Cute "insolent" - so you can briefly describe the Pomeranian miniature Spitz. This cute dog can charm anyone, becoming the favorite of all family members, however, his character is not so appeasable. What should future owners know about fluffy orange?
- История происхождения породы 1. The history of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы померанский шпиц 2. Description breed pomeranian
- Характер представителей породы померанский шпиц 3. The nature of the representatives of the breed Pomeranian Spitz
- Особенности дрессировки и воспитания 4. Features of training and education
- Как и чем кормить померанского шпица 5. How and what to feed the Pomeranian Spitz
- Уход за питомцем 6. Pet Care
- Фото померанского шпица 7. Photo of the Pomeranian Spitz
- Видео о померанском шпице 8. Video of the Pomeranian Spitz
- Сколько стоит щенок померанского шпица 9. How much does a Pomeranian puppy cost?
- Питомники померанского шпица 10. Kennels of the Pomeranian Spitz
The origin of the breed
The breed received its official name in honor of the historic district of Pomerania, which is located on the Baltic coast. The exact place where these dogs came from is unknown, but some researchers attribute their appearance to the northern European part - where the German spitz came from. Oranges were widely known in the 18th century, being pets of ordinary people, and after hitting the families of aristocracy and royal palaces.
In 1860, the popularity of the doggie was overshadowed by the Pekingese , trapped from China to European states, but only temporarily. When the Spitz became the favorite of Queen Victoria, the breed received the close attention of the English Kennel Club. Then the breeders began to strive to get smaller representatives, as there was a weight limit for participation in exhibitions.
Breed description Pomeranian
Of course, modern Pomeranian spitz-dogs differ somewhat from dogs from the 19th century, but this is more related to size, but they have not lost their charm at all. Today, these are small doggies with a fluffy tail-ring and fox eyes that look like a plush toy.
According to the standard, pets of this breed have a strong constitution:
- The head is of medium size, the transition from the forehead to the face is clearly pronounced. The forehead is round, wide.
- The muzzle is shorter than the frontal area, but not pointed, with dry, tight-fitting lips, pigmented in black.
- The teeth are small, with a scissor bite. The ears are triangular, set close, standing.
- The eyes are medium, slightly slanting, they give the animal a slightly cunning look.
- The neck is not short, but because of the rich fur coat it seems quite small. The chest is different in depth and width. The back creates a straight line and goes into a short lumbar belt.
- The front and hind limbs are straight, have a parallel setting relative to each other. Paws compact size, rounded.
- Tail with a high landing, medium length.
It should be noted that for representatives of this breed it is important to comply with the established standard characteristics - height, body weight and other indicators. If the dog has any deviations, it will be considered low breed.
Pomeranian spitz colors
Pomeranian spitz have a distinctive feature - wool, standing upright and making the dog so attractively fluffy. If we talk about colors, there are a dozen of them. However, the color of the coat is fully manifested only by half a year, when the puppy will suffer a molt for the first time.
The main open classes in terms of coat color include the following individuals:
- bright red;
White Pomeranian spitzs are rare, but they should be snow-white, with no yellowish spots.
The nature of the representatives of the breed Pomeranian Spitz
These little charming dogs are active. What is at home, that on the street spitz will be happy to frolic, jump, run, communicate with others. Dogs love to meet other pets and their owners. The oranges are quite appeasable, and if it becomes necessary to leave the pet with friends or acquaintances, then there will be no problems with this. The dog will listen to others as well as his own.
But this applies only to the person, among other dogs this small dog will show leadership qualities, and the size of his rivals is not important to him. Also jealous spitz will relate to the territory occupied by him. A person can easily invade here, but the four-legged uninvited “guests” are waiting for a small, warning bashing.
Most of all, oranges love to communicate with a person, but also with other pets who are not inclined to lead, they are able not only to contact, but also to live under the same roof. Who is not so warmly perceived by the Pomeranian Spitz, it is the cats. They can bark at them for a long time. If the plans to have a puppy of a Pomeranian spitz-dog, it should be borne in mind that these dogs are quite demanding - without petting, increased attention and communication, they become irritable.
They adore younger family members, especially when it comes to children 4-5 years old and older. It is at this age that they are ideally suited as companions for games. In addition, with such a child, the spitz can exercise all its guard and guard qualities that are embedded in its blood. After all, children will not treat the little brave with disdain.
