Increased salivation, in some cases, is a physiological feature of certain breeds. But sometimes in dogs that are not prone to this phenomenon, suddenly begins to flow abundantly saliva. In what cases does this process occur within the limits of the norm, and when it is necessary to sound an alarm? All possible causes of this phenomenon should be considered. So why does the dog drool from the mouth?
- Породы, склонные к слюнотечению 1. Species prone to drooling
- Патологии ротовой полости 2. Pathology of the oral cavity
- Болезни и травмы ушных раковин 3. Diseases and traumas of the auricles
- Инфекции, вызванные вирусами 4. Infections caused by viruses
- Недуги хронического характера 5. Chronic ailments
- Отравления 6. Poisoning
- Стресс 7. Stress
- Смена зубов 8. Change of teeth
- Что предпринять при усиленном слюнотечении 9. What to do with increased salivation
Species prone to drooling
Everyone knows that some breeds by nature, more precisely from breeding activities, are awarded such a feature - drool. This property is manifested in four-legged mammals with impressive sizes, with shortened jaws or fleshy, loose brils.
In pets with such an anatomy, an abundant secretion of saliva occurs on any, even insignificant, occasion. This can happen from the heat, with a cold snap, with any emotional excitement - joy, anxiety, surprise. Even when the dog sleeps, it can leak saliva.
Modern breeders were puzzled by the decline of this not very pleasant quality, and in modern breeds the slobberiness is somewhat reduced. This is due to the fact that too loose representatives of the breed, if possible, do not use in the breeding processes, and a constant flow of saliva is considered a significant disadvantage.
This must be taken into account when choosing a puppy of the breed, prone to salivation. It is necessary to observe the parents how much this quality is expressed in them. If dogs fill everything around, then most likely their child will be the same.
Lucky, and the puppy secretes a little salivary fluid? Lucky ... And if not, then there is only one way out, constantly wipe the muzzle and everything around, as there is no treatment for this anatomical feature.
If with certain breeds everything is clear, then in other dogs this phenomenon can be attributed to an alarming sign. He signals that the pet has a violation in the activity of the salivary glands, which are responsible for the allocation of this physiological fluid.
An animal of medium size per day excretes about a liter of saliva, with increasing this indication it is worth to worry about the condition of the pet. There is an impressive list of reasons why the dog is gaining salivation (this is how medicine calls this phenomenon), and not always they are harmless. Veterinarian consultation and emergency treatment are often required. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to this process.
Pathology of the oral cavity
Dogs are prone to diseases of teeth and gums, and they are often accompanied by increased salivation. Dogs may have caries, stomatitis , tartar (in some breeds the jaw is a weak spot) - these ailments are often accompanied by painful sensations, inflammatory processes, which the pet's immunity tries to eliminate by not very effective way - the active release of saliva.
To get rid of saliva in this case it is possible only, having eliminated the original cause, that is, having cured the disease. To identify the problem, it is worthwhile to look at the behavior of the dog, with diseases of the oral cavity, it behaves as follows:
- shows unusual caution during meals;
- eats slower than usual;
- the head is constantly lowered to the floor;
- tries to eliminate the itching in the jaw region;
- if touched, can scream, snap or just try to retire, hide.
Similar signs are also observed when entering the mouth of a foreign body, so if you find this behavior, you should make a careful inspection of the mouth. Often, the owners discover a foreign object - a bone, a piece of a twig or something else.
If there is blood in the salivary fluid, the dog may have traumatized the tissues of the palate, the gums or the tongue. If a wound was found during the examination, it must be treated with a disinfectant. If there is a suppuration in the wound, it becomes inflamed or becomes bigger, then the pet should be shown to the veterinarian.
Diseases and traumas of the auricles
Near the auricles there are large glands, which are called parotid. In their function and includes the development of salivary fluid. Naturally, ear injuries, diseases (caused by pathogenic fungi, bacteria, etc.), tumor formations, otitis, affect their work, causing increased salivation.
Rid of the pet from salivation can only be cured by the ears from the disease. Ears will be healthy - the parotid glands will return to normal.
Infections caused by viruses
Viral infections have a number of signs, in addition to enhanced salivation, which are easy to detect:
- the dog eats little or even refuses food;
- the animal becomes apathetic, listless;
- the body temperature rises;
- the dog is constantly thirsty.
Even 1-2 symptoms should disturb the owner and become the reason for seeking medical help. Do not yourself engage in diagnosis and treatment of infection caused by the virus, as it is impossible to save the dog from such diseases without diagnosis and professional knowledge. In addition, it should be remembered that some viruses can not only become a threat to the life of the animal, but also have the ability to be transmitted to humans.
Ailments of a chronic nature
Enhanced salivation can signal the transition of a disease from acute to chronic. The list of such ailments is quite extensive, but among the most common ones are the following:
- Gastrointestinal diseases (malignant and benign neoplasms, inflammation of the stomach, 12 duodenal ulcer, including ulcers);
- disorders of the internal organs (liver, spleen, gallbladder).
In fact, causing excessive salivation can be a chronic disease of any system and organ. In females, this phenomenon often occurs when there is a violation of the hormonal background, diseases of the reproductive organs, during the period of gestation.
A strong salivation occurs at any severity of intoxication. Poisoning in dogs can cause normal, but heavy food for the digestive tract - sweets, fatty meats, fruits. Often, pets get poisoned because of contact with toxic substances - poisons, fertilizers, household chemicals. Also, the dog can be poisoned by swallowing any stale or rotten product while walking.
Penetrating into the gastrointestinal tract, the toxic substance irritates it, provoking a bile outflow, and sometimes outflow of gastric juice. This effect causes increased salivation, vomiting, and loose stools. Sometimes intoxication is accompanied by intense heat, thirst, possibly blanching of mucous tissues.
To quickly help the pet, you should use the same means as when poisoning people - give a preparation-absorbent - Enterosgel, activated charcoal, Polysorb, white coal, etc. If the symptoms do not pass, you need to seek the help of professionals.
Dogs, like people, can hardly survive a stressful situation. The abundant flow of saliva can be related to the psychological condition of the pet. Among the common causes of stress in dogs, the following can be noted:
- change of owner;
- a new pet in the house;
- conflict with another animal;
- the appearance of an infant in the house;
- ill-treatment by the owner.
Any of these factors can provoke a strong current of saliva. To relieve the dog of this phenomenon, first of all, it is necessary to normalize the state of its nervous system. It is worth to be more attentive to the pet, to walk more often and longer, to drive into new, unusual places, to be patient and affectionate.
If there are more marked signs of disorders, it is better to contact a veterinarian who can prescribe medications or herbal remedies with a soothing effect.
More about stress in dogs .
Change of teeth
A similar phenomenon can be observed in puppies during the period of teeth change. Kids constantly eat something, while saliva runs from the mouth in large quantities. In this case, it is not necessary to worry particularly, after the gums stop worrying the dog, salivation will return to normal. It is important to provide the pet with special toys that can be gnawed.
What to do with increased salivation
The most important in this case is the participation of the owner. Do not think that salivation will pass by itself, without outside help. It is important to observe the behavior of the dog, paying attention to any changes.
A healthy dog drooling can run abundantly before eating, during physical activity, when traveling in any transport, in hot weather. In other cases, there is cause for concern. Pet requires attentive treatment and timely treatment.