The German shepherd is generally considered the most popular breed in the world. It was about this dog that many dreamed of as a child, and if it comes to service dogs, then immediately the image of a border guard with a faithful and brave companion - a shepherd of German bloods. The prevalence of these dogs has not been affected either by world cataclysms or by time, and to this day, the representatives of this breed are an example of dedication, courage and true courage.
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы немецкая овчарка 2. Description of the breed German Shepherd
- Окрасы немецкой овчарки 3. Colors of the German Shepherd
- Характер немецкой овчарки 4. The nature of the German Shepherd
- Уход за немецкой овчаркой 5. Caring for a German Shepherd
- Немецкая овчарка в квартире 6. German Shepherd in an apartment
- Как воспитывать и дрессировать немецкую овчарку 7. How to train and train a German shepherd
- Фото немецкой овчарки 8. Photo of the German Shepherd
- Видео о немецкой овчарке 9. Video about the German Shepherd
- Цена щенка немецкой овчарки 10. The price of a German Shepherd puppy
History of the origin of the breed
The German Shepherd is the most famous and ancient breed. According to popular belief, their ancestors are northern wolves, but the researchers do not reject the participation of Indian predators. As a separate breed, the "Germans" appeared only in the late 19th century. They immediately established themselves as the best service dogs, excellent guards for livestock. Therefore, they were successfully used both in service and in agriculture.
A great contribution to the breeding of the breed was made by Max Emil von Stefanitz. It was he who caught fire to get a dog that could become a national symbol of Germany. As a basis, Max took the shepherd dogs from the Central and Southern regions of the state. The work was painstaking, and only after several decades of numerous crossings a dog appeared that met all the requirements of von Stefanitz.
The first in the pedigree book of this breed was a German shepherd named Greif. The dog had the best performance in the pastures of grazing, and, moreover, responded more quickly to human commands. However, its appearance, or rather the dirty white slovenly coat, did not fit the dog, which is the symbol of the nation. An animal with a more aristocratic appearance was required.
Therefore, the date of the appearance of the first, truly German shepherd, the researcher himself designated April 1889. It was at that time that he drew attention to a male dog with a complex nickname, Horand von Grafat, who was of a size and appearance similar to a wolf. He was distinguished by good quality characteristics, although not without gaps in education.
The dog was announced in the same year as the winner of the exhibition in Germany, and Von Stefanitz founded a club of this breed, whose president he became. Later, Horand became the progenitor of the breed, and due to the selection work with the male, his descendants, who were crossed with females having a similar set of genes, several lines of German shepherds, with pronounced pedigree qualities, appeared.
At that time Arthur Meyer joined the breeding activity of Von Shtefanitsa, and together they create a breeding book, where important data on the breeding of German shepherds were made. They also made a breed standard. The breed was gaining popularity and a new problem arose - to please the quantitative indicator, not all breeders properly drew attention to the purity of the breed's representatives.
World wars had different effects on the development of the breed. During the First World War, the excellent working qualities of these dogs were identified and rightly assessed, and they perfectly performed their functions on both sides of the front. But the Second World War practically reduced all the works of Von Stephanitz to nothing, and the breed almost disappeared from the face of the earth. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that, being Nazis, many members of the breed club did not allow its founder to bring the organization to the world level.
As a result, Von Stefanitz died, spending the rest of his life in endless persecution, feeling disappointed in the activities that he devoted almost all his life. And after the war there were only a few thoroughbred pedigree "Germans". But the founder of the German shepherds were followers who did not allow the breed to die out. However, the division of Germany into the FRG and GDR led to the emergence of two breed lines, which have some differences.
Today, the German shepherd can be called a universal breed, since it is used in detective work, on various services, it shows itself perfectly in the guard and on the border. This dog gets along well with the children and from it a responsive guide for blind people is obtained. The official research confirms that German shepherds are among the three most intelligent dogs. So far, the standards set by Emil von Stefanitz have been used in breed breeding around the world. All of the above confirms that the work of this researcher was not in vain, and thanks to him all over the world you can meet these smartest and most beautiful dogs.
