Pyrenean mountain dog is a charming animal that can not leave anyone indifferent, who saw a huge snow-white dog with intelligent and slightly sad eyes. Representatives of this breed in our country are not so popular as in European countries, in America and Japan. However, gradually the "white bear" conquers the hearts of our compatriots.
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы пиренейская горная собака 2. Description of breed Pyrenean Mountain Dog
- Характер 3. Character
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Болезни породы 6. Diseases of the breed
- Кормление 7. Feeding
- Содержание 8. CONTENTS
- Фото пиренейской горной собаки 9. Photo of Pyrenean Mountain Dog
- Видео о пиренейской горной собаке 10. Video about Pyrenean Mountain Dog
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
History of origin
Pyrenean giants were known more than 6000 years ago. Together with the nomadic tribes, they arrived in France from Spain, where they could have come from Asia. Strong, brave dogs not only protected the nomad camps from predators, but also helped transport cargo through snow-covered mountain passes.
In the folklore of the French Pyrenees there is a touching legend about the origin of the breed. It talks about a little girl who lost her way in the mountains and wandered through the deep snow till night. Having become weak and cold, she began to pray to God to help her. And a miracle happened-the high, cold snowdrifts turned into big white dogs, who, with their fluffy hair, warmed the girl until morning, and led to the village with the sunrise. In gratitude the parents of the child left the giants at home. Betrayed dogs began to protect the poor from hungry predators and thieves.
Dogs have established themselves as unsurpassed guards of sheep herds, so they were later used to protect border fortresses and castles. The first documentary records about the white defenders date back to the beginning of the 15th century.
It was here, apparently, and noticed their French aristocrats. Guarding the locks of the dogs saw the sun-king - Louis XIV, who was driving his possessions, and ordered to deliver several fluffy giants to the court. Balanced, obedient dogs quickly became the favorites of the courtiers.
The French Revolution has significantly reduced their number. A few remaining dogs were starving and dying. Only in the XX century a group of enthusiasts-dog handlers from France and Spain collected dogs dispersed in the remote corners of the Pyrenees and began to restore the breed.
The first description of the standard was published at the beginning of the last century, and only fifty years later it was formally adopted. In 1986, the breed standard was finally approved by international associations, including FCI.
Description of breed Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Exterior Pyrenean mountain dogs meet the requirements for which the breed was created. Many researchers dispute their belonging to molosses. They believe that this breed belongs to the wolf-like Lupomollossoid, a much older breed.
People selected from the dung of the largest puppies with a bright color of wool visible in the greenery. White large dogs differed from wolves, which allowed them to notice them in time and not to destroy them along with predators.
Mountain dogs have a large body. Their growth reaches 75-81 cm and weight - 42-55 kg. But with such impressive dimensions, the dog does not look cumbersome. In a few words, the striking appearance of the "Pyrenean" can be described - strength, elegance, smiling.
According to the standard, a mountain dog must have:
- Skull roundish and not too massive, with pronounced occipital tubercle. The "face" part is almost equal to the length of the skull. Muzzle cuneate, with a smooth transition from the frontal part to the nose. Superciliary arches and cheekbones are mild, the cheeks are flat.
- Eyes small, almond-shaped, widely spaced. It is allowed to color the iris from a saturated brown to a nutty color. Eyelids tightly and completely cover the eyeball. Due to the dark pigmentation of the edges and somewhat slanted section of the eyes, their expression is very characteristic. The "Pyrenean view" is described as intelligent, pensive, a little sad. Such an expression of the eye is mandatory in assessing the dog.
- The ears may be small or medium, triangular in shape, low set. The tips of the auricle are rounded and located at the level of the outer corners of the eyes. From the edge of the eye to the base of the ear is a line formed by the convergence of the wool of the upper and lower parts of the muzzle.
- Jaws strong with a scissor or a straight bite. Teeth white, strong, full dental formula. Lower incisors may deviate somewhat inwards.
