Beautiful giants, calm, confident and very very brave - Newfoundlands. These dogs do not leave indifferent any person and do not remain unattended in the street. Despite the impressive size, dogs do not cause fear, but only respect. And indeed, these big dogs have something to respect for.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы ньюфаундленд 2. Description of the breed Newfoundland
- Характер собак этой породы 3. The nature of dogs of this breed
- Обучение и дрессура 4. Training and training
- Как ухаживать за ньюфаундлендом 5. How to care for Newfoundland
- Кормление породистых собак 6. Feeding thoroughbred dogs
- Фото ньюфаундленда 7. Photos of Newfoundland
- Видео о ньюфаундленде Приобретение и стоимость щенков 8. Video about Newfoundland Purchase and cost of puppies
- Питомники ньюфаундленда 9. Newfoundland nurseries
Origin of the breed
Researchers have not yet been able to ascertain the exact origin of this breed, however, there are a number of quite plausible and not very hypotheses. For example, there is an opinion that the direct ancestors of Newfoundland are huge shaggy dogs with the white wool of Erickson's Vikings, who often visited the New World. Also their origin is associated with the oldest breed of Tibetan mastiffs.
Its name was given to the sea province in Canada, which is distinguished by the severity of the climate and icy winds. Before the European colonies formed on its lands, aboriginal tribes lived here. Their faithful four-legged friends were dogs, whose wool differed in density and repelled water. Scientists tend to the theory that it was aboriginal dogs that mated with Molossian dogs, mastiffs, black shepherds from Scotland and other representatives of European breeds.
No matter what processes occur, the aboriginal dogs that live in this area turned out to be very similar to the representatives of the modern breed - massive, powerful and fearless. Newfoundlands, as a separate breed, gained fame in the early 18th century. Even then in the studbook it was written that the dogs love water, dive deeply and help fishermen to pull out the nets from the water. In addition, they were described as very hardy and balanced dogs.
Thanks to such qualities, the news of the breed quickly reached the European countries, and many people appeared to get such a beautiful and faithful four-legged friend. Then the mass removal of dogs from the province began. This work was done by the Varangians from England. In England, and continued breeding work on the breed. Initially, preference was given to individuals with black and white hair, however, over time, black dogs prevailed.
In the 86th year of the 19th century the first breed club appeared in the capital of the country, which was very useful, because at that time there was a fashion for dogs with a colorful appearance and large sizes. At the same time, a standard was published, the basic requirements of which are still relevant.
Newfoundlands began to gain popularity and by the beginning of the 20th century, they again landed on American lands, but they were already representatives of the formed breed. Today, representatives of this breed can be found all over the world. They participate in the most prestigious exhibitions and are excellent companions.
Description of breed Newfoundland
Newfoundlands are dogs with a voluminous but compact body, a well-developed muscle mass, decent overall dimensions and measured movements. And in females, the body is more sprained and less heavy. The average height of males is 71 cm, weight about 68 kg, bitches are somewhat more compact - height 66 cm, weight 54 kg.
Large size dogs are highly valued, but subject to proportions. The dog must be not only large, but also correctly folded:
- Representatives of the breed have a massive head , with a wide, slightly convex skull. Occipital protuberance well developed.
- The dog has a large nose with a good pigmentation and wide nostrils. In individuals with black and black and white hair, it is black, brown in brown.
- Muzzle of a square form, decent depth, moderately short, with a soft short coat. The skin is tight, so there are no folds. Bears in Newfoundlands are, but they are neat and soft.
- The eyes are small, with a moderate deep landing. Iris in dogs depends on the color of the coat: in black and bicolour dogs it is dark brown, in chestnut can be lighter shades.
- If we take into account the dimensions of the animal, its ears are small, triangular in shape, the ends are rounded. They are set high enough and have a close fit to the head.
- Dogs with a strong, muscular neck with a good post, a pronounced suspension is undesirable.
- Dogs have developed backbone , a back of decent width, from withers to croup creates a straight line. Loin and croup broad, with good musculature. The thorax is powerful, differs in volume and depth, the ribs have a good bend.
- The stomach creates an even line, not matched.
- The forelimbs with muscular, oblique scapulas, stand straight, parallel to each other, the elbows are pressed against the body, the metacarpals have a slight inclination. The paws are large, round in shape, firmly assembled, the fingers are firm and compact, and the membranes are located between them.
- For dogs that need to swim well and carry loads, it is very important to have sturdy hind legs with a strong, wide pelvis. In Newfoundlands, they are so, with wide hips, strong shins and slightly bent knees, which gives the dog a slightly crouched look. As for the hocks , they are short, do not have an external or internal turn. Representatives of this breed often have dewclaws, but they must be removed.
- The tail of a floating dog has a special function - it acts as a helm, which determines its wide base and even the musculature present here. In a calm state, it drops downwards, its end may slightly bend. In a moving or excited dog, the tail is straight and slightly curved upwards. But Newfoundlands never tighten their tail and do not throw it on their backs.
Wool and color of the representatives of the breed
At thoroughbred representatives wool is two-layered - with a moderately long and straight coarse hair, which has no curls. The standard allows for a small wave. Undercoat is characterized by softness and high density, and in winter, the latter is much higher. In the area of the head, muzzle and auricles, the fur is slightly shortened. On the paws there are rich "pants". On the tail, the wool cover is elongated and thick, but does not make it look like a "flag".
