Lishay is an unpleasant disease of an infectious nature that can affect both human and domestic dogs. Infection affects the skin, the causative agent of the disease may be pathogenic fungi or viruses. The ill dog presents a danger to all family members and other pets, so it is extremely important to identify the lichen in dogs in the early stages and contact the veterinary clinic.
- Как происходит заражение 1. How does the infection occur?
- Факторы, увеличивающие риск заражения 2. Factors that increase the risk of infection
- Основные признаки лишая у собак 3. The main signs of hair loss in dogs
- Виды лишая у собак и их признаки 4. Types of lichens in dogs and their signs
- Лечение лишая у собак 5. Treatment of hair loss in dogs
How does the infection occur?
Fungal spores are one of the most resistant microorganisms to different conditions and can live in a variety of environments, so even months outside of the body remain viable for many months and even years. The most fertile for mushrooms is the moist weather with high humidity, in this case they begin to multiply intensively, affecting the upper layers of animal skin.
A dog infected with lichen becomes dangerous to its surroundings. He is able to infect not only his relatives, but also a person. Lishay is transmitted during contact with sick dogs.
Experienced breeders know that walking with a pet should be checked with domestic dogs, and by all means avoid contact with stray dogs and cats.
Also deprive the pet can get infected while lying on someone else's stove, eating from the dish of a sick animal or even playing it with toys. The source of the ailment can be the accouchement of a lichen dog.
Factors that increase the risk of infection
There are a number of conditions that favor the development of infection in the animal's body. All of them, above all, affect the body's immune forces:
- bearing and subsequent rearing of offspring;
- inadequate diet;
- recent disease caused by viruses;
- age - more often we deprive infected young animals and dogs older than 8 years;
- diseases caused by oncology.
The main signs of hair loss in dogs
First of all, the disease gives itself the appearance of skin rashes that can appear anywhere in the body. With the development of infection, the area of the lesion is significantly increased, the skin covers are covered with crusts of a reddish hue, the hair begins to drop intensively. On the body appear absolutely bald bald patches, which have clear boundaries. With the advanced stages of the disease, purulent exudate follows from the crusts.
Lishay, as a rule, accompanies a strong itch, causing the pet to comb the affected areas to the blood. If you do not show the pet in time to the veterinarian, then you should expect the following anxiety symptoms in the dogs:
- the appearance on the skin of inflamed color spots, which are quite scaly;
- strong hair loss, which can lead to complete baldness, this symptom appears due to severe damage to the hair follicles;
- pets infected with lichen become inactive, lethargic, often become ill.
Types of hair loss in dogs and their symptoms
There are several main types of lichens developing in pets:
- Pink lichen. It is considered one of the most dangerous types of lichen, threatening the health of the dog. The development of the disease begins with the appearance of the first spot, which is called the maternal plaque. After it, there is an offshoot of other spots, which are foci of infection. Plaques have a rounded shape, about 2 cm in diameter, the color of the affected tissue is yellowish pink. This form of lichen is characterized by severe itching, so the dog is constantly itching. It is possible to independently resolve flaky foci 4-6 weeks after the first lesion appears.
- Ringworm or sheared shingles in dogs. This type of lichen can affect any part of the pet's body - trunk, paws, paw pads, nose lobes, claws. You can learn the disease by round or oval spots, intensively affecting the skin of the pet. Foci of infection are covered with scales that grow bald and disturb the animal with an intolerable itch. After looking at the infected areas, you can see the wool, which seemed to be cut with scissors. As a result of this symptom, the pathology also got its name.
- Wetting diarrhea. It is not a contagious disease of the skin. It develops against the background of allergic manifestations and has an inflammatory character. The main signs of the disease are swelling of the tissues, a rash all over the body. Affected areas give the animal considerable discomfort in the form of burning and itching. On the body of the dog there are spots, the shade of affected tissues varies from pale pink to blue. Also, the mossy appearance of the lichen is manifested in the form of cracking of the skin, bubbles, the damaged areas are subsequently covered with crusts.