- Lips dry, densely cover the teeth, painted black, as well as the nose of the nose.
- The body is somewhat stretched - longer than the height.
- The chest is broad, powerful, with well-developed musculature.
- The back is straight, sturdy. To the tail, it drops a little. Withers and croups are pronounced.
- The paws are straight, strong with well-defined joint angles, which are difficult to see under the thick coat. The corners of the joints are directed strictly backwards and are under the trunk. Paws are oval, with tightly closed fingers. On the hind legs there are double profiled fingers, and on the front ones - single fingers.
- The tail is long, located low. In motion, the dog can carry it over his back or down to his hind legs.
Color and wool cover
Unique and special is the wool of a pyrenean mountain dog. The lower part - podpushek, thick, dense, tender not very long. Upper psovina stiffer, longer. The hair is straight, it can be slightly curved, but without curls.
The length on the back of the paws is longer. There, a thick long coat forms "panties". A very long and thick coat is located around the neck of the dog, which makes the Pyrenean proud and elegant appearance, like that of a Frenchman in a milled (Spanish Spanish collar) of the Renaissance times.
The tail is also decorated with long wool. On the muzzle, the ears are shorter, soft. The great advantage of a chic "coat" of a dog is its self-purification.
The most preferable and effective is pure white color, but spots of light beige (fawn), light gray, reddish and badger color are allowed. But the spots should not occupy more than 1/3 of the surface of the wool cover. Spots can be located around the ears, on the head, at the root of the tail. The body can also have spots of a different color, but not black.
Happy owners of dogs of this rare breed celebrate the mind, kindness, patience, love for the household. Former "draft" dogs and brave guards today partially lost their working skills, but they became excellent companions.
Huge dogs, similar to bears, patiently endure the pranks of children, allow themselves to ride on themselves, playfully and enthusiastically play with them. Therefore, Pyrenean dogs are used for the psychological rehabilitation of children with malformations.
The fearsome species peacefully coexist with other pets and get on even with cats. Dogs never show aggression, are always balanced and calm. But the inherent genetically protective properties cause the dog to be wary of strangers.
Owners say that when they come to visit or meet guests in their home, they give the dog some time to get comfortable, make sure that they do not threaten the owners of the house and only then allow them to approach the dog. Only after making sure of the friendly disposition of strangers, the dog allows even pat himself.
The dog very carefully and conscientiously protects the territory entrusted to him, property, family life. Terrible appearance, loud impressive voice frightens violators no less effectively than direct aggression.
But sometimes a dog can show stubbornness, excessive independence, disobedience. A proud and freedom-loving dog does not tolerate familiarity from strangers, rudeness and cruelty from loved ones. But in this case he can only growl. Especially often, changes in the character are noted in the Pyrenees in the "adolescent" age.
These huge dogs for a long time remain "puppies" in behavior and soul, so from a young age it is necessary to bring up a puppy and train. Up to three years of "puppy" behavior can cause inconvenience, and therefore, during this period, training should distract, give the output of naughty playfulness.
The Pyrenean giant is called the dog of one leader. Therefore, a man of a weak character, nervous or cowardly, the dog will not obey. It is better to instruct the professional cynologist.
The dog will not tolerate rough treatment, violence, therefore, in education and training should act aggressively, but not "breaking" the nature of the dog. Given the natural skills of the dog, it can be taught to the tracing work, to perform the functions of a rescuer, a conductor for blind people.
Screaming, trying to "re-direct" or intimidate the dog is impossible. Only patience, persistence, tact and self-confidence will help overcome and correct the negative traits of the Pyrenean mountain dog's character.
Experienced owners and cynologists advise from the very beginning to socialize the dog. So that he does not perceive others as a herd that requires custody and control, the dog should spend as much time as possible with pets and family members.
Care and health
Special attention and care for the Pyrenean requires his magnificent "coat". To make it look well-groomed, the coat needs to be combed carefully 2-3 times a month, and during moulting - every day. If you do not follow the thick wool of the pet, it will form coils.
