Labrador retrievers are dogs that draw attention to themselves, wherever they appear. Beautiful, spectacular, possessing a good temper, this is exactly the case when appearance and temperament are absolutely combined. Retrievers have high performance in combination with the ideal companion qualities. Where did these amazing dogs come from?
- История происхождения породы 1. The history of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы лабрадор ретривер 2. Description of breed Labrador Retriever
- Черты характера лабрадоров-ретриверов 3. Character traits Labrador Retrievers
- Особенности ухода и содержания 4. Features of care and maintenance
- Видео о лабрадоре ретривере 5. Video about Labrador Retriever
- Сколько стоит щенок лабрадора-ретривера 6. How much is a Labrador Retriever puppy?
The origin of the breed
Scientists have not yet been able to fully clarify the origin of this breed. But there is information that the first dogs came to the territory of England from the shores of Canada, more precisely to the island of Newfoundland. Therefore, they were originally called by the name of the island and the city of the same name.
There are several theories of the origin of these dogs. According to one of them, they are descended from Newfound dogs. But Dr. Woods offers another version, according to which the formation of the breed took place on the island and Basques and Vikings took an active part in its creation. Life on the island has left its mark on the habits of dogs. They love water and agree to work even on land, even in water.
The fishermen of Newfoundrenda needed a four-footed helper — a small one, so that he could independently get into the boat and get out of it, equipped with water-repellent wool, with a developed search instinct and high efficiency.
At that time, two types of animals developed on the island - small Newfoundland dogs and large ones. Large dogs were used as a force for priests. But at the beginning of the 19th century, they began to be taken out of the island for English aristocrats, since large-sized dogs with long hair came into fashion. They have retained the original name of the island.
Small dogs were rather tiny, had a short, waterproof coat, agility and vigor. They loved the water and had a unique scent. They were called differently: Lesser St. John's, Lesser-Newfoundland, and, surprisingly, researchers - Labradors.
Large dogs - Newfoundlands are still representatives of a fairly common breed, and small dogs became the founders of modern breeds of retrievers, including Labradors.
The unique qualities of Labradors - the ability to stay on the water and docile nature, noticed athletes from England. When the pheasant-hunting bird fashion came into being, the breeds of the setter and point were often replaced by retrievers. But then no one followed the purity of the species, and the owners received offspring from individuals with short and long hair.
Since 1830, small dogs (St. John’s, they are Labradors) began to be taken from the island to England for breeding as a separate breed. At that time, some breeders began to adhere to certain rules, trying to preserve natural data. But many were engaged in experiments, reducing Labradors with other representatives of breeds of a retriever.
At the beginning of the century, Labradors could be seen at English exhibitions. At that time, the name of the retriever included several species of dogs - long and short hair retrievers, dark chestnut retrievers and Norfolk, which have already disappeared. Later, individual species were registered for each species, and in 1903 a separate breed of Labrador Retrievers was registered at the English Kennel Club.
For two decades, several large nurseries have been improving the breed, and their work is the appearance of modern Labrador retrievers.
Description of breed Labrador Retriever
Retrievers have developed muscles that are proportional to their physique. Characteristics of the breed:
- The head of the dogs is wide. Puppies 3-4 months she looks more than the rest of the body.
- The body of dogs is long, powerful, with a broad chest and massive neck. Loins short, muscular.
- Hanging ears , located slightly behind. The eyes are almond-shaped, wide apart. Muzzle elongated.
- The paws are neat, rounded, with leathery membranes between the fingers.
- The tail has a certain similarity to the tail of an otter, it is thick at the base, and narrowed to the end. Oriented horizontally.
- Coat hard, dense, short, with abundant well-developed undercoat. Such a fur coat went to the dogs from their ancestors living in cold climates. She pushes water away.
It will be interesting: what kind of dog to have .
Labrador Retriever Colors
The standard identifies three types of color Labrador Retrievers:
- with black wool;
- pale yellow;
- brown (chocolate, liver).
But the permissible palette includes:
- light cream tones;
- Fox Ed;
A small white spot in the chest area is allowed.
Character traits Labrador Retrievers
Labradors are intelligent and very gifted dogs. Their keen sense of smell and love of applishing allows representatives of this breed to be used for official work. Dogs are able to perform work in the hunt, to look for prohibited and dangerous substances at customs points. Labrador retrievers make excellent lifeguards in the mountains, on the water and in ordinary terrain.
