Maltese, they are also called Maltese lap-dogs - some of the finest decorative dogs. Their history is rich in unusual and fascinating events, but these pets have always been close to the person. Representatives of this breed constantly bathed in human attention and love, they admired and admitted to all areas of their lives. How many breeds can boast of the same success?
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы мальтийская болонка 2. Description of breed Maltese lapdog
- Окрасы мальтийской болонки 3. Colors of the Maltese Bolognese
- Характер мальтийской болонки 4. The character of the Maltese lapdog
- Уход, особенности здоровья и содержания 5. Care, health and content
- Фото мальтийской болонки 6. Photo of the Maltese lapdog
- Видео о мальтийской болонке 7. Video about the Maltese lapdog
- Цена щенка мальтийской болонки 8. Price of a puppy of a Maltese lapdog
History of the origin of the breed
According to historical sources, Maltese Bolognese belong to the oldest breeds of dogs. Archaeologists have found art objects depicting these animals and small sculptures with their form, dating from the 8th century BC.
Although there is an opinion that the origin of the breed has been lost somewhere in the depths of centuries, but in fact there are documented mentions of Melite dogs - then Melita was the name of the Greek island, which today is called Malta. There is confirmation that at that time the eponymous city on the island possessed a developed infrastructure, cultural values and led a brisk trade.
However, Maltese is also mentioned in the more ancient Egyptian culture. Since many sculptures resembling these dogs are found, as well as letters with their images, the idea of the Egyptian origin of the breed is fully justified. In those days, puppies of these snow-white little dogs were very valuable gifts, presented to the nobility and rulers, along with jewels and expensive fabrics. No wonder they were considered a sign of a comfortable life in luxury and prosperity.
The Maltese dog was at the queen of Great Britain Victoria, and Captain Luki brought her a couple more representatives of this breed. But, unfortunately, during a long trip they lost their attractive appearance and were not presented to Her Majesty. The captain gave them to his brother engaged in breeding mastiffs, and this couple of Maltese bolonok became the founders of the breed in this country.
The First World War had a detrimental effect on the breed, and the Maltese practically disappeared. However, later a few Bolonians were brought from the continent, and they were engaged in breeding closely. In the 30s the first breed club appeared, and dogs from this club were taken as a basis for many nurseries.
Despite the fact that the Second World War stopped the felinological processes, the Maltese still managed to preserve the tribal individuals. In 1965 an exhibition of Maltese Bolonok was held, where there were over six dozen participants.
And in America, the first registration of Maltese Bolongs occurred in 1888. Over time, the number of registered dogs increased and in 1927 reached almost three dozen. Moreover, it turned out to be timely, because in England they practically disappeared. In modern states there are perfectly organized clubs of this breed, and annual mono exhibitions are held in Maltese.
Description of breed Maltese lapdog
Characteristics of a high-breed Maltese lapdog consists of four components:
- proportional housing ;
- silky, thick wool ;
- head of a beautiful regular shape;
- freedom and smoothness of movements .
And one more important quality is calm temperament and cheerfulness. Beautifully combined snow-white wool cover with intensely black pigmentation and dark, almost black eyes. Representatives of the show class during the exhibitions evaluate not only compliance with the standard, but also the work of the owners - a spectacular appearance and upbringing of the pet.
The weight of the maltese varies between 3-4 kg, and the height is 20-25 cm. These are dogs of a compact white color with a long coat. The dog looks very elegant, with his head held high:
- The animal's skull is flat, its size is larger than the muzzle. The frontal lobe is well distinguished. The auricles are triangular, they have a high fit and a close fit to the head.
- The nose is small, with a large black lobe, and the nostrils are well open. Jaws developed, but not rude. Both are on the same level and do not protrude, they have thin, with a black border, lips. The bite of a maltese is of the "scissors" type.
- Eyes with a circular incision and a dark brown iris, but they should not be convex or deeply planted.
- The neck is covered with thick hair, it can be clearly seen. At the same time, it is straight and does not have skin folds. The back of the dogs is straight, the sternum is large.
- The tail has a high landing, it is thick at the base, but towards the end it becomes thin. The tail is arcuate and as if hanging over the dog's back, but its slight deviation to the side is allowed.
- The forelimbs fit well to the body, they are not equipped with well-developed muscles, but the skeleton is strong. Fingers are collected in a tight lump, cushions paws and claws pigmented in black. As for the hind limbs, they are located in parallel, the hips are covered with developed muscles.