To swim a dog is also not worth too often. So, the wool can be thinned, pondered, weakened. Exhibition specimens are washed with special whitening shampoos to get rid of yellowness around the mouth, eyes, on the paws and in the lower abdomen. Since mountain dogs love water and swim with pleasure, water procedures do not present difficulties.
Otherwise, care is represented by standard procedures - brushing your teeth, examining your ears, caring for your eyes and cutting your claws. It is recommended to cut out the wool around the anus as it grows, as it quickly gets dirty. In addition, care consists in:
- careful examination of the fur after walks to rid the pet of ticks;
- treatment of wool and skin from blood-sucking parasites;
- dehelminthization of dogs;
- timely vaccination.
Mountain dogs with proper care live more than 10-12 years. Ensure a normal life expectancy by regularly examining the dog in a veterinary clinic in order to prevent genetically determined diseases.
Diseases of the breed
Pyrenean mountain dogs have good health, because throughout the history of the breed they were isolated and not subjected to changes. But, like most large dogs, they have pedigree diseases. Among them are the following:
- problems with the joints and bones of the limbs, which account for a significant load - dysplasia, subluxations, rickets;
- anomalies of the organs of vision.
With proper feeding and selection of physical activity, a healthy beautiful dog grows out of a large cute puppy.
For 3 years the dog grows and grows up. And the one-year-old puppy surpasses the size of many large dogs, so special attention should be paid to the nutrition of the "mountaineer". In puppyhood, a dog needs a larger volume of food, compared to its own weight.
Professionals advise to feed growing active puppies with natural foods with a significant content of proteins and fats. They argue that, unlike humans, fatty foods prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular pathologies inherent in large and giant breeds.
The entire volume of food corresponding to the weight of the puppy is divided into 2-4 feedings, and the remaining food in bowls is removed after 20 minutes so as not to cause the development of juvenile obesity characteristic of the large dogs contained in the group.
You can not feed dogs exclusively with meat or by-products. Animal food contains a lot of phosphorus and little calcium. When eating disorders, the "washing away" of calcium from the bones begins.
Dogs should have porridges and vegetables in the diet. The correct composition of the daily ration when feeding dogs with natural food is difficult for the layman, so the owners prefer to feed the Pyrenees with ready-made fodders.
They are balanced, but also require physical activity. Less active dogs are given a smaller amount of food. Food is increased in the winter and slightly reduced in the summer. Clear water must be necessary and in large quantities.
It is impossible to keep such a large dog in a city apartment. Comfortably feel the dog will be only in a country house with a large house territory. The dog does not tolerate a limited and enclosed space, the more content on the chain humiliates this proud dog and spoils its character.
The features of the structure of the "coat" of a mountain dog allow it to tolerate the cold and heat well, but this does not mean that the dog should spend all day on the street. Puppies and adult dogs should spend the night in a shelter, and even better in the house, to constantly contact the owners. In the aviary let out a dog for a day.
A dog needs to move a lot, walk, realize protective instincts, freely bypassing the territory.
Pyrenean mountain dog photo
Video about pyrenean mountain dog
Where to buy a puppy
Acquire Pyrenean mountain dog only in the nursery, because unscrupulous sellers can give them for other breeds of white shaggy dogs - Pyrenean sheep dogs, Caucasians and other less rare and cheaper.
The cost of a puppy in a nursery varies from 1000 to 2000 dollars. Find addresses of nurseries and proven breeders can be through the Russian Club Pyrenean Mountain Dog.
In Moscow puppies of this rare breed can be bought in nurseries:
- Polini - http://www.kennel-polini.ru;
- Yakogor - yakogor.ru;
- Sher Prestige - http://sherprestige.ru.
This rare and beautiful breed is unlikely to compete in our country with medium and dwarf dogs. Urbanization interferes with the comfortable content of "bears", but those who have a country house, these magnificent white "smiles" will become faithful guards, devoted friends and nannies for toddlers.