Description of breed German Shepherd
If we talk about the general impression, then the thoroughbred representative has a medium height with a somewhat stretched body and a dry skeleton. Dogs are powerful and have a developed muscular corset. According to standard data, the weight of males varies between 30-40 kg, height - 60-66 cm. The females are somewhat smaller and weigh about 22-32 kg with an increase of about 55-60 cm.
The standard provides the characteristics of the breed as follows:
- The head of the wedge-shaped form with a slightly convex forehead without furrows is devoid of coarseness and excessive lightness, with an average width in the region between the ears. At a sight from above it is possible to see uniform, smooth narrowing of a skull from area of ears to a nose part. Black leather lobe.
- Both jaws are powerful, well developed. Bite in a dog by the type of "scissors". Muzzle with dry lips that fit tightly, and a straight back of the nose.
- Eyes small, almond-shaped, slightly slanting and devoid of bulges. The darker the iris, the better. The light color of the eyes negatively affects the expression of the muzzle of the animal.
- Ears have an average size and a standing vertical shape. They have the same direction, sharp ends, but the breaks or drooping ears are undesirable.
- The neck of the Germans is quite strong and strong, with developed muscles and has no suspension in the neck. The spin of an animal also has similar characteristics. The croup differs in length, slightly decreases, evenly passing to the beginning of the tail.
- The thoracic part of the trunk is characterized by a moderate breadth, with a long and pronounced sternum. To the ribs there are special requirements, they should not be barrel-shaped or flattened.
- The tail is long and ends at the level of the hocks. The lower part of it is covered with a longer coat. The position of the tail in a calm state is soft, dangling, curved, while it is slightly raised, but insignificantly.
- The forelimbs are located straight and parallel. Thanks to the developed muscles, the scapula and humeral region fit tightly to the body.
- Paws of rounded shape, tightly assembled, with rigid but fragile cushions, with dark-colored claws. If the animal has a proportional body, then its movements, respectively, are light and sweeping.
Colors of the German Shepherd
Skin covers with a slight fit, not forming folds. Wool is dense, straight and slightly harsh, shorter in the region of the head and anterior part of the paws, and in the region of the neck a little thicker. On the hips, the wool forms dense, but not too long, pants. Undercoat is present. There are several colors of shepherds:
- black with marks - yellow, red-brown, brownish, light gray;
- pure black;
- black and tan;
The standard allows for small white spots in the chest area, as well as a too light color on the inner surfaces of the trunk, but they are undesirable. Regardless of color, the nose can only be black.
- rating of feed super-premium class ;
- what vitamins are best for a dog ;
- how to teach a puppy to the toilet .
Character of the German Shepherd
Of course, each dog has its own character traits, but there are also general data that characterize the German shepherd. She is sure of it, and this is noticeable both in appearance and behavioral manifestations. Pets of this breed are very strong and fearless, and their family will be protected not for life, but for death. And having a good physical shape, have every chance of victory over the offender.
The main aspiration of the Shepherd is to become ideal and beloved for her master, and she will confirm this every time. Purebred representatives perfectly play the role of watchman, and it's almost impossible to pass them. Do not think that such dogs are created only for work, they are also excellent companions. "Germans" feel great in the family, but in this case it is extremely important that the pet be well educated and socialized.
German shepherds in the blood are laid to take care of the weak and younger members of the family, whom they perceive for their flock, and therefore automatically begin to care for their safety. Also dogs are not bad to get on with other pets, including cats. But they are difficult to experience solitude, as they are accustomed to constantly contact with others. Because they are calm and balanced, they can be taken on a trip and do not regret it.
I wonder how best to call a German shepherd .
Care for the German Shepherd
First of all, the fur coat of the animal requires care. Since the wool is prone to tangling and knocking in the coils, it should be itch every 3-4 days. Several times a year you need to carefully trim the elongated coat on the hips, especially on their inner part.