- Peregrine lichen. A fairly common reason for the appeal of dog owners to a veterinarian. Initially, the disease manifests itself in the form of a small patch of pink. At this stage, the disease proceeds without other symptoms. Later the foci appear on different parts of the body. They acquire a painful color - yellowish or brown.
- Shingles. The causative agent of this type of lichen infection is the herpes virus. The initial stage of the disease is accompanied by itching in the abdomen and ribs. Later on the skin appear papules with liquid contents. Afterwards, they burst and cover with crusts. In later stages, the disease affects other parts of the animal's body.
As soon as the primary signs of deprivation are detected, the pet should be kept separately before determining the causative agent. For disinfection it is necessary to treat the habitat of the dog with chlorine-containing substances.
Treatment of hair loss in dogs
Only using complex therapy, you can save a four-legged friend from depriving. To facilitate the use of external means, it is necessary to shear the hair near the affected areas.
Standard care for damaged skin deprived includes the following manipulations:
- it is necessary to wash the skin with the help of warm water;
- rub damaged tissues with iodine;
- To make treatment with drugs with antimycotic action - Zoomikol, Mikozolon, etc.
Care should be taken that the pet does not lick medicines from the skin. You can use a veterinary collar for this purpose.
To cure ringworm in a dog, it is necessary to use stronger preparations with an antifungal effect: Itraconazole, Yuglon, Dermatol, etc.
To support the work of the liver, simultaneous administration of hepatoprotective agents is prescribed.
High efficiency is different in the treatment of dogs with depriving the introduction of vaccines - Vakderm, Mentawak, etc. The drugs are intended for intramuscular injection, the rate is calculated by the veterinarian individually. The duration of this therapy varies from 2 to 2.5 months, and the result depends on the degree of development of the disease.
When the disease worsens, the dog begins an intensive hair loss with clots. On the trunk may appear multiple bald spots, but it is possible that they are completely absent. In this situation, it is recommended to wash the pet with shampoos with an antifungal action - Nizoral, Dermazol, Kenazol, Imaverol, etc. These products have a gentle, gentle action, but they must be applied according to the attached instructions.
To avoid manifestations of allergy to medications, veterinarians prescribe the simultaneous use of anti-histamines (Tavegil, Suprastin, Diazolin, Dimedrol, etc.)
After vaccination, the condition may worsen in the pet. However, this is quite a standard state - the body naturally fights against pathogens infecting the vaccine.
In addition to the activation of protective mechanisms, special emphasis is placed on supporting the immunity of the animal and improving the overall condition. To do this, doctors can assign funds to the following groups:
- probiotics (normalize the activity of the digestive tract);
- immunomodulators (Katosal, Glycopin, Ribotan, Immunofan, etc.);
- vitamin complexes (Aminovite, Gamavit, Placentol, etc.).
To eliminate the causative agent of the disease - the fungus itself, the Fungin and Yam spray is applied in the form of an ointment. They are applied not only to the affected tissue, but also around the hearth, capturing healthy areas. To facilitate the application, it is recommended to shear the wool cover in the area of the lesion.
For local treatment, salicylic acid or iodine is used before applying external agents. But you can do this only after the recommendation of a specialist, as improper use can cause necrosis of the dermis surface.
In modern veterinary medicine, there are no standard schemes of deprivation therapy, since the causative agents of the disease constantly mutate. New strains of parasitic microorganisms become more resistant to previously used substances, they adapt to a new environment that appears against the background of drugs.
However, the disease can be treated, it requires a timely call to a specialist and a comprehensive examination. An experienced veterinarian will make a treatment plan individually, based on the results obtained and the degree of development of the disease. For owners of the same dog it is important not to miss the first alarm bell. I hope we have told you about how to treat the deprivation of a dog.