The reproductive system of any animal requires an attentive attitude towards itself, because most diseases bear a serious threat to the health and life of the pet. Such dangerous diseases include a pyometra in dogs - an inflammation of the purulent nature of the uterine mucosa. It is important to diagnose the disease in time and to start competent treatment, otherwise the dog faces imminent death on the background of organ rupture and sepsis.
Factors of the origin of pathology
The pyometra is an endometritis with suppuration, which occurs only in the bitches. If this disease is diagnosed, then there are reproductive problems. For example, during the estrus, the canine system of the dog is especially vulnerable. Increased chances of catching pathogenic bacteria, which will settle in the uterine cavity, thereby causing a pyometra.
In a number of cases, hormonal disorders that occur against the background of cystic formations, tumors, during puberty are to blame. Imbalance in the body provokes the secretion in large quantities, resulting in possible hyperplasia. Against her background, often festering in the uterus. Often, hormonal drugs used for dogs with estrus, knock down the work of the body, provoke the development of pyometers.
In most cases, the disease occurs against the background of a violation of the hormone progesterone, produced by the ovaries. It is progesterone responsible for the growth of the uterine mucosa, for the mammary glands, prevents pregnancy from possible interruption.
But if there is a sharp increase (ejection) of this hormone, then the body begins to work out with effort to mucus in the uterus, local immunity drops sharply, the cervix closes. As a result, severe suppuration occurs, there is a risk of rupture of the uterine cavity, since the mucus can not go outside, but continues to accumulate inside the organ.
Veterinarians also tend to the fact that unbalanced nutrition and vitamin deficiency negatively affects the reproductive system of animals, indirectly increasing the risk of purulent endometritis .
Quite often, the infection enters the body during childbirth and estrus. It is at these moments for the development of the disease created all the favorable conditions - reduced immunity, an open cervix, sudden hormonal changes.
In some cases, infection occurs due to the microflora of the vagina, and sometimes microorganisms get from the outside. For example, non-sterile conditions at the time of delivery can trigger the development of a purulent infection due to the bacteria that inhabit the litter of the dog.
Veterinarians identified the following risk factors for piometers:
- Mature age of the dog (pathology, as a rule, occurs in individuals from 4 to 8 years).
- Excess weight.
- Frequent pregnancies or their absence.
- False pregnancy.
- Unsterilized dogs.
Read also about the treatment of staphylococcus in dogs .
Symptoms and forms of pyometras in dogs
This disease has two forms of flow:
In the first case, diagnosing the disease is easy, so complications of open form of pyometra are less common. The main symptoms of pyometers in dogs are:
- Disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract, which manifest nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
- On the background of gastrointestinal problems, intoxication often develops, the dog is thirsty, and she can often ask for a drink.
- The animal loses its appetite, resulting in a slight change in body weight.
- The body temperature rises.
- The dog feels weak, therefore can refuse to walk. Once on the street, behaves passively, begging to go home. He prefers basically to doze or just lie down.
- The main sign of the open form of the pyometra is the discharge from the genital tract. Their color can vary - be serous, greenish, with bloody veins.
- Against the background of excretions the animal begins to constantly lick, trying to get rid of the discomfort caused by them.
- Often the dog begins to smell unpleasantly, bathing in this case will help for a while, the smell will soon return.
The closed form of pyometras is more dangerous, because in this case pus does not leave the uterus, but continues to accumulate in it. Symptoms are acute, indicating a danger. The characteristic features are the following:
- High body temperature, it can reach 40 degrees.
- Against the background of the heat, a dog can have a fever, characterized by a shaky gait of the animal, cramps, muscle pain.
- In some cases, a noticeably small increase in the abdominal cavity, the owners can write it off for pregnancy or overeating.
- When feeling the abdominal cavity, the dog feels uncomfortable, can whine with pain or do not give a touch to the stomach.
- The pet refuses food.
- The general symptoms of ill health are fixed - apathy, bad mood, unwillingness to move, refusal to walk long or completely abandoning the street.
A closed form of pyometers can kill a dog in a few hours, so it is necessary to contact the veterinarian immediately.
Detection and treatment of pyometers in dogs
Symptoms of pyometrics are quite specific, so it is difficult to confuse the disease with another ailment. The vet immediately determines the diagnosis, but for its confirmation, swabs from the cervical canal are used that will show the presence of a purulent formation. Manual examination can also describe the stage of the disease, the veterinarian probes the uterus, checks the vagina of the animal.
In addition, the dog will be sent to the ultrasound of the small pelvis, during which the vet immediately assesses the scale of the disease, will check the amount of pus in the uterus. If the situation does not require immediate action, general (clinical) blood and urine tests are submitted. Results will show the presence of inflammation, as well as demonstrate the work of the kidney system.
In some cases, a veterinarian needs to know how the heart works in a dog, for which an EGC study is carried out.
If the studies confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will choose the treatment route, which can be:
Drug treatment is applied only with the open form of pyometra. It is not effective in all cases, but if the dog's life does not threaten anything, the veterinarian will first of all offer sparing therapy. The animal will be prescribed a course of antibiotics, after which a repeated diagnosis is carried out.
If the medication did not help, but the dog did not show any deterioration, the veterinarian could prescribe an antibiotic with another active active ingredient. In the event that such therapy does not give the expected result, surgical intervention is performed.
During the operation, the dog is removed the uterus filled with pus, and the ovaries. If the pet suffers from a closed form of pyometrics, the surgical route is the only way to save life. After the operation, the veterinarian also prescribes antibiotic preparations to the dog, which minimize the risks of inflammatory processes in the body.
In most cases, the treatment of pyometers of any form is reduced to surgery, because this way is more effective, and the chance of relapse is practically absent.
It will be interesting:
First and foremost, veterinarians advise to keep under special control individuals that are in the risk zone. Regularly conduct routine inspections in clinics is recommended when:
- The dog reaches 6 years of age.
- The animal becomes pregnant after each estrus throughout life.
- If the dog did not become pregnant at all or very rarely nursed offspring from the moment of puberty.
- False pregnancies were detected.
- The animal took hormonal preparations during estrus or at the time of gestation of puppies.
- Dogs throughout the life of little walking, less than twice a day, or taken to the street not regularly.
Proper nutrition is the basis of the health of any dog. It is necessary to take care of the balance of proteins, carbohydrates and fats in the diet of the animal, to ensure that it has enough vitamins and minerals. Vets advise to feed the dog with a balanced food, in which all useful substances are contained in the right amount.
If a pet is prone to avitaminosis , it makes sense to add additional vitamins in the fall and spring time, before that you need to consult in the clinic. The veterinarian will choose the best dosage and determine the period of prevention, based on the individual characteristics of the dog.
Since the reason for pyometers is the penetration of harmful bacteria into the body, one must monitor their dog, do not let it communicate with other animals that do not inspire confidence in their appearance, and also with stray dogs and cats.
It is necessary to observe hygiene, regularly wash the dog and comb out the hair, not allowing it to stray into the coils. It is important to provide a sterile delivery, preferably the puppy is taken by an experienced veterinarian. Under his control, the chance of infection will be minimal.
If possible, you need to abandon hormonal drugs. However, if there is no such possibility, then it is necessary to check the level of hormones in the body and if an imbalance is found, immediately start treatment.
A pyrometer is a serious and dangerous disease, so if you find one of the symptoms of an ailment in a dog, you should contact a veterinarian for help.