Frequent washing these dogs do not require, this hygienic procedure is carried out as required, using a rigid brush. It is necessary to use detergents for dogs, and to wipe the pet with a soft towel. After the bath, you should take care that the dog does not lie on its side until it completely dries.
Clipping of the claws is performed every 2 weeks. Cleaning your teeth is an obligatory daily procedure that will save the pet from disease-causing bacteria and unpleasant breathing.
Read also : what to feed the German shepherd .
German Shepherd in an apartment
If there is a desire to start a similar pet for apartment maintenance, it is necessary to be prepared for the fact that wool will appear on carpets and furniture. And this does not change, even if you comb out the dog every day. Assistants in this business will be a powerful vacuum cleaner with vacuum suction.
Choosing a place for a new member of the family, it is necessary to take into account the dimensions of the adult dog, and they are by no means compact. The area should be enough to allow the dog to calmly stretch out. And a mattress or litter should match similar dimensions.
Since the shepherd has strong guard sentiments, all the room and doorways should be viewed from its place. A blind corner or a dungeon in this case is not suitable.
How to train and train a German shepherd
To the puppy grew obedient, complaisant dog, who would be loyal to his family, the owner must prove that he is a leader and worthy of respect for his pet. To do this, you need to show strength of spirit and positive moral qualities. However, becoming a dog for the authority, this status will periodically require confirmation. But we are not talking about a constant confrontation, but only about a serious attitude toward upbringing and learning.
Yes, the German Shepherd requires that there is a clearly structured hierarchy, but the process of training a pet of this breed will be difficult to call difficult. Being a puppy, the dog will show cunning and shuffle, but with a patient approach it is possible to teach the pet the correct behavior and to establish contact with it, which is extremely important for the subsequent interaction.
An excellent company for a puppy are children from the age of 9, however, it is not worthwhile to fully assign them the responsibility for raising a pet. In this case, however, adult control is needed. It is not necessary to be under the delusion that the intelligence and intelligence of the German shepherd will greatly simplify the processes of dressing . These dogs can be very cunning and quirky, so only the right incentive will make them do what is required of them. With insufficient stimulation, the dog will be able to contrive in all ways to avoid work and rest.
Periodic application of mechanical stimuli for stimulation is permissible, however, it is impossible to raise and train a pet by this method alone. But experts recommend another effective stimulus - the use of delicious. They are working without fail on a German shepherd, and for a tasty morsel a pet will do even the impossible. The main thing is that this product is useful and liked the pet, then the teams will be connected to the dog with pleasant memories. Sheep-dogs also appreciate the owner's praise and are pleased to please their owner.
If this is the first dog in the family, then it is recommended to visit at least a few lessons of professional training to get basic knowledge about the right contact with the pet. If the dog is intended for the child, then it can be engaged in its training at the age of 10 years and under the supervision of adults.
Photo of the German Shepherd
Video about the German Shepherd
The price of a German Shepherd puppy
Prices for German Shepherd puppies vary very much. Naturally, offspring with documents from titled parents is not cheap. You can buy a high-breed dog with all chances for the championship, for 60000-600000 rubles, and sometimes they cost an order of magnitude more. Usually they are sold at the age of 6-9 months, when the animals have already been able to prove themselves in the ring and even win prizes.
Dogs that do not have a pedigree cost between 18,000 and 36,000 rubles, but this is provided that the buyer, if desired, can draw up all the necessary documents, which means that the puppy is 100% purebred. The same price category includes representatives of the breed that have a club pedigree, and not the Russian Cynological Association or the International Cynological Federation. Offspring, who do not have any documents at all, cost from 6000 to 12000, and this price concerns the capital, and in the region it can be lower.
German Shepherd is an excellent pet for active and purposeful people. A dog can be both an invaluable assistant, and just a friend and companion. But in doing so, she will never cease to protect and protect her family. Naturally, all this is possible with the correct approach to her upbringing.