The history of these beautiful giants has undergone a lot of changes. Being favorites of the royal families, the lionbergers, however, lost their superiority in a single moment. And after gaining world recognition, they were on the verge of total extinction. But whatever happens in the past, today the representatives of this breed are popular, especially among the inhabitants of rural areas and the private sector. Who are the leonbergers?
- История происхождения леонбергера 1. History of the origin of the Leonberger
- Описание породы леонбергер 2. Description of the breed leonberger
- Окрасы леонбергера 3. Colors of Leonberger
- Характер леонбергеров 4. The nature of the Leonberger
- Как ухаживать за леонбергером 5. How to care for a leonberger
- Фото леонбергера 6. Photo of the Leonberger
- Видео о леонбергере 7. Video about the leonberger
- Стоимость и покупка щенка леонбергера 8. Cost and purchase of a Leonberger puppy
History of the origin of the Leonberger
The breed was named after a small town in Germany - Leonberg, whose name translates as "the city of a lion". In the thirties of the 19th century, a well-known cynologist, engaged in breeding work, Genrikh Essig lived here. And one day he was visited by a significant idea - to bring out a new kind of dogs, symbolizing his city. Naturally, the symbol of the "city of the lion" could only be a lion or a dog, very similar to it. This was the main condition of the breeding activity of the felinologist.
On this occasion, there is an official version, according to which, the birth of the breed began with the crossing of two giant dogs, it was a black and white landseer and a long-haired St. Bernard . The result obtained went into further work and was crossed with representatives of a wide variety of breeds. At the last stages of the dogs were reduced to two large breeds - St. Bernards and mountain dogs with Pyrenees. As a result, the light saw a huge dog with a silvery-gray hair and a black mask on its face.
Somewhat later, leonbergers with a yellow-brown color began to appear, which significantly brought them closer to the appearance of the mountain lion. Officially, the breed was recognized only in the middle of the 20th century.
The author of the official version of the appearance of this breed was Essig. But after his death, some specialists, including the cynologist Shtrebel, expressed doubts that the breeding activity was attended by St. Bernards. All indirect data more pointed to another theory - the ancestors of the Leonberger were mountain "alpine" dogs. And today this particular version prevails among the cynologists.
There are also some documentary evidence that such dogs existed earlier, in the 17-18 centuries. Then it turns out that Essig was not engaged in breeding a new breed, but in reviving a pre-existing one.
These dogs were truly royal, as they lived at the court of many monarchs - Friedrich of Baden, Prince of Wales, Napoleon III, Nicholas II, etc. But, despite this, the leonbergers were on the verge of extinction more than once. At the beginning of the 19th century, a plague epidemic occurred among the representatives of this breed. And the world wars brought to naught the entire number of dogs, then only three purebred individuals survived. But this was quite enough, albeit for painstaking, but successful restoration work.
Description of breed leonberger
Speaking about the general impression, the Leonberers are large, proportionate, powerful, but not without elegance of a dog, which can inspire two feelings for the first time they met - panic horror and admiration. Characteristics of Leonberger:
- The head of the dogs is slightly elongated, with a moderately pronounced transition from the frontal part to the muzzle. The skin is tight and does not form wrinkles. Muzzle elongated, with even broad back of nose, somewhat convex and large black lobe. Lips pigmented in black, they fit tightly. The jaws of the Leonberger are strong, strong, have a scissor bite. Standard dogs are allowed and with a tick-like bite.
- Eyes small, oval in shape. Iris can be any shade of brown - from light-brown to black. The eyelids fit well, so the conjunctiva remains invisible, and the protein is white, without redness. The look is very insightful and attentive.
- Ears have a high fit, they are small, hang down, fit to the head. The neck has a small bend and passes right into the withers. It is a little long, does not have free-hanging skin in the throat or hanging area.
- The withers are fairly well expressed, especially in males. The back is straight, with well-developed musculature and a broad, strong loin. Croup in the dog is wide, has a somewhat rounded shape, it smoothly passes into the base of the tail, not upturned. Thorax is wide, of decent depth, of oval shape.
- The tail is covered with a thick long coat, when in a calm state, it hangs when the dog moves, slightly arches and rushes no higher than the back.
- The limbs (both rear and front) are parallel, very sturdy, muscular, with strong erect pasterns. Especially they are powerful in males. The paws are straight, without turns, round in shape, with well-arched toes and black claws. If the dog shows dewclaws, they should be removed. The leonbergers move swiftly, evenly, regardless of the pace.
