A German boxer is a cheerful, warlike figure, who simply needs discipline and boundless love from the owners. This dog can do most of the job, but it does not bother her being a pleasant companion. What is this breed and what are its features?
- Исторические корни 1. Historical roots
- Описание породы немецкий боксер 2. Description of breed German boxer
- Характер боксеров 3. The nature of boxers
- Как ухаживать за боксером 4. How to care for a boxer
- Особенности содержания 5. Features of the content
- Как дрессировать собаку 6. How to train a dog
- Кормление боксера 7. Feeding the Boxer
- Фото боксера 8. Boxer's photo
- Видео о немецком боксере 9. Video about the German boxer
- Сколько стоит щенок немецкого боксера 10. How much does a German boxer puppy cost?
Researchers believe that the ancestors of boxers were ancient Tibetan mastiffs, which appeared in ancient Greece and Rome even before the beginning of our era. On the territory of Greece, these dogs were used to remove military dogs - Molossians, which quickly spread to European countries.
According to another version, dog-shaped dogs lived in the north of Europe, and it was the European dog that became the ancestor of the English mastiff breed. Later, the first boxers were formed from the mastiffs.
Nordic hybrid dogs of the Great Dane family were found in central European countries. For example, at that time on the territory of Germany in fashion were Bullenbeysery - small and large. These dogs were also the ancestors of boxers. Having small dimensions, small bull-beakers were distinguished by fearlessness and mobility, which allowed them to be used for baiting bulls, as well as hunting for a large beast.
The appearance of the first boxers dates back to the 1850s, it happened in Munich. Breeding activities with bulldogs, mastiffs and Bullenbeysers gave their results. The producers managed to bring out a disciplined breed combining healthy aggression, excellent physical data and a developed intellect.
Therefore, boxers can control themselves, have obedience and are aimed at serving people. Full formation of the breed took place at the end of the 19th century, at the same time the standard was approved, and the first clubs appeared.
The fighting name of the breed was due to the manner of its representatives play, pawing in the air with their paws, as if boxing in the ring.
Description of breed German boxer
Dogs have medium height, proud posture, stocky physique. They have developed, dry muscles, the relief of which clearly appears under the fur coat.
Distinctive characteristics in appearance are the following:
- The head is fairly compact in dogs, and the closer the width of the muzzle to the skull is, the more ideal it is. On the face there is a dark mask. The lower jaw protrudes forward, giving the boxers a warlike appearance. Teeth strong, set symmetrically, they can not be seen when the animal's mouth is closed.
- The nose of the nose is slightly upturned.
- The ears are high enough. If they are stopped, then they acquire a sharp form.
- Eyes with a dark iris, a look without aggression, energetic and inquisitive.
- The body of the boxers is square, that is, the length and height at the withers are equal. Back and waist are short, strong.
- The extremities of the boxers are massive, correctly posed. Dogs are very wide, especially in bitches. The belly of the dogs is lean, completely picked up.
The coat is short, hard, tight against the body. There are two colors:
- red (from rich red to light yellow hue);
- brindle (from golden to dark, gloomy tone).
Strips according to the standard should have clear lines. White marks are allowed, they even make the dogs look more aesthetic. Dogs with a different coat color - white, gray, black, with a lot of white and others are marriage.
Read also: why the dog drooling from the mouth .
The nature of boxers
In the character of the boxer, there must be a fighting spirit, this instinct is called functional. The dogs struggle with self-interest and with pleasure. And this quality is manifested in infancy. Gradually, the games are getting tougher, turning into a real battle. But if you often meet the need for a dog to splash emotions and display strength, the dog can become unnecessarily pugnacious.
There are representatives of the breed that have a low threshold of irritation and a constant readiness to fight. They can be dangerous, but mostly thoroughbred dogs believe in their own strengths and apply them exclusively at times of danger.
Boxers are merciless to enemies and unlimitedly devoted to their family. Due to their playfulness they are excellent companions for children, they can play tirelessly. And thanks to the natural instinct to protect the weak, the dog will never touch the child and will forgive any awkwardness, even hurting. If the kid becomes very annoying, the boxer will get away somewhere far away.
Dogs of this breed need a constant presence next to the owners and very hard to endure separation. But unfamiliar personality causes boxers to distrust and watchfulness. No, the dog will not attack without cause, but will not release the newcomer out of sight. In case of danger, he will definitely show his fighting qualities.
Do not believe the fables that boxers are dull. In fact, these dogs are very smart and smart, their training will not cause difficulties even for the beginner.