- The coat is dense, with a natural sheen and silkiness. The wool is straight, smooth, has no curls or curls. Along the whole body it falls down. In the area of the hind limbs and forelimbs, the standard allows for a slight hindrance.
Colors of the Maltese lapdog
The coat color is white, but representatives of the breed with a light pale orange hue or ivory are allowed. But since the presence of such tones imparts a dirty appearance to the coat, they are undesirable. The main defects of the breed include the following:
- the back of the nose, which has a bend;
- Representatives above or below the declared by the standard of indicators.
To the deviations also include strabismus, other colors, a short tail or its absence, spots on the coat, other colors of the eyes and nose, etc.
Read also: the smallest breeds of dogs in the world .
Character of the Maltese lapdog
Externally, the boys from Malta are very nice and funny. But this also applies to their character. They are distinguished by their kindness, playfulness, often having fun and very fond of their family. Dogs are vigorous and they often have bursts of activity. In this case pets can for a long time tirelessly run at high speeds, both in a circle, and chaotically. Representatives of this breed are suitable for novice breeders. And their most ardent desire is always to be with their owner.
Maltese lap-dogs differ in devotion, and without looking at their compact dimensions, they always make attempts to stand up for family members, especially if they feel that the owners are in danger. And it does not matter if the threat comes from a person or another animal. In this case the maltese is given a voice and even tries to use the teeth in order to punish the offender. By their behavior, they confirm that tiny dogs can be fearless and bold defenders.
Hearing suspicious sounds, the maltese will immediately raise a noise that thanks to the barking bark they are simply amazing. The Maltese has a lively mind and remarkable quick-wittedness that allows them to absorb even complex tricks and commands. However, some representatives may be stubborn and be somewhat spoiled.
Bolognese are not very suitable for communicating with young children, since the latter can injure pets. But with older children, the maltese communicate perfectly. Due to their friendliness, Maltese lap-dogs perfectly get along with any domestic animals - cats, rodents and birds.
Dogs are so attached to the owner that they can worry and suffer during separation. Maltese is recommended to get people of retirement age, with limited opportunities, as well as living on a small living space.
Care, health and content
A beautiful and well-groomed lap-dog is the result, first of all, of its owners. And for many owners of these beautiful doggies, caring for them gives pleasure. They are stocked with a whole arsenal of tools and tools, which facilitates cosmetic courtship for the fine wool maltese. In this situation it is very important to avoid that the wool does not fall off. The complex of procedures includes the following:
- combing of wool, which must be done every day;
- washing the pet ;
- if there is a desire to simplify the care of the pet, then you can cut it regularly, but only if it is not a participant in the exhibitions; in show-class dogs, the coat should form a beautiful mantle.
Wash the Maltese bolonok using professional means designed for long-haired breeds. This includes shampoos, balms and conditioners. It is also possible to use special anti-koltun agents and protect the wool from stalling.
It is important to dry your pet properly. To do this, it must be wiped with a terry towel, after which the damp wool is dried with a hair dryer. Care should be taken that the dog is away from the draft, and the temperature of the hair dryer should not be high. Otherwise, you can not only spoil the hair, but also burn the skin of the pet.
In regular care need eyes Maltese bolonok, as they are prone to profuse lacrimation . In this regard, on their snow-white wool under the eyes formed dirty tracks and deprived the look of the dog neatness. To avoid such trouble, it is recommended to regularly clean the eyes of the pet with a napkin moistened with clean water or a special agent for the eyes.
Otherwise, these dogs are quite unpretentious. They can live in a spacious house or in a small apartment. In addition, they can do well without daily walks, if they are taught to cope with the need for a tray. But, of course, the maltese needs fresh air and regular physical activity, so it is necessary to take out a four-legged friend to the street, although not as often as other dogs.
Photo of the Maltese lapdog
Video about Maltese Bolognese
The price of a puppy of a Maltese lapdog
With the hands to buy a puppy that does not have a pedigree, you can within 5000-8000 rubles. Of course, one can only guess about purebredness in this case. Puppies, as they say, for the soul, but having all the documentation, cost from 10,000 to 15,000. And the male can be purchased for 7,000-8,000 rubles. The cost of quality representatives of the breed can vary from 16,000 to 25,000 rubles.
Maltese Bolognese are excellent companions who understand their owners from a half-word. Buying a puppy of this breed, you acquire, no more, no less, a friend.