Russian colored lapdog - a dog with a charming appearance combined with a good-natured character, she looks like a glorious toy, and inside she has a warm, kind heart. Naturally, these animals can not leave anyone indifferent, and today the number of fans of this breed is steadily increasing. What are the characteristics of such a pet and who is recommended to get a puppy of a lap dog?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы русская цветная болонка 2. Description of breed Russian colored lapdog
- Характер 3. Character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Как ухаживать за болонкой 5. How to care for a lap dog
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Особенности кормления 7. Peculiarities of feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото русской цветной болонки 9. Photo of a Russian colored lapdog
- Видео о русской цветной болонке 10. Video about the Russian colored lapdog
- Где приобрести щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
Origin of the breed
Almost all breeds bred by Russian breeders are workers - they are hunting, service, sled dogs. As for decorative species, this direction practically did not attract the attention of professionals.
Yet interest in dwarf species after the Patriotic War arose, but very few miniature representatives were imported into the country. This further fueled interest in tiny pets, and despite the scarcity of the existing individuals and not their best quality, the work on the formation of a new breed began.
In 1951, the first offspring was obtained from 2 bolonoks - the white dog Trifon, who came from Hungary, and the coffee girl Zhu-zhu, this was the only black puppy. After that, blood was added to other decorative rocks - Maltese Bolonok, Shih Tzu, Lhaso-Apso, etc.
In the late 50-ies managed to get the same type of livestock, which deserved the status of a separate breed group. But, despite the emergence of the National Club of the breed, the Russian colored lapdog did not receive international recognition.
Description of species Russian colored lapdog
The representative of the breed is a small, fluffy, compact dog that has a trunk of a square format. He has an amazing temperament and is perfectly oriented to a person. The standard describes the following description of the Russian colored lapdog:
- The head is small, proportional to the body, with a rounded forehead, the back of the head and the superciliary arches are not pronounced. The muzzle is short, neat, with a straight back of the nose and a small nose, pigmented in black. In individuals with light hair, it can be brown in color.
- Lips tight fit, the teeth are small, create a proper bite in the form of "scissors", the standard allows for a small snack or undershot, only to avoid a gap.
- Eyes round in shape, large, with a rosy iris and centuries pigmented in the tone of the wool cover, convexity is not characteristic of them.
- The auricles are triangular, with rounded tips, located high. They hang down, adjoining to the cheekbones, covered with a long woolly covering, are a real decoration of the representatives of the breed.
- The body is average, with a dry musculature and a high set. The case is square, slightly stretched. The back is short, straight, it passes into a short lumbar region, slightly protruding.
- The croup is well muscled, round in shape, with a slight slant. The chest is oval, well developed. The abdominal line is slightly selected.
- The forelimbs are slightly wider than the rear, with muscular thighs set obliquely, and with dry hock joints.
- Paws oval, arched, small, hind legs smaller than the forelegs. Pillows are strong, like claws, pigmented with dark color.
- The tail is rolled into a ring, is high, covered with abundant, long coarse hair along the entire length. The tip is wound behind the back.
Wool and colors
The wool of Russian Bolonok is thick, beautiful, it is desirable, according to the standard, to be wavy, but not curly. It consists of two layers - a long coarse hair and a thick, thick undercoat. The hair is not adjacent to the skin, fluffy, externally glossy, to the touch - like silk.
Colors are not particularly limited, any shade except white is allowed. Rare are individuals with pure black hair and a rich brown color. Breeders are very difficult to achieve offspring with such a color, which makes them the most desired. Light spots in the area of the chest and extremities are allowed.
Once in the house, such a pet almost immediately becomes a pet, and almost all members of the family. These dogs really can arrange to themselves. Puppy playfulness they retain throughout their lives, so they are ideal for families with children. But it's worth forgetting about rest - the joint games will be very noisy and contagiously cheerful.
Do not think that the lapdog is an elegant, weak creature, the dog is able to accompany his master during long walks, for this it has enough activity and endurance. Generally, you can take the baby to nature, jogging, traveling. Transportation these animals carry well, they will be happy to be next to their family.
Russian colored lap-dogs are of high intelligence, they catch the mood of people and intuitively understand how to behave. To get a puppy of this breed can be lonely people or elderly couples - the dog will become a wonderful friend - gentle and affectionate.
Pesik is very much attached to his family members, sharply worries about separation. Naturally, he loves the owner and the family and needs reciprocal feelings.
Some miniature dogs are not suitable for keeping in large, noisy families, but this does not apply to bolognese. Such a pet will be happy to become a part of such a community, especially since he adores communication, children, affection and is not averse to being at the center of events.
If you leave your pet alone for a long time, it will become sad and may even start to harm - not from evil, just to drown out anguish. Often, a long absence of communication leads to animal diseases of a psychosomatic nature.
Like other decorative pets, called to be companions, Russian lapdogs have a playful, gentle character, friendly attitude to people. They are very attached to man, but unobtrusive. If the host does not have the mood for communication, the dog will sit quietly next door, but will not bother and distract.
Education and training
Decorative dogs often do not need special training, but the pet still needs to be brought up - the dog must know his place in the family, be able to ask for the street. The landlord should allocate a site for rest, feeding and familiarizing the pet with them.
A lap-dog can not be called a quiet animal, the spirit of the defender often wakes up in her, and she begins to bark all that seems dangerous to her or carries a threat. Therefore, the pet should be given to understand that barking for no serious reason is a bad form, as well as damage to any property, whether it's wallpaper or master sneakers.
