Elegant, with a proud bearing and a clever look - these are representatives of a rather popular breed - the poodle. These dogs are frequent exhibitors, but remain one of the most successful pets for keeping in an apartment. What is good breed, and with what difficulties may beginner owners
- История происхождения породы 1. The history of the origin of the breed
- Разновидности пород 2. Species of rocks
- Описание породы пудель 3. Description of the breed Poodle
- Характер представителей породы 4. The nature of the breed
- Дрессировка и обучение 5. Training and education
- Как и чем кормить пуделя 6. How and what to feed the poodle
- Как ухаживать за пуделем 7. How to care for a poodle
- Фото пуделя 8. Photos of a poodle
- Видео о пуделе 9. Video about poodle
- Стоимость щенка-пуделя 10. The cost of a puppy-poodle
- Питомники пуделя 11. Kennels Kennels
The origin of the breed
Poodles are the oldest breed, the exact origin of which is known not so much. Researchers are still unable to agree on where these dogs came from and who their ancestors are. Some of them are sure that poodles appeared by crossing several breeds of various sizes with long curly hair - shepherd's, barbettes and wateries from Portugal, and also do not deny that cops, hounds and retrievers could participate.
At the end of the 19th century, the appearance of the first clubs that were organized by breeders engaged in breeding purebred poodles. At the same time, breed standards were compiled. Since breeding was done by breeders in different countries, there were several standards — in England and the States, dogs with thin bones were preferred, in Germany, dogs with heavier bodies. However, in 1936, the official standard was adopted on the basis of a French document.
In the process of breeding, 4 types of dogs were distinguished, differing in size :
- Great . Or else it is called the royal poodle. This is a rather large, colorful dog, whose height at the withers is about 70 cm. Such a dog is not suitable for the role of a room toy and requires a serious approach to education.
- Medium (small) . They have the same characteristics as their royal brethren and are inferior only in height. He is 40-45 cm, therefore, more suitable for maintenance in the apartment.
- Dwarf . These are more miniature representatives, the maximum height of dogs is 35 cm. Often these dogs act as pets of children and women.
- Toy Poodle These are the tiniest decorative poodles. Despite their small stature (from 22 to 28 cm), they are in no way inferior to other species.
Description of the breed Poodle
All poodles have an elegant appearance, a square format and a lean physique:
- The head with a slightly obscure occipital hump, somewhat elongated, ends in a narrow muzzle.
- Auricles with rounded ends, they are rather long and hang down. The eyes are small, but the dogs have a very expressive look. The color of the iris depends on the suit of the animal.
- The neck is medium, smoothly passing into the chest, which is different in width and depth. The back is straight, the line of the abdomen is tucked up.
- The extremities of the poodles are long, set straight, ending in vaulted, rounded paws.
- The tail is thickish in the area of the base, gradually narrows, has a high setting, in a normal state, keeps diagonally at the top. Sometimes poodles tail cropped at the request of the owner. In this case, it is recommended to leave half of its length.
King poodles are distinguished by well-developed musculature and strong bones. Other varieties originated from them. Medium, dwarf and toy poodles have bones easier and more elegant.
Colors and coat
There are several leading shades of poodles, they include pets with dark, silver, coffee, snow-white, apricot and scarlet coat. In addition, you can find individuals with the original colors "harlequin", sable, black and tan, etc.
Most members of the breed have long curly hair, but there are also dogs with fur that is twisted into cords.
The nature of the breed
Poodles are distinguished by a sharp mind, love for a person, loyalty to their family and mischief. That is how their owners describe their pets. Despite becoming aristocratic, poodles can fool around and play on the first occasion. These dogs adore the person and always try to please him. And thanks to their high intelligence, they are fairly easy to train and educate.
A pet of this breed is capable of performing security functions, and when strangers approach a dwelling, it will necessarily emit a warning barking. Poodles find approach to all members of the family and with all are affectionate and attentive. But in order for a dog to be imbued with trust in a new person, he needs a certain period for getting used to.
Poodles belong to one of the smartest dogs (after all, second place in the global canine community), there are some advantages to this, because everyone understands such a pet from a half-length, however, he can remember offenses for a long time.