As already noted, there are three types of Newfoundlands:
- With black wool - the most common color, homogeneity is desirable, but a slight shade of chocolate is acceptable.
- With black and white - dogs of this color most resemble their ancestors. Ideal is the head of black color, the presence of a white protochina in the middle of the muzzle, the saddle is black, even marks, the croup and the upper part of the tail are also black. The rest of the trunk should be covered with white hair, there may be a pinch, but at the minimum.
- With brown - the color of the coat can be any shade - from dark chocolate to bronze.
It is worth noting that the black and white representatives of the breed at the exhibitions are exhibited in the same class as the black ones.
The nature of dogs of this breed
Newfoundland has an amazing character - they are very loving, obedient, balanced and have unreal patience. Their intellectual abilities are at a high level, admiring the willingness of dogs to rush to protect the family and people in trouble.
These pets are "quiet", but they usually do not need loudness, as their main weapon is an impressive size and a serious representative look. They are deeply committed to all members of their family and can strongly experience separation or change of owners. Their longing extends not only to people, but also to pets, with whom they live in the same house and are forced to part.
Newfoundlands can be kept with other animals, even small dogs and cats can become real friends for them. But socialization plays an important role here, with which problems usually do not arise. Dogs have some independence, so a short loneliness will not become a stress for them. But only if they at the usual time receive enough attention and communication with family members.
Such a giant is an excellent option for a family with children, since he is very patient and lenient in communicating with younger family members. Dogs of this breed adore young children and allow them absolutely everything. And for grown-up children the dog can be a companion, a guard and a participant in joint fun. And even carefree playing, the pet will constantly monitor the safety of their small hosts.
Newfoundlands, like true waterfowl, are very fond of the water and never miss the opportunity to plunge. If owners do not have their own bathing plans in the bathing plans, then it is worthwhile to avoid such situations. Dogs are real travelers, they perfectly tolerate the ride, including in the car.
Training and training
Representatives of this breed are easy to train , because they are very smart and always try to please their owner. They not only willingly perform commands, but often even anticipate the wishes of the owner. With regard to punishment, then given the sensitivity of the breed, it is enough to use the voice. Dogs respond to intonation, and if the owner is disappointed, angry or unhappy, then the dog will feel it and try to correct the situation.
Any harsh methods in teaching Newfoundland are unacceptable, and you should not shout at the pet. Incorrect treatment can injure the dog, and the dog will for a long time experience resentment and disappointment. The self-control of these dogs allows them never to succumb to provocations. They clearly assess the existing threat and act only if it is real. Therefore, artificial methods of developing protective reactions for members of this breed are not suitable. No matter how hard you try, an ideal bodyguard from such a dog will not work.
But the vocation of the dogs is somewhat different - to save people in distress, to help in work, to be partners and support. But with a real threat, the phlegmatic animal can show what it is capable of. The main block of commands the dog digests for one or two. Then you can proceed to further training and experience is not worth it - the dog will not forget the basics and will be able to get new knowledge and skills.
How to care for Newfoundland
A unique, non-wetting coat is the main problem in pet care . More precisely, it will not be a problem if you perform regular combing with the help of special brushes. It is recommended to do this every 2-3 days. If the wool has fallen into the coils, they must be carefully untangled. They are truncated only in the event that they can not be separated at all.
Newfoundlands have the property of molting all year round, but completely get rid of the dead undercoat only in the autumn and spring periods. At this time, the dog's hair comes out in awesome amounts, so you need to scratch your pet every day. Grooming and mowing will help ease care, but for this breed these manipulations are not encouraged, and for exhibition individuals are unacceptable.
A natural grease that does not allow the coat to become wet also protects the pet from contamination. It makes it very clean without regular water procedures. And frequent bathing with shampoos can disrupt the quality of the hair and glands that produce fatty grease. Care of the auricles and eyes is required, but it is not burdensome. It is enough to inspect them once a week for extraneous formations (which indicates the presence of infection) and wipe it with a damp cotton pad.
Feeding thoroughbred dogs
Experts hasten to debunk the universally accepted myth that dogs of such dimensions eat a lot and, as they say, indiscriminately. On the contrary, special requirements are imposed on the food of giants.
It is very important that the dog receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals . After all, his bony corset and joints withstand a significant load. It is very difficult to independently make a complete menu for the dog, so in the diet can include high-quality ready-made food, enriched with the necessary minerals and useful ingredients.
But it is not recommended to feed exclusively the "drying" of Newfoundlands, as this can lead to the development of constipation . The pet should receive raw, scalded with boiled meat. Chicken and pork can be given to a dog, but in small quantities. But offal is quite suitable for feeding a dog. In addition, the menu of the pet should be present porridge and vegetables.
On the topic of feeding, look:
- how many times a day to feed the puppy ;
- how much dry food to give to the dog ;
- dry food for large dogs .
Photos of Newfoundland
Video about Newfoundland
Acquisition and cost of puppies
The price of puppies depends on many factors: you can buy a pet with documents for 20000-25000 rubles, and without documents, the offspring can be sold even cheaper. But puppies from the nursery, having titled parents and excellent prospects, are much more expensive, their cost can reach 100,000-12,000 rubles. In many ways, the price depends on the purpose of acquiring a pet.
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