Strength and stamina allow the use of boxers as service dogs. They can accompany a moving bike or a galloping horse.
How to care for a boxer
Care of the boxer - it's not at all troublesome and uncomplicated. It is worth paying proper attention to the folds of the skin in the area of the muzzle and nose, they must be cleaned daily, cleaning from moisture and food debris.
To comb the hair the dog should be a couple of times a week, using a massage rubber or silicone brush. Such care will ensure the removal of dead wool and epidermis, remove contaminants. In addition, combing will improve blood circulation and have a relaxing effect on the pet.
Weak places of pedigree representatives are pads of paws, and, despite their hardness and strength, they are often traumatized. It is recommended after the paddock to inspect the pet's legs, whether there are wounds, cuts, abrasions on them. Many professional breeders grease the paws of dogs before and after walks. This is especially true if it is a puppy, a young or aging animal.
Since the boxers are intended for living in a house or apartment, they need regular clipping of the claws . This will save the pet from uncomfortable sensations during movement and prevent rotation or curvature of the nail plate. The procedure should be carried out once a week.
Boxers do not need frequent washing , it is enough for them to take a bath every six months. Naturally, with severe contamination, extra unplanned bathing is necessary. To wash the pet requires warm water, but not above 32 ° C. In this case, the bathing procedure should not be too prolonged. For the care of the boxer's fur, it is worth buying special shampoos for dogs , whose pH level is lowered.
Features of the content
A boxer refers to hyperactive dogs, however this does not prevent his life in a person's home. Many owners of small apartments are embarrassed by the size of the representatives of this breed, but long years of adaptation allow boxers to have modest requests to the size of housing.
Of course, a lounger for a dog should be spacious, despite the fact that most boxers like to sleep curled up. And one more nuance, these dogs have a habit of watching and keeping abreast of all events, their socialization is at a high level, so their place should not be located far from everyone.
Boxers are short-haired dogs . Their wool is able to protect the animal from cold at low temperatures only when the pet moves. Therefore, long walks in bad weather are not recommended. Yes, and at home should have a sleeping place of the pet away from drafts.
During the off-season, when the house can be cool, it is desirable to put on a boxer vest or other dog clothes.
How to train a dog
The boxer is great for training, as he understands the owner with a half-word. If you give commands, clearly pronouncing words, then the dog memorizes information for a long time. The recommended age for the beginning of training is 3 months.
During this period, you can independently teach the puppy or seek professional help. If we are talking about an adult dog, then it is better to entrust his education to people who know dog psychology. Boxers are capable of training and being formed dogs.
The goal of the training is to ensure that the pet performs the commands the first time under any conditions. Cynologists recommend that owners of boxers go through a special training course, which allows them to teach the dog to protect the owner. If you plan to get not only a companion dog, but a bodyguard, then you can not do without it. Study will increase self-control of the animal. Especially if the dog is timid, then this unacceptable quality will disappear.
The basic commands of a boxer can be taught even by a child, provided that he is over 12 years old. Dogs quickly become accustomed to a street toilet. They simply disaccustomed to spoilage and biting in the game of hands and feet. Also, the representatives of this breed quickly quickly assimilate that picking something from the ground and eating it is impossible, as well as taking a delicacy from the hands of strangers.
Complexity can arise when establishing behavioral rules, that is, fixing the leader's role to the dog owner. But if the owner shows kindness and severity at the same time, plus will show perseverance, then the pet will obey the requirements.
A boxer can be a child's dog, but adults are obliged to help a small host to raise a pet.
Teams for the Boxer:
Feeding the Boxer
If it is a question of a dry ration the protein should make no more than 30%. Higher rates are acceptable when feeding dogs with high physical loads or growing kids.
When a pet receives natural food, half of the diet should consist of products that are a source of protein. Of meat, the best option is raw beef and boiled by-products. Meat before serving should be cut into small pieces.
Boxers are recommended to give raw vegetables - pumpkin, zucchini, carrots. From groats for the dog is useful buckwheat, oatmeal, corn groats.
Like dogs of other breeds , the boxer should be fed twice - in the morning and in the evening, and in hot weather the amount of meals can be reduced to one time. About the amounts of food intake, read the article how many times to feed the dog .
Video about the German boxer
How much is a puppy of a German boxer
Today, the breed has lost some of its former popularity, therefore nurseries are located mainly in the large cities of the Russian state. The cost of a boxer puppy starts from 20,000 rubles. With the same hands you can buy a pet with a pedigree for 8000-10000 thousand.
Boxers are loyal and devoted friends, as well as excellent defenders with excellent mental data.