Pugs - small , funny dogs with serious inquisitive muzzles, are representatives of the oldest breed. Their roots go so deeply into the ages that the spirit of legends and legends hovers around the origin. Today, the representatives of this breed are excellent companions, able to save from spleen and bad mood. How did they manage to carry their positive through the ages and remain loyal friends for a person?
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы мопс 2. Description of the Pug breed
- Характер мопсов 3. The nature of pugs
- Уход и особенности содержания мопсов 4. Care and Peculiar Content of Pugs
- Особенности разведения мопсов 5. Features of breeding pugs
- Как кормить мопса 6. How to feed a pug
- Фото мопса 7. Photo of a pug
- Видео о мопсе 8. Video about the pug
- Стоимость щенка мопса 9. The cost of a pug puppy
History of the origin of the breed
Versions about the origin of these amazing dogs, a great many, but worth a look at the most plausible of them. Although there are references to small dogs with a shortened muzzle in the works of ancient Indians, most researchers still tend to believe that the country of origin of pugs is China.
In manuscripts of ancient times there is information about "square, low dogs, with a shortened muzzle. On the territory of this state there were two types of similar doggies - "Ha Pa", with long wool, and "Luo Jie" outwardly resembled Pekinese, but their wool was shorter. However, experts do not have precise proofs whether these animals were the forefathers of modern pugs, because such qualities of appearance, as short paws and a flat muzzle, can be the result of inbreeding.
If in those days Pekingese were imperial animals and considered sacred, then similar to the pugs Luo Jie lived in the homes of noble persons. True, some of them nevertheless lived in the palace of the emperor and could not leave it. Naturally, this indicates the privileged position of these dogs.
In ancient times, pug-shaped dogs did not have such pronounced wrinkles on the muzzle, but folds in the forehead were already present. The Chinese assessed them as a kind of hieroglyphics, which is a source of mystical meaning. This was an important sign that persisted in the breeding of these dogs, it was considered a sign of the royal family.
It is believed that in the period when trade between the continental and Far Eastern countries began to be established, Luo Jie on seamen's ships came to the territory of Europe. For certain it is not known, however there are data that it is for this period that a surge in the popularity of pugs is not only among the people of royal blood, but also ordinary people. By the way, the Dutch have these dogs were called the Chinese mastiff.
The pugs were formed as a separate breed by the 16th century. Then they could be met at social events, where they acted as companions of society ladies. At that time it was prestigious to have such dogs with exotic appearance, moreover, they lived in their owner's boudoir and warmed them in cold chambers.
During the reign of Napoleon, pugs became even more widespread, as the favorite doggie of his wife, Josephine, with whom she almost never parted, was a pug named Fortune. When the Napoleonic empire fell, the pug was disgraced, however, after a while they again gained popularity with the French.
The first pugs that appeared in England had short, specially cut ears, and tails, twisted in different directions in females and males. If the dog had his tongue poked out, this was an undeniable advantage. At that time pugs had muzzles longer than the modern breed, and flat noses were the result of breeding work. The extremities were not so short, and there was also no "square" format available for pugs now.
In addition, individuals with modern appearance appeared exactly in England, as here serious work was carried out to improve this breed. At the 80th years, three important events in the formation of the breed, which occurred in England, occur at once. Then there was the first breed club, in 2 years there was an exhibition of pugs, and in 3 years the official standard requirements to the breed representatives were established.
Pugs today are common in many countries, and these small dogs are found everywhere in international exhibitions.
Description of the Pug breed
According to the standard, there are pugs with different proportions of the head. There are individuals with a convex, rectangular skull, a normal shape of the head, and also with a wide part of the muzzle and holders of the longitudinal cavity.
Puppies should have a somewhat distinct nose bridge. In the event that it is absent, this is attributed to significant shortcomings. But this is due not only to the data specified in the standard, but also to the problems that lead to the absence of the nose bridge. In this case, the dog has difficulty breathing, which in the future becomes the cause of disturbances in the activity of the heart muscle.
The main external characteristics of pugs include the presence on the muzzle of specific wrinkles. Among the requirements for them, the important is the obligatory symmetry, the creation of a beautiful drawing. But they do not have to sag, like the folds of excessive skin in bulldogs. As for the build, pugs are compact, proportionate dogs with a developed muscular corset:
- The weight of dogs varies within the limits of 4-8 kg, growth of males - 30,5-32 cm, females - 28-30,5 cm.
- The head is medium, with a flattened facial area and a small number of folds.
- The tail is small, shaped like a tight ring, pressed against the body. If it forms a double ring, then this is an undoubted advantage of the pet.
- Eyes large, widely spaced, there is a small or strongly pronounced bulge. They are located on the same line with the nose, which should be black.
- The pug has a more developed lower jaw, a pronounced undershot bite is observed in the bite.
- Ears are small, well-fitting to the skull, thin with a high fit. The lower part consists of cartilaginous tissue, and the upper part hangs down.
- The neck is thickened, powerful, has a small bend, the scruff is well developed. The thorax is wide, the ribs have a pronounced bend.
- The coat is short, thick, pleasant to the touch.
There are different colors of pugs, but more often there are gray-silvery and with apricot color of the individual's hair.
Look at how the pug looks like a French bulldog .
The Pug's Character
Among the most characteristic features of thoroughbred representatives it is possible to note their sociability and benevolence, and also propensity to pranks. They need and very appreciate the attention of their owners and like to be in the center of events. Having a rather modest size and nice muzzle, pugs can perform security functions and often display courage, which they do not expect. They like to keep everything going on in the house under control and react to any, even minor, noise.