Being alone, a dog can afford to spare by arranging a real mess. Such behavior should not be encouraged in any case, as this can become the norm. Of course, we are not talking about severe punishments with physical violence, but it is not superfluous to be suggestion in a strict tone. Bolonka is an intelligent animal, she immediately understands her mistakes and will try not to relax any more in this way.
How to care for a lapdog
Care for the lap dog is quite simple and does not require special knowledge and skills. The dog practically does not molt and does not have a specific smell of the dog, which can be attributed to the advantages of this breed. Wool of such a pet is enough to comb out once in 2-3 days. If you choose the right brush, the procedure will be a pleasant pastime, both for the dog and the owner.
Bathe bolonok every 2-3 weeks, if you do it more often, then the condition of the coat and skin can deteriorate significantly. Use special detergents suitable for this type of wool. Exhibitors should additionally purchase air conditioners, balsams, waxes, etc.
Experts advise first to wrap the pet in a towel to remove excess moisture, and then dry it with a hair dryer. The wool of Bolonok creates a very long bang, which is recommended to be assembled in the tail on an elastic band. This gives the appearance of the pet a certain chic, and the owners can purchase various cute accessories for their four-legged friend.
The owner should pay special attention to the eyes of the dog - they must be inspected regularly and wiped with a cotton disc moistened in a decoction of chamomile or antiseptic liquid. Do not forget about the mandatory hygiene procedures that all dogs need:
- cleaning the ears - a cotton disc removes pollution and surplus sulfur;
- cleaning teeth - spend 2-3 times a week, using a special tool and brush;
- clipping claws - apply claw, it is enough to do it every 1-2 months.
With proper care the dog will be happy and healthy, infecting the owner with a positive.
On average, the breed's representatives live 10-12 years. If we take into account that both breed dogs and metis have been used to breed the breed, it is not surprising that Russian colored lap-dogs are almost not subject to hereditary diseases and genetic disorders.
But, like other dogs, they can fall ill with such dangerous canine ailments as the plague of carnivores or rabies. Therefore, these small pets should be vaccinated against various viral and bacterial infections and undergo regular veterinary examinations with the pet.
Features of feeding
Good food is a guarantee of a long and healthy life, therefore this aspect should be paid special attention. It does not matter whether the owner chooses to feed natural food or industrial food, the food should be nutritious and balanced. To choose a suitable dry diet is desirable from super or super-premium brands, necessarily taking into account the age and size of the pet.
If the owner makes a menu of a favorite from natural products, it is important to know that the main food of dogs is meat and offal, they account for up to 75% of the whole portion. The rest is fish, cereals, vegetables, fruits, fermented milk products. Bologonka very much like quail eggs, but they are given no more often than 2 times a week and not more than 2 pieces at a time.
Puppies are fed often - 5-6 times, gradually reducing the number of meals. Adults have enough food to give twice a day - in the morning and evening hours. After the meal, do not immediately take the dog out onto the street, it's important to give her 30-40 minutes to rest.
With the wrong behavior of the owners of these cuties are obtained simply virtuoso beggars. You can not treat a dog from your table and guests to warn that a dog with a plaintive-begging gaze is not hungry at all. All lap-dogs, including Russian colored ones, can not be given products containing chocolate, it is a strong allergen.
Representatives of this breed are exclusively pets, intended for living near a person. Do not rely on the natural health of the pet and place his bed in a place with drafts or at the entrance doors.
Walking shoes 2-3 times a day, and the owners have the opportunity to accustom their miniature friend to the tray. But even if the dog cope with the need at home, do not deprive him of walks - an important moment of socialization. He must waste his energy, communicate with his brethren and other people.
Photo of the Russian colored lapdog
Video about the Russian colored lapdog
Where to buy a puppy
Russian colored lap dog has a lot of positive qualities, but the breed is not very common, and if there is a desire to buy such a pet, problems may arise. Nurseries engaged in breeding Russian colored bolonok:
- "Danlin", Moscow http://www.denlin.ru/
- "Elmira", Moscow https://elmirada.jimdo.com/.
It is best to ask for help in a nursery that breeds this breed. It should be more careful - if the seller offers puppies of several dozen breeds, then, most likely, we are talking about a commercial enterprise, interested solely in profit, and not as a posterity.
The second option is a private breeder, preference should be given to experienced people who know all the nuances of the breed and have a good reputation. Purchasing a puppy in a bird market or an occasional seller, a person risks, at best, to get a mestizo, at worst - a sick animal with deviations.
It is worth to visit the seller, personally assess the conditions of animals, look at the parents of the baby. Professional breeders are serious about rejecting unsuitable specimens, this increases the chances of getting a healthy, strong offspring. If the mother or father has any defect, in most cases it is passed on to the puppies.
Bolonka is not a guard, a watchman or a hunter, this doggie is for the soul, so when choosing it is worthwhile to focus on your own feelings. Often, the owner at first sight will recognize his "favorite". However, if the owner tells the pet the subsequent exhibition career, it is very important that the dog meet the standard requirements and did not even have the slightest deviations. In this case, it is worth considering the individuals of the show class.
The cost of puppies varies considerably: for crumbs without documents it is necessary to pay from 5000 to 15000 rubles, with a pedigree the price can be much higher.
Glorious, kind, amusing - Russian colored lapdogs conquer at first sight. And the fact that the breed is rare, even more interesting. But to acquire such a small dog is only to love it, cherish and cherish.