Large and powerful - Rottweilers do not just cause respect, and their fighting appearance often inspires fears. However, throughout the history of the breed these dogs were near the person, helped him and lived side by side. This helped them to find a balanced character and develop them and so good physical qualities. Today the Rottweiler is an excellent companion, watchman and official dog, but the dog needs compulsory education and socialization.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы ротвейлер 2. Description of the Rottweiler breed
- Черты характера 3. Character traits
- Как проводится обучение 4. How is the training conducted?
- Уход за собакой 5. Dog Care
- Как кормить ротвейлера 6. How to feed a Rottweiler
- Фото ротвейлера 7. Rottweiler photos
- Видео о ротвейлере 8. Video about Rottweiler
- Какова стоимость щенков 9. What is the cost of puppies
- Питомники ротвейлера 10. Rottweiler nurseries
Origin of the breed
There are a number of sources confirming that the ancestors of the Rottweilers were dogs of Roman legionaries. They guarded the cattle of warriors, which was used for food and followed the troops. The dogs of that time looked like today's Rottweilers and Neapolitan mastiffs, who are considered their close relatives.
The history of the breed itself is connected with the German city of Rottweil, thanks to which it got its name. In this city, the most famous cattle fairs were held, and the dogs were taken to help farmers in this difficult matter.
Pets drove the cattle into the herd, watched the stragglers, knocked the arrogance from overly aggressive bulls and wore money in a special department in the collar. However, when the cattle began to be transported by the railroad, the drivers lost their relevance. But these hardy, intelligent dogs were betting policemen, and the next round of Rottweiler breed popularity began.
Description of the Rottweiler breed
Rottweiler has an average, balanced constitution - neither heavy, nor frying. The height of the males is 61-68 cm, the bitches are slightly lower - 56-63 cm. The weight of the dog's yat is within the range of 42-50 kg. The standard prescribes such an appearance of the pet:
- The head is of medium size, with a well-defined occipital mound, the ears are planted widely. The muzzle is slightly narrower, ending in a broad lobe with enlarged round nostrils. The color of the lobe, lips and eye strokes is black. At thoroughbred representatives clearly expressed cheekbones, underlined by color.
- Ears are medium in size, triangular in shape, most often they are stopped. If not, then they hang down, reaching the middle of the cheekbones.
- The neck of the Rottweilers muscular, strong. The back is straight, turning into a well-defined lumbar belt. Croup is an extended, medium length.
- The tail is thick, long, in a calm state, hangs, but, according to the breed characteristics, it must be docked .
- The fore and hind legs are set wide and straight, they form a strong base. The elbows are pressed against the body, the pasterns are perfectly developed, the paws are tightly assembled.
Coat and coat
There is only one color of Rottweilers - wool of a black shade with red tan. Spots of a tan are located on the area of cheekbones, eyes, throat, paws and perineum, they should be symmetrical. The standard does not allow the presence of even small white spots.
The coat is coarse in dogs, the undercoat is dense and thick. Such protection allows to keep them on the street, the pet does not freeze in the winter. According to the standard, the wool should be of medium length, lying flat, the undercoat should not be visible.
Due to the fact that Rottweilers have always lived in the environment of people, they can boast a good ability to adapt. Such pets fit well into the owner's life rhythm, quickly remember his habits and react sensitively to the emotional state. Rottweiler is a serious, balanced dog, and physical development allows him to be confident and calm in any situation.
If the dog is properly brought up, he will not spend his own resources on causeless aggression. But he is ready 24 hours a day to protect his own family, housing and the surrounding area. Given the innate security instinct, it is necessary to teach the pet as early as possible to distinguish between the present danger and everyday situations. In this case, early socialization plays an enormous role.
If a Rottweiler gets a man who has no experience, or he is not engaged in the upbringing of his four-legged friend, then the dog can grow aggressive, rude and be dangerous to others and his own family. Rottweiler is devoted to the owner and to love, and a kind attitude is always reciprocated.
Since the breed was taken out to help a man, these dogs are accustomed to be always near and help when necessary. They do not tolerate loneliness and are very worried if they are not paid attention. A well-bred Rottweiler can be a real family member, he does not tolerate quarrels and curses, so he acts as a conciliator.
Dogs of this breed get along well with children, especially if they grow up together. They are also loyal to new members, but with small children it's worthwhile to be more careful. This dog is strong and temperamental, therefore, it is not always possible to discern deliberate rudeness and an inefficient game in a timely manner. Owners should not leave young children and dogs alone and always monitor their communication. Rottweiler turns out to be a cheerful company dog, but as a nanny he does not fit.
It also requires the attention of the pet to communicate with strangers, whether it be guests or people passing by on the street. Rottweilers are not aggressors, especially if they are properly educated and socialized, they will not rush to people without a reason. But nevertheless it is recommended to put on the pet muzzle before visiting crowded places.
Read about the other guard dogs .
How is the training conducted
Since the representatives of this breed are characterized by masculinity and self-confidence, they need a master with the same qualities. A person without experience is unlikely to be able to cope with the temperament of the pet, and the dog will dominate in these relationships. The owner of the rottweiler must be persistent and be strict.
It is necessary to accustom a pupil to discipline from the first days of his appearance in the house. But to be rude to the dog can not in any case, since such an attitude will make it aggressive.
Rottweilers are distinguished by a good food reaction, and experts recommend using this feature during the period of upbringing and training. Any success should be rewarded with a small piece of goodness or laconic praise. Do not admire too much, the main thing is to speak sincerely.
Often, thoroughbred dogs show special affection for one person in the family, who is more concerned with and cares for them. To fix this, care should be assigned to care among all members of the family by setting a schedule for the order of the day's walking, feeding and other activities. This approach will give the pet to understand that everyone loves and appreciates it, and the owners will facilitate the process of upbringing and socialization of the pet.
