The New-Scottish retrievers, also called abbreviated as tollers or Norwich terriers, are representatives of a fairly rare breed. There are only a few dozen such dogs on the territory of Russia. But interest in these cute dogs is constantly increasing, which is not surprising. Tallers are hunting dogs, possessing a number of positive qualities and an elegant, disguised appearance. What future owners should know about these amazing dogs?
- Немного из истории 1. A bit of history
- Описание породы новошотландский ретривер 2. Description of the breed Novo-Scots Retriever
- Характер представителей породы 3. Nature of the breed
- Как используются собаки этой породы 4. How are dogs of this breed used
- Особенности дрессировки 5. Features of training
- Особенности содержания 6. Features of the content
- Фото новошотландского ретривера 7. Photo of the New Scotland retriever
- Видео о новошотландском ретривере 8. Video of the New-Zealand Retriever
- Сколько стоит щенок толлера 9. How much does a puppy of a toller cost?
- Питомники новошотландского ретривера 10. Nurseries of the New Zealand retriever
A bit of history
If we talk about retrievers, then the toilers are the smallest of them. However, this is not an obstacle for dogs to possess the characteristic qualities of representatives of this group - strength, strength and agility. Where did these dogs come from, having a fox appearance?
As already understood from the name, the breed appeared on the territory of Nova Scotia and is quite young. But the very history of origin is quite interesting and lengthy. For certain to find out all the nuances of the researchers failed, but according to available indirect data, the dogs occurred in the Nova Scotch County of Yarmouth in the early 19th century. Their ancestors, who were called "red lure dogs", entered the country with the first Europeans who came here.
The breeding of the same breed took up the Novocamish (Canadian) hunters. Their goal was to get a dog that can lure (entice) and bring waterfowl. The lure dog starts running, jumping, playing on the beach, and doing it so that the bird's flock sees him. Sometimes he escapes, but again returns, having received the appropriate command from the owner, who at this time is in cover.
The playfulness of the dog begins to attract the attention of birds, which by their very nature are very curious, and the dog tries to lure the prey, floating far from the coastline closer, so that it can be reached by a shot.
Although the tollers themselves are a new breed, their supposed ancestors - "small dogs with fiery wool baiting the game", have used more than one century in European states to attract ducks into traps. It is also believed that the breeding work involved English Spaniels, Golden and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, Irish Setters and some varieties of medium-sized Scottish Shepherds - Collies.
But whatever dogs were used, as a result of prolonged work, a dog appeared that looked like a fox and possessed unique qualities of a hunter. It was called a "duck dog from Little River" - it was in this area of the county of Yarmouth (Nova Scotia - Canada) there were centers for the cultivation of such a breed.
Dogs from Nova Scotia achieved the official recognition of the Canadian Kennel Club, at the same time the breed was given the name "Novotskotlandsky". The enticing Duck Retriever. The first representatives of tollers on the territory of European states began to appear only in the post-war period, but almost immediately they began to gain popularity in the hunting environment. Naturally, the main role here played a set of excellent qualities that make dogs unique hunters.
So, in England the Nova Scotia retrievers were brought only in the late 80s of the 20th century, but today it is one of the most common hunting breeds. Also, the widespread use of tollers was in the Scandinavian states. As for the history of the development of the breed in Russia, for the Nova Scotia retrievers everything is just beginning. Today there are not so many dogs, but every year the interest grows, kennels that breed these amazing hunting dogs appear.
Description of the breed Novo-Scots Retriever
The smaller of the retrievers have a lean body and are distinguished by their high endurance. The maximum growth of males at the withers is 53 cm, weight 23 kg, bitches 48 cm, and weight 20 kg. It is believed that among the progenitors of the New Scotland retrievers are curly-haired or curly. They also helped to ensure that the tollers showed excellent hunting qualities. From them, the dogs acquired an elongated, elongated muzzle and a powerful, broad chest.
Representatives of the breed are characterized by such external data:
- They have a wedge-shaped, somewhat pointed, head . The eyes are small, almond-shaped, the color of the iris varies from saffron to dark brown.
- Ears of small size, triangular in shape, have a high fit, tips hang.
- The body is compact, with well-developed muscles, a short neck and a broad chest.
- Ribs of rounded shape protrude slightly. The back is flat, with a strong lumbar girdle.
- The forelimbs of the Scottish retriever are compared to the columns, since they are even and are massive. The hindquarters are muscular with well developed knee joints, strong, widely spaced.
- The tail with a suspension, thick at the base and toward the tip more narrowed.
Dogs of the Novo Scotch retriever breed live from 12 to 15 years.
Coat and coat
Wool from tollers is their feature, because it, like other retrievers, is waterproof. Wool is two-layered - and, like the hanging hair, and the undercoat, differ in good density. It is of medium length, near the chest and neck is slightly longer.
Color in dogs can be any reddish or orange shade. A lighter shade of combing and suspension on the tail. Representatives of the breed have at least one small mark of white color. They can be located in the area of the tail - at the end, toe-toes, but not above the metacarpal bone, near the thorax or on the forehead.
If there are no such marks, this does not lead to a decrease in exhibition valuations, especially if the dog has other high indicators. From the color depends the color of the nose, skin of lips and eyelids. They can be bodily, black and in the tone of a woolly cover.
It will be interesting: a golden retriever .
Nature of the breed
The New Scottish retrievers, or as they are also called "duck spellcasters", are fun, playful companions, their energy is inexhaustible, and they can play for hours on end. If the dog is kept at home for a long time, then it gets a melancholic, bored look. But if a pet is released into nature, it becomes completely different.