See also: how to call the Pomeranian Spitz .
Features of training and education
Pomeranian spitz can be well trained and trained without difficulty. And the owner does not need to use strict methods - it’s enough for a pet to say once, so that he understands everything. The owners of these little dogs are unanimous - pets are able to surprise, showing remarkable acumen and unconditional talents.
In order for the puppy to fully develop and go through socialization, he needs to live in a circle of people - chains, cages, remote premises are not for him. Otherwise, as an adult, the dog may cause some difficulties. The disadvantages of behavior include their pronounced dominance and “loudness” - due to high excitability and activity, it can bark for a long time and for any reason.
As with other active dogs, unpleasant behavioral traits are particularly pronounced when pomeranets do not receive the necessary physical exertion. If you hold sports activities, take your pet for long walks, travel, play with him, then he will reciprocate, which will manifest itself in the form of good behavior.
How and what to feed the Pomeranian Spitz
When a baby gets from a breeder to a new family, it is recommended not to change the food already familiar to him. This important question should be clarified during the purchase of the puppy. If this is not possible, then another feed should be introduced into the diet gradually, the transition period lasts 7-10 days.
When feeding dry rations should choose high-quality brands. Feed must contain a large number of protein components - both animal and vegetable. Also required the presence of vitamin supplements in the selected feed. It is not recommended to feed a pet from your table, it is fraught with various health problems.
The selected brand of ready-made rations is not recommended to change, unless there is a special need. Vitamin-mineral complexes and other additives can be given separately to a pet only with the advice of a doctor. The menu can be varied by the inclusion of natural products: dairy, fresh vegetables and fruits, meat. It is not recommended to give the dog hot and cold food. Pet should also be provided with round-the-clock access to drinking water.
Harm to the health of dogs can cause sweets , pork, sausages, smoked and salted foods. Also, adult dogs should not give whole milk. Legumes and white cabbage can cause bloating.
To feel great and look good, the Pomeranian Pomeranian need attention and meticulous care . The main pride of the representatives of the breed is their thick, shiny, fluffy coat. So he requires care, although not difficult. It is enough every 3-4 days to comb a pet with a “puhoderka”, and then with a regular comb. But from the daily procedures should be abandoned, as this can lead to the fact that the dog will remain without the bottom layer of wool.
Dogs do not need frequent washing , they are bathed in case of heavy pollution, before participating in important events and during molting. Before taking a pet bath should be carefully combed, it will facilitate further care of the coat. Like many small breed dogs , the weak point of tiny Spitz are teeth. They must be taken care of regularly, cleaning them with a special paste and brush. This will save the pet from the development of periodontal disease.
Pet's eyes and ears should be inspected weekly, if necessary, clean them with a swab dipped in warm boiled water. Oranges are compact, and such dogs can be taught to walk "out of need" in a tray. They quickly get used to such facilities, and in this case the dog will not need daily runs.
Photos of the Pomeranian Spitz
Video about the Pomeranian Spitz
How much is a Pomeranian puppy?
This breed is at the peak of popularity, so do not expect low cost. In addition, the price will depend on the gender, variety, titles of parents, transportation and delivery, and other nuances. In addition, the price is influenced by the fact that there are few pomeranian litters, only 1-3 puppies are born to the female.
Puppies, which can be used exclusively as a pet, cost from 18,000 to 38,000 rubles. Naturally, we are talking about offspring with the necessary documents. It will cost more to a pet who can participate in breeding, having a pedigree, but due to some minor deviations from standard characteristics will not be able to win prizes in exhibitions. In addition, his parents cannot boast of a large number of awards and titles (and this, as is well known, affects the cost of pedigreed animals).
More expensive than the rest will cost a puppy from titled parents - champion dogs. He has ideal characteristics, will be an enviable continuer of the family and he will have a great show career. Great luck will be to buy such a baby for 60000-70000 rubles, but the cost of promising puppies is usually higher and can reach 150000-170000 rubles. Also, there is always the opportunity to buy a pet cheaper by finding an ad on the Internet. But since most dogs without pedigree, it is difficult to judge the puppy's pure breed.
Pomeranian Spitz is a doggy that you just need to love, and then complete reciprocity is guaranteed! Representatives of this breed appreciate good attitude, care and affection, they really need it.
See also: other long-haired dogs .