By acquiring a puppy in the bird market or from a random seller, a person risks, at best, getting a half-breed, at worst - a sick animal with disabilities.
It is worth visiting the seller, personally assess the conditions of animals, look at the parents of the baby. Professional breeders are serious about rejection of breeding individuals, this increases the chances of getting healthy, strong offspring. If mom or dad has any defect, in most cases it is transmitted to puppies.
The lap-dog is not a guard, a watchman or a hunter, this dog is for the soul, therefore, when choosing, one should focus on one's own feelings. Often the owner at first glance recognizes "his" favorite. However, if the owner reads the pet the subsequent show career, it is very important that the dog meets the standard requirements and does not have even the slightest deviations. In this case, it is necessary to consider individuals of the show class.
The cost of puppies varies considerably: for a baby without documents you will have to pay from 5,000 to 15,000 rubles, with pedigree the price can be much higher.
Glorious, kind, funny - Russian colored lapdogs conquer at first sight. And the fact that the breed is rare is even more interesting. But to acquire such a small dog is worth only to love him, to care and cherish.