Dogs of this breed have a well developed hunting instinct, in addition, they not only swim well, but simply adore being in the water and do not miss any opportunity to wet their paws or swim. Complexity arises if you can not let the dog into the water element or drive it out.
But tollers are not only excellent hunters, they also have protective qualities. Dogs distrustful and cautious about outsiders. To the dog trusted and began to show sincere joy at the meeting, you need a fairly long regular communication with him. Only when he realizes that nothing threatens him and his family, the dog can allow to pat himself and take part in the game.
Possessing a soft temper, retrievers from Scotland can show aggression to people in alcoholic intoxication or unfamiliar animals. But this is more an exception than the norm. In general, the dogs are very balanced and to get them out of themselves, will have to try. Tallers have a sharp sense of smell and are extremely hardy. He will be happy to accompany the owner on jogging, to run after a bicycle, to walk for long distances.
That's not to taste these dogs, so this is loneliness. They endure it extremely hard and like to be near their family. It is worth considering that the toller is peculiar to choose one master, to whom he will be boundlessly devoted. But the dog will not cease to treat other members of the family with respect.
Well, if the family has children - that's who you do not get bored with, so it's with a compact retriever. He will jump and run until the rest of the participants are exhausted. The pet is loyal to young children and their pranks. Even feeling the pain of inaccurate treatment of the baby, the dog will not even allow himself to grind his teeth. In addition, the dog can be left alone with the child and be sure that with this nothing will happen.
As for other animals, you have to be careful here. The dog will get along well with any pets only if they grow up together. With dogs, a toller can get along, but smaller animals can awaken hunting instincts in a dog. Getting acquainted with the positive qualities of these dogs, it seems surprising that the world recognized the breed only in 2003.
How are dogs of this breed used
Thanks to the universal working qualities, the Nova Scotia retriever ceased to be only a duck prey and found himself in other areas. No, of course, he did not lose his ability to attract feathered game and get it even from icy water, but the dog also showed himself as an interesting and cheerful companion.
In addition, the tollers give good performance in sports competitions. Frisbee, offense, agility - that's where they really are.
Features of training
The opinion of the cynologists about the intellectual abilities of the Nova Scotd retrievers diverge. Some consider them to be limited and not too smart. However, this opinion is formed due to the fact that training the toller requires more time and patience. But this is not due to their intelligence, but rather to restlessness and activity.
Another feature of the nature of dogs of this breed, which is clearly manifested during training is stubbornness. In order for the process to proceed in its own way, the owner must use the indisputable authority of the pet and do everything in stages, without changing the chosen tactics.
The enemy of fruitful work is monotony. With constant repetition of the same commands, the pet begins to get bored and is increasingly distracted by the games. The complex of exercises should include a variety of activities that prevent the dog from getting used to and getting tired of monotony.
Each lesson should be short and maximum intensive. This will keep the attention of his four-footed friend and give him the necessary physical load. Tightly train retraver discipline and train teams should be from 5-month-old age. The basics of education are given from the first days of the puppy's stay in the house.
Features of the content
A Nova Scotian retriever can be kept in an apartment setting, and the size of the dog allows it. However, there are a number of nuances. First of all, a certain upbringing will be required. If you do not take control in your hands at once, then the dog will grow self-willed and not very manageable. Then future owners who choose puppies of this breed should take into account that a new member of the family will require a lot of time - they will have to walk with the toler for a long time.
The ideal place to keep a Nova Scotian retriever is your house with a spacious courtyard. In such territory, the dog will be able to entertain himself and splash out excess energy. Like other representatives of hunting breeds, these dogs need special attention during their walking. After all, any cat or bird can cause interest of the hunter, and the dog rushes, forgetting about everything. On walks, it is better to use a leash, and to release the pet only where it does not threaten anything, in the event of an unforeseen situation.
Playfulness of puppies of a toller leads to spoilage of property, and to explain to them their fault is very, very difficult. But this does not mean that the baby does not need to be brought up , it just requires additional efforts. Another nuance - the representatives of the breed are not at all silent and can bark for a long time, feeling joy or anxiety. Sometimes prolonged barking is an appeal to family members to participate in joint amusements.
How to care for a pet
The wool of retrievers sheds all year round, more intensely in the autumn and spring period. To reduce the amount of hair in the room, it is necessary to regularly comb the pet with special brushes .
As for pollution, the wool cover of these dogs is unmarked, and bathing is extremely rare. At washing it is necessary to consider, that washing-up liquids can destroy a protective greasing covering hair, therefore to apply them it is necessary as it is possible less often.
Otherwise, there are no special problems - the ears are cleaned , when there are dirt, you also need to regularly examine your teeth and eyes.
It will be useful: how to teach the puppy to the toilet .
Feeding the Nova Scotian retriever
Dogs are not allergenic, so they can be fed with both natural food and feed, choosing premium and super premium foods. Ready-made diets should be suitable for hyperactive dogs of medium size.
As for natural products, we must take into account the propensity of dogs to obesity, so all high-calorie dishes should be excluded.
Photo of the New Scotland retriever
Video about the New Zealand retriever
How much does the puppy of a toller cost?
Naturally, it is necessary to take into account the rarity of the breed, so it is not about cheapness. The price varies from 55,000 to 87,000 rubles, depending on the puppy's class. The breed has its pros and cons, so before you buy, you should weigh all the pros and cons.