Deprive is an unpleasant infectious disease that can affect both humans and domestic dogs. Infection affects the skin; disease causing fungi or viruses can be the causative agent. A sick dog is a danger to all family members and other pets, so it is imperative to identify deprive the dogs in the early stages and contact the veterinary clinic.
- Как происходит заражение 1. How infection occurs
- Факторы, увеличивающие риск заражения 2. Factors that increase the risk of infection
- Основные признаки лишая у собак 3. The main signs of depriving dogs
- Виды лишая у собак и их признаки 4. Kinds of lichen in dogs and their signs
- Лечение лишая у собак 5. Treatment for lichen in dogs
How does the infection occur?
Fungal spores are among the most resistant microorganisms to various conditions and can live in a wide variety of environments, so even outside the body remain viable for many months and even years. The most beneficial for mushrooms is wet weather with high humidity, in which case they begin to multiply rapidly, affecting the upper layers of the skin of animals.
A dog infected with a lichen becomes dangerous for its environment. He is able to infect not only his relatives, but also man. Deprive is transmitted during contact with sick dogs.
Experienced dog breeders know that they should walk their pet with proven domestic dogs, and by all means avoid contact with stray dogs and cats.
Also, depriving a pet can become infected while lying on someone else's bed, eating from a sick animal's plate or even playing with its toys. The source of the disease can be ammunition and lichen dog.
Factors that increase the risk of infection
There are a number of conditions that favor the development of an infection in an animal. All of them, above all, affect the immune forces of the body:
- gestation and subsequent raising of offspring;
- poor diet;
- recent disease caused by viruses;
- age - often lichen infected young and dogs older than 8 years;
- diseases caused by oncology.
The main signs of depriving dogs
First of all, the disease gives itself off by the appearance of skin rashes that can appear in any place or part of the body. With the development of infection, the area of the lesion increases significantly, the skin becomes covered with crusts of a reddish hue, and hair begins to fall out intensively. Absolutely bald bald spots appear on the body, having clear boundaries. With advanced stages of the disease, purulent exudate flows out from under the crusts.
Deprive, as a rule, is accompanied by severe itching, forcing the pet to comb the affected areas to the blood. If the pet is not shown to the veterinarian in a timely manner, then the following warning signs of depriving the dog should be expected:
- the appearance of inflamed colored spots on the skin, which are quite peeling;
- severe hair loss, which can lead to complete baldness, this symptom appears due to severe damage to the hair follicles;
- Pets infected with lichen, become inactive, lethargic, often fall ill.
Lichen species in dogs and their signs
There are several main types of lichens developing in pets:
- Pink lichen. It is considered one of the most dangerous types of lichen, threatening the health of the dog. The development of the disease begins with the appearance of the 1st spot, which is called the maternal plaque. After it occurs a branch of other spots that are foci of infection. The plaques have a rounded shape, about 2 cm in diameter, the color of the affected tissues is yellowish-pink. This form of lichen is characterized by severe itching, so the dog is constantly itching. An independent resolution of the scaly lesions is possible 4-6 weeks after the appearance of the first lesion.
- Ringworm or shingles in dogs. This type of lichen is able to affect any part of the pet's body - torso, paws, paw pads, nose, claws. You can find out the disease by round or oval spots, intensively affecting the pet's skin. Foci of infection are covered with scales, which grow bald and bother the animal with unbearable itching. Looking closely at the affected areas, you can see hairs that seemed to be cut with scissors. Due to this symptom, pathology got its name.
- Soaking lichen. Not a contagious disease of the skin. Develops on the background of allergic manifestations and is inflammatory. The main signs of the disease are tissue swelling, a rash all over the body. The affected areas give the animal significant discomfort in the form of burning and itching. Spots appear on the dog’s torso, the hue of the affected tissue varies from pale pink to blue. Also, the weeping lichen look manifests itself in the form of skin cracking, blisters, and the damaged areas are subsequently covered with crusts.
- Pityriasis versicolor. A fairly common reason for treating dog owners to a veterinarian. Initially, the disease manifests itself in the form of a small pink spot. At this stage, the disease proceeds without other symptoms. Later, foci appear on different parts of the body. They acquire a painful color - yellowish or brown.
- Shingles. The causative agent of this type of lichen infection is the herpes virus. The initial stage of the disease is accompanied by itching in the abdomen and ribs. Later papules appear on the skin with liquid contents. Subsequently they burst and become covered with crusts. In the later stages, the disease also affects the rest of the body.
As soon as the primary signs of depriving are detected, the pet should be kept separate until the pathogen is identified. For disinfection, it is necessary to treat the habitat of the dog with chlorine-containing agents.
Treatment for lichen in dogs
Only using complex therapy, you can save the four-legged friend from depriving. To facilitate the use of external means it is necessary to cut the hair near the affected areas.
Standard care for damaged skin that includes the following manipulations:
- it is necessary to wash the skin with warm water;
- wipe damaged tissue with iodine;
- make treatment with drugs with antimycotic action - Zoomicol, Mikozolon and others.
Care should be taken to ensure that the pet does not lick off the medicinal products from the skin. It is possible to use a veterinary collar for this purpose.
To cure ringworm in a dog, it is necessary to use stronger drugs with antifungal action: Itraconazole, Yuglon, Dermatol, etc.
To support the work of the liver, a simultaneous reception of hepatoprotective agents is prescribed.
It is highly effective in treating dogs with deprive vaccine injections — Vacderm, Mentavac, etc. The preparations are intended for intramuscular administration, the course is calculated individually by a veterinarian. The term of this therapy varies from 2 to 2.5 months, and the result depends on the degree of development of the disease.
With the exacerbation of the disease, the dog begins intensive hair loss in shreds. Multiple bald spots can appear on the body, but their absence is also possible. In this situation, it is recommended to wash your pet with antifungal shampoos - Nizoral, Dermazole, Kenazole, Imaverol, etc. These products have a mild, gentle action, but they must be applied according to the attached instructions.
To avoid allergies to medications, veterinarians prescribe the simultaneous use of antihistamine drugs (Tavegil, Suprastin, Diazolin, Dimedrol, etc.)
After vaccination, the pet may deteriorate. However, this is a completely standard state - the body naturally fights against pathogens that have penetrated with the vaccine.
In addition to the activation of protective mechanisms, special attention is paid to supporting the immunity of the animal and improving the general condition. For this, doctors can prescribe the funds of the following groups:
- probiotics (normalize the activities of the digestive tract);
- immunomodulators (Katozal, Glykopin, Ribotan, Immunofan, etc);
- vitamin complexes (Aminovit, Gamavit, Placentol and others).
To eliminate the causative agent of the disease - the fungus itself, spray Fungin and Yam is applied in the form of an ointment. Apply them not only on the affected tissue, but also around the hearth, capturing healthy areas. To facilitate the application, it is recommended to trim the coat in the affected area.
For local treatment, salicylic acid or iodine is used prior to the use of external agents. But this can be done only after the recommendation of a specialist, since improper use can cause necrosis of the surface of the dermis.
In modern veterinary medicine, there are no standard depriving therapies, since the causative agents of the disease constantly mutate. New strains of parasitic microorganisms are becoming more resistant to previously used substances, they are adapting to the new environment arising on the background of drugs.
However, the disease is still treatable; this requires a timely visit to a specialist and a full comprehensive examination. An experienced veterinarian will make a treatment plan individually, based on the results obtained and the degree of development of the disease. For dog owners, it is important not to miss the first alarm bells. Hopefully we told you how to treat a dog with a lichen.