- The coat is different in dogs - both soft and sometimes coarse, hard, with a rich dense undercoat. The coat is long, well attached to the body, has no part. Basically it is smooth, but slight waviness is allowed. In the region of the chest and neck, the fur forms a mane, more pronounced in males. Also there are stripes on the front paws, and on the back - lush pants.
Colors of Leonberger
There are several colors in pedigree animals:
And also any color combinations between them. Mandatory presence of a black mask, black ends of wool are allowed, but this color should not be the main one. Also the standard allows a small speck of white color on the chest and whitish hairs on the fingers. The growth of males is in the range of 72-80 cm, the female - 65-75 cm.
Beautiful breed: Tibetan mastiff .
Character of Leonberger
The dogs of this breed are distinguished by their nobility and power. With proper education, these are big nannies - large, warm, able to always stand up for protection and support at the first steps. They are fairly balanced, have "angelic" patience and are slightly phlegmatic by nature. And this is preserved in them, even if there is a complete confusion around the nerves of representatives of other breeds.
They are not bad co-exist with their pedigreed relatives, although, with hormonal splashes, females and males try to stay apart. Leonberger excellent watchman, they do not vote just and do not disturb the owners for nothing. Their dimensions and bassy barking frighten all ill-wishers and do not allow them to perform "evil deeds". Since their ancestors are guard dogs - the protection of their territory is at the level of instinct. But if the owner, with all his appearance, showed that the person who came is a guest, the dog will stand up for his greeting.
In order for a pet to become an excellent watchdog or family companion, he must get used to people from puppyhood. To do this, it is necessary to early socialize, educate.
Since many owners of the Leonbergers once made the mistake of isolating the puppies to the full course of vaccines (they were afraid of parvovirus infection), they often received a dog with a disturbed psyche. Dogs turned out timid, indecisive, and over the years they manifested uncontrollable aggression. This confirms the fact that pets of this breed, especially children 1-4 months old, need to meet with people, visit new places and visit various, atypical situations.
Leonberger - huge dogs, infecting people with horror only one of their kind. And the manifestation of fear and aggression of strangers promotes the launch of defensive instincts in the dog. The dog can do much harm, even just jumping on a person, and it does not matter whether it's from evil or because of great joy. All this shows that taking an animal of this size into the house, the owner must take obligations to pass with him special courses of socialization and obedience.
How to care for a leonberger
Care of these giants is required exactly the same as for representatives of other similar breeds. It is worthwhile to take care that in puppy-age the pet received not too high a load, as in large dogs the muscular and ligamentous apparatus develops more slowly than gaining weight. If the baby is overfed and does not enrich the food with calcium and other essential elements, the limbs may twist and the backbone is incorrectly formed.
Since leonberger has a very rich coat, he needs regular care. You should buy special combs, puffers and once a week comb out the wool , paying more attention to strips. This will avoid the formation of coils. In addition, during this procedure, you can inspect the pet for parasites and foreign components, for example, stuck in the wool of thorns, burdock, etc.
To bathe a dog is required if necessary, using special detergents . It is desirable to rinse the wool with conditioner, it will further facilitate the care of it. You should regularly inspect the ear of the pet, and if they accumulate excess sulfur and dust, you need to remove them. With abundant secretions in the ears it is worth worrying, as this is a sure sign of the inflammatory process. The eyes are subject to examination, the congestions in the corners are also deleted.
Large dogs need long active walking. You need to find a deserted place where you can drop the pet from the leash and give him the opportunity to run around freely. For crowded places, the Leonberger must have full ammunition, including a muzzle.
The ideal content for such a colorful animal is the local area, as the size of an ordinary apartment will not be enough for him. Also, the owners must accept the fact that these dogs love water and do not even have to prevent their desire to swim in the pond, since it will be very difficult to keep them.
Photo of Leonberger
Video about the leonberger
Cost and purchase of a Leonberger puppy
Representatives of this breed are quite expensive, and even puppies of low class. The average initial price is 30000-35000 rubles. To buy cheaper puppies from questionable breeders is not recommended, since there is a possibility of further manifestation of genetic ailments and any defects.
Leonbergers are domestic lions who need a solid hand and a responsible host, representing what can happen if this giant is not brought up. With the right approach, the family will be under protection and protection around the clock, and this dog will be ready to give his life for his household.
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