Culp a rottweiler is strictly not recommended. If you do not comply with the feeding regime, give the dog various harmful products, then the pet will gain weight and become addicted to begging.
Rottweiler does not require special conditions of detention. In the apartment, the pet needs to equip a bed of suitable size , away from heating and drafts. In the street, he needs a booth lined with straw or other suitable material.
Rottweilers perfectly tolerate the cold, which can not be said about the heat, so it is recommended that this be taken into account when equipping the territory for the compound. Care for the teeth of the pet is to regularly treat it with a large cerebral bone. This will help protect the dog from the formation of tartar and a bad smell from the mouth.
During teething, the puppy should pay attention to the position of the ears of his pet. They can hang out or form an unwanted fold. If this happens, it is worth consulting with a veterinarian, he will tell you what to do in this case.
It is also necessary to regularly inspect the auricles for plaque and inflammation, and clean them neatly , with a cotton swab. Eyes also require attention, but they need only be examined and with any, even a minor change (redness, increased lachrymation, etc.), it is worth contacting a specialist.
Rottweiler's coat is pretty simple to clean. To wool gloss and look good, it is enough to brush it with a special brush once or twice a week - a rubber glove, a scraper or a metal comb will do. It is desirable to accustom a pet to such a procedure from puppyhood, and then he will not only not resist, but also enjoy the manipulation. During the seasonal moult, it is required to comb the hair daily.
If you do not pay proper attention to the coat, the dog may have copious dandruff , especially when it strongly sheds. Rottweilers do not need frequent washing, you can do it a couple of times a year and with a lot of pollution.
In dogs, often on hard ground, claws are stitched naturally, otherwise they need to be cut off . Since Rottweilers are not great fans of pedicure, they can aggressively treat such a procedure. In this case, you may need to apply for professional services in a vet clinic. You can avoid this if you file or clip them neatly, when the pet is still a puppy and after the procedure it is well to encourage it.
It is also important to take care of the timely inoculation of the dog, pasture of worms and treatment from external parasites. Rottweilers can not be attributed to long-livers, they live about 10 years. However, there are cases of longer life - 13 and even 15 years. Naturally, not the least role here is played by care , conditions of maintenance and proper feeding of the pet . An elderly pet needs more attentive care, correction of the diet and regular visits to the veterinary clinic.
Read also: what kind of dog is better to have in the apartment .
How to Feed Rottweiler
Dog owners have two options, how to feed their pet - natural food or industrial food. But, that the owner chooses, the food should be high-grade and qualitative. In the first case, the diet should consist, for the most part, of meat and offal. Be sure to include in the dog's menu boiled eggs, low-fat sea fish, cheese, dairy products - curd, curdled milk, kefir. These are essential ingredients that are sources of protein.
Carbohydrates should be obtained from the croup. Ideally suited rice and buckwheat porridge, cooked on water or vegetable, meat broth. But it's better to refuse from the pearl barley, as her dog's body does not absorb well. Fiber is another necessary component, its sources are vegetables. They are recommended to give the dog in raw form, but they should not be more than a quarter of the daily ration.
There are a number of products that are undesirable for the Rottweiler. This list includes the following:
- Milk - can cause indigestion and disturbances in the digestive system.
- Legumes - heavy food for dogs. To digest them, the gastrointestinal tract spends a lot of juices and time. Capable of leading to bloating and flatulence.
- Potatoes are a source of starchy substances that are undesirable for the dog's body.
- Sweets - sugar, first of all, beats on the sight of the animal.
- Tubular bones - the stomach of the animal can not digest, in addition, they can cause damage to the walls of the stomach and intestines.
If the owner prefers dry rations, then it must be a food rich in useful substances necessary for the active life of the dog and well-being. Naturally, this option saves time on cooking, which is important for busy people.
But it should be taken into account that high-quality fodder is not cheap, and budget rations do not meet the requirements for balanced nutrition. To feed a large dog with waste products of food production, what, in essence, are cheap fodder, not something that is not humane, but even criminal. This depriving the dog of a long and healthy life.
Since Rottweilers rarely suffer from food allergies, it is not difficult to find food. It is worth taking into account the premium and super premium classes suitable for large breeds.
What is the cost of puppies
This breed, despite the fact that it has become less popular in recent years, is still not rare. Therefore, it is not difficult to buy a puppy. But before buying it is necessary to determine the purpose of the pet and choose it from the appropriate class:
- Pat-class. This guard dog, as they say, "for the soul." Representatives of this class have minor deviations, which do not allow them to be used in breeding and exhibitions. However, they do not at all affect the working qualities of the animal. The cost of puppies of this category varies from 12,000 to 18,000 rubles.
- Bride-class. Puppies of this class usually acquire for future breeding. The starting price of such a pet is 20,000 rubles, but it can be much higher if the parents of the baby have high exhibition ratings. Progeny from titled dogs costs from 60,000 to 90,000 rubles.
- Show class. These are puppies with excellent characteristics, future show stars and enviable producers. Naturally, their price is much higher - from 150,000 to 600,000 rubles.
As with other large breeds, experts do not recommend purchasing a puppy from casual vendors who do not have a clue about proper breeding and culling offspring. In this case, there is a risk of getting not only a half-breed or a puppy with health problems, but also a mentally unstable individual, such a pet can create significant problems.
Rottweiler is an ideal guard, capable at any time to protect the owner. He is jealous of the protected area, and the attackers have no chance to get past. But, when planting such a powerful and serious pet, first of all, it is worth thinking about his upbringing and socialization, so that the dog became a member of the family, and not its threat.