Training and education
As already noted, intelligence and intellectual abilities in dogs of this breed do not hold. They quickly learn the material and remember it for a long time. But, as with other, too clever pets, difficulties may arise. After all, they often direct their minds on not fulfilling a given ... Therefore, it is worth stopping all manifestations of cunning at once, so that the dog understands that the number will not pass!
First of all, the dog must master a set of basic commands. They are the foundation of all learning. But it is not enough that the pet knows them, it is even more important that he unquestionably executes them in any conditions. If you have to repeat the command several times, it means that you still need to work with your pet.
As soon as the baby has appeared in the house, it is worthwhile to acquaint him with the rules - the crumb must know what is allowed and what to do is not allowed. Of course, this will take time, but thanks to his quick wits, the pet will quickly understand the rules in the house.
A poodle rather quickly disaccustomed to bad habits - picking up litter during walking, taking meals from someone else’s hands, damaging property in the house and others. If you walk your pet for a long time and for a long time, then he will behave more obediently and nicely, and for pranks he will not have any extra energy or desire.
Read more about dog training .
How and what to feed a poodle
It is recommended to feed the pet twice or three times a day, and not to give him the entire daily ration of food. The amount of food depends on various factors, including the activity of the dog. As soon as the poodle begins to receive a more intense load, for example, when preparing for an exhibition, the portion should be increased.
Poodles are prone to gaining extra weight, so it is necessary to control the nutritional value of food and the size of portions. The dog is in good physical shape, clearly visible waist, if you look at it from above. The ribs should not be seen, but if touched, they are slightly felt.
If the pet begins to swim in fat, it is necessary to increase the load and cut down the amount of food, but at the same time the dog should not starve. Feed the poodles can be as natural food, and industrial feed, but in any case, the diet should be balanced. This is important for the quality and long life of the pet.
How to care for a poodle
Many people are attracted by this breed by the fact that its representatives do not shed, do not emit a specific smell and belong to hypoallergenic dogs. Naturally, such qualities make the poodle an ideal dog for keeping in an apartment. But representatives of this breed need special care.
First of all, their curly hair - flexible and dense, needs regular grooming . Hair has a unique structure, so they can be trimmed, trim, trim. These dogs are excellent models for various experiments with haircuts, and their coat is suitable for any hairstyle. However, for dogs participating in competitions, it is not recommended to do something fancy.
The breed club in America offers only 4 styles of haircuts for dogs participating in competitions. Naturally, such care for wool requires certain costs. To make the dog look well-groomed, he needs regular grooming - once a month and a half. But care can be facilitated if you periodically shave wool.
But even with a short haircut, the pet still needs care. It should be cleaned with a special brush, regularly wash and trim the fur. Owners have a choice to visit a professional groomer with their pet, or to master dog grooming skills, and do it yourself. In the latter case, you will have to purchase an electric machine, blades, good scissors, combs and brushes, and claw care trimers.
But even with professional care, the owner is not exempt from daily combing the dog. This will save the pet from dead hair and improve the condition of the skin. Poodles are often found with watery eyes, and their fur near the eyes becomes unattractive. To avoid this, you need to wipe your eyes daily with special solutions or a disc dipped in boiled water.
The teeth also need to be cleaned - this should be done every 3-4 days. This will protect the dog from the formation of tartar, inflammation and smell from the mouth. Claws are not trimmed to poodles only when necessary. On average, this procedure is done 2 times a month. Since dogs are not always happy to undergo daily grooming procedures and may even be offended, it is important to use rewards, such as treats. This will allow to arrange a pet for such events.
Photo of a poodle
The cost of a puppy-poodle
Representatives of this breed are not uncommon, so they can be purchased in almost every city. A puppy without pedigree is inexpensive - 5,000-10,000 rubles, of course, no one will give a guarantee of its pure breed. A puppy, acquired from the hands, will cost an average of 17000-18000, provided that it is a pet with documents.
A pet from the nursery of the PET class, which is only suitable for becoming a pet, costs about 23,000 rubles. The price of a puppy that is suitable for breeding can vary from 30,000 to 40,000 rubles. But the cost of a future exhibition star and an enviable manufacturer is much higher - from 45,000 to 70,000 rubles.
Poodles are the smartest dogs that can be great companions, funny friends and devoted pets. However, they have a surprisingly aristocratic appearance, suitable for participation in exhibitions. But, acquiring such a dog, it is necessary to take into account his needs for care - it will take investments and quite a lot of time.