According to the International Cynological Association, today there are over four hundred breeds of dogs. However, few of them are known very little and it is not only difficult to meet their representatives, but even finding information is not always possible. Naturally, rare breeds of dogs attract the attention of people who want to have unusual animals in their pets. But it is worth remembering that future owners can face a number of difficulties - from the high cost of puppies, to the lack of recognition at the international level. But, if the dog really liked, then no difficulties can stand on the way to the fulfillment of dreams, the more four-legged friends of this are!
- Критерии «редкости» 1. Criteria for "rarity"
- Тибетский мастифф 2. The Tibetan Mastiff
- Неаполитанский мастиф 3. Neapolitan Mastiff
- Леонбергер 4. Leonberger
- Ирландский волкодав 5. Irish Wolfhound
- Словацкий чувач 6. Slovak Chuvash
- Американский мастиф 7. The American Mastiff
- Испанский алано (бульдог) 8. Spanish Alano (Bulldog)
- Южноафриканский бурбуль 9. South African Boerboel
- Бергамская овчарка 10. The Bergman Shepherd
- Венгерская овчарка (комондор) 11. Hungarian Shepherd Dog (Komondor)
- Бердед (бородатый) колли 12. The bearded (bearded) collie
- Румынская овчарка 13. Romanian Shepherd Dog
- Карельская медвежья собака (медвежатник) 14. The Karelian bear dog (a bear cub)
- Чинук Chinook
- Новогвинейская поющая собака 16. The New Guinea Singing Dog
- Тайский риджбек 17. Thai Ridgeback
- Басенджи 18. Basenji
- Чехословацкая волчья собака 19. Czechoslovak wolfhound
- Северная инуитская собака 20. Northern Inuit Dog
- Каролинская собака (американский динго) 21. Caroline dog (American dingo)
- Муди (венгерская пастушья собака) 22. Moody (Hungarian shepherd's dog)
Criteria of "rarity"
What does "rare breed" of dogs mean? After all, for example, common ancient breeds in Japan or China for a long time were not known in other countries, and having appeared, were considered a great rarity.
Another nuance - of about 400 breeds about 4 dozen have not yet been included in the list of the ICF, and it's about both popular breeds and extremely rare. On the territory of Russia the following breeds are considered to be known: Diver, Eastern European Shepherd, Moscow sentry, Russian hunting spaniel, but they have not yet received an international standard, and in other states are considered a curiosity.
It is surprising that at the world level, Russian Toy Terriers are considered the rarest! But in the same category were such popular dogs as pitbull terriers, Eskimo spitz, naked terriers and bulldogs. It is not surprising that such a picture can be observed in any state. But in this rating were the rarest breeds, whose representatives are very few, and the price is quite high.
This ancient breed, whose representatives lived under Tibetan monasteries, guarding the surrounding territory and their inhabitants. Until recently, almost nothing was known about them, but even now, when the breed's name is heard by the majority, it is extremely difficult to meet purebred "Tibetans".
Representatives of this breed are powerful dogs possessing excellent watchdog and security skills, and their rich coat allows dogs to live even in the harshest conditions. To date, Tibetan mastiffs top the ranking of the most expensive dogs, and among them the price tag is higher in puppies with red color.
Another representative of mastiff-like dogs, at home called Mastino neapolitano. The dog has a colorful appearance, large size and is considered a fairly specific pet.
He does not tolerate an inattentive, disparaging attitude towards himself and keeps on par with the household, no less. Most mastino does not get along with other pets, it is wayward and stubborn. But, despite these qualities, such a pet really becomes not just a dog-companion, but a real family member, with its own merits and demerits.
An amazing breed of dogs, deduced for a specific purpose - its representative was to become a symbol of the German city of the same name. Among the basic requirements for the appearance of the dog was the maximum resemblance to the lion, and as a result of selection such a dog turned out.
Leonberger - a large dog, noble, beautiful, with a magnificent fluffy hair. These dogs are used as guards, companions and family pets.
This oldest hunting breed from Ireland has very deep roots, and its representatives are one of the biggest dogs in the world dog community. Differing high growth, the Irish wolfhound thus has rather graceful appearance. His special tough coat requires special care. If we talk about the character, the "Irishman" during the hunt is compared with a lion, and at home - with a gentle lamb.
Dogs of this breed were bred in a mountainous area on the territory of the former Czechoslovakia. They are excellent cattle guards. Appearing in the 17th century, the Slovak chuvash, like many other breeds, was a step away from total extinction.
But thanks to the perseverance of the cynologist Antonina Grudo, these unique dogs managed to be restored. Of these, excellent rescuers are obtained, these dogs are perfectly guard duty.
These dogs are the descendants of the ancient Molossians, at the international level they are still considered to be the English Mastiffs. But the Americans seriously engaged in their selection to get obedient, easily trained dogs, which can be kept not only in street, but at home. As a result of the work, such dogs also turned out, among other things, possessing an athletic build.
Spanish Alano (Bulldog)
Large dogs with a formidable appearance, possessing incredible courage, power and a considerate look - these are Spanish Alano. Dogs of this breed were brought out to participate in the traditional national fun of the Spaniards - bullfight. Unlike other bulldogs, Alano are not descendants of Molossians, but they are their ancestors.
Later dogs of this breed began to be used as watchmen, guards and companions. They are distinguished by excellent obedience, endurance and enormous capacity for work.
South African Boerboel
This sturdy native of Africa, although the roots of the breed go to Asia, to the ancient dog-shaped dogs. In the Assyrian state these dogs were used as soldiers, on the battlefield they came out in special armor. Later from the Boerboels turned out to be excellent guards. Modern dogs of this breed adore their family and are happy to give life, guarding them.