Pug owners are sure that the temperament of these animals directly depends on their color: pugs with black hair are excessively energetic, and with a light one they are more phlegmatic. A common opinion is that pugs are very lazy dogs. But, despite the fact that their favorite occupation is imposing lying next to their master, they gladly go on walks and like active amusements.
Dogs of this breed can find a common language with almost everyone, and even more so if it is surrounded by caress and love. But here the owners should understand that these small dogs have a well-developed sense of self-worth, so it will be mistaken to perceive them as a toy. Pugs are real jealous, which is manifested, if suddenly the owner shows excessive favor to someone else.
These doggies are very patient, which makes it possible for them to communicate with small family members. Cats, they are not something that they do not like, but treat them quite calmly, looking down a little. They also get along well with other dogs. The benevolence of pugs can play a cruel joke with them, since many cases of theft of these dogs have been recorded. Therefore, the owners should very carefully watch their four-legged friend on the vagina so that he does not communicate with strangers.
Care and Peculiar Content of Pugs
Count pugs to too capricious breeds is unlikely to happen, but they need a certain care and have a number of nuances. Of particular note to these dogs are the eyes, since the representatives of this breed suffer from the erosion of the cornea - a chronic congenital disease. Therefore, it is necessary to watch that there are no changes with the eyes, and in case of what, give the pet antibacterial means, naturally, after consulting with the veterinarian. It is also important for pugs to get the required amount of vitamin A.
As you know, pugs are very fond of spending time next to the owner, lying with him on the bed or sofa. However, still the pet needs its own place, where the dog can rest, tired of the bustle and activity. Place the couch away from drafts and heating devices.
To walk with an adult pet should be two times - in the morning and in the evening, with a puppy or teenager more often. On the paddock the pet should splash out excess energy, so you should play with it or give commands. And since pugs belong to decorative breeds, they do not require long walks, moreover, they are not adapted to them at all.
These dogs are designed exclusively for household maintenance, since they are difficult to tolerate low or high temperatures. In addition to the eyes, you should regularly examine the ears of the dog, skin and teeth. If there are discharge from the eyes, it is necessary to wipe them neatly with a cotton pad soaked in herbal decoction.
Read more : how to care for a pug .
Features of breeding pugs
This process has its own subtleties, so it is not recommended for beginners to engage in such activities. Incorrect crossbreeding can lead to appearance of offspring with appearance, far from the available standards. But if there is a desire to breed dogs of this breed, it is worth to listen to the opinion of professionals:
- Before knitting, you should undergo special training - for 3-4 weeks give the pet preparations with antihistamine action and make sure that the dog gets rid of excess weight if he has it.
- The earliest age for breeding is 10 months.
- Fertilization will occur on average 10 days after the bitch begins to flow.
- Pugs need time to meet, so try to force events is not worth it.
- To be 100% knitted, the meeting should be repeated after three days.
And most importantly, like many decorative females, Pugs may need surgery during labor, that is, carrying out cesarean section. Therefore, it is important that the pregnancy is monitored by a veterinarian.
Interesting names for pugs .
How to feed a pug
This process has a number of features that it is desirable to get acquainted with before the four-legged friend got into the house. For example, liquid food for pugs is not suitable because of their particular structure of the muzzle and the location of the nostrils.
Owners note unpretentiousness of these dogs in food. But veterinarians advise to enter 2-3 meals a day for pugs, while controlling the weight of the pet. Dogs are prone to obesity, and can gain weight, even eating only production food. Therefore, it is necessary to give food to the pet exclusively according to the norm, even if he begs for the additive with his plaintive kind. And these big-eyed cunning people can deceive even the most vigilant master, pretending to be hungry.
As for nutrition, it is advisable to consult with the breeder and at first feed the pet the way he used to before he got to the owner. This will make the process of getting used to a new home more comfortable. When feeding naturally to pug puppies it is desirable to give food containing milk - porridge, cottage cheese, steam omelet. You can also give soup. But all these dishes are excluded from the diet of the dog by the 3rd month.
Pets of this breed are encouraged to feed mixed, combining premium and super premium food with meat dishes and adding vegetables, giving sour-milk products. Though it is possible and to adhere to one type of a food - dry rations or natural food. It is important not to experiment especially, changing the types and brands of feeds for no particular reason, or giving not very useful products to your pet. With natural feeding, you must follow a number of rules:
- The menu of the pet on 70-80% should consist of a meat part, here also include fish, poultry meat, offal.
- 2-3 times a week it is recommended to give a pug egg yolk, cooked or raw.
- In the daily diet must be present vegetables and sour-milk food.
The main thing is to strive for the pet to receive a balanced diet in the required quantity. In some cases, the dog will need additional sources of vitamins and microelements, but they need to be given only after consulting a specialist.
Read more : what to feed the pug .
Photo of a pug
Video about the pug
The cost of a pug puppy
As with representatives of other breeds, the important factor here is the purpose of acquiring a dog. Pet for subsequent exhibitions and breeding will cost a little more than a puppy for the role of a spiritual companion. The average price of the show-class puppies is 25,000-30000 rubles, and the domestic dog costs around 10,000-12,000 rubles.
It is worth noting that through the Internet sites to buy a pug puppy can be even cheaper, and even from well-known breeders. But in any case, the health of the baby, the absence of defects and the availability of necessary documentation are important. But it is not recommended to buy a pet without a passport in casual breeders, as there is a great risk to acquire a dog with physical disabilities, which can manifest with time.
Pugs are amazing tiny pets with a brave heart. They are able not only to brighten up the leisure of their owners, but also to be guards, giving voice at the slightest danger.
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