A dog in the house is not just a pet. In most cases, she becomes a real family member, any ailment that is perceived very acutely. And dogs are not so seldom sick. Poisoning is a common painful condition of a dog. What situations lead to intoxication, how to recognize the disease and, most importantly, how to help the pet without exacerbating its condition?
- Что может стать причиной отравления 1. What can cause poisoning?
- Виды отравления собаки 2. Types of dog poisoning
- Признаки и симптомы отравления у собак 3. Signs and symptoms of poisoning in dogs
- Первая помощь при интоксикации питомца 4. First aid in case of intoxication of pet
- Самостоятельная терапия в некоторых случаях 5. Self-management in some cases
- Лечение отравления в клинике 6. Treatment of poisoning in the clinic
- Рацион питомца после отравления 7. The pet's diet after poisoning
What can cause poisoning?
The statistics are overwhelming, but out of a hundred cases of intoxication of animals in 87 the culprit is the owner himself. This happens for various reasons:
- The owner does not provide proper supervision, allowing the pet to pick up food waste during the walking . Most often, dogs dig in garbage in search of food due to hunger, malnutrition, the lack of any vitamins, or not having received in due time the necessary training and education.
- Does not comply with the norms and rules for storing feed.
- In the food of the animal sends products of inadequate quality - with the "soul" expired, sour.
- Leaves in a free access products of household chemistry, fertilizers, medical preparations.
- Incorrect rations, including a large number of meat in the dog's menu. This leads to the development of the animal's protein intoxication (read how to properly feed the pet ).
Types of dog poisoning
There are two types of intoxication, differing in the manner of penetration of poisonous components into the body:
- Food poisoning - toxic substances enter the animal's body through the esophagus. This includes consuming spoiled food, household chemicals, medicines, etc. Sometimes, for heavy poisoning, it is enough to take one toxin from the wool.
- Non-food poisoning is the penetration of toxins through the skin or respiratory system. To this type of intoxication include bites of poisonous insects, snakes, inhalation of harmful gases, fumes.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning in dogs
To provide first aid to a pet, it is necessary to identify signs of poisoning in a timely manner. Clear symptoms of intoxication are observed on average after 7 hours. When poisoning with rat poison and other similar toxic substances, signs can be observed after 3 hours.
With a gradual intoxication, slowly poisoning the animal's body, an ailment can manifest itself after weeks or even months.
Most often, the first to hit poisons react to the intestine:
- a hypersalivation is observed in the pet (copious salivation);
- the dog often licked;
- there is diarrhea , vomiting ;
- in feces and vomit masses, it is possible to detect mucous and bloody impurities.
The respiratory system does not stand aside, the following symptoms of intoxication can be observed:
- rapid breathing;
- cough , wheezing;
- a foam is allocated from the nose;
- pulmonary edema (occurs in the late stage of poisoning).
Entering into the body of toxins leads to a disorder of the cardiovascular system, signs of an illness can be extremely difficult:
- heart rate decreases;
- there are hypertensive manifestations (increased blood pressure);
- if intoxication has occurred due to the use of sedatives or narcotics, then it is possible to develop bradycardia (sinus rhythm disturbance).
Such conditions often lead to cardiac arrest in a state of shock and death of the animal.
Intoxication can also affect the nervous system, then poisoning is accompanied by the following conditions:
- violation of coordination - the dog staggers when walking and standing in one place; the pet tries to tilt his head back;
- tremors in the whole body, convulsive conditions, tremors;
- possible loss of consciousness;
- in some cases, damage to the central nervous system leads to overexcitement of the animal, sudden aggression, the pet may moan.
When poisoning, involuntary urination may occur, or the opposite situation may occur-anuria, that is, the absence of urine. The latter is usually a sign of kidney failure.
With severe forms of intoxication, against the background of disturbed metabolic processes, a sharp decrease in the body's temperature indices is possible-hypothermia.