They are so balanced and calm that they can serve as a guide for blind people. According to statistics, this breed accounts for about 80% of all four-legged guide dogs.
And the most important qualities - dogs are distinguished by reliability, devotion and developed intellect, which makes them unsurpassed companions. Dogs differ in cheerfulness and goodwill. They are always ready for contact, but they do not impose their society. Surprisingly subtly captures the mood of the owner and behave very delicately.
Labradors - excellent nannies, under their supervision, you can safely leave the children. These dogs are calm and they are not touched by vanity, the presence of outsiders, children's cries, screams and other unforeseen situations. When they get out of “unkind” hands to a caring family, the pets recover very quickly and show extremely positive character traits.
But in the nature of Labradors there is one nuance. They were bred for continuous work side by side with a person, so they are experiencing loneliness quite sharply. Without proper attention and with long-term loneliness, they may start behaving in an inappropriate way or acquire bad habits, for example, they may bark monotonously. Owners should take into account that this is not “harmfulness”, but a request, a prayer of a clever pet for help.
If the dog receives proper care and attention from the owner, then its behavior is almost exemplary. Naturally, we are talking about adults, puppies are playful and lively creatures. Yes, future owners should be warned - the period of maturation at Labradors is quite long.
Past socialization and training courses, Labradors can peacefully coexist with any other pets. They are by nature very peaceful creatures and communication with their own kind gives them great pleasure.
Purebred representatives are omnivores. In addition, they have a tendency to steal food. Yes, and other methods for the extraction of food (asking eyes, feet on the knee, and others. Tricks) they use with success. Therefore, it is important for the owners not to allow the dog to get to the remnants of food. Especially since Labradors are prone to obesity.
A pet should be given considerable physical exertion so that it does not get bored and does not begin to look for a “occupation” on its own. Labradors are not guards. Yes, they can rush towards the people who have come and bark loudly at the same time, but they do it out of good intentions to greet the guests.
The mind and intelligence of these dogs greatly facilitates the processes of training. They react to any encouragement, be it a delicacy, a toy or a kind word. They should be trained as early as possible, as they can quickly lose control.
Experts warn that dogs of such a build should be taught at an early age to walk on a leash, since subsequently it will be very difficult to keep the labrador's pulling lead. These dogs clearly show the desire to please the owner, so the owner is only required to apply the methods of consistent dressage.
See also : nicknames for Labrador .
Features care and maintenance
In the care Labradors do not require any special manipulations, however, some nuances are still there. For example, these dogs shed all year round, so regular combing of the hair with a comb is necessary. This should be done 2-3 times a week.
The love of the water element, with the usual walking, can lead to natural bathing in puddles. After such walks, the pet must be washed in the shower and blotted with a cloth with a nap. Moisture in the ears can cause the development of infectious diseases, so after water procedures, ears should be wiped dry, and if necessary, use special hygiene products. Labradors also need daily teeth cleaning . The dog’s nails should preferably be trimmed 3 times a month.
Choosing a place for a large pet, it is worth considering that a dark corner, somewhere in the backyard, will not work for a pet. Labs love to be in the center of events, and they need an overview of everything that happens in the apartment. Any obstacles and houses they do not need, dogs are not timid dogs. They are quite suitable big litter on which the dog could stretch to its full height.
Feed the dog should be meat, and a quarter of the diet should be cereals. It is also necessary to include in the menu supplements that are useful for joints. When choosing ready-made rations, you should give preference to premium, super-premium feeds, holistic for large dogs.
Video about Labrador Retriever
How much is a Labrador Retriever puppy
Suitable age for selling a puppy is 1.5 months. No self-respecting breeder will offer offspring that have not reached this age. The cost of a purebred puppy with a kennel stamp, pedigree and all necessary documents varies from 30,000 to 65,000 rubles. Naturally, the price depends on the class of the dog.
You can purchase a purebred puppy, but not having puppy cards, for 10,000-12,000 rubles. Puppies offered much cheaper in private announcements are a real “cat in a bag” and no guarantees about their belonging to the breed can be obtained.
Labrador Retriever is an ideal dog for a large, friendly family. He will be great to treat all, without exception, family members. However, such a pet needs attention, care and love.
Labrador Retriever Kennels
- Moscow http://labr.ru
- St. Petersburg http://www.yankee-goodwill.ru
- Kiev http://www.mylabrador.com.ua
- Minsk http://www.labrador-retriver.ru/rus/