Bergama Shepherd Dog
Like other sheepdogs, Bergamasco has helped farmers manage their farm for more than one century. But, when the standard was approved, and these dogs became increasingly participants of exhibitions, it became clear - to be shepherds and at the same time to take high titles in various events - a thing incompatible. This is due to the amazing wool of the Bergam sheepdog, hanging in the likeness of dreadlocks - from work such a woolly cover is spoiled.
Bergamasco is a dog that can make decisions on its own and needs sufficient physical exertion.
Hungarian Shepherd Dog (Komondor)
Representatives of the breed copes with the work of the shepherds. Thanks to their white, rope wool, they mix in the herd with the sheep, guarding them and suddenly attacking predators making attempts to profit. Komondor's excellent protective qualities are developed at the genetic level, they are intelligent, hardy and need respect.
Owners who want to start such an extraordinary pet, it is worthwhile to learn in advance how to properly care for the original coat komondorov.
Bearded (bearded) collie
This is the rarest species of Scottish sheepdogs, whose representatives resemble Bolonok, but larger ones. Like other collies, the Berdides for a long time perfectly coped with the work of the shepherds.
Today, they are introduced as cheerful and active companions or family pets. The dog has a developed intellect, perfectly assimilates the team and is happy to follow his master anywhere.
Romanian Shepherd Dog
There are three species of this aboriginal shepherd breed - Bukovina, Miorita and Carpathian. All of them appeared exclusively due to natural selection, without the intervention of breeders.
Representatives of each species have excellent watchdog and protective qualities, they are excellent at coping with shepherd's work. Despite their excellent working qualities, the dogs did not reach wide popularity, so they can be found only at home, and even then not in all areas of Romania.
Karelian bear dog (bear cub)
Surprisingly, being one of the rarest breeds, the bearish dog is successfully leading in prevalence among Russian Laikas. Possessing a compact size and pretty appearance, bear-cubs are very brave and courageous. They are taken on a hunt not only for small and medium game, but also for large animals.
Future owners should know that taking any husky, including Karelian bear, is better for working purposes. Otherwise, it will take a lot of time and effort to provide the necessary physical exertion to the pet.
This is a relatively new breed of dogs, which appeared in the States at the beginning of the last century, which most people probably did not hear. But the chinooks have a set of excellent qualities that make them excellent service and guard dogs. In addition, these dogs are able to develop high speed and are able to carry huge loads.
Chinook is not a dog for an apartment, he needs space, constant work and the opportunity to move a lot. If he provides these conditions, the pet will become a companion and protector.
The New Guinea Singing Dog
Perhaps, among other rocks this species can be called the least explored. Experts are still arguing about the origin of the New Guinean singing dog - some believe that this is only a subspecies of the dingo dog, others - quite an independent breed. But most scientists agreed that these dogs are not re-feral animals, but only not thoroughly tamed.
Its name was given to the breed by its ability to make sounds similar to singing birds or whales. But they are not alien to the traditional dog "dialect" - howling, barking, yelping and growling. To date, you can meet such a dog in various zoos in the world.
Representatives of this aboriginal breed are excellent hunters for ungulates and different birds. Among these rare reggebacks, dogs with blue wool and Isabella color are especially appreciated.
From other breeds of these dogs is distinguished by the presence of ridge - strips of wool cover in the back area growing against the main direction of hair growth. The wider the dog has this crest, the higher the animal is valued, however, it should not grow on either side.
These dogs are also called African non-barking dogs, Congo-terriers or jungle dogs. Unlike other breeds that can produce original sounds, the basenji are really not able to bark. In general, dogs by nature are "silent", and their rumblings can be heard only when the animal is very excited.
According to numerous excavations, it was possible to find out that the dogs of this breed existed since the time of the pharaohs and already then were considered defenders of man from negative energy and evil spirits.
Czechoslovak wolf dog
The man made attempts to get the progeny of the dog and its nearest relative - the wolf. But, despite the relationship, the results could not please - the dogs turned out to be wild and they could not be tamed.
But the active selection work of Czech breeders still produced their fruits - the Czech wolf turned out to be an excellent service dog, equipped with unique abilities of wild colleagues. Naturally, such an animal is suitable only for experienced dog breeders and requires careful socialization.
Northern Inuit Dog
The breed was made possible by crossing Siberian Husky, German Shepherd and Aboriginal Inuit dog. As a result, rather colorful dogs, outwardly similar to wolves, but with the habits of a domestic animal, turned out.
Representatives of this breed have not received the recognition of any major club of dog breeders, but they are included in many organizations related to the breeding of Inuit dogs and forest dogs.
Caroline dog (American dingo)
To get such an unusual pet, few are solved, and more often representatives of this species can be found as inhabitants of zoos. It is for certain unknown, but it is possible that the Carolina dog was once tamed by man, but, like the dingo, it once again became wild.
This is confirmed by the fact that the individuals caught and kept in captivity do not show aggression towards a person, they are rather curious and contact. However, it is worth remembering that the American dingo is still a wild animal, and there are a number of nuances that should be taken into account when taking it into the house.
Moody (Hungarian shepherd's dog)
One of the oldest sheep dogs, living side by side with a man and engaged in grazing small animals. The breed proved to be quite stable, but, like many others, it was on the brink of extinction after the Second World War.
But painstaking work was done to restore it. Such breeds as Border Collie, Belgian Shepherds and Pumi took part in the selection. The infusion of fresh blood only improved both the exterior and performance qualities of the mudi.
In fact, today there are many more little known, rare breeds of dogs than listed above. But they all have their own characteristics and individual characteristics, whether it's original appearance or amazing skills. For example, how many people know about Azawakh, Saluki, Katalburun or Chongqing? And it does not matter whether they are recognized internationally or not, this in no way diminishes their merits and does not deprive the title of "the best friend of a person".