Poisoning by certain substances is accompanied by specific conditions. Rat poison causes multiple hemorrhages, isoniazid - seizures , foam from the mouth, confusion.
Chronic intoxication leads to the appearance of itching, hair loss , skin peeling. Skin and mucous membranes can change color. With these symptoms, it is recommended to undergo diagnostics in a clinic.
First aid in case of intoxication of pet
When poisoning is very important to provide first aid, since the poison begins to affect one system of the organism after another, however, incorrect actions can greatly harm. What to do if the animal is poisoned?
An important measure in food poisoning is the removal of toxic substances from the body. It is necessary to provoke a vomiting in the dog, for this it is possible to give the pet a warm solution of salt (1 tablespoon per glass of water) or hydrogen peroxide (one to one).
When bites insects to the damaged tissues cold is applied - a piece of ice or a compress. If the poison has got on the skin of the pet, you need to wash it off with water.
In case of intoxication with gases or vapors, it is important to take the dog away, into a room with possible ventilation, or to the street. Turpentine or gasoline fumes can lead to vomiting and convulsions. In this case, you need to pour 1-2 spoons of any vegetable oil into the animal's mouth, and give a laxative remedy after 15-20 minutes.
Self-management in some cases
Cure the dog on its own when poisoning can only be in some situations. To do this, you need to know the exact cause of intoxication and have some medical skills:
- Isoniazid poisoning . If the dog is poisoned with this anti-tuberculosis drug, the first signs appear even within the first half hour. The pet is disturbed by coordination, convulsions are observed. In this case, intravenous injections of a 1% solution of pyridoxine (from 30 to 50 ml, depending on the weight category of the pet) are effective. If you can not inject the medicine into a vein, you can put an injection in the muscle.
- Poisoning with rat poison . The main sign of intoxication with this toxin is the appearance in the emetic masses of uncontrolled blood, nasal and oral bleeding. It is important at the first signs to put vitamin K intramuscularly. It helps to eliminate the incoagulability of the blood.
- Acidic acid in the digestive tract . When penetrating into the stomach of acids, it is undesirable to provoke vomiting. At once it is necessary to wash mouth, nose, tongue with ordinary water. In this case, you need to give the animal absorbents and rinse the stomach.
- Poisoning with arsenic . After first aid, the treatment involves taking the mixture from a solution of magnesium oxide and ferric sulfate. Every quarter of an hour the pet is given 50 ml of liquid. It is enough 3-4 receptions.
At intoxication to the pet it is possible to give:
- linseeds in boiled form;
- starch paste;
- raw egg white, diluted with water.
As laxatives, the use of vegetable oils, Glauber's or Karlovy Vary salt is permissible.
Treatment of poisoning in the clinic
Naturally, the poor health of the pet is an important reason for visiting a veterinary clinic. Here, experienced specialists will inspect the sick animal. Take a series of tests to identify the type of toxin and assess the condition of the dog. Only after this is an adequate treatment, including various activities:
- gastric lavage;
- enemas that cleanse the intestines;
- the introduction of a suitable antidote;
- use of diuretics, which help to quickly remove poisons from the body;
- medicamentous procedures supporting vital organs - kidneys, liver, heart muscle;
- normalization of breathing;
- removal of seizures with the help of special preparations;
- use of antibiotics - is relevant for intoxication of infectious origin.
Pet's diet after poisoning
After a therapeutic treatment, the pet needs some time to recover. During this period, it is very important to monitor the nutrition of the dog, pre-correcting the diet. The menu must contain the following products:
- cottage cheese;
- boiled eggs;
- boiled liver and lean meat.
If the pet at first refuses to eat, do not insist. At this time it is necessary to provide the dog with a lot of fresh water. Begin to feed the dog in small portions, including in the diet of food and foods that are well absorbed by the body.
When planting a pet, it is worth remembering that the entire responsibility for his health and well-being lies on the shoulders of the owner. So, it is necessary to prevent such cases of poisoning, removing potential toxic substances away from the pet.