Successful treatment of any disease depends on early recognition of symptoms, competent diagnosis and subsequent prevention. The more closely the owner treats his pet, the lower the chance of complications of the disease. One of the serious diseases is pancreatitis in dogs. If the dog does not take care of the dog in time, dangerous consequences that threaten his life are possible.
- Причины панкреатита у собак 1. Causes of pancreatitis in dogs
- Симптомы панкреатита у собак 2. Symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs
- Выявление и лечение панкреатита у собак 3. Detection and treatment of pancreatitis in dogs
- Как предупредить развитие недуга 4. How to prevent the development of ailment
Causes of pancreatitis in dogs
Pancreatitis always occurs for one reason, it is the same, as for dogs, and for humans - these are problems in the pancreas caused by its inflammation.
The inflamed organ can not perform its functions completely, so there is a pancreatic insufficiency, characterized by a low production of enzymes. Enzymes perform a vital function in the body, they digest all the food coming into the digestive tract.
The mechanism of digestion of food in dogs has the following scheme: first the food is chewed, in the mouth the salivary enzymes help it to split into smaller particles, after which it enters the stomach. The last stage is the ingestion of food into the duodenum, where the enzymes act on it, only after that the absorption of nutrients takes place.
Inflammation of the pancreas is possible due to several reasons:
- Most often, the main reason is malnutrition of the dog . The dog's organism is set to digest raw meat, for this purpose special enzymes are developed that can digest meat in its raw form. The main food mistakes are feeding sausages, overcooked foods, sweets, spicy food and salted, canned food. Against this background, there is a failure in the pancreas. Enzymes, aimed at digesting raw products, simply have nothing to digest, although they will continue to be developed.
- Pancreatitis occurs due to harmful microbes that enter the body. We need to monitor the food that feeds on the dog. Products should be fresh, without rot. It is forbidden to feed the dog from dirty surfaces, for example, from the ground. It is necessary to watch, that the four-legged darling did not eat dung. Microorganisms that get into the dog's body together with food can cause inflammation of the pancreas and subsequent infectious disease.
- Vitamins and minerals "adjust" the animal's body for proper work, it is important that the daily diet of the dog is saturated and balanced.
- A number of diseases "beat" the pancreas of the dog, they include ulcers, liver and kidney problems, gallbladder problems, diabetes mellitus .
- Scientists agreed that pancreatitis has a genetic underpinning . This disease is particularly susceptible to Yorkshire terriers , boxers , cocker spaniel , dwarf poodle and others.
Symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs
Pancreatitis occurs in two forms. The acute course of the disease arises unexpectedly, characterized by pronounced symptoms, strong pain sensations. In this case, it's hard not to notice that the dog is suffering. Without emergency care in case of an exacerbation of a pancreatitis not to manage.
- The animal's refusal to eat , in some cases the dog may refuse to drink.
- Dogs are tormented by severe attacks of vomiting, they can intensify if the pet tries to eat something.
- Characteristic disorders of the stool, namely diarrhea .
- Against the background of diarrhea and vomiting, the dog loses weight sharply.
- There is dehydration of the body, you can check it by examining the mucous membrane of the mouth, it will be dry.
- The dog experiences itchy skin.
- The elevated temperature of the body is characteristic, especially often it is fixed in the case when acute pancreatitis occurs due to the activity of harmful microorganisms and bacteria.
Chronic pancreatitis lasts a long time, the symptoms of the disease are rather blurred, in some cases they are generally absent. Because of this, complications of the disease may occur, because all this time there is a slow destruction of the pancreas.
- Gradual weight loss for no apparent reason, because the dog's appetite is good, there are no problems with the stool, vomiting does not bother.
- The dog's hair does not look healthy, it loses its former shine, it can start falling out.
- An animal's stool can slightly change its structure - become too dense or, conversely, creamy.
- Periodically, the dog is worried about bloating, in some cases the owner can notice it on his own while probing the abdominal cavity. The anterior wall of the abdomen can also be strained, hard.
- From time to time, the mood and general condition of the dog changes dramatically for no apparent reason. The dog can look miserable at times, refuse to walk, sleep more than usual.
Any of these symptoms is a reason for visiting a veterinary clinic where a primary assessment of the condition of the dog and a complete diagnosis will be carried out.
Detection and treatment of pancreatitis in dogs
If you suspect a pancreatitis, the main task of the owner is to contact the veterinarian. Before the diagnosis, the dog is allowed to feed only on a special medical diet , the dog is given drinking water and overcooked porridges on water without additives. In the event that the animal suffers from attacks of vomiting and diarrhea, even on such a diet, food is completely excluded, in the diet there is only water.
It is forbidden to try to heal a dog, medicines and folk methods can aggravate the situation. In the case of an acute attack of pancreatitis, you can not delay the time, you need to call a veterinarian immediately. The life of a pet can be at stake, because the body can not cope with the load, a huge amount of toxins that poison vital organs - the heart, liver, kidneys and others - are thrown into the blood.
The veterinarian will use the following diagnostic methods:
- Interrogation of the owner of a dog about presence of those or other signs.
- Inspection of the dog, palpation of the abdominal cavity.
- General tests of urine and blood.
The list of analyzes and studies may vary, depending on the course of the disease.
Further treatment of the pet will depend on the form of pancreatitis and the cause of its occurrence.
If the dog suffers from vomiting and diarrhea, the doctor, first of all, will prescribe drugs aimed at normalizing the stool and restoring the water-salt balance. With such signs, dehydration is often recorded in dogs.
If the dog is in pain, spasmolytics and analgesics are prescribed. The veterinarian may prescribe intramuscular injections with Butorfanol or inject a No-shpa solution, Euphyllin.
An important task of the doctor is to reduce the production of hydrochloric acid in the pancreas in a short time, for this purpose, famotidine or omeprazole is prescribed.
After the doctor performs the initial emergency treatment of the effects of pancreatitis, you need to focus all efforts to combat the causes that caused inflammation of the pancreas. For example, if the cause lies in the infection that has got into the dog's body, then antibiotic therapy is performed. In the event that diabetes is to blame, insulin treatment is prescribed.
In some cases, surgical intervention is required. Operations are usually prescribed for chronic pancreatitis, when irreversible changes have already occurred. Surgical removal of pancreatic cysts, ulcers, clean the ducts.
How to prevent the development of ailment
To reduce the risk of pancreatitis will help properly arranged and adjusted meals.
If the dog consumes natural food, then it is necessary that raw meat in the diet is sufficient, then the enzymes produced by the pancreas will be "occupied" with their work.
In this case, the dog is forbidden to feed food that is suitable for people. All veterinary specialists claim that salty, fatty, spicy, sweet food is not suitable for feeding four-legged friends, because their digestive system is arranged differently, it is different from human.
In the daily diet of the dog there should be enough useful substances, the amount of proteins should be at least 30% of the diet. You can buy dry food , where proteins, fats and carbohydrates are in balance, there are necessary vitamins and minerals.
It is important to monitor your pet, the dog should not eat outside food from other people's hands, eat up scraps from garbage cans or the floor. Such a meal has no quality guarantees, it can be stale or infected.
If the dog has a predisposition to pancreatitis, it is worth consulting with a veterinarian who can prescribe medications that take courses as prevention of the disease. The principle of their action is based on strengthening the work of the pancreas and normalizing the production of enzymes.
The owner should treat his dog carefully, give her enough time, periodically visit a veterinarian. In this case, to see the first symptoms of pancreatitis will be much easier, which means that the disease will cause